Car Manufacturing Industry

Car Manufacturing Industry
Car Manufacturing Industry Image link: https://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/e/enterprise-cv-6-vii.html
C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • Companies in the Car and Automobile Manufacturing industry manufacture cars and automobile chassis.(More…)
  • While some automakers have been producing cars in South Africa for decades, Northern Africa countries like Morocco and Algeria have become more and more industrialized with increasing production, and the region is quickly becoming a new hub of automotive manufacturing.(More…)
  • DTTL?s Global Manufacturing Industry group conducted a global survey to explore consumer adoption of electric vehicles (EVs).(More…)
  • As their headquarters of North American automotive manufacturing, Honda utilizes the robust workforce to produce more than one-third of their North American light vehicles in two local plants.(More…)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • It has Soviet origins, evident in the subsequent practice of cloning foreign specimens, though in one recent automobile joint-venture, North Korea developed a wide-range automotive industry with production of all types of vehicles (an urban and off-road mini, luxury, SUV cars, a small, midi, heavy and super-heavy cargo, haulage, construction and off-road trucks, a mini buses, a usual and articulated buses, trolleybuses and trams).(More…)

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KEY TOPICS

Companies in the Car and Automobile Manufacturing industry manufacture cars and automobile chassis. [1] In the more than two dozens years since, the Egyptian automotive assembly business has grown from just three plants relying on mostly imported components, to 16 businesses with 26 assembly lines, manufacturing now near 100,000 units annually of passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, trucks, and buses, as well as 300 factories that produce most automotive components (IDA’s Vision for the Automotive Industry Report). [2] Besides DAF Trucks and VDL buses, present Dutch auto production consists primarily of contract manufacturing for BMW and Mini by VDL Nedcar (formerly producing DAF, Volvo, smart and Mitsubishi 68 ), plus a few small sports car companies: Spyker Cars and Donkervoort. [2] Post-war socialist Czechoslovakia restored its own auto manufacturing that was the second (after Poland) in the Soviet block outside the USSR, producing 250 thousand per year vehicles of all types, including Skoda cars and trolleybuses, Tatra trucks and trams, Karosa buses. [2]

Swedish automobile manufacturing is widely known in European and U.S. markets due to advanced and safe cars including Saab and Volvo brands, although their production (150-200 thousand per year) is not among the largest in Europe and the world. [2] Post-socialist Hungary significantly decreased the manufacturing of buses but found a large assembly capacities of foreign brands (such as Mercedes, Suzuki, Audi and Opel) with annual production of more than 400 thousands cars. [2] TRU business is ranging from product design and development, automotive parts manufacturing, industrial equipment manufacturing, car assembly lines and financial business. [2] Master truck manufacturing, Al Haaj motors and FAW joint venture for producing Chinese cars, trucks and dumpers. [2]

The manufacturing of light trucks (e.g. vans, pickups and SUVs), heavy trucks and motorcycles is excluded from this industry. [1] The Serbian Government wants to establish Serbia as a new manufacturing location for the automotive industry in Europe and is strongly supporting all the international producers and suppliers in order to open their plants in Serbia. [2]

GM Uzbekistan, a joint venture, with manufacturing operations in Asaka features three vehicle assembly lines and one stamping operations plant with a growing local supply base supplemented by commodities and automotive parts largely from Asia Pacific region (e.g., steel coil from Russia, advanced technology parts from South Korea, etc.). [2] Automotive manufacturing in Colombia had achieved an output of more than 100,000 vehicles per year in 2005, but their output in the past few years has been reduced by about 30,000 vehicles per year. [2] Now Romanian automobile manufacturing produces more than 500 thousand vehicles per year and includes Dacia, Grivi?a, Igero, Roman and Ford (the former Daewoo and Oltcit manufacturing facility). [2] Venezuelan automotive manufacturing has the 36th largest output (by units of vehicles) worldwide and the 4th largest in Latin America (after Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina). [2] Argentina has a long history of auto manufacturing, almost entirely focused on the manufacture of foreign designed vehicles. [2] It has a history of vehicle manufacturing, including the design of light vehicles of brands such as the UMM. [2] The Netherlands imports most of its vehicles, having little own manufacturing of less than 200,000 per year. [2]

At the same time Hungary produced small number of heavy trucks ( Ra ) and had strong specialization in Soviet block in manufacturing of buses ( Ikarus ), that made it one of the largest bus producers and exporters (including outside Soviet block and Europe). [2] Many other global automobile giants such as PSA Peugeot Citro”n, Volvo, Kia are setting up their plants and Lexus, Infiniti are also in the process of setting up their manufacturing plants in this country. [2] The Ganz Works, also a long lived Hungarian company, has been manufacturing engines, wagons specialized for electric railway equipment. [2] Recently fast growing with European and then Japanese and South Korean help, the automotive industry in Turkey plays an important role in the manufacturing sector of the Turkish economy. [2]

There is a serious skills gap crisis in the U.S. manufacturing industry, an industry which makes up nine percent of the U.S. workforce, making it one of the largest workforces in the country. [3] The car manufacturing industry is synonymous with large plants of infinite mechanical complexity and size. [4]

When the BMW Product Facility was opened in Greer, South Carolina, in 1994, it was the first BMW manufacturing plant opened outside of Germany.? [5] It was originally a cork factory, which didn’t begin manufacturing automobiles until 11 years later. [5] Automobile and parts manufacturing employed 1.091 million workers at its April 2006 peak. [6]

On June 23, 2009, Ford received a $5.9 billion loan from the Energy Department’s Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing program. [6] The use of multiphase advanced high-strength steel (AHSS) in auto frames is also growing sharply, leading to manufacturing changes in that area as well. (And just to keep things inter-esting, U.S. steel tariffs have sharply increased the prices of steel that automakers use.) [7] The mission of Mercedes-Benz USA is present in six values that “drive” its USA sales and manufacturing and six global principles that guide global parent Daimler Group. [5]

While some automakers have been producing cars in South Africa for decades, Northern Africa countries like Morocco and Algeria have become more and more industrialized with increasing production, and the region is quickly becoming a new hub of automotive manufacturing. [8] RAIN RFID provides the automated tracking necessary for managing such large production operations, and ensuring that each individual car can be accounted for throughout the manufacturing process. [9] RAIN RFID tags are permanently mounted on the chassis of the car at the beginning of the manufacturing process and are used to manage the variety of custom cars made to meet customer requests. [9]

Excluding motor vehicles and parts, U.S. manufacturing production was unchanged, the Fed said. [10] Manufacturing output rose 0.2 percent last month, powered by a 4.0 percent rise in motor vehicles and parts. [10]

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. industrial production rose in August, as strong output in auto manufacturing offset lackluster production in the rest of the factory sector. [10] Ford isn’t the only automotive manufacturer utilizing RAIN RFID. Other OEM brands are also recognizing its ability to simplify operations, add customer value, and drive smarter manufacturing processes. [9] General Motors uses RAIN RFID for smart manufacturing General Motors gave their 75-year-old New York factory a RAIN RFID upgrade to implement a “track-and-trace” system that allow machines and staff to work more intelligently together. [9]

A team of scientists at the University of Surrey joined hands with Hopkins University to produce a new type of material which might make its way into the future of automobile manufacturing. [11] Toyota is known for manufacturing fuel efficient and practical engines that last for ages. [12]

As part of this quest, Volkswagen is investing heavily on R&D to further refine its car engine manufacturing process. [12] This stat still remains as a South Korean record, while the Accent has garnered a lot of positivity for Hyundai’s car engine manufacturing process from a global audience. [12] VW is building a name for itself for its car engine manufacturing process that fine tunes relatively small engines for optimal use. [12] In recent times, GM produces its engines inhouse through a car engine manufacturing process that is highly regarded for its next-gen attributes. [12]

DTTL?s Global Manufacturing Industry group conducted a global survey to explore consumer adoption of electric vehicles (EVs). [13] Composite materials have become integral to industry, used in aviation and space technologies, as well as auto manufacturing and mining. [14] What happened: In August, manufacturing rose 0.2% on the back of a 4% rise in production of motor vehicles and parts. [15] Vietnam’s first domestic automaker, VinFast, is leveraging Pininfarina’s Italian design along with German and Austrian engineering and manufacturing expertise, including Magna’s, for its first two production vehicles. [16]

As their headquarters of North American automotive manufacturing, Honda utilizes the robust workforce to produce more than one-third of their North American light vehicles in two local plants. [17] Automotive ETFs invest in stocks of companies engaged in manufacturing of automobiles. [18] Nearly 19,000 employees make up the highly-skilled manufacturing workforce, making the region?s automotive share of employment four times greater than the U.S. average. [17]

The vast majority of manufacturing firms in the United States are quite small. [19] There are nearly 12.5 million manufacturing workers in the United States, accounting for 8.5 percent of the workforce. [19]

It is unleashing a new Servitisation Revolution on manufacturing process and so changing the way manufacturers and producers think about how they invest and operate. [4]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

It has Soviet origins, evident in the subsequent practice of cloning foreign specimens, though in one recent automobile joint-venture, North Korea developed a wide-range automotive industry with production of all types of vehicles (an urban and off-road mini, luxury, SUV cars, a small, midi, heavy and super-heavy cargo, haulage, construction and off-road trucks, a mini buses, a usual and articulated buses, trolleybuses and trams). [2] Finland depends on imports of cars and other vehicles, it does however have its own (yet small) auto industry which includes the production of Valmet Automotive cars, Sisu trucks and buses/coaches of various producers. [2] For a long time, Austria imported cars and had small domestic production of trucks and military Steyr vehicles only. [2] Surprisingly, despite its production volume, only a few car models are assembled in the country and customers have a very small variety of vehicles to choose from. [2]

The foundations of the industry was laid with the establishment of Otosan assembly factory in 1959 and the mass production of the domestic car Anadol in 1961. [2] New Zealand no longer has a vehicle assembly industry for passenger cars. [2] The Irish industry in Ireland has a varied history and despite the small size of the island, a punitive tax on imported cars encouraged a wide range of companies to assemble their cars locally including Fiat, Ford and Renault. [2] After building its first car in the late ’80s, the Nyayo Car, Kenya has a shot at the industry with Mobius Motors, which was founded in 2009. [2] Declining prices of oil and crude oil have helped bolster demand for industry products such as sedans, and compact cars, although not as much as it has aided purchases of trucks. [1] Socialist Bulgaria has small auto industry including nearly 20 thousand units of self-developed Chavdar trucks and buses as well as the assembly of Soviet Moskvitch cars. [2] During the 1990s, the political problems and economic sanctions imposed on Serbia, inherited by the Yugoslavian auto industry mainly, halted the drop of production of Zastava cars to just 10-20,000 per year. [2]

Having some small auto production in socialist Yugoslavia, Slovenia became one of the new East European car making countries and now produces near 200,000 per year, mainly for export. [2] The largest automotive companies in India are Maruti Suzuki, Hyundai Motor India, Mahindra & Mahindra and Tata Motors (In 2008, it launched Tata Nano, the cheapest car in the world at $1,500). 25 Foreign auto companies with plants in India include, General Motors, Ford, Hyundai, Honda, Suzuki, Nissan Motors, Toyota, Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda, BMW, Renault, Mitsubishi, Jaguar Land Rover, Fiat and Mercedes Benz. [2] Most large global automakers have a presence in Brazil, including BYD, Fiat, Volkswagen Group, Ford, General Motors, Nissan Motors, Toyota, MAN SE, Mitsubishi, Mercedes-Benz, Renault, Honda, Hyundai etc. Brazil also has a number of emerging national companies such as Troller, Marcopolo S.A., Agrale, Randon S.A., Excalibur etc., some of which have produced replicas of classic cars upgraded with modern technology. [2] Some global companies are present in Argentina such as BYD, Fiat, Volkswagen Group, Ford, Iveco, General Motors, Nissan Motors, Toyota, Scania, Mercedes-Benz, Renault, Honda, PSA (Peugeot-Citroen), etc., and also some national companies such as Materfer, 86 TAT S.A., 87 Helvica, 88 Crespi, PurSang, 89 etc. The last have produced replicas of classic cars equipped with modern technology. [2]

MG cars are produced at the Longbridge plant in Birmingham, where its Chinese owners SAIC Motor in 2008, three years after the former MG Rover group went into liquidation; less than half of the original Longbridge site is still in use for production, and the number of people employed there is also much lower than it was under MG Rover. [2] Iran Khodro, which produced the most prevalent car brand in the country – the Peykan, which has been replaced in 2005 by the Samand – was still the largest with 61% of the market in 2001, while Saipa contributed 33% of Iran’s total production in the same year. [2]

The North Korean motor vehicle production has military, industrial and construction goals mainly, and private car ownership by citizens is not allowed (all cars are serving government officials). [2] A new factory having an auto assembly capability of nearly 400,000 vehicles annually was opened by Renault in February 2012 in Tangier. 16 It will mainly produce cars for the European market. [2] Modern TR cars are built on small or medium trucks base into SUV or seven-seat multi-purpose vehicles using TR-owned technology, design, development and assembly skills. [2] While domestic development of trucks and military vehicles exists, cars built under license of foreign brands are the mainstay. [2] Portugal assembles foreign cars and trucks with production of nearly 200,000 annually including Volkswagen’s AutoEuropa factory and Groupe PSA. [2] While domestic trucks, buses and trolleybuses continues to be made, production of self-designed cars (such as ZAZ Tavria ) decreased and now Ukraine assembles mainly Europe -, China – BYD and South Korea -developed cars. [2] During German reunification West Germany incorporated non-large (near 200 thousands per year) production of Wartburg, Trabant cars and IFA trucks in East Germany. [2] It was not until 2004 that the Egyptian automotive market began to expand exponentially, along with the local production of both assembled cars and components. [2] In 1994, Rover established Roadcar, a joint venture with a Bulgarian company to produce the Austin Maestro at a new factory in Varna, using CKD kits sent from the UK. Production began in July 1995 and 2,200 cars were assembled before the factory closed in April 1996. [2] Australia first began to produce cars in 1897 with cars made by Tarrant Motor & Engineering Co. 84 The first major Australian car maker was the Ford Motor Company of Australia. [2] Assembly line at Hyundai Motor Company car factory in Ulsan, South Korea. [2] Since 2007, Slovakia has been the world’s largest producer of cars per capita, 73 with a total of 571,071 cars manufactured in the 2007 alone in a country with 5 million people. [2]

The Thai-based automobile manufacturer is ThaiRung or well known as TR, manufactured by Thai Rung Union Car Public Co. Ltd. (TRU). [2] Japanese zaibatsu (business conglomerates) began building their first automobiles in the middle to late 1910s, while designing their own trucks and producing European cars in Japan under license. [2] Nissan made history in 1986 by becoming the first Japanese carmaker to produce cars in Britain, opening a new factory near Sunderland. [2] Some of the Malaysian companies produce some models in collaboration with Japanese, Chinese- BYD, South Korean or European manufacturers, while also developing fully indigenous Malaysian made cars. [2] The result has been the loss of all Spanish car brands manufacturers, which are now in hands of foreign companies. [2] The car soon went out of production, as it was unable to compete with foreign brands, especially following the end of socialism and the move toward a more liberal market. [2]

Following Ireland’s entry to the European Union in 1973, the need for locally produced cars to avoid import taxes reduced, and since the 1980s, production ended and all cars are now imported. [2] Thereafter, production mainly concentrated in commercial vehicles (with production increasing as local type certification laws were made more flexible), while passenger car assembly plants with notable production volumes operated after 1970. [2] In the 1980s Italy overook the United Kingdom but has conceded to Soviet Union that, like Poland and Yugoslavia, found large-volume production of cars by Italian FIAT help. [2] Yugoslavia was 2nd (after Poland) European socialist auto maker outside Soviet Union and achieved at high point near 300 thousands annual production, 250 thousands amongst that was Zastava cars. [2] According to the Statistical Yearbook of the Greek National Statistical Service (ESYE), annual production of all types of vehicles, including assembled cars, remained close to 20,000 units between 1980 and 1990. [2]

After dissollution of the federation, new car assembly plants were built by foreign companies in Slovakia as in other countries in central Europe. [2] Magna Steyr is now a contract manufacture that has built a number of cars for foreign companies, most recently for Aston Martin and Mini. [2] Currently, there are a number of small domestic companies producing original kit and replica cars for both the local and international markets. [2] Volkswagen’s most famous car was the small, beetle-shaped economical “people’s car”, with a rear-mounted, air-cooled engine. [2] Zastava cars were exported by small quantities to 70 countries all over the world, including the UK. With the Yugo small car, Yugoslavia undertook wide adverted clarification needed intervention to U.S. automarket and tried to compete with Japanese analogs in the small car sector that opened after the oil crisis of the mid-1970s. [2]

During the socialist era, the government pledged to transform the country from an agricultural economy to an industrial one, and the first completely Egyptian car was produced. [2] The lack of competition in the auto industry due to the dominance of a few players, and restrictions on imports in the form of heavy duties have resulted in very high prices of cars in the country. [2] The motorcycle manufacturer KTM produces the X-Bow sports car. [2] These operators, which are referred to as automakers, typically produce cars, including electric cars, in assembly plants. [1] “Electric car from China’s BYD to debut in Taiwan early next year”. [2] A car that runs on an electric battery combined with a gasoline engine to be more fuel efficient than a standard car. [1]

Toyota opened a new factory near Derby in 1992, around the same time that Honda began producing cars at a new plant near Swindon. [2] Post WWII socialist Hungary widely imported cars and trucks from Soviet Union and other countries. [2] British Leyland also produced cars under marques including Austin, Morris and Triumph, but these were phased out during the 1980s as the Rover brand gradually took over. [2] Opel was a bicycle company that started making cars in 1899; General Motors bought it out in 1929, but the Nazi government took control, and GM wrote off its entire investment. [2] The other car manufacturers, such as the Bahman Group, Kerman Motors, Kish Khodro, Raniran, Traktorsazi, Shahab Khodro, and others together produced only 6%. 28 These automakers produce a wide range of automobiles including motorbikes, passenger cars such as Saipa’s Tiba, vans, mini trucks, medium-sized trucks, heavy duty trucks, minibuses, large size buses and other heavy automobiles used in commercial and private activities in the country. [2] Global car manufacturers with production plants include Mercedes-Benz, Fiat / Tofa?, Oyak-Renault, Hyundai, Toyota, Honda and Ford / Otosan. [2]

Automotive production is a significant industry in post-Soviet Russia, directly employing around 600,000 people or 1% of the country’s total work force. [2] It was not until 1985 that automotive giant, General Motors (GM), set up its first assembly plant in Egypt, revolutionising the industry. [2] Truck industry also has a ration in the market Renault Trucks, a subsidiary of the Volvo Group and the Algerian group BSF Souakri signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the creation of a vehicle assembly plant in Algeria, which will be based in Meftah, Blida. [2] The Argentinian industry is regulated by the Asociaci De Fabricantes de Automotores (Adefa), 85 created in 1960, which includes makers of automobiles, light vehicles, trucks and buses. [2] The Brazilian industry is regulated by the Associao Nacional dos Fabricantes de Ve’culos Automotores (Anfavea), created in 1956, which includes makers of automobiles, light vehicles, trucks and buses, and agriculture machines with factories in Brazil. [2] The South Korean automobile industry is today the sixth largest in the World in terms of production volume (concedes to China, United States, Japan, Germany and India only) and the sixth largest in terms of export volume, achieved more than 4.6 million vehicles produced in 2011. [2]

Due to the global financial crisis in 2009 the industry produced 600 thousands vehicles only, down from 1.5 million in 2008 after post-Soviet restoration. [2] North Korea did not join the OICA, meaning that information about its motor vehicle industry is very limited and poor. [2]

The industry began with hundreds of manufacturers, but by the end of the 1920s it became dominated by three large companies – General Motors, Ford and Chrysler. [2] Companies in this industry must spend large sums on their plants and equipment, with periodic reinvestment in the case of equipment failure. [1]

Changes to protection of the local industry eventually led to the closure of the assembly plants since they could not compete with foreign counterparts. [2]

High consumer prices and production inefficiencies characterized the Canadian auto industry prior to the signing of the 1965 Automotive Products Trade Agreement with the United States. [2] The automobile industry has been an active and growing field in Pakistan for a long time, however not as much established to figure in the prominent list of the top automotive industries, having a stable annual production of between 100,000-170,000 vehicles. [2] The Automotive industry in Kenya is primarily involved in the assembly, retail and distribution of motor vehicles. [2] As of 2011, the Chilean automotive industry has produced no vehicles and is today non-existent. [2] The Philippines has a small auto industry with more than 60,000 Japanese and South Korean vehicles produced annually. [2] In the 1980s-1990s U.S. auto power was overtaken by rapidly growing Japanese auto industry but in the 21st century both of them are balanced and now are the second largest in the World (after China) with annual production of 8-10 millions. 20 In the ensuing years, the companies periodically bounced back, but by 2008 the industry was in turmoil. [2] Russia has inherited a main part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union with near 1.8 million annual production of all types of automobiles in RSFSR. [2] Ukraine was one of two only Soviet republics having production of all types of automobiles and was second by volume in the automotive industry of the Soviet Union with more than 200,000 annual production. [2] Belarus had third by volume part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union with near 40,000 annual production. [2] Before 1992, Uzbekistan had absolutely no automotive industry, being part of the Soviet Union. [2]

South Africa is traditionally the leader in Africa of the automotive industry and now produces more than half a million annually of all types of automobiles. [2] Algeria’s automotive industry is among the largest on the African continent (together with South Africa, Egypt and Morocco ) and can exceed 500,000 units a year. [2]

The automotive industry in Italy began with the construction of the first FIAT plant (Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino) in 1899 by Giovanni Agnelli. [2] The automotive industry in Croatia employs about 10,000 people in over 130 companies and generates profit of about US$600 million. [2] Croatia is a fairly new player in the automotive industry and its primary focus has been on the development of luxury grade electric automobiles and supercars. [2] The automotive industry in Ecuador is small, with an annual production 20-40 thousand units. [2] China’s automobile industry had Soviet origins mainly (plants and licensed autodesign were founded in the 1950s with USSR help) and was small in volume for decades, not exceeding 200,000 annually. [2] The American automobile industry began in the 1890s and rapidly evolved into the largest automotive producer in the World through the use of mass-production. [2] Its mainly export-oriented auto industry shrunk by half in recent years (to 500 thousand units) due to strong competition with imports from near and far Eastern producers. [2] In the 1990s Italian auto industry became again 3rd in Europe and 5th in World with annual output more than 2 million. [2]

Completely dependent for Soviet import earlier, Vietnam since the 2000s began to develop own automotive industry with Japanese-South Korean-Malaysian assistance and, having yet near 40,000 per year capability, accounts as a prospective maker and market in South-East Asia. [2] The Mexican automotive industry mostly consists of foreign assembly plants. [2]

The main specificity of this factory is the introduction of car engines production for the first time to the country. [2] Vauxhall has been part of American carmaking giant General Motors since 1925, by which time it had switched car production from its original London plant to a new factory in Luton. [2] From the 1970s onwards, German, Spanish and later Belgian produced Ford cars were imported to Britain, although passenger car production of some models continued in Britain until 2002 and commercial vehicle production did not finish until 2013, when the Southampton plant was closed and production switched to Turkey. [2] Passenger car production at the historic Luton plant was ended in 2004, although the site remains active for production of commercial vehicles. [2]

Car production was found by French (Renault, Citroen), trucks – by Soviet assists. [2]

Two most prominent car manufacturers in Croatia are DOK-ING and Rimac Automobili, while Crobus produces buses. [2]

The burgeoning ride-sharing industry and the race by several companies to develop self-driving vehicles have captured the imagination of the public, but the former may lead to fewer people buying cars and latter may be a sinkhole for R&D investment. [7] And, ironically enough, the scandal and the ensuing fallout might just be what saved Volkswagen and probably the whole German car industry. [20] Before Dieselgate, Volkswagen wasn?t really investing in electric cars, autonomous driving, or mobility services, even though that?s clearly the future of the auto industry, Ferdinand Dudenhfer, a professor for Automotive Economics at the University of Duisburg-Essen, told The Verge. [20]

In 1933 automobile designer Ferdinand Porsche was engaged to design a “Volkswagen,” but before the car could be produced, World War II broke out and the Volkswagen plant was used to build military vehicles. [5] The company also switched its U.S. plants from cars to trucks and Jeep sport utility vehicles. [6] Our updated in-depth report contains all relevant data and insights and includes an excel file with a detailed list of electric cars, trucks, cargo vehicles, buses, and their specifications. [21] Kia manufactured the first Korean motor scooter in 1957, the first Korean truck in 1962, Korea’s first internal combustion engine in 1973, and the first Kia car in 1974. [5] Kia Motors America was incorporated in October 1992, and the first Kia car marketed in the U.S. was the Kia Sephia in 1994. [5] The first Nissan cars were exported to the U.S. in 1958, and Nissan Motor Corporation was founded in the U.S. two years later in 1960. [5] The first Subaru car manufactured in the U.S. was the Subaru Legacy. [5] The first Kia car both manufactured and sold in the U.S. was the 2011 Kia Sorento. [5] On February 15, 1967, Subaru of America was incorporated by Malcolm Bricklin and Harvey Lamm, and the first Subaru car was sold in the U.S. in 1968. [5]

The group plans to sell 10 million electric cars during this “first wave.” [20] The rising popularity of electric cars is also set to cause an upheaval at manufacturers that make parts for internal-combustion engines. [22] The Acura Integra and the Acura Legend were the first luxury cars from a Japanese manufacturer sold in the United States. [5] In Germany, for example, the market share of diesel cars dropped to around 30 percent in the first half of 2018 from over 40 percent in the same period last year. [20] Rolls-Royce Brand–“For over 100 years, motor cars of the Rolls-Royce brand have stood for truly outstanding engineering, quality, and reliability.” [5] Major car companies boosted staff by 11% over past four years. [22] For years, VW had cheated emissions tests by installing illegal manipulation software in 11 million diesel cars. [20] That month, sales hit their low point of 9.545 million cars and trucks. [6] This new Chrysler Group mission, referred to as its “vision” is: “Our vision is to build cars and trucks people want to buy, will enjoy driving and will want to buy again.” [5] The Chrysler mission was refocused to quality cars and customer satisfaction in order to return the automobile company to profitability after the Chrysler Group emerged from bankruptcy. [5] Nissan Motor Company Founders Facts The Nissan automobile company started as the Kawishinsha Motor Car Works, which was founded by Masujiro Hashimoto in Tokyo, Japan, in 1911. [5] General Motors Car Company and the Chevrolet Brand Mission Statement The unofficial mission statement of the General Motors Car Company and the Chevrolet brand come directly from Chairman and CEO Dan Akerson: “We win when the customer says we win.” [5]

Volkswagen Group Founders Facts Volkswagen, which literally translates as “the people’s car,” was a political promise of Adolf Hitler to produce a car that the average German worker could afford. [5]

O’Reilly Auto Parts Mission Statement The O’Reilly mission statement is similar to just about every company in the U.S. retail industry in that it states its intention to be “dominant” in its niche. [5] China?s travel boom has had a notable impact across the global tourism industry, not least in Europe where China is recognized as a key visitor market. [21]

DETROIT–The new trade agreement struck Sunday night between the U.S. and Canada eases uncertainty in the U.S. auto industry about the Trump administration?s trade policy, helping car manufacturers to move forward on factory investments with greater clarity. [23]

Morocco?s car industry has already overtaken South Africa, and its expected to soon be producing more cars than Italy. [8] Concurrent with the avid interest and rapid technological development in the automotive industry, especially around the development of autonomous vehicles, concern has grown around issues of security, data protection, and IP, as well as government regulation and compliance with what could potentially be fleets of driverless cars and trucks on our roads in the not-too-distant future. [24]

In line with the new CAR study, IHS forecasts U.S. new vehicle sales would plunge by around 2 million vehicles annually, to 16.5 million a year from 2019 to 2025. [25] U.S. producers assembled cars and trucks in August at an annual rate of 11.54 million units, the fastest pace since April. [10] Consumers are already struggling to deal with their car payments, driven up as the cost of the typical vehicle sold in the U.S. approaches $35,000. [25] OPEC forecasts the consumer market for cars in the region will grow from 59 million to up to 90 million vehicles on the road by 2040, via the Wall Street Journal, so there?s plenty of growth potential in sales, too. [8] Volvo tracks 2 million cars through production Using RAIN RFID, Volvo tracks cars as they are manufactured in its Belgium and China facilities. [9]

In Morocco, Renault, which has a more-than 40% market share in the region, has built two assembly plants in the past five years that produce more than 200,000 cars a year. [8]

Top German automotive company, Volkswagen Group, dominates other car engine manufacturers across a number of global markets, on the back of its wide range of petrol, diesel, electric and hybrid engines. [12] South Korean automotive giant, Hyundai Motor Group, is one of the largest automotive manufacturers in the world, therefore, finding an easy spot amongst the biggest car engine manufacturers in the world. [12] A premier automotive manufacturer, Japan based Honda Motor Company, Ltd. has also consistently led the charts when it comes to the world?s leading car engine manufacturers. [12] Japanese multinational automotive corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, has always been one of the world?s leading car engine manufacturers. [12] Humanity?s obsession with chic cars is a never-ending phenomenon, while the top car engine manufacturers that power these cutting-edge wonders are key enablers of the automotive revolution that is currently underway around the world. [12] Here?s a listing of the largest car engine manufacturers that are set to consolidate their advantages even further in the next five years and beyond. [12] Currently, GM has regrouped its trademark GM Powertrain Division into the GM Global Propulsion Systems, the latter still affording GM the status of one of the largest car engine manufacturers in the world. [12]

A big contributor to this aura is the success that Toyota has enjoyed amongst the horde of multinational car engine brands, thanks to its strategic collaborations and participation in international racing events that highlight the efficiency of its automobiles and in turn, the classic Toyota engine. [12] The company spent a whopping US$ 125,000,000 on its development- a record amongst the various car engine brands. [12]

Honda tracks assembled vehicles with RAIN RFID Honda uses a RAIN RFID solution to track and manage car production at their Indiana plant, which produces some 1,000 cars daily. [9]

Steve Hilfinger, a partner with Foley & Lardner and co-chair of the event, said the growing interest in what?s happening with automotive and other mobility technology has attracted the attention of many industry players, software companies, connectivity developers, and other groups. [24] Hilfinger will moderate a panel at the event to discuss evolving trends in the industry, with fellow Foley partners Pavan Agarwal and Christopher Swift; Kimberly Y. Chainey, associate general counsel in Global M&A, Strategy and Innovation at Avis Budget Group; and Ellen Clark, managing director at Greenwich Capital Group. [24] “They want to acquire technology, they want to acquire talent, and they want to be part of the group that sets the industry standards that will be commercially adopted.” [24]

“Retaliation by China to tariffs already in place has made U.S. auto exports uncompetitive,” said one industry insider. [25] The escalating trade war with China “will further harm the U.S. auto industry and American workers and consumers,” said John Bozzella, CEO of the Association of Global Automakers. [25] The outlook for the global auto industry over the next 12-18 months remains stable so far, thanks in part to rising sales in China, India and Europe. [26]

Today, pushed by evolving consumer behaviors, transformative technologies, and global market pressures, the automobile industry has entered a new industrial revolution where ingenuity and opportunity coalesce, and the tools of the trade include adaptive cruise control, autonomous vehicles, and nanocellulose and cellular V2X technologies. [27]

At the CAR Management Briefing Seminars held in Traverse City, Michigan recently just-auto’s Calum MacRae met with Neal Ganguli Deloitte’s U.S. automotive practice leader to discuss how suppliers can maximise their portfolios and the effect that CASE will have on overall industry volumes. [28] Dr Ulrich Hackenberg is widely considered to be one of the finest chassis and production engineers in the history of the car industry. [29]

Momentum in the development of the Polestar 1 has increased with the production of the first series of road-going verification prototype (VP) cars in Sweden. [28] Volvo, the 90 year-old Swedish manufacturer known for safe and reliable family schleppers, has elevated its Polestar performance division into a stand-alone brand; Hyundai, the Korean car company known for quality entry-level vehicles since 1968, has done the same with its Genesis luxury name. [30] The internal combustion engine is on its way out for luxury car brands, and it’s a big opportunity for investors in chip stocks like Monolithic Power Systems. [31]

Produced for a number of purposes including crash tests, weather testing and on-road assessment, the VP cars form the very first fleet of Polestar 1 cars on the road. [28] The company sold 60,622 cars during the month, as sales grew in all its key regions of the U.S., China and Europe. [28]

Volvo’s introduction of the Vera shows that the trucking industry is for real about electric vehicle and autonomous vehicle solutions. [31]

Region manufacturers produce 700,000 cars a year, while the regional economic output for the economic industry exceeds $2.5 billion annually. [17] Social media, increased car connectivity and inbuilt software have changed this, now automotive manufacturers have access to more data than ever before. [32] “If a company has a large fleet of vehicles and it is possible to collect data on how those cars wear and tear, that information is highly valuable,” says Xavier Mosquet, a senior partner at The Boston Consulting Group’s automotive sector. [32] Ford is working with Hortonworks to help the company transition to a car and mobility company. [32] Ford and General motors, among others, have said that most of their 2020 car models will be equipped for over-the-air (OTA) updates to fix software glitches, for improved performance and functionality. [32]

Some manufacturers are even working with data companies to help them transition to mobility companies or offer additional services to car fleet customers. [32]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(32 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (111) Automotive industry by country – Wikipedia

2. (18) Mission Statements of Auto Manufacturers

3. (14) Top 5 Car Engine Manufacturers in 2018 | Global Automotive Engine Market – Technavio

4. (6) Car & Automobile Manufacturing in the US. Industry Market Research Reports, Trends, Statistics, Data, Forecasts

5. (6) How Auto Manufacturers are Leveraging RAIN RFID for Customer and Operational Gains

6. (5) How Dieselgate saved Germany?s car industry – The Verge

7. (5) Why data is critical to success for car manufacturers – Tech Wire Asia

8. (4) U.S. auto sector output boosts industrial production | Reuters

9. (4) Automotive Industry Forum Preview: As the Auto Industry Transforms, It Grapples with Issues of Cybersecurity, IP & Connectivity – Manufacturing Industry Advisor

10. (4) Tariffs could mean a 2M drop in car sales and cost 715,000 jobs, warns auto industry group

11. (4) Latest vehicle manufacturing, vehicle manufacturers news and analysis articles

12. (4) Auto Industry Bailout (GM, Chrysler, Ford)

13. (4) https://jalopnik.com/north-africa-is-the-next-hot-region-for-car-manufacturi-1829436055

14. (3) Columbus Region | Automotive Manufacturing

15. (2) NAM – National Association of Manufacturers – Manufacturing Association

16. (2) • Capital investments made by U.S. auto industry 2012-2016| Statistic

17. (2) Car Manufacturers Are Hiring More Humans Than Robots | IndustryWeek

18. (2) Best Car Stocks for This Year – Top Stocks – TheStreet Ratings

19. (2) Future of manufacturing – relayr

20. (2) What?s Happening? Check the Auto Industry! – Advanced Manufacturing

21. (1) This Latest Material Will Transform The Car Manufacturing Industry

22. (1) Automotive – Perspectives, Insights, and Analysis for Consumer | Deloitte US

23. (1) Future cars could be made from revolutionary new material

24. (1) U.S. industrial production up for third straight month on strength in autos – MarketWatch

25. (1) Automotive News Canada

26. (1) Top Automotive ETFs

27. (1) New Trade Pact Spares U.S. Auto Makers From Tariffs but Adds Restrictions – WSJ

28. (1) Auto industry outlook hinges on China sales holding up amid tariffs

29. (1) Dashboard Insights – Automotive Industry News – Foley & Lardner

30. (1) The Most Dangerous Job In The Car Industry Has Just Been Filled, Yet Again

31. (1) Manufacturing Industry Advisor – Manufacturing Industry News – Foley & Lardner

32. (1) With Start-Ups Finally Penetrating the Auto Industry, a Pair of Legacy Manufacturers Built Their Own – The Drive