Is 3D Printing the Future Of Manufacturing?

Is 3D Printing the Future Of Manufacturing?
Is 3D Printing the Future of Manufacturing? Image link:\u003dhome.NAVAIRNewsStory\u0026id\u003d5701
C O N T E N T S:


  • Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP): Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP) was recently introduced with the promise of advancing the industry beyond prototyping to 3D manufacturing.(More…)
  • They could easily install 3D manufacturing plant in their own factory to cut the extra cost.(More…)


  • Medical equipment can be quite expensive so parts created using additive manufacturing present cost-effective, functional alternatives.(More…)
  • Find out how customers are transforming their design and manufacturing processes with solutions ranging from digitization, design and simulation through manufacturing, inspection and management.(More…)
  • Unlike subtractive manufacturing that creates its final product by cutting away from a block of material, additive manufacture adds parts to form its final product.(More…)



Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP): Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP) was recently introduced with the promise of advancing the industry beyond prototyping to 3D manufacturing. [1] Custom design, localized manufacturing and distributed supply chains will drive us into the future. [2] Factories of the future will break down the hypothetical and actual walls of the factory so that manufacturing isn?t limited to a specific geographic location. [3] The department has focused on using metal additive manufacturing as a future engine manufacturing process. [4]

Ultra-customisable nutrition, and meals is another option in the 3D tech future – a future where consumers will be able to control their diets precisely. [5]

In the future, Koh says the technology will allow for each individual voxels (3D pixels) to take on different properties and colors. [6] A number of manufacturing industry leaders recently gathered in New York City’s West Village for a first: an Industry in 3D summit, hosted by GE. The company is a strong voice in favor of not only taking advantage of the benefits of additive manufacturing, but also making it into the new standard. [7]

Minimizing assembly processes delivers stronger, better performing parts faster. 3D Systems? solutions enable the design and manufacturing of consolidated parts for increased productivity and improved product lifespans. [8] Produce optimized jigs and fixtures at lower costs. 3D Systems’ solutions offer flexible, fast turnaround manufacturing to speed up processes while improving quality. [8] Access the material and expert resources of a full manufacturing floor anywhere on the globe. 3D Systems On Demand Services provide high quality production solutions in any geometry, finish or volume. [8] Discover 3D Systems’ solutions for tool and die manufacturing to maximize productivity. [8] Whether mastering 3D digitization and design or critical aspects of manufacturing, surgery and more, students equipped with real world skills are real world ready. [8] At 3D Systems, we have two world-class ISO 13485-certified manufacturing centers located strategically in Denver, Colorado and Leuven, Belgium to support the customers in the U.S. and Europe. [8] Not just your prototyping, but your manufacturing process, your competitive future and your product line. [9] Future the technology would be taking up a huge chunk of the manufacturing industry from across the world. [10] In simple words, this technology is simply the future of manufacturing. [10]

Today?s 3D molding technology does not have the narrow part tolerances required to create a plastic injection mold that can withstand high volume, but we expect this to change in the near future. [11] The uses of 3D technology in the future are more than what can just be predicted in today’s world. [10]

Using medical image data, 3D Systems services use different additive manufacturing processes and materials to produce physical anatomical models, with the option to sterilize for reference during surgery. [8] The plastic dries in layers as it comes out of the tip, and each layer dries quickly enough to hold the next layer–hence the term 3D additive manufacturing. [11]

Objects can be of almost any shape or geometry and typically are produced using digital model data from a 3D model or another electronic data source such as an Additive Manufacturing File (AMF) file (usually in sequential layers). [12] Bigger players, like 3D Systems and Stratasys, are also embracing distributed manufacturing. [13] For spare part users, manufacturing on their own may be constrained – at least for the near future to a fraction of their spare parts inventory that isn?t mission critical. [14] Read about additive manufacturing trends and future materials. [15] Additive manufacturing is one of the prominent technologies shaping of The Future of Making Things. [15]

They could easily install 3D manufacturing plant in their own factory to cut the extra cost. [16] Suffice to say that 3D technology is best tool for countries which are totally dependent on manufacturing industry. [16] When you will engage 3D technology in the manufacturing process, you will get a chance to produce customized goods. [16] Additive Manufacturing (AM) is the process of building a 3D object by adding layer-upon-layer of material together. [17]

There are numerous inspiring ways by which 3D technology has to reshape the future. [16]


Medical equipment can be quite expensive so parts created using additive manufacturing present cost-effective, functional alternatives. [18] By adopting automation and AI based on software solutions, companies can speed up their design processes, reduce manufacturing errors with autonomous file repair tools, and increase product speed to market. [2] Instead of considering a centralized solution, distributed manufacturing enables companies to decentralize production so they can manufacture the final product closer to the customer. [1]

On the manufacturing side, companies like Grow and we here at LINK3D introduce automation into the workflows of application engineers ensuring machines are run at capacity and processes are being documented for successful and secure integration. [2] As more companies embark on their digital transformation, they are increasingly reevaluating their manufacturing processes. [1] You can get high-performance lightweighting and complexity that is impossible with traditional design and manufacturing processes. [19] Precision Injection Mold Tooling Jabil combines design for manufacturability expertise, from concept to high-volume manufacturing, that has served global customers for over. [1]

Jabil?s engineering, manufacturing and intelligent supply chain solutions help you capitalize on accelerated change and achieve digital business advantage. [1] Creating a true digital factory connectivity from engineering to manufacturing is essential. [2] It can be extremely intimidating for companies to rethink and rebuild their workflows and processes as it relates to engineering and manufacturing. [2] By using automation and integrated networks, it’s possible for companies to achieve real-time manufacturing. [2]

Industry 4.0, also called Manufacturing 4.0, refers to the nexus of technology in the modern manufacturing space. [20] With the advent of these faster machines, companies can increase manufacturing speed and manufacturing scale with significantly more affordability. [19] Companies that embrace new technology and approaches will be ahead of the curve in 2018, especially those who apply additive manufacturing to the entire value chain to iterate faster, accelerate time to market, garner more sales and condense the supply chain. [3] The Restructuring of Supply Chains : Incorporating additive manufacturing to existing processes may require a great deal of time and effort for companies to digitize and restructure their supply chains. [1] Many processes within additive manufacturing have been automated from the beginning, such as building parts straight from design data and communicating when jobs are complete. [3] Additive manufacturing requires a completely different approach to the current methodology that almost every company has implemented for the design and manufacturing of parts. [2] The complexity that additive manufacturing affords for the production of metal parts isn’t just around the shape of the part, but also the material it’s constructed from. [2] Their ” additive manufacturing ” machines use lasers or electron beams to fuse metal powders into complicated shapes; but while the process can fabricate the nozzles of a $35 million jet engine, it?s slow, expensive, and dangerous. (Typically, additive manufacturing machines must melt powders in a vacuum because the fusing metal would explode if combined with oxygen.) [21] The process is one hundred times faster and 80 percent cheaper than laser-based additive manufacturing machines. [21]

Robots are well known for their repeatability and control, while additive manufacturing is known for design flexibility and tool-less production. [3] Additive Manufacturing Jabil?s additive manufacturing capabilities enable customers to stay cost-competitive and reduce production risk with higher quality and sho. [1]

With 2018 here, the manufacturing industry will not only continue the digitization conversation, but take the foundations (built in part by additive manufacturing advancements) to the next level. [3] Kent has over 25 years of experience in the additive manufacturing industry and Laser Sintering applications development. [3] Metal additive manufacturing opens up new development opportunities for thermal engines. [4]

Advancements in software could also enable additive manufacturing to be integrated into larger manufacturing systems and work alongside other technologies. [3] Additive manufacturing is a powerful force within digital manufacturing, bringing new applications and markets into focus. [1]

Manufacturers have also been finding ways to integrate and enhance conventional manufacturing equipment and processes with additive. [3] At one point in additive manufacturing?s history, manufacturers worried the technology would eventually replace conventional manufacturing processes, such as CNC machining and injection molding. [3] Traditional manufacturing processes such as machining and injection molding have emerged as industry standards for high-volume mass production over the past half century. [1]

In 2016, the “additive manufacturing” industry, as it is known, grew 17.4 percent in worldwide revenues. [20]

“Companies are now trying to exploit the technology to become more profitable, and how they do it will involve innovations that are much more than just replacements for traditional manufacturing,” Beuth said. [20] What are the benefits of creating a Digital Factory? As companies plan and gain experience with digital manufacturing solutions, they gather a clear picture of the integration timeline and the level of effort requirements — and how long it will take to achieve a return on this investment. [2]

We saw the possibilities come to life with the Robotic Composite 3D Demonstrator developed by Stratasys, combining the layer-by-layer approach of previous additive technologies with an 8-axis robotic arm. [3] Whereas the early 2000s marked the height of piracy in movies, TV shows and music, the future of piracy may be in computer-aided product design (CAD) files. [1] Another characteristic of the factory of the future is two-way communication between machines and software, negating the need to perform manual functions or monitor jobs on site. [3]

In the future, we believe machines and software will become more and more specialized and application-driven to meet very specific customer and industry demands. [22] By doing this, individual companies don?t need to invest in equipment such as manufacturing machines and design software. [23] Traditional production can require a one-year process for design, sampling and large-scale manufacturing. [24] Parts made for NPI and final production are conceived and shared through the exchange of digital files, empowering manufacturing processes to be streamlined and rebalanced as needed. [25] Manufacturers put enormous effort into ensuring the quality of everything they make, so converting traditional methods to digital processes takes an unwavering commitment to the rigors of manufacturing. [25] “What it takes is an end-to-end digital solution that connects R&D, product quality, supply chain and manufacturing processes.” [25] Postponement is another way to enable personalisation in mass-production: by dividing the manufacturing process into the two phases of manufacturing base products and then customising base products. [24] Koh feels it is not about cost savings, but rather about quicker speed to market and manufacturing in new and innovative ways. [6]

Jabil?s R&D team in Silicon Valley works seamlessly with production groups locally and at a Singapore smart factory, where final parts are produced and integrated into the manufacturing line. [25] “We have technology in workstations capable of doing AEC (Architecture, Engineering & Construction) and CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing) but that is only on screen in 2D form. [6] The technology will surely further improve and so will other manufacturing technologies. [24]

To that end, we acquired ACTech this year, a German manufacturing company specialized in highly complex metal prototype casting. [22] It?s now evolved beyond rapid prototyping to encompass rapid repairs, spare parts on demand and rapid manufacturing on site as needed–in disaster zones and even in space. [23] After earning early acceptance in prototyping and accelerating the New Product Introduction (NPI) process, the adoption of 3DP, also called additive manufacturing, stalled. [25] A 2016 survey found that about two-thirds of American manufacturers used additive manufacturing in some way, with 51 percent using it for at least some type of end-user production. [26] Highly qualified production teams then apply additive and traditional manufacturing in a distributed environment that delivers the best of both worlds to meet customer demands and the dynamic nature of manufacturing. [25] The technology fell short in performance, materials and economics compared to traditional manufacturing methodologies, such as injection molding. [25] In 2013, for example, an article published in Harvard Business Review predicted that widespread adoption of additive manufacturing technology would overturn decades of macroeconomic trends and end China’s global manufacturing dominance. [26] Based on current projections, spending on additive manufacturing technology is expected to average a growth rate of 22.3 percent over the next five years. [26]

Recent developments in Additive Manufacturing have focused on building better, faster, larger and more capable machines and on extending the range of new materials. [22]

“You have to envision a completely new way of designing and making products,” explains John Dulchinos, the company?s VP of Advanced Digital Manufacturing. [25]

What we want to do is enhance the ability to take a 3D object, translate it to the virtual world, where users can edit it, and output it again in production on the real world,” added Koh. [6] From my vantage point, Moretti is correct, manufacturers that wait on their 3DP plans will lose customers and market share because the future of 3DP has arrived. [25]

Find out how customers are transforming their design and manufacturing processes with solutions ranging from digitization, design and simulation through manufacturing, inspection and management. [8] One example is when Whirlpool creates a new design they must go through the lengthy process from concept to production using subtractive manufacturing processes. [27] In most instances using subtractive manufacturing like this, the design process becomes long and arduous thereby burdening companies rather than enlivening them as advancements in design should. [27]

INSPIRE. COLLABORATE. INNOVATE. Atlantic Design & Manufacturing, part of the largest advanced design and manufacturing industry event on the East Coast, is the annual must-attend trade show for discovering the latest in design engineering. [28] The industry is trying to leverage the power of additive software and hardware to reduce the number of processing steps and components in a device and thereby reduce the overall cost of manufacturing a device or an instrument. [8] KUKA is changing the manufacturing industry at a staggering rate, and they owe a good deal of their continued leadership to the speed at which they innovate new technologies and release products like the KUKA KR 3 AGILUS and the KUKA LBR iiwa. [29] From prototyping to full-scale production, one lap of the show floor will help you overcome your toughest manufacturing challenges and keep you up to speed on innovations transforming the industry. [28] Apart from the already stated manufacturing industry, the technology is finding rapid importance in the field of biotechnology. [10]

On Demand Manufacturing Services (Quickparts) has changed the way product development and manufacturing professionals source custom-designed parts. [8] AM delivers value to companies by paring costs through integrating functions, creating complex lightweight structures, accelerating product development and manufacturing, and making product individualization possible. [27] Increasingly, the technology?s true potential is being realized by more companies as they integrate it into their manufacturing processes. [30] A study in 1996 at the University of Nottingham showed that these processes could be economical for making plastic parts in volumes up to 6,000 and so the concept of Rapid Manufacturing was born. [31] During the manufacturing process, the first run-off of your plastic part ensures that the part meets quality standards and works as far as fit and function. [11] With a global team of experts to support your manufacturing needs, we are committed to customer success and delivering quality, innovation and reliability. [8] Keep up-to-date with the latest customer applications, innovations and insights in digital design and manufacturing. [8] Custom manufacturing is also another area where people have suggested that products will be made for specific customers. [31] Your injection molding partner can consider potential issues before your product hits the manufacturing floor. [11]

The combination of sole AM and hybrid manufacturing chains will generate production platforms that accelerate the integration of AM systems. [27] Welcome to the factory of the future–it won’t be long before this manufacturing of tomorrow is a reality with manufacturers everywhere depending on these digital facilities. [27] They are helping to train a growing number of manufacturing leaders on transformative digital technologies. [27]

Validating and optimizing parameters to run new materials can be challenging and costly unless there is a business case for a clinical application that requires large-scale manufacturing. [8] Digital CAD data moves swiftly through software applications that tell the additive manufacturing machine what to build. [27] Generally, Additive Manufacturing uses more energy during the production process but as parts can be more easily light-weighted their use in objects that accelerate or decelerate can lead to great energy savings which far outweigh the extra energy used in production. [31] Given that the actual production speed was much lower than processes like injection moulding the name was soon changed to Additive Manufacturing. [31] A few leading industry people have predicted that Additive Manufacturing will replace conventional manufacturing processes such as Injection Moulding. [31] There are 7 basic Additive Manufacturing processes but one of the earliest was launched in 1987 and involved the use of a laser to selectively solidify a UV sensitive resin. [31] There has also been speculation that the use of Additive Manufacturing will lead to large scale reconfiguring of supply chains where all manufacturing takes place close to the point of consumption. [31]

Although many claims regarding Additive Manufacturing are overstated it is certainly true that the technology provides great opportunities for companies to make new products which are more efficient, have higher value and make more profit. [31] I would strongly advise companies to gain an understanding of the various Additive Manufacturing technologies and then undertake and audit of where and how they can be used to produce products. [31] Advanced prototyping and manufacturing services using traditional and additive manufacturing technologies. [8] Using conventional manufacturing methods, the company usually goes through multiple molds because traditional materials cannot withstand the pressure and temperature like the molds produced with AM powders and methods. [27]

You just have to expect that there will be some post-machining requirements to get the end product you would expect from a more traditional manufacturing process. [9] Bring physical objects directly into CAD, supercharge your product development process, and automate precise 3D inspection with Geomagic Capture – the powerful, integrated, industrial-grade 3D scanner and software system. [8] Geomagic Design X is the industry’s most comprehensive reverse engineering software, combines history-based CAD with 3D scan data processing so you can create feature-based, editable solid models compatible with your existing CAD software. [8] From reverse engineering and design services to 3D inspection routines, our team guarantees fast, high quality results every time. [8]

Reduce reliance on inventory while answering short-run production needs. 3D Systems’ solutions enable end-use parts to be manufactured on demand, allowing overhead to shrink and productivity to soar. [8] To create a 3D part using FDM, a thin string of plastic feeds into a heated tip (similar to a pen tip). [11]

Scan and capture the real world into 3D data with the Sense and Capture scanners coupled with powerful scan software to deliver both precision and ease-of-use. [8]

This is part of their future proofing process, and if you haven’t started to, at the very least, acknowledge the options, or how this might change your business, you might get left behind. [9] No matter the future employment structure, agile smart factories are expected to deliver major improvements to production and supply chain platforms. [27]

Feel the power of digital sculpting with the haptic devices by 3D Systems and develop your own haptic applications with the advanced Phantom haptics and OpenHaptics toolkit. [8] A Q&A with Gautam Gupta, vice president, business development and global sales, healthcare for 3D Systems. [8]

Unlike subtractive manufacturing that creates its final product by cutting away from a block of material, additive manufacture adds parts to form its final product. [15] Better digitization of the scientific method will be crucial to developing new products and materials and then manufacturing them at scale. [32] The term subtractive manufacturing appeared as a retronym for the large family of machining processes with material removal as their common theme. [12] Citrine runs AI on its massive materials database, and claims it helps organizations hit R&D and manufacturing milestones 50% of the time. [32] That such application of the adjectives rapid and on-demand to the noun manufacturing was novel in the 2000s reveals the prevailing mental model of the long industrial era in which almost all production manufacturing involved long lead times for laborious tooling development. [12] With new sensors, ML tools and inspection drones coming onto the market, not only can manufacturing equipment correct for errors instantaneously, but production will conform to changing demands in real time. [13] As cutting-edge categories like blockchain and AR are being piloted in industrial settings, manufacturing could eventually be taken to unprecedented levels of frictionless production and worker augmentation. [32] Leaping to collaborate with digital startups and designers, companies like Playground Global and LulzBot are growing to provide the physical building space and manufacturing capacity for now unfettered entrepreneurs. [13] Machine learning-powered data platforms like Fero, Sight Machine, and Uptake, among a host of others, will be able codify lean manufacturing principles into systems’ inner workings. [32] Presumably, tomorrow?s manufacturing process will eventually look like one huge, self-sustaining cyber-physical organism that only intermittently requires human intervention. [32] Ensuring that a specific manufacturing process produces quality parts is a science. [14] From advanced robotics in R&D labs to computer vision in warehouses, technology is making an impact on every step of the manufacturing process. [32] Read on for a closer look at how technology is transforming each step of the manufacturing process. [32] To reach its full potential, the manufacturing industry will need to continue to embrace new technology. [32]

It allows for high-performance, lightweight and complex designs that would otherwise be impossible in the manufacturing process. [33] Across sectors, the manufacturing process has a long way to go before we get there. [32]

Decentralized manufacturing may be one impending change that helps manufacturers handle demand for parts orders. [32] Not only for manufacturers but also for everyone involved in the manufacturing supply chain. [14]

A manufacturing business can have so many disparate ERP systems and siloed data that, ironically, the ERP “stack” (which is intended to simplify things) can itself become a tangled mess of cobbled-together software. [32] This isn?t easy for companies whose core business may have nothing to do with manufacturing. [14] Here are 3 risks when an asset-intensive business shifts from spare part procurement and management to manufacturing parts themselves. [14] Under traditional operating models, quality is inherent in the manufacturing of spare parts. [14]

In the same PWC study, only 10% of German industrial firms surveyed use additive manufacturing for spare parts currently. [14] Additive manufacturing is shifting from a promising technology to a powerful disruptor, and its gaining momentum with complex ties to many adjacent transformative technology movements such as the ubiquity of the Internet of Things, the industrial use of digital twins, and the public and private investments in Industry 4.0 transformations. [14] One of the earliest ways to use additive manufacturing for industrial purposes, this practice is now becoming an industry standard. [15] The use of additive manufacturing for serialized production of orthopedic implants (metals) is also increasing due to the ability to efficiently create porous surface structures that facilitate osseointegration. [12] Rapid prototyping was one of the earliest additive variants, and its mission was to reduce the lead time and cost of developing prototypes of new parts and devices, which was earlier only done with subtractive toolroom methods such as CNC milling, turning, and precision grinding. 62 In the 2010s, additive manufacturing entered production to a much greater extent. [12] Electron beam melting is a similar type of additive manufacturing technology for metal parts (e.g. titanium alloys ). [12] Similar to aircraft parts, furniture, and many more modern objects, skateboard trucks are set to change, thanks to topology optimization and metal additive manufacturing. [15] Companies like Xometry and Maketime offer on-demand additive manufacturing and CNC-milling (a subtractive method that carves an object out of a block), fulfilling parts orders across its networks of workshops. [32] The layered structure of all Additive Manufacturing processes leads inevitably to a strain-stepping effect on part surfaces which are curved or tilted in respect to the building platform. [12] Additive manufacturing can encompass multiple processes, depending on the hardware, material requirements, and product application. [15] In 2017 Gartner?s famous hype cycle predicted that additive manufacturing is moving past disillusionment and into real product applications. [14]

In cars, trucks, and aircraft, Additive Manufacturing is beginning to transform both (1) unibody and fuselage design and production and (2) powertrain design and production. [12] Using metal additive manufacturing for one-third of components, GE made an engine that burns 15% less fuel than previous designs. [32] Using these advancements with computing power in the cloud, IoT connectivity, big data and next-gen robotics, Industry 4.0 is fully utilized as an adaptive, self-optimizing factory fueled by additive manufacturing. [33] Some additive manufacturing techniques are capable of using multiple materials in the course of constructing parts. [12] With metal additive manufacturing, materials are expensive and lead times are compressed. [15] The umbrella term additive manufacturing (AM) gained wide currency in the 2000s, 3 inspired by the theme of material being added together (in any of various ways). [12]

Success with hybrid processes requires planning during the design phase and accommodations in the additive manufacturing phase. [15] Get the engineer?s guide to understanding and implementing additive manufacturing in the production process. [15] Every traditional manufacturing process has quality control built into it, that vary from manual inspection to the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning to advanced manufacturing operations. [14] Through HP?s solution they?re able to produce end-use parts in large volumes, and at a price point that?s competitive with traditional manufacturing. [34]

“Additive Manufacturing Technologies”. doi : 10.1007/978-1-4939-2113-3. [12]

As the various additive processes matured, it became clear that soon metal removal would no longer be the only metalworking process done through a tool or head moving through a 3D work envelope transforming a mass of raw material into a desired shape layer by layer. [12]

Autodesk is a leader in 3D design, engineering and entertainment software. [15] Autodesk, the software developer of AutoCAD, is a bellwether for the future of prototyping and collaboration technology. [32] Operations Technology Monitoring & Machine Data : A look at the IT stack and platforms powering future factories. [32]

Certainly, manufacturers of the future will be relying on intelligent software to make their R&D discoveries. [32] In the future, manufacturers will explore decentralized technologies to make their organizations more autonomous and their belongings (coming or going) more digitized in real-time. [32]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(34 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

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2. (17) Future Factory: How Technology Is Transforming Manufacturing

3. (12) 3D printing – Wikipedia

4. (11) 2018 Manufacturing Outlook And 3D-Printing?s Impact

5. (10) What is the Future of Additive Manufacturing? | Jabil

6. (10) Why quality is the obstacle to mass adoption of 3D printing

7. (10) Additive Manufacturing | What Is Additive Manufacturing? | Autodesk

8. (9) Additive Manufacturing Requires New Approach to Design, Production | IndustryWeek

9. (9) 3D Printing Set to Revolutionize Mainstream Manufacturing | HuffPost

10. (9) Factory of the Future: 3D Printers, Process Automation and Specialists Needed | 2017-10-02 | Appliance Design Magazine

11. (9) The Role of 3D Printing within Industry — The Future Factory: Shaping the Future of Manufacturing

12. (5) The Use Of 3D Printing In Manufacturing Now & In The Future

13. (4) future of 3d printing all you need to know – Tech4uonline

14. (4) 7 Ways 3D Technology Will Change The Manufacturing Industry

15. (4) HP is 3D printing the future – Tech Wire Asia

16. (3) a billion new inventors – manufacturing of the future

17. (3) How 3D Printing Is Changing Manufacturing

18. (3) 5 Trends in 3D Printing for 2018 | Materialise – Innovators you can count on

19. (3) 3D-printing might not kill global trade after all. Here’s why | World Economic Forum

20. (3) 3D Printing: The Future or a Fad?

21. (3) Why Metal 3D Printing is Breakthrough Tech for 2018 |

22. (2) The Future Of 3-D Printing

23. (2) 3-D Printing Is the Future of Factories (for Real This Time) | WIRED

24. (2) This is What the Future of 3D Printing Looks Like

25. (2) Is 3D-Printed Food the Cuisine of the Future? | Design News

26. (2) TechHub: Future of 3D Printing, 3M Connected Roads & US Manufacturing News

27. (2) 3D printing the future for lighter engines | Volvo Group

28. (1) The Future of 3D Printing in Construction

29. (1) The Future of 3D Printing | ManufacturingTomorrow

30. (1) KUKA Builds the Future of Manufacturing with MakerBot 3D Printers

31. (1) 3D Printing’s Present And Future Impact On The Supply Chain

32. (1) Jabil Sees the Future of Manufacturing with HP 3D Printing Cimquest Inc., Manufacturing Solutions

33. (1) Printing The Future: What Additive Manufacturing Means For Innovation – GE Reports

34. (1) Industry Leaders at GE?s 3D Printing Summit Discuss Printing the Future, One Layer at a Time >