What Is The Purpose Of GHS for Chemicals?

What Is The Purpose Of GHS for Chemicals?
What Is The Purpose Of GHS for Chemicals? Image link: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/WD-40
C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • Today, OSHA?s HazCom Standard (HCS) aligns with the GHS and "provides a common and coherent approach to classifying chemicals and communicating hazard information on labels and safety data sheets.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • The safety data sheets themselves provide comprehensive information about substances or mixtures used in workplace chemical management.(More...)
  • Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is a very important document to inform its audience of the hazards of a chemical substance or mixture and provide advice on safety precautions.(More...)
  • Now, we will show you how to evaluate hazards with a Safety Data Sheet, the use of NFPA 704 standard to label hazardous materials, and how to store specific types of chemicals in the laboratory.(More...)

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KEY TOPICS

Today, OSHA?s HazCom Standard (HCS) aligns with the GHS and "provides a common and coherent approach to classifying chemicals and communicating hazard information on labels and safety data sheets. [1] The GHS streamlines the classification and communication provisions for hazardous chemicals. [1] While the GHS is not a regulation, it is a framework that guides manufacturers through classifying and labeling hazardous chemicals to better protect people and the environment from them. [1]

This broad-sweeping endeavor rolled out a set of voluntary guidelines which provided in-depth recommendations for a standardized process for categorizing chemical material hazards, communicating those hazards through standardized GHS phrases and GHS pictograms, and most notably replacing the MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) with the new 16 section Safety Data Sheet (SDS). [2] ERA SDS Authoring software creates a complete 16-section safety data sheet in under 5 minutes, using an innovative template approach and our built-in comprehensive Master Chemical List containing the complete GHS classification protocols for the U.S., Canada, and the European Union (among others). [2] EuPhraC working group has developed a good GHS SDS template in English to help chemical industry comply with EU REACH regulation's requirements on safety data sheets. [3] Otherwise, Canada?s hazard communication standards will require chemical manufacturers to provide a 16-section Safety Data Sheet that follows the guidance of the GHS Purple book. [2] The Hazard Communication Final Rule (HazCom 2012) is aligned with the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, or GHS, which provides standard criteria for determining chemical hazards to ensure different manufacturers and importers classify hazards similarly. [4] The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) released an updated Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) in 2012 which aligned the document with the United Nations? Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). [5]

All chemical hazards can be represented by one of nine standard GHS pictograms, or symbols, on hazardous material labels. [4] Employees must participate in GHS and chemical safety training programs, and be able to demonstrate an understanding of safety data sheets, proper handling of hazardous materials, and exposure response. [2]

GHS is a standardized international format of communicating chemical hazard information intended to improve the quality and consistency of such information. [5] If you export chemical materials or other consumer goods requiring an SDS, it?s up to you to ensure you are providing the correct GHS shipping information. [2] From dealing with multi-national chemical safety regulations, multiple SDS authoring languages, OSHA training requirements, shipping, to protecting confidential business information about your blends (and more), GHS compliance represents a shifting regulatory landscape taking place in North America. [2]

The GHS was developed to eradicate any doubts surrounding workplace chemicals which may pose any hazards to workers and/or the environment. [2] What is the purpose of hazard classification according to GHS? To ensure chemical hazards are classified similarly by different manufacturers or importers so that all workers understand the hazards and hot to protect themselves. [4] The GHS is the creation of the United Nations in an attempt to unify and harmonize the various methodologies used by chemical manufacturers - and consequently anyone who uses chemical products of any sort - across the entire globe. [2] Any employer that purchases, stores, and/or uses chemicals on site - as well as the employees using those chemicals - will feel the effect of North America?s adoption of GHS standards. [2] By using an SDS authoring solution, like the one developed by ERA?s team of GHS specialists and chemical engineers, you can author any number of SDSs on demand, without the aid of consultants. [2] For many businesses, the switch in Canada to the GHS will introduce the risk of needing to disclose chemical component information which should be considered Confidential Business Information (CBI). [2] For both Canada and the United States, the primary aim of the GHS adoption is the promise of reduced workplace injuries and incidents, thanks to clearer and simpler chemical hazard classifications. [2] Across North America, the adoption of the United Nation?s Globally Harmonized System (GHS) has affected and will have a further impact on any business that manufactures, produces, and/or distributes chemicals to either the United States or Canadian markets. [2] GHS stands for Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, which are usually represented as red and black pictograms. [6] Above this basic level, GHS adoption for North America will also affect emergency responders, transportation professionals, and consumers of household chemical products. [2] On or before June 1, 2015, all SDS and labels on products from The Dow Chemical Company and its affiliates shipped to and within the United States will comply with OSHA?s version of the Globally Harmonized System for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). [7] GHS provides a comprehensive and detailed list of protocols for chemical classification which require minimal human input - meaning that SDS authoring can be completed with an automated logic rather than having a chemist crunching numbers manually. [2] In countries that have adopted GHS, Safety Data Sheet (SDS) will be the only accepted name for the hazard communication document for chemicals. [3] The GHS system includes requirements for chemical labels, pictograms, and Safety Data Sheets. [5]

In accordance to the GHS implementation, Canada will also be fulfilling its commitment to the Canada-U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC), which is to align and synchronize the common classification and labelling requirements for workplace hazardous chemicals. [2]

The GHS provides a standardized approach including criteria for determining what hazardous effects a chemical poses, as well as standardized label elements assigned by hazard class and category, along with safety data sheets that provide important information in a specific order. [8] The GHS and OSHA Hazardous Communication course from 360training.com teaches students all they need to know about the GHS, how to make use of Safety Data Sheets and chemical labels to protect themselves from chemical hazards. [9]

OSHA decided to adopt the GHS to improve safety and the health of workers through more effective communications of chemical hazards. [8] The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) is a system that standardizes and classifies chemical labeling to reduce occupational safety hazards. [9] Prior to the implementation of the GHS (Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals) in the U.S., the CAS number was not required information on an MSDS. Effective June 1, 2015 OSHA required that manufacturers and importers ship SDS's in the 16-part standardized GHS format that includes CAS numbers as a required element. [10] Important Read about how the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) incorporated into the federal Hazard Communication Standard affects chemical use at UC San Diego. [11]

Our quality management system ensures that all Puritan Products brand products comply with applicable global standards such as GHS labelling of chemicals and GHS compliant Safety Data Sheets (SDS). [8] Implementation of GHS will enhance both employer and worker comprehension of the hazards presented by the chemicals being used in the workplace. [8] The GHS is a standard used for how chemicals are labeled and classified across the globe. [12] Each GHS label comprises of 6 pieces of critical data that make chemicals instantly recognizable. [9] GHS provides a standardized system to determine how hazardous chemicals can affect health and safety. [12] OSHA predicts the implementation of GHS in the U.S. will result in increased safety and health for employees and reduce the numbers of accidents, fatalities, injuries and illnesses from exposures to hazardous chemicals. [12]

The main benefit GHS offers is the changes to hazardous chemical labels it implements. [9]

Global Harmonization System (GHS) compliant or equivalent Safety Data Sheets are widely recognized as a fundamental source of chemical information to identify and control the health and safety impacts from chemicals stored, used and discarded. [13] Upload: a) Chemical Inventory List; b) Safety Data Sheet (SDS), Global Harmonization System (GHS) compliant or equivalent; c) Permits where applicable for certain sensitive chemicals to be stored or used (e.g. explosive materials); d) List of purchased chemicals and corresponding purchase records for the past full year. [13]

Avery UltraDuty GHS Chemical Labels and the Avery GHS Wizard software were awarded the 2017 ISHN (Industrial Safety & Hygiene News) annual best-in-class safety and health products and services award in the Signs, Labels and Tags category. [14] Avery UltraDuty GHS Chemical Labels and Avery GHS Wizard software won the New Product of the Year Award for Signage and Identification from Occupational Health & Safety Magazine. [14]

Ensure your chemical labels comply with GHS by always using the correct labeling. [14] With the adoption of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), OSHA has updated the HCS to align with GHS. The purpose was to harmonize hazard communication regardless of an organization's distribution network throughout the world. [15] In March of 2012, OSHA revised the Hazard Communication Standard to align with the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). [16]

Create a safer workplace with help from these tough GHS chemical labels. [14] Choose the perfect size and shape Avery UltraDuty GHS Chemical Label to meet your needs. [14]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

The safety data sheets themselves provide comprehensive information about substances or mixtures used in workplace chemical management. [1] Safety data sheets also provide critical information for emergency responders, poison centers, transportation companies that move hazardous chemicals, and professionals and consumers who use pesticides. [1] This update will also help reduce trade barriers and result in productivity improvements for American businesses that regularly handle, store, and use hazardous chemicals while providing cost savings for American businesses that periodically update safety data sheets and labels for chemicals covered under the hazard communication standard." [1]

The system standardizes hazard classification criteria and chemical hazard communication elements around the world. [1]

Namely, an SDS is called for when substances and mixtures meet the harmonized criteria for physical, health, or environmental hazards under the GHS and when mixtures contain ingredients that are carcinogenic, harmful to reproduction, or toxic enough that they exceed limits for SDS as specified by the criteria for specific mixtures. [1] As OSHA aligned with the GHS, they mandated that safety data sheets now have a specified 16-section format. [1]

Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is a very important document to inform its audience of the hazards of a chemical substance or mixture and provide advice on safety precautions. [3] Employers must provide training to all staff about understanding SDSs and ensure that chemical hazard labels are made available to staff who could be exposed to a chemical safety or health hazard. [2] The KSU Department of Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) has developed this written HazCom Program detailing the methods used at KSU to provide necessary chemical hazard information to employees. [5] These pictograms (graphic symbols) are used to communicate information on the hazards of a specific chemical. [6]

Interntional standard that provides consistency in the classification and labeling of chemical through the use of pictorgrams, signal words, and hazard warnings. [17] The plan should include steps to ensure that all workers are familiar with the risks involved in chemical handling and understand the labeling and symbols associated with each type of chemical hazard. [18] To ensure workers are provided with sufficient information to understand the hazards of the chemicals they work with, OSHA maintains a Hazard Communication Standard (HCS). [4] The purpose of this Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) Program is to provide Kansas State University (KSU) employees with the necessary information to protect their health and well-being from chemical hazards. [5]

The CHP is primarily to inform the safe use of chemicals in the workplace, and so contains standard operating procedures, criteria for selecting safety controls, and measures to maintain safety controls present in the laboratory. [5] Chemical storage cabinets are typically used to safely store small amounts of chemical substances within a workplace or laboratory for regular use. [19] Unnecessary storage of large amounts of chemicals can pose a hazard if the amount exceeds the limits permitted by laboratory guidelines, and is avoided by accredited workplaces and laboratories. [19] Chemical storage facilities must be adequately maintained to prevent and mitigate their hazards. [19] Nuisance particulates where the chemical manufacturer or importer can establish that they do not pose any physical or health hazard covered under this section. g. [5] Wood or wood products, including lumber which will not be processed, where the chemical manufacturer or importer can establish that the only hazard they pose to employees is the potential for flammability or combustibility. [5] You have to determine the hazard class and hazard category of a chemical first (mostly relying on test data). [20] How are chemicals classified? The data used for hazardous material classification can come from tests, literature, or practical experience. [4] Chemical storage is the storage of controlled chemicals or hazardous materials in chemical stores, chemical storage cabinets, or similar devices. [19] Desiccation is a chemical storage technique used to maintain or to regulate humidity, usually to store moisture-sensitive chemicals. [19] They are used to emphasize chemical hazards and indicate the relative level of severity of the hazard. [20] Many chemicals present more than one hazard, so they can belong to more than one hazard class. [4] Suppliers of chemicals will need to author GHS-style Safety data sheets, which involves performing GHS-compliant classifications and generating labels and container labels. [2] A notable risk you should be aware of is that Canada and the United States have a very different approach to CBI on Safety Data Sheets: in Canada you cannot provide a general chemical range without filing a CBI claim, and therefore American chemical exporters need to be on top of ensuring they are compliant in both countries. [2] Proper labeling is important to ensure that chemicals are not misidentified, which is key to protecting health and safety. [19] Safety precautions for handling, storing and transporting the chemical. [18] In regard to new information becoming available regarding a particular chemical or product, the supplier of said chemical or product will have 90 days, by law, to update their SDS. [2] If you are a Canadian business in the chemicals industry, you will need to author new SDSs for all of your chemical products. [2] A U.S. chemical manufacturer may provide an ingredient concentration range on their SDSs instead of fully disclosing the exact chemical concentration - if this option is taken, the manufacturer must indicate on the SDS is providing a range due to a Trade Secret. [2] This is worth repeating, lest you think your business won?t be affected: if you export chemical goods to Canada, you are required to author SDSs that meet WHMIS 2015 regulations. [2] It?s common for the chemical industry to employ a third-party/external consultant to help them create SDSs. [2] What is hazard classification? Hazard classification is the process of evaluating the full range of available scientific evidence to determine if a chemical is hazardous, and to identify the severity of the hazards. [4] Accidental spillage or mixing of chemicals can be hazardous. [19] Workplace chemicals present countless hazards which is why OSHA?s Hazard Communication Standards (HazCom) exists. [18] Maintaining the proper condition of chemical storage areas reduces the likelihood of accidents or injuries in the workplace. [19] Chemical storage cabinets are usually suited for specific classes of chemicals. [19] Chemical stores are warehouses commonly used by chemical or pharmaceutical companies to store bulk chemicals. [19] Shelving must be stable, constructed of a material that is compatible with the chemicals stored on it, and not loaded beyond its rated capacity. 4 It is recommended not to store heavy containers on the highest shelves. [19] These cabinets are typically made from materials that are resistant to the chemicals stored in them and occasionally contain a bunded tray to capture spillage. [19] Instead chemicals should be stored according to their reactivity and other properties. [19] Chemicals are usually stored in cool areas, away from direct heat sources, moisture, or light and should be regularly checked for degradation or damage. [19] In most situations, specialized laboratory refrigerators are used to ensure that the flash points of certain chemicals are not reached. [19] Thousands of chemicals are used daily throughout the campus and new ones are routinely introduced into the work environment. [5] Encouraging the safe transport, handling and use of chemicals. [2] Employers purchasing chemicals rely on the manufacturer to supply the proper label on the chemical container. [18] If the chemical is transferred to another container, the employer is responsible for properly labeling the new container. [18] This means is a few short months, any chemical manufactured or brought in to Canada will need to be WHMIS compliant. [2]

It requires companies producing and/or using hazardous chemicals to provide employees with information and training relevant to the hazardous chemicals, their handling, protective measures, and any other significant safety concerns in accordance with OSHA?s Right-to-Know Standard. [18] These methods include an inventory of every hazardous chemical on campus, proper chemical labels, collections of Safety Data Sheets with Right-to-Know access, training, and this written document. [5]

GHS provides a global approach for defining and classifying hazards, and communicating the information on labels and Safety Data Sheets. [7] Employees must know how to read an SDS and decipher it?s GHS pictograms and hazard phrases. (Check out " How to Read an SDS: Understanding your Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for Safe Handling " for even more details). [2] GHS has harmonized the format and content of Safety Data Sheets (SDSs). [3]

Your goal, at its core, is simple: acquire the ability to author safety data sheets that meet the GHS standards as they?ve been adopted in both the United States and Canada. [2] Canada?s implementation of the GHS has promised to enhance the health and safety of workers in Canada, facilitate trade with the United States of America (which has been GHS compliant as of 2012), and enhance the success of Canadian suppliers in the competitive international market of hazardous materials. [2] According to the GHS, the three main types of hazards are: ? Health hazards, which present a risk to people's health ? Physical hazards, which threaten the safety of individuals and property ? Environmental hazards, which can harm aquatic life or build up in the food chain Within each of these categories, GHS defines several hazard classes to further describe a chemical's potential hazards. [4] Canada will be recognizing only two of the three GHS hazard groups : Physical Hazards and Health Hazards. [2]

The Globally Harmonized System (known as GHS for short) has introduced profound changes to the way North America as a whole classifies and communicates hazard information in the workplace and to consumers. [2] The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) should be understood as being about more than just changing the way you author Safety Data Sheets - the fundamental goal is to increase workplace safety. [2] There are 16 sections in standard GHS safety data sheets (as shown below). [3]

It uses the standardized GHS pictograms, GHS hazard phrases, and signal words. [2] Your first step is to understand the fundamental GHS classification system and its hazard categories. [2] An SDS should be prepared and provided for a substance or mixture meeting GHS classification criteria or for a mixture containing a hazardous ingredient exceeding the cut-off value limits given in the following table. [3] An additional benefit is once you have all your SDS information centralized in one database or system like ERA?s you can automatically create shipping labels or create a compliant SDS in another language or according to a different set of GHS guideline implementations. [2] If you are otherwise affected by the GHS implementation deadlines in Canada, such as being an employer, now is also the time to start preparing your SDS management and SDS training program. [2] Alexandra McDougall is a GHS Regulatory Specialist with ERA Environmental and head of the SDS Management Team. [2]

The best practice for GHS compliance in this instance is to implement an SDS authoring program that gives you repeatable and on-demand SDS authoring according to multiple sets of protocols - for instance, having the ability to choose whether to include biohazardous infection material hazard categories and determinations in your final SDS product. [2] What are the hazard classes? GHS defines 16 physical hazards, such as corrosives, explosives, and flammable liquids; 10 health hazards, including acute toxicity, carcinogenicity, and reproductive toxicology; and environmental hazards. [4] Canada is transitioning to use all of the official GHS "Purple Book" GHS pictograms (with the exception of the aforementioned Environmental classifications), which will bring Canada into alignment with the United States and many European countries. [2] An essential part of GHS in North America is the potential to increase trade between the United States and Canada through simpler export and a unified methodology for shipping goods safely. [2] Under WHMIS 2015, there are a few notable differences between the GHS standards and how Canada has chosen to voluntarily implement the GHS recommendations. [2] Select which country?s GHS standards to apply to your SDSs. [2] GHS labels must be chemical-resistant, abrasion-resistant, UV light resistant, weather-resistant, and must utilize a marine-grade label adhesive in order to satisfy GHS label standards for permanence. [6] In essence, the GHS has brought countries around the world closer together in how they classify and communicate material hazards, but there are still many differences in Hazard Communication Standards from country to country. [2] The GHS regulation standards use a total of nine pictograms. [6] Countries around the world have, over the past few years, rolled out their own versions of the GHS standards. [2] Before adopting GHS as a national standard, even within a country, regulations may have varied from region to region. [2] How to keep up with changing GHS standards around the world. [2] For a helpful GHS best practice on ensuring your SDSs are authored properly, check out this article: " GHS Hazard Classification, Pt 2: Classification and Reliability ". [2] For a full breakdown of the GHS deadlines that you need to be aware of in 2018, we?ve prepared this article " Canada's GHS / SDS Adoption - The Deadlines That Matter ". [2] For more on this topic, read " GHS Turbulence Ahead: Transportation and Shipping Concerns in SDS Authoring ". [2] If you are solely focused on creating SDSs, you?re not addressing the full scope of your GHS regulatory responsibilities. [2]

To facilitate that, the GHS provides UN guidelines for proper GHS shipping labels. [2] QuickLabel offers a variety of GHS compliant label stocks all made in our in-house Media Laboratory. [6]

GHS has also set the minimum info required for each section. [3]

While the GHS is designed to reduce risk, from a business perspective these changes to North American GHS compliance regulations introduce compliance risks that could result in fines from your health & safety regulator. [2]

OSHA defines a hazardous chemical or chemical product as one that poses a physical and/or health hazard to the user. [5] All employees who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals in the workplace must be trained to identify and work safely with hazardous materials before their initial assignment and whenever the hazard changes. [18] A workplace must provide SDS and secondary container labeling training to its staff prior (or at the time of) an employee working with a hazardous chemical. [2] Chemical storage devices are usually present where a workplace requires the use of non-hazardous and/or hazardous chemicals. [19] A written program must be developed if your company makes use of or produces hazardous chemicals. [18] Wood or wood products which have been treated with a hazardous chemical covered by this standard, and wood which may be subsequently sawed or cut, generating dust, are not exempted. e. [5] "Safe storage of hazardous chemicals in stockrooms, workshops and laboratories" (PDF). [19] These hazard communication methods will reduce injuries and illnesses resulting from exposure to hazardous chemicals. [5] Across the globe, a significant number of countries have adopted the Globally Harmonized System for chemical health and safety hazard communication. [2] The timeline specified that that Canada?s manufacturers and importers must comply with the full WHMIS 2015 regulation for chemical hazard communication in 2018. [2]

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What this means for your business is that whichever method or tool you are currently using for GHS compliance may not be enough, as now you need the ability to author SDSs for the entirety of North America. [2] From 2015 to 2018, Canadian businesses were given a 3-year GHS transition period to move from the older hazard communication standard to the new Canadian version of GHS compliance. [2] Because every country is different, GHS compliance in the United States is not an exact match for GHS compliance in Canada. [2] Today, GHS compliance can become a largely automated process with the right knowledge and capabilities. [2]

Now, we will show you how to evaluate hazards with a Safety Data Sheet, the use of NFPA 704 standard to label hazardous materials, and how to store specific types of chemicals in the laboratory. [21] Therefore, an appropriate chemical label should identify the material and list the associated hazards, and users should have knowledge of how to read chemical labels and safety data sheets (SDS). [21] For detailed information about a chemical, read its associated 16-section Safety Data Sheet, or SDS. General information on a substance is found in section 1 through 3; its name and alternatives, hazard, and composition. [21] Since the inception of the HCS in 1983, chemical manufacturers and importers were allowed to convey information on labels and material safety data sheets in whatever format they chose. [8] The Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200 requires all manufacturers, importers, and distributers of hazardous materials to label chemicals with the following information: product identifier, signal word, hazard statement(s), precautionary statement(s) and pictogram(s), and name, address and telephone number of the material manufacturer, importer or distributer. [21]

Proper chemical storage must meet OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Association) standards and this can prevent most chemical reactivity hazards. [21] Effective management of every aspect of Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) compliance including workplace safety, proper storage, labeling and disposal of chemicals and accurate, timely local, state and federal regulatory reporting. [22] Tightly integrated modules for safety data sheets, chemical inventory, hazardous waste, workplace safety, and environmental regulatory reporting make it easy for organizations of all sizes to achieve their environmental health and safety objectives. [22] It is an international approach to hazard communication, providing agreed criteria for classification of chemical hazards, and a standardized approach to label elements and safety data sheets. [8] For identification and safety purposes, all chemicals must have labels with certain information. [21] Defining classification methods that make use of information on chemicals for comparison with hazard criteria. [9] Chemical storage begins with proper chemical labeling, which identifies the chemical and indicates what chemical hazards are associated to anyone who handles, uses, stores or transports. [21] This will improve understanding of hazards and will lead to safer handling and use of chemicals in the workplace. [12] Monitor and manage all aspects of employee and workplace safety including safe storage and use of chemicals, alerts and notifications, employee training requirements and site incident tracking with corrective actions. [22]

The definitions of hazard have been changed to provide specific criteria for classification of health and physical hazards, as well as classification of chemical mixtures. [8] Chemical manufacturers and importers will be required to provide a label that includes a harmonized signal word, pictogram, and hazard statement for each hazard class and category. [8] Substances with a hazard of acute toxicity will have this symbol on their chemical label. [23] Common hazard groups include acids, bases, flammables, oxidizers, toxics, peroxide-forming substances, pyrophoric-forming substances, water-reactive chemicals, and explosives. [21] The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) diamond symbol rates the degree of health (blue), flammability (red), reactivity (yellow), and special hazards (white) of chemicals. [21] The properties of chemicals and their reactivity vary broadly and if chemicals are not managed, stored, and labeled properly, they can have harmful or even destructive consequences such as toxic fume production, fire or explosion, which may result in human fatality, property damage or environmental hazards. [21] After assessing their hazards, you should store chemicals with similar hazards together. [21] You should now understand the proper methods to indicate potential hazards, store chemicals, and prevent dangerous interactions. [21] This non-mandatory pictogram means the hazard the chemical presents is aquatic toxicity. [23] With these numbers,fill in each hazard quadrant in the diamond and place on the chemical container. [21] Read the Safety Data Sheet (formerly called Material Safety Data Sheets) before beginning work with a chemical. [11] Chemical Safety's Environmental Management Systems ( EMS ) software is the original and most feature rich environmental health and safety solution for both large and small organizations. [22] Your chemical reactions can be run safely and effectively with US-made clamps and other laboratory accessories from Safety Emporium. [10] Always store chemicals according to instructions in the SDS, and separate out materials with incompatible chemical and physical characteristics. [21] While the list of chemicals may vary by laboratory and experiments, this document provides a basic guideline to storing and maintaining chemicals, and using the SDS to properly handle chemicals. [21] Filing chemicals by CAS number is one way to avoid the problem of finding an SDS by name ("did I file that under dichloromethane or methylene chloride??"). [10] Chemicals must be stored in accordance to the manufacturer's directions or SDS instructions. [21] Obtain the SDS when receiving or starting to work with a new chemical. [21] Once you know what chemical it is, you can look up the SDS. [10] Alphabetical storage may be used within a compatible chemical group but never as a chemical storage plan for an entire inventory. [21] Proper storage, maintenance, and labeling of these chemicals can help prevent accidents and provide a safe working environment. [21] You've just watched JoVE's introduction to chemical labeling and storage. [21] Flammable and combustible chemicals must be stored in approved flammable storage cabinets and kept away from any ignition source, oxidizers, or corrosives. [21] Specific chemical groups have different storage requirements. [21] Section 9: Physical and chemical properties: This section contains information regarding the physical and chemical properties of the material. [21] Sections 9 through 11 contain other important information about the substance-its physical and chemical properties, its stability and reactivity, and its toxicity. [21] Together, this information allows construction workers to understand why they should be cautious when handling chemicals. [9] Emergency information regarding exposures to chemicals is also available 24/7 by calling the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222. [24] The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires pictograms on labels to alert users of the chemical hazards to which they may be exposed. [23] This pictogram on a chemical label means that the substance is a compressed, liquefied, or dissolved gas under pressure at 29 pounds per square inch or more. [23] This symbol on a chemical label means that the substance is an oxidizer. [23] This pictogram on a chemical label means that the substance causes skin burns, eye damage, or destroys metals. [23] This video will illustrate how to evaluate, label, and store laboratory chemicals. [21] Do not eat, drink, store food, smoke, or apply cosmetics in areas where chemicals are in use except in clearly marked Clean Areas. [11] Order, receive, store, use, share and dispose chemicals safely and cost-effectively. [22] Use chemical fume hoods and other engineering controls as needed. [11] Many of the world?s leading organizations rely on Chemical Safety?s EMS software to manage their chemical inventory and hazardous waste. [22] Maintain lean, well managed chemical inventories to avoid fire code violations and subsequent inventory reduction measures. [11] Manage your lab?s or organization?s chemical inventory real-time using barcodes and smartphones and tablets. [22] Fill in descriptive text relating to chemical inventory tracking here. [22] Section 3: Composition/information on ingredients: For substances, this sections contains the chemical name, alternative names and identifiers, CAS number, impurities and additives. [21] A CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) Registry Number is a unique identifier that tells you, for example, that acetone and dimethyl ketone are actually the same substance. [10] Remember: CAS numbers uniquely identify a chemical, but not necessarily the manufacturer or concentration. [10] Key point: CAS numbers identify the chemical, but not its concentration or specific mixture. [10] Even if you have a computerized system you should include a field for CAS number because chemical names are often misspelled by non-chemists and spelling checkers do not handle technical terms very well. [10]

Liquid chemicals should not be stored over shoulder height to ensure easy access and handling and be stored in chemically resistant secondary containers in case there is a leak or spill. [21] Chemicals must then be segregated according to their chemical family or hazard classification, and stored appropriately so that any incompatibility is avoided. [21] The pictogram on the label is determined by the chemical hazard classification. [23] Laboratory-grade flammable-safe refrigerators should be used when flammable chemicals require refrigeration. [21] There are other groups of chemicals with additional storage considerations. [21] Safety Data Sheets are fact sheets for hazardous chemicals which are developed by the manufacturer to communicate the hazards of the specific chemical, provide guidance for protecting the user from exposure under normal conditions of use and during emergencies (e.g. handlind, storage, personal protective equipment) and, per federal regulations, must be readily available for all chemicals defined as hazardous. [24] Environmental Health & Safety strongly encourages locations using highly hazardous chemicals (e.g. acutely toxic, mutagenic, teratogenic, carcinogenic, reproductive hazards) to keep paper copies of SDSs on site in case of emergency. [24] SDS are detailed documents which cover more topics relevant to safety than labels, and therefore SDS should be consulted to ensure thoroughly safe handling of hazardous chemicals. [21]

A product identifier shows the name and any alternatives of the chemical. [21] As of 2018, there were 137,000,000 unique chemical substances indexed by CAS as well as 67,000,000 protein and nucleic acid sequences. [10] Learn how Chemical Safety's Environmental Management Systems (EMS) software can help overcome many of the EH&S challenges unique to your industry. [22] Chemicals should always be segregated and stored according to their incompatible chemical and physical characteristics. [21] Chemicals containers should be stored with closed and properly fitted caps. [21] Chemicals may interact dangerously, and must be properly segregated and stored. [21] Incompatible chemicals must not be stored in close proximity to each other. [21] Toxic chemicals should be stored in a ventilated, cool, and dry area. [21] Peroxide forming chemicals must be dated upon delivery and opening, and must be disposed before the expected date of initial peroxide formation and be stored in a dark, cool, and dry area. [21] Explosives should be stored away from all other chemicals in a secure location and away from shock or friction. [21] Keep these chemicals away from flammables, oxidizers, and water, and store under inert atmosphere such as a glove box or glove bag. [21] Lastly, store explosives away from all other chemicals in a secure location, away from shock or friction. [21] These guidelines apply to all UC San Diego laboratories, shops, and studios and meet the requirements of the Chemical Hygiene Plan. [11] According to OSHA regulations, workers need to be trained in using those chemicals safely. [9] The bottom line is that workers will always be exposed to hazardous chemicals in the workplace on a regular basis. [9] Over 5,000,000 workplaces in the United States have environments where employees could be exposed to hazardous chemicals. [12] Safe laboratories require proper handling of hazardous chemicals, including appropriate labeling and storage. [21] Follow basic safety practices to minimize risk when working with hazardous chemicals. [11]

The most up-to-date collection of manufacturers? Safety Data Sheets (SDS) with GHS information for quick and accurate labeling. [22] Learn more about Avantor?s compliance with GHS labeling and SDS. [8] All our SDS and labels have been updated to the GHS standard. [8] United States: During the 3 year transition period, the current practice (NFPA or Color Bar Labels) and/or the GHS aligned HCS/HazCom 2012 standard can be used. [12] Beginning 2015, only the GHS aligned HCS/HazCom 2012 standards can be used for substances and mixtures. [12] After the transition period on June 1, 2015, only the GHS aligned HCS/HazCom can be used for substances and mixtures. [12] Up until the deadline of June 30, 2013, GHS or the previous system can be used for mixtures. [12] During the transition period of January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016, GHS or the previous system can be used. [12] Mexico: Mexico has not yet fully adopted GHS, but in June 2011 Mexico published a national standard based on GHS and became the first NAFTA member to do this. [12] Korea: GHS is implemented and fully in effect for substances. [12] These workplaces employ approximately 43 million employees, which would all be affected by the GHS implementation. [12]

Pay particular attention to control measures for chemicals that are known to be particularly high hazard or chemical carcinogens. [11] MSDSs (or SDSs) are detailed information sheets that provide data on health hazards and physical hazards of chemicals along with associated protective measures. [25] SDS is a document that contains information on the potential hazards (health, fire, reactivity and environmental) and how to work safely with the chemical product. [13] Safety Data Sheets (SDS) are an essential starting point for the development of a complete chemical hazard, health, and safety program. [13] To stay safe, refer to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS), formerly named Material Safety Data Sheet, provided by the manufacturer, importer, or distributor before handling any reagent or treatment chemical for the first time or whenever you have a question regarding properties, hazards, handling, or disposal. [15] To fulfil the mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires an SDS and hazard label for every chemical classified as hazardous as defined by OSHA. The HCS enables workers to identify applicable hazards when handling chemicals in the workplace and notifies them of the proper precautions that need to be taken when handling, transporting, or cleaning up a hazardous material. [15] This course details the purpose of a hazard communication program and Safety Data Sheets, physical and health hazards of chemicals, labels and warnings used to identify chemical hazards, and information and training that should be supplied by an employer. [26] Note that for the purpose of Section 312, "hazardous chemical" is defined as any chemical or mixture for which the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires a safety data sheet (SDS). [16] A complete chemical inventory includes: chemical name and type, supplier/vendor name and type, Safety Data Sheet (SDS) date of issuance, function, hazard classification, location used, storage conditions and location, quantities, CAS number(s), lot numbers, MRSL compliance, purchase date, and expiration dates (if applicable). [13] A chemical inventory exists with the minimum information: chemical name, supplier name, CAS number (if applicable), hazard classification, storage condition(s), amount on site, MSDS available, and MRSL compliance. [13]

Facilities should be record this information in their inventory or chemical log by product name and lot number, date of receipt and subsequently when the product is opened to use in the recipe and the date of use to ensure full traceability of the chemical product being used. [13] These records should demonstrate linkage between the information contained in facility?s chemical inventory (i.e. chemical / formulation trade name, lot number, MRSL and RSL compliance) and each chemical that are actually used in every processing step through to a final product. [13]

The facility is expected to have complete Safety Data Sheets (SDS) available for all chemical product used in the facility. [13] The facility should have a process for identifying and controlling the potential health and safety impact from chemicals stored, used and discarded. [13] Water quality professionals encounter testing and treatment chemicals every day that can pose health and safety hazards if stored or handled improperly. [15] Handling equipment should be available at relevant locations and correspond with the safety requirement and hazard communication/signage for each particular chemical. [13] New chemicals are not moved into storage until verification takes place: matched to P.O., added into chemical inventory list, CAS no. screened against MRSL, acceptable for use, assigned to proper storage as per its hazard class and compatibility, and properly labeled. [13]

The facility has a designated person or team dedicated to chemical management with appropriate qualifications to understand and enact appropriate occupational safety and health measures indicated in the MSDS/GHS and/or technical data sheets to protect workers, the community and the environment. [13] RSL compliance is important to ensure that the product being created will protect worker health and safety as well as comply with relevant chemical regulations in every jurisdiction where products are created or sold. [13] Workers (including but not limited to: chemical operations and hazardous waste handling) are trained in how to read and understand MSDS/SDS for personal safety, hygiene, and proper handling of chemicals to which they are exposed and how to properly dispose when necessary. [13] The approach is readily adaptable to multiple industry sectors and provides a science-based approach to evaluating chemical hazards so that less hazardous alternatives may be identified. [13] The report is intended to provide information about chemical hazards to planning and response agencies. [16] All information provided in all the sections should be evaluated and checked for the hazard identification and chemical composition information details appropriately. [13] Chemical hazard signage should be displayed appropriately with respect to the chemicals placed and as per the information given in MSDS/SDS Section 2 or Section 3. [13] Section 2 of the SDS identifies chemical hazards using the 24 new hazard categories; this is the best place to locate the hazards for reporting. [16] Chemical hazard assessment is used to identify and prioritize chemical substances for possible replacement with safer alternatives is increasingly required by retailers, brands, and material suppliers in response to both consumer pressure and regulatory requirements. [13] A new chemical addition initiates a worker training, PPE, review of any hazard and storage requirements, emergency planning, and disposal requirements. [13] Chemical storage areas are properly segregated by physical barriers, by hazard class, and/or CLP label, with appropriate signage at the entrance and with storage and workplace and these spaces have appropriate restricted access. [13] Check if all chemical containers (in use and in storage) have appropriate labeling: name of chemical, hazard classification matching with the SDS, batch/lot number, date of manufacture. [13] For facilities that do not use chemicals in production: All purchased chemicals must meet these requirements with documentation available that includes certificates of analysis for the composition and MSDS / SDS and technical data sheets where applicable. [13] The facility has a process that details the necessary criteria for selection of a chemical / chemical formulation through the use of technical specifications and hazards associated with the purchase. [13] Study the types of PPE?s needed in the facility and select the PPE types which can cover all the possible chemicals appropriately and ensure that the chemicals are also segregated based on the type of PPE required to handle to make the workers understand the use of appropriate PPE to be used for the chemical. [13] These will demonstrate that you know how and where chemicals are used in your facility operations, are stored in the facility, and all information are consistently documented and monitored facility-wide. [13] Tier II forms require basic facility identification information, employee contact information for both emergencies and non-emergencies, and information about chemicals stored or used at the facility. [25] Your facility should post signage at all areas where chemicals are stored or used. [13] Chemicals traceability is necessary to track what chemicals are used and when, so that a facility can assess the source of a RSL (for Product) and/or MRSL (for process input chemicals) failure and take action. [13] The facility can demonstrate a well documented (written) chemical review process that monitors, updates and shows compliance to legislations, customer MRSL requirements, or the ZDHC MRSL as a standard for the facility, subcontractors and contractors. [13] Facility has a process in place to randomly select and verify a chemical?s compliance to a known standard such as an MRSL or RSL via an organoleptic and chemical analysis on at least an annual basis. [13] The facility is able to provide a Letters of Compliance to MRSL with test data/report to support the claim, for each manufacturing and tooling/equipment chemicals which is updated on an annual basis, but does not have a formal (documented/written) chemical review process. [13] MRSL is important because a facility that uses compliant chemicals, in accordance with technical specification directions, has better environmental outcomes for the various facility discharges as well as more consistent RSL material compliance. [13] Upload: a) Technical Data/Specification sheets (TDS) for all chemicals; b) Recipes for processes where chemicals are used; c) Purchased materials list with Letter of Compliance to RSL for all chemicals; d) Chemical inventory - verify all chemicals are covered and checked for RSL compliance at least on annual basis, check the dates of previous check. [13] MRSL compliant chemicals must be used in accordance with technical specification directions to meet RSL material compliance outcomes. [13] Chemicals in the ZDHC MRSL include solvents, cleaners, adhesives, paints, inks, detergents, dyes, colorants, auxiliaries, coatings and finishing agents used during raw material production, wet-processing, maintenance, wastewater treatment, sanitation and pest control. [13] The MRSL applies to chemicals used in facilities that process materials and trim parts for use in apparel and footwear. [13] Check the chemical review process to determine whether the MRSL review and/or Letter of Compliance is robust and performed periodically (at least annual), and is consistent with chemical purchase list and inventory. [13] The facility actively ask and monitor MRSL compliance of its suppliers and screen it against Chemical Inventory List (CIL). [13] The intended behavior for this question is for facilities to understand MRSLs, which should be used to enable compliant chemical purchases and chemical inventory within the facility, its contractors and subcontractors. [13] The facility strategically purchases chemicals that are declared/certified to meet the MRSL and RSL when used appropriately such as Bluesign, Ecopassport, OekoTex. These declarations/certification are checked for validity and updated at least annually. [13] The expectation is that the facility will have a quality management program that ensures chemicals are evaluated against and meet standards for achieving MRSL and RSL requirements. [13] Chemical management training requirements should be facility specific and cannot be just limited to only few important section elaborations. [13] You will still be asked a subset of Chemicals Management question because your facility still uses some chemicals for daily operation such as cleaning products, machine lubricants, spot cleaners, paint, and chemicals for wastewater treatment (ETP) where applicable. [13] This action is beyond just chemical management and a more encompassing approach of sustainability which looks at a product life-cycle within and beyond the facility e.g water usage, energy usage, waste, wastewater, disposal, etc. [13] Chemical Inventory Management: Maintaining a chemicals inventory is an important part of good record-keeping to confirm a facility?s understanding of which products are used on-site and whether they meet criteria. [13] Chemical formulations or "chemicals": the individual chemical product or "ingredients? listed in Production Recipes and used in manufacturing processes to make a final product/material at the Facility. [13] The facility should track: (1) the chemicals available on-site (inventoried); (2) the production recipe sheets, where each chemical used in every production step that involve chemicals is listed. [13] The facility has a formal chemical review process, but it is not robust e.g. Letters of Compliance only containing a statement/declaration letter without any test report/data to support the claims, or ZDHC Chemical Gateway is used to screen chemicals but level of conformance are not tracked or there is no phase out plan for the non-conforming chemicals found. [13] It is very leading practice for a facility that purchases chemicals to setup a process to really verify the chemical compliance on its own (e.g., screening laboratory test). [13] Process recipes should consider the usage of chemicals according to each technical data sheet (TDS) to ensure compliance to RSL i.e. chemicals in process recipe should not exceed the concentrations as suggested by chemical manufacturer. [13] Visual observation of work processes for determining chemical composition in recipe cards and / or materials, the process should incorporate the reference of TDS to ensure conformance against RSL. Chemicals e.g. dyestuffs and pigments recipes should not exceed the concentrations suggested by chemical manufacturers with reference to the intended usage/processes and any specific combinations to avoid. [13]

Review of records: process/production records i.e. recipe cards, chemical formulation sheets, process instructions (where applicable), containing all traceable information i.e. chemical name, quantity, and lot number. [13] Many states, including Wisconsin, are now accepting updates to the chemical hazard information. [16] Facilities that are required to submit a Tier II report must update chemical hazard information. [16] Scenario 2: Trainings were held and documented but does not cover all necessary topics i.e. chemical hazards and identification, MSDS/SDS, signage, compatibility and risk, proper storage and handling, PPEs, and procedure in case of emergency, accidents, or spill. [13] Ask when they were last trained on chemical hazards in their job and the appropriate application of PPEs needed when handling chemicals. [13] The intent is to drive the purchase of the best chemical / chemical formulation with the least hazard risk for workers, workplace and customer. [13] MRSL/RSL is just one aspect in a full chemical management process when dealing with chemicals, their proper application for function, and their potential hazardous properties to the worker and in the workplace. [13] Chemical management of hazardous substances is a complex and demanding process. [13] Collaboration to develop alternatives to the use of chemicals including hazardous substances can take various forms. [13] The use of chemicals in a facility's production processes and operations can be extremely toxic and hazardous to the environment and human health if not managed systematically and appropriately. [13] The goal is to identify alternative chemicals that are inherently less hazardous, thereby preventing substitutions that may increase risk to human health and the environment. [13] Training materials should have a list of in-house hazardous and non-hazard chemicals, their handling procedures, control measures and emergency plans. [13] Purchasing chemical formulations from reliable positive lists is a cost effective approach to ensure that chemicals purchased do not contain hazardous substances. [13] Facilities typically are aware of Restricted Substance Lists (RSL); however, the industry has recently evolved to focus on Manufacturing Restricted Substance Lists (MRSL) to further environmentally-friendly chemical use in addition to Restricted Substance Lists. [13] A visual verification of several work processes for use of chemicals or materials against the supplied inventory list. [13] For facilities that do not use chemicals in production: Answer Yes only if more than 50% of the chemical formulations in the chemical inventory (% based on the number of chemicals, not the volume) are sourced from a positive list such as ZDHC Chemical Gateway, BLUESIGN, GOTS, and/or OEKO-TEX. [13] Select Yes if your facility has a system in place that requires all contractors and subcontractors to have a preferred chemicals list and verify its use. [13] Facility has a process for collaboration regarding chemical alternatives, substances of concern, and/or restricted substance lists. [13] Facility can provide a full year?s list of purchased chemicals and all chemicals purchased are inventoried. [13] USEPA?s List of Lists: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-03/documents/list_of_lists.pdf can help you determine which chemicals at your facility are considered EHS. These are listed, along with their TPQ, in the Section 302 column. [16] Unlike other sections in Higg, chemicals management will touch all parts of your business - from inventory and purchasing, to the production floor, to storage and waste locations. [13] Facility has a monitoring program for their subcontractors chemical storage management. [13] It is important to understand all the necessary information available in MSDS / SDS and to understand the accuracy and adequacy of the information provided in the MSDS/SDS for a chemical management responsible person. [13] The Priority Chemicals Management Key Performance Indicator asks respondents for priority chemicals information. [13] Chemicals and chemical handling are key essentials of chemical management and workplace safety. [13] Proper chemical storage is as important to safety as proper chemical handling. [13] Chemical Handling, Use, & Storage Practices: Once chemicals are brought onto the premises, workers must be prepared to properly handle, use, and store them responsibly to prevent environmental contamination and/or worker exposure. [13] Chemical storage in a building needs appropriate design to store various hazardous materials in a safe segregated and secure area(s). [13] Some of the chemicals (not all) used in processes or in mixtures can be traced to the temporary/working storage and main warehouse where consistent records are available and maintained, e.g. storage in/out log with chemical lot number, quantity, and dates (stored and dispatched for usage). [13] Check all relevant areas where chemicals are used and stored, including: warehouse, temporary storage areas, in-house laboratory, chemical recipe mixing areas, workshop/production floor, ETP. [13] All chemicals used in processes or in mixtures can be traced to the temporary/working storage and main warehouse where consistent records are available and maintained, e.g. storage in/out log with chemical lot number, quantity, and dates (stored and dispatched for usage). [13] In Level 3, the facility should have a traceability of chemicals used in each manufacturing processes of each batch number of finished product, up to the lot number of the chemical. [13] In case the facility has a very high number of chemicals and the selection of suitable PPE needs to be considered, it is advisable to select the suitable PPE based on severity and adequacy of the PPE for all the chemicals. [13] The approach is adaptable to information technology tools, making it capable of screening a large number of chemicals in a relatively short period of time, and providing guidance for more comprehensive profiling of chemicals and materials. [13] Information in the chemical inventory is consistent with the original labeling and MSDS. [13] Chemical inventory needs to record the usage quantity information and the quantity needs to be updated no longer than 2 months at a time. [13] They are a go-to document for anyone needing to know some information about a chemical product they will be in contact with. [13] Over 500,000 products have MSDSs (SDSs) which are normally obtained from the chemical manufacturer. [25] Chemical review process/methods is robust, i.e. periodical screening through the ZDHC Chemical Gateway, Letter of Compliance to MRSL specific to each chemical product with test data/report to support the claim, or other robust process. [13] Answer Yes only if you have a process in place to randomly select and verify a chemical?s compliance to a known standard such as an MRSL or RSL via an organoleptic and chemical analysis on at least an annual basis. [13]

When chemicals are used in a process they should comply to technical data sheet requirement(s) that are necessary to achieve the desired RSL outcome. [13] Factual data collected should be used in a process to add/remove chemical suppliers for future purchases. [13] Production Recipe or "recipe": the recipe sheet that documents the chemicals and the process conditions to be used to make Product/Material. [13] Major production processes and each chemical used and its respective quantities are covered, and the process instruction including control parameters and check points are in place. [13] This QA program should include: 1) the evaluation of the quality and performance efficacy of each chemical formulation used, 2) ensuring the process recipes of how each chemical formulation are to be used are strictly followed, 3) process controls are strictly followed, and 4) ongoing assessment of production quality with supporting records. [13] Ask for a demo of at least 3 different chemicals and check if each chemical have its own handling and weighing accessory labeled with the name of the product they are used for. [13] Chemicals can be very dangerous, especially if you are repeatedly handling them or if they are improperly stored, transported, or used. [13] Written instructions for the proper use of a chemical should be available where chemicals are used. [13] This question is intended to reward facilities that have gone above and beyond to also upstream suppliers to use preferred chemicals lists for the same purpose. [13] A system in place that requires all contractors and subcontractors to have a preferred chemicals list and verify their use. [13] Temporary storage questions only apply to factories that use chemicals in production processes. [13] Random check 3-4 chemicals in the recipe/batch cards identified in each process to trace up documentation from final product to mixing area and storage warehouse. [13] Random pick 3-4 chemicals in the recipe/batch cards identified in each process to trace up to the chemical mixing area ("kitchen"), chemical lab (where applicable), and chemical storage areas (temporary/warehouse), then up to the the chemical inventory. [13] The most critical areas for signage include: receiving and delivery, chemical storage areas (centralized warehouse and temporary storage areas), chemical process areas, manufacturing/production areas, waste chemicals storage (including chemical residues and expired chemicals), and laboratories, tool shop, maintenance areas. [13] Check chemical mixing process log, lab records (e.g. color lab, washing lab, etc) where applicable, for consistent information. [13] Instructions can be in the form of recipe cards, process adjustment instructions or formulation sheets and should describe major operation, the chemicals and quantities that may be required for those processes. [13] The efficiency of the manufacturing process is highly dependent on the optimization of the use of the chemicals together with the manufacturing process and the machineries. [13] The facility has internal purchasing policy that is implemented and includes reference to criteria for the selection and use of dye and chemical suppliers. [13] If any are selected, you are a facility that uses chemicals in production processes. [13] Walk through of the facility with random check of chemical inventory, permit, and worker compliance with PPE. [13] Written inventory of all different chemicals at the facility is necessary for monitoring and hazard communication, and should be readily available to all employees. [13] You will be awarded full points if you have a complete inventory for all applicable chemicals in your facility. [13] One option is that the facility could maintain the chemical inventory which gets updated monthly. [13] These chemicals also need to be included in the facility Chemical Inventory. [13] The assessment also need to identify different types of chemical and hazardous waste in production processes that are relevant to the facility that could affect wastewater quality. [13] This is a necessary first step to determine which chemicals are hazardous, how to manage them safely, and to establish a chemical management system. [13] Some of this data is more advanced to track and will take time to compile, but once compiled this will be valuable to your company as new regulations or more advanced chemical management needs are introduced. [13] It is necessary to understand the implementation methodology of First In, First Out (FIFO) as a system in the facility to be able to efficiently track the chemical consumption data. [13] Chemical Selection, Procurement, & Purchasing Practices: In order to meet basic chemicals requirements, a critical first step is to understand what chemicals are coming into the facility. [13] The facility generally purchases the chemicals based on the MRSL requirements, which is evidenced by upstream suppliers agreement on MRSL, or certificate of conformance, or declaration letters. [13] Documents review, e.g. certificates, purchasing policy and procedures, list of chemical suppliers, relevant communications regarding MRSL requirement, purchase agreement with chemical suppliers, vendor criteria, etc. [13] Please keep in mind that it may take a few years to fully complete all the necessary requirements in order to launch a robust chemicals management system. [13] It may take many facilities years to fully complete all Level 1 requirements for a robust chemicals management program. [13] This helps a supplier choose which formulation may best support the end use functional requirements plus the chemical exposure risk. [13] For facilities with only tooling/operations chemicals, If you do not have any chemicals that may touch product (e.g. cleaning products) and/or do not use chemicals to maintain or lubricate machines, you may select "not applicable". [13] The focus of this question is on having documented records of the manufacturing processes, production recipes, the chemical formulations, and amounts (quantity) used to make a product. [13] When ZDHC Chemical Gateway is used for screening, the facility tracks and monitors the Level of Conformance of each chemical screened. [13] These will demonstrate that you know how and where chemicals are used in your facility operations (which processes), and these chemicals are properly documented and monitored facility-wide. [13] The approach can be used to assess and compare alternatives to an incumbent chemical substance. [13] There will be a significant change to how you report chemical hazards on the Tier II report for calendar year 2017, which is due no later than March 1, 2018. [16] This will allow uniformity between chemical facilities and responders; we will all be speaking the same language when referring to chemical hazards. [16] "In" are the 24 new categories, classified as either physical or chemical hazards. [16] Please select Partial Yes if your chemicals health and safety program is complete, but not yet documented in writing. [13] Mark drums and jugs or create safety markings that stand up to challenging conditions, including sea water, chemicals, sunlight and harsh temperatures. [14] Protective and safety equipment may include spill response kits (size, type and location appropriately adapted for the chemical), showers and eyewash tested regularly, fire extinguishers maintained regularly, adapted Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) appropriate for the chemical (based on MSDS/SDS) such as appropriate gloves, protective masks, long handle scoops, etc. [13] Chemicals are properly labeled (original labeling, no handwritten labels) and appropriately segregated, stored off floor, etc. [13] Purchased materials list with Letter of Compliance to RSL for all chemicals. [13] Chemical Management Policies, Compliance Procedures, and Commitments: it is important for facilities to have strong policies and procedures in place as a first step to proper chemicals management. [13] Chemical management begins with a complete understanding of the chemicals which are utilized within the facility. [13] In this question, we expect that your facility can demonstrate that business decisions take responsible chemical management and innovation into consideration. [13] A facility plan should detail the physical areas of the facility?s property involved in chemical storage and usage. [13] A facility is home to a considerable range of chemicals requiring safe storage. [13] The intent is for the facility to do one chemicals training on handling/safety prior for workers handling chemicals. [13] The expectation is that the facility can clearly demonstrate that workers will know how to respond in the case of a chemical emergency. [13] The facility can provide Letters of RSL Conformance supported with test/analysis result for all relevant chemicals. [13] Chemicals traceability is necessary so that a facility can trace the source of a RSL and/or MRSL failure and take action. [13] The ZDHC MRSL (latest version) is the global apparel, footwear, and textile industry recognized chemical MRSL standard for the chemical supply industry and major retail brands. [13] Certificate of MRSL conformance and declaration letters issued by chemical suppliers need to clearly state: date of issuance, name of chemical in concern, the MRSL it is declaring compliance against (attached), and internal chemical test report confirming the conformance. [13] The process should also demonstrate how chemicals are reviewed / checked against the MRSL prior to purchase. [13] Why is this question important? The chemical supply chain is a many tiered value-added process including traders, distributors, etc. Understanding the quality of a chemical ordered versus the chemical received is crucial to ensure the upstream creation and distribution of chemicals delivers chemicals that will meet RSL and/or your own (or your customers?) responsible input chemistry requirements. [13] All processes that a product went through that involves usage of chemical are identified and the corresponding recipe and batch cards at each process are available and retained. [13] It is important to discuss with the chemical / material suppliers about their product details with respect the facility?s operating conditions and its limitations on recipe concentrations etc. [13] Scoops and temporary containers e.g. buckets are made of stable material to avoid corrosion/chemical reaction with the chemical products, PVC and iron are to be avoided. [13] Check if linkage between product batch number and chemical lot number can be established and whether documentation are available and maintained. [13] Storage in/out log, FIFO records, for each chemical specifying date of arrival at storage, lot number, chemical expiration dates, date of dispatch to production, etc. [13] This level of traceability is only possible when we ask chemical suppliers to provide the lot number of chemicals with every delivery and facilities to track against PO upon receipt of these chemicals. [13] Check chemical inventory, FIFO records, or other relevant documents that capture required data. [13] Check process of at least an annual update for RSL conformance check against all chemicals in Chemical Inventory. [13] Discuss the process for maintaining an accurate, up to date, and complete chemical inventory. [13] Facility may have non-compliant chemicals, but demonstrate a process for elimination. [13] Your facility should optimize chemicals used, manufacturing processes, and machinery to reduce energy and water consumption associated with a production step. [13] Your facility?s ability to track the chemicals used and to trace chemicals through all processes within the facility can start simply with a good coordination of the existing documentation currently used for production, and eventually progress to a more advanced, detailed tracking over time. [13] All chemicals used in tooling/equipment, operation and maintenance also needs to be inventoried, however, the facility can move on to next levels in case these are currently not in place or incomplete. [13] Positive lists should consider the assessment of the composition of the chemicals used in the formulation as well as an evaluation of the quality process in place in the facilities that manufacture these chemicals. [13] Answer partial yes if you have chemicals from a positives list that make up less than 50% of your inventory. [13] It is important to discuss with chemical suppliers for ZDHC positive list and products which are acceptable for RSL/MRSL usage. [13] Suggested Upload: a) Description of the procedures; b) Communications with the suppliers and subcontractors showing confirming the practice of sourcing chemicals from positive lists; c) Higg verification report from suppliers / subcontractors showing that they meet the criteria. [13] Sourcing preferred chemical list such as ZDHC Chemical Gateway, bluesign, GOTS, OekoTex, etc. [13] How this will be verified: Expectation is to produce the prioritized list of alternatives for a chemical. [13] Select Partial Yes if you have an action plan to engage suppliers by requesting the selection of chemicals from a positive list. [13] Most states require the Tier II report because it has more detailed chemical information. [16] This question ensures facility understands which chemicals are present on-site. [13] This enables a facility to prevent an unintentional non-compliance or worker/environmental chemical exposure. [13] The periodic review of chemical emergency planning can help your facility resolve lack of resources (equipment, trained personnel, supplies) or awareness before an emergency occurs. [13] Alternative chemical trials in laboratory or pilot facility documents with conclusions to proceed or decline. [13] Answer Partial Yes if your facility utilizes customer testing reports traceable to work orders and recipes to verify chemical supplier conformance. [13] Facility is actively incorporating responsible chemicals into its own business agreements. [13] Technical Data/Specification sheets (TDS) for all chemicals. [13] Availability of Technical data sheets (TDS) for all relevant chemicals at appropriate areas e.g. lab, chemical mixing. [13] The focus should be on whether the chemical being purchased is performing according to its technical data sheet. [13] The chemical storage area has easy entry and exit in case of any emergencies. [13] Chemical storage area (warehouse and temporary storage including underground storage) is ventilated, dry, and protected from the direct exposure of weather (with roof and walls), fire risk, and unauthorized employees i.e. locked. [13] Chemicals & Process Innovation : Chemicals management is a complex area where we currently have more environmental challenges than solutions. [13] The Higg Chemicals Management section guides you from basic to advanced practices in each of these categories. [13] The goal of this section is to drive responsible chemicals management programs at manufacturing facilities. [13] Facilities just getting started with chemicals management may expect to achieve "Partial Yes" for most questions in the Level 1 section in the first year. [13] Facilities that have had more comprehensive chemicals management programs in place for multiple years will be able to achieve "Yes" or "Partial Yes" responses to all questions in the Level 1 section and begin scoring points in Level 2 and 3. [13]

This question aims at capturing the ability for facilities to develop an action plan in order to improve the existing chemical management system in place. [13] While this documentation does not guarantee responsible behavior, it is an important precursor to responsible, systematic chemicals management. [13] Chemical management training records with the training content. [13] Considering that relatively few facilities are expected to meet all level 1 chemical management criteria, the most important behavior that level 2 questions are intended to drive is the development and the implementation of a plan to improve the existing chemical management practices intended to progressively reach the minimum regulatory and industry expectations (Level 1). [13] Answer Yes only if you can demonstrate that business decisions take responsible chemical management and innovation into consideration by incorporating responsible chemicals into its own business agreements and documented business goals. [13] Facilities with documented business goals supporting chemicals management should also be communicating your intention to supply chain partners. [13] Senior Management, Responsible Manager regarding business decisions made that take responsible chemicals management and innovation into consideration. [13] Chemical inventory - verify all chemicals are covered and checked for RSL compliance at least on annual basis, check the dates of previous check. [13] Chemical Inventory: a chemical "formulation" inventory needs to be maintained on-hand and replenished to "match" the recipe needs. Any alteration to the recipe must be noted and reconciled with an update to the inventory requirements. [13] Chemical Inventory covers all chemicals used for manufacturing, tooling/equipment, operation and maintenance (including chemicals in production, spot cleaners, ETP chemicals, grease and lubricants, where applicable). [13] Check whether the linkage between the chemicals used in the processes and chemical inventory can be established and are properly documented. [13] A record of the actual chemicals used and process conditions should be kept for all processes and the Product/Material manufactured. [13] The optimization of these three elements can generate significant savings by reducing the amount of chemicals used, reducing the energy and water consumption associated with the process and therefore significantly reduce the life cycle impacts of the system. [13] Before answering assessment questions, you will first be asked to define whether your factory has production process that require chemicals. [13] Documented periodical screening process against ZDHC Chemical Gateway (where applicable) and the Level of Conformance of each chemical screened. [13] Where internal blending / mixing of chemicals take place the process has been documented. [13] Many chemicals come and go as various recipes use them in each individual work order. [13] For facilities that do not use chemicals in production: This applies to all tooling and operations chemicals in your factory. [13] Before we jump to requiring compliance with banned operating chemicals, we must first introduce the topic and reasoning to workers so a program can be effectively implemented. [13] Chemical spill and emergency response plans must meet detailed requirements as specified in guidance, and all workers must participate in a practice drill twice a year. [13] All chemicals meet requirements MRSL and RSL requirement, and documentation is available to demonstrate this. [13] Select Partial Yes if you have a chemical spill and emergency response plan, but that does not yet meet all requirements or you do not have practice drills. [13] Answer Partial Yes if you purchased chemical(s) that do not meet MRSL/RSL requirements, but you have a documented plan for eliminating these chemicals next year. [13] Answer Yes only if all chemicals purchased meet RSL/MRSL purchasing requirements and you have documentation to support this. [13]

Another example is a chemical plasticizer added to a plastic product or component. [13] Each chemical and dyestuff has individual scoop (or jar, bucket, spoon, etc.) properly labeled specifically for that chemical product. [13] A formulation is: a chemical product you purchase from a chemicals supplier (e.g., one colorant for a blue t-shirt). [13] A substance is: the individual chemicals that makeup that formulation (e.g., the one dye and 3 binding agents in that colorant). [13] They may be complex formulations, dyestuffs, auxiliaries, finishing chemicals, etc. provided by chemical suppliers that are made up of one or more chemical substances. [13] This is important to clarify as textile mills procure "chemical formulations" which may not have details of what the individual chemical substances are. [13] This question is intended to reward facilities that are engaging with brands and chemical suppliers to identify alternatives for substances of concern or restricted substances. [13]

Emergency Response Plan (ERP), Accidents & Spills Remediation Plan: In order to protect workers and/or responders from inadvertent exposure, it is critical to have a plan for managing an emergency chemical incident that all workers are prepared to implement. [13] Having a plan can help prevent workers and community casualties as well as possible financial collapse of the organization in the case of a chemical emergency. [13] Chemical name and type (dye, cleaning agent, coating material, detergent, softener, etc.) [13] Chemical inventory listing the chemical formulations and the corresponding chemical supplier. [13] If you track all chemicals in a partial inventory, you will be awarded partial points. [13] The chemical inventory is updated whenever a new chemical is purchased. [13] Facilities must also submit an annual inventory of these chemicals by March 1 of each year to their SERC, LEPC and local fire department. [25] Secondary containment is available for solid and liquid chemicals in tanks, drums, and temporary containers (where applicable) to ensure no unintended releases occur. [13] This second aspect is key to ensure that the composition of the chemical formulation is consistent over time and that the risk of finding unwanted impurities is limited. [13] Signage should depict the hazard classification(s) of chemicals. [13]

For any hazardous chemical used or stored in the workplace, facilities must maintain a material safety data sheet (MSDS) (or Safety Data Sheet, SDS). [25] Any facility that is required to maintain MSDSs (or SDSs) under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations for hazardous chemicals stored or used in the work place. [25] Hazardous chemicals are substances for which a facility must maintain a MSDS (or SDS) under the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, which lists the criteria used to identify a hazardous chemical. [25] Facilities that need to submit MSDSs (or SDSs) or the list of hazardous chemicals under Section 311, also need to submit an annual inventory report for the same chemicals ( EPCRA Section 312). [25] Chemical manufacturers and importers must provide an SDS for each hazardous chemical they produce or import, along with a compliant product label. [15] Suggested Upload: a) Hazardous Chemicals assessment report; b) Evidence the facility has evaluated the alternatives against hazard criteria. [13] Facilities may choose to submit a list of the hazardous chemicals grouped into hazard categories instead. [25] Facilities must submit MSDSs (or SDSs), or a list of hazardous chemicals, to their State Emergency Response Commission (SERC), Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) and local fire department. [25] New facilities have three months after becoming subject to the OSHA regulations to submit their MSDSs (or SDSs) or the list of the hazardous chemicals to their SERC, LEPC, and the fire department. [25] Under Section 311 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), facilities must submit the MSDSs (or SDSs) of hazardous chemicals present on-site at or above the reporting threshold to their SERC, LEPC, and local fire department. [25]

Answer Yes if a hazardous chemicals assessment has been conducted in the facility and you are using this information to prioritize action and encourage chemical use towards safer alternatives. [13]

If facility is located in a region where GHS has not been adopted, an equivalent standard needs to be adhered to in a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) that facility collects and use, to ensure that all the necessary information contained in the SDS is complete and clear. [13] Safety Data Sheets must be Global Harmonization System (GHS) compliant. [13]

Use the Avery GHS Wizard to take advantage of ready-to-use templates, or design your GHS labels. [14] Create labels with the required GHS pictograms and statements. [14]

Implementation of the GHS was completed on June 1, 2016, when employers were required to be fully in compliance. [16]

It could maintain stock data to capture the lot numbers of all incoming chemicals and another sheet for chemical information log capturing the hazardous information. [13] Reducing hazardous chemicals improves worker safety, workplace safety, environmental safety, energy savings, waste disposal savings, wastewater treatment costs, and reduces financial and reputation exposure from MRSL and RSL failures. [13] All facilities should ban hazardous chemicals used in the facility due to legislations, regulations, or customers? requirements (such as Manufacturing RSL (mRSL) from the ZDHC). [13] Having hazardous chemicals does not mean that you have violated RSL or MRSL; your facility may have hazardous chemicals that are permitted on-site but that must be handled appropriately and eventually phased out. [13] Training of MRSL/RSL in Chemical management should cover the possible source(s) of hazardous chemicals in the facility with complete analysis of risks from the full chemical inventory and available stock. [13] You will report on the types and amounts of extremely hazardous substances (EHS) and hazardous chemicals that could be present at a facility. [16] Upload: a) A hazardous chemical(s) list with an action plan with assigned responsibilities and a timeframe for action; b) Alternative chemical trials in laboratory or pilot facility documents with conclusions to proceed or decline. [13] Partial yes: A hazardous chemicals assessment has been conducted in the facility however no further actions have been taken to prioritize further action. [13] Did your facility have at least 10,000 pounds of a hazardous chemical on site at any one time in the previous calendar year? Did you have any EHS that exceeded the lower of the Threshold Planning Quantity (TPQ) or 500 pounds on site at any one time? Are you a petroleum retailer with more than 75,000 gallons of gasoline or 100,000 gallons of diesel fuel on site? If you answered "yes" to any of these questions, then this report is for you. [16] The OSHA-mandated system for classifying and labeling chemicals impacts any company that produces, ships or uses hazardous chemicals. [14] IMPORTANT -- HOW TO USE TECHNICAL GUIDANCE LINKS: One of our partner organizations, the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) group, has developed an excellent guide for managing chemicals that is referenced throughout the Higg questions. [13] Note: The Higg Chemicals Management section is the result of a collaboration between Sustainable Apparel Coalition, Outdoor Industry Association, and Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals. [13] Substitution of hazardous chemicals is a fundamental measure to reduce risks to environment, workers, consumers and public health. [13] Facilities covered by these requirements must submit an emergency and hazardous chemical inventory form to their SERC, LEPC and the local fire department annually. [25] Chemicals health and safety programs must have a designated person or team, meet legal health and safety requirements, and have written procedures for chemical storage, handling, usage, disposal, and environmental controls for waste or discharge to the environment. [13] Upload: a) Schedule for internal checks/audit for chemical safety that covers relevant chemical exposure risks and safety equipments, with clear designation of responsibilities and outcome of the checks/audits; b) Inventory list of PPEs and safety equipments with schedules of stock replenishments, equipment maintenance or replacements, where applicable (skip if previously uploaded). [13] Upload: a) Prioritized list of alternatives for chemicals; b) MRSL/RSL, substances of concern list, REACH SVHC List (skip if previously uploaded); c) Minutes from collaborative meeting between facility, customers, and chemical suppliers regarding alternatives. [13]

A hazardous chemical(s) list with an action plan with assigned responsibilities and a timeframe for action. [13] Basic health/wellness process is available on site or through a third party when hazardous chemicals are handled or exposure occurs. [13] Removal of hazardous chemicals through the intentional setting of an action plan with targets, assigned responsibilities and a timeframe for action. [13] Hazardous chemicals are those that show intrinsically hazardous properties--persistent, bio-accumulative, and toxic (PBT); very persistent and very bio-accumulative (vPvB); carcinogenic, mutagenic, and toxic for reproduction (CMR); endocrine disruptors (ED); or chemicals of equivalent concern--not just those that have been regulated or restricted in other jurisdictions. [13]

The instruction document for chemical use should include process control parameters and check points. [13] For facilities that do not use chemicals in production: Answer Yes if you meet requirements for chemicals and spill response plans, however twice-annual practice drills are not required. [13] There is a designated person(s) responsible for chemical management, MRSL and RSL compliance, identified by formal job description, including but not limited to: purchasing, production line and technical managers. [13] Employee Training & Communication: in order for chemicals to be managed responsibly, all workers that come into contact with chemicals must be aware of responsible management practices and guidelines. [13] This documentation demonstrates management support and comprehensive planning for chemicals management. [13] There is a designated person(s) responsible for chemical management identified by formal job description, including but not limited to: purchasing, production line and technical managers. [13]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(26 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (246) Chemicals Management - HowtoHigg.org: Higg Index Training & Support

2. (59) GHS Compliance: Insider Guide to GHS in North America

3. (42) Chemical Storage: Categories, Hazards And Compatibilities | Protocol

4. (17) Chemical storage - Wikipedia

5. (14) NEW Tier II Hazard Categories: What You Need to Know Before You Report | FET Federation of Environmental Technologists, Inc.

6. (13) Infographic: Globally Harmonized System | Graphic Products

7. (13) EPCRA Sections 311-312 | Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) | US EPA

8. (13) Hazard communication program | Occupational safety | Environmental Health and Safety | Kansas State University

9. (10) EHS Software | Chemical Safetys Environmental Management Systems

10. (10) GHS: Labels & Safety Data Sheets | Puritan Products

11. (9) What is a Safety Data Sheet, What is its Purpose? - MPC

12. (9) The MSDS HyperGlossary: CAS Number

13. (9) Avery UltraDuty GHS Chemical Labels 60517 For Laser Printers 1 x 2 12 White Pack Of 600 by Office Depot & OfficeMax

14. (9) Hazardous Material Classifications Video - Convergence Training

15. (8) General Chemical Safety Guidelines

16. (8) 5 Key Elements of The HazCom Standard | Global Safety Management

17. (8) Dow Answer Center

18. (8) Heard Of The GHS Training Effect? Here It Is!

19. (7) GHS Pictogram Training Cheat Sheet - EHS Daily Advisor

20. (7) GHS Safety Data Sheet

21. (5) Safety First: SDS Basics

22. (5) GHS Labels, Hazardous Materials Labels | QuickLabel

23. (3) UofR: EHS: MSDS information

24. (2) GHS Signal Word

25. (1) Intro Clinical Procedures: Chapter 18 Flashcards | Quizlet

26. (1) GHS Hazcom - Hazard Communication - Online (SafetySmart) | EHS

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