Biological Anthropology Articles

Biological Anthropology Articles
Biological Anthropology Articles Image link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_female_scientists_in_the_20th_century
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  • Eastern New Mexico University’s Department of Anthropology and Applied Archeology invites applications for a full-time tenure-track Assistant Professor of Forensic Anthropology or Biological Anthropology position, who will also serve as the Director of our Forensic Science Program, to begin in January 2019.(More…)
  • From approximately 1992-2009, the subfields of sociocultural (D) and biological anthropology (C) were successful in hiring males and females at rates that reflect the actual percentages of male and female PhD graduates whereas males in archaeology (B) have been systematically hired at disproportionate rates relative to percentages of female graduates.(More…)
  • The Department of Anthropology at the University of California San Diego invites applications for a position in biological anthropology at the rank of assistant professor with a start date of July 1, 2019.(More…)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • The George Washington University invites applications for a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in Human Paleobiology in the Department of Anthropology, to begin as early as Fall 2019.(More…)
  • Career options for graduates with a degree in anthropology include: Contract Archaeologist, Corporate Analyst, Corporate Anthropologist, Educational Planner, Park Ranger, Museum Curator, Peace Corps Staffer, Social Worker, Translator, Public Relations Officer, UX Analyst, Human Resource Worker, Lawyer, Judge, Judicial Worker, Magistrate, Paralegal, High School Teacher, Grant Writer.(More…)

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KEY TOPICS

Eastern New Mexico University’s Department of Anthropology and Applied Archeology invites applications for a full-time tenure-track Assistant Professor of Forensic Anthropology or Biological Anthropology position, who will also serve as the Director of our Forensic Science Program, to begin in January 2019. [1] The Department of Anthropology at the University of Pittsburgh invites applications for a tenure-line position in human biological anthropology at the Assistant Professor level beginning Fall 2019, pending budgetary approval. [1] The Department of Anthropology ( http://anthro.ucsd.edu/ ) at the University of California San Diego invites applications for a position in biological anthropology at the rank of assistant professor with a start date of July 1, 2019. [1] The University of Notre Dame, Department of Anthropology, invites applications for a tenure track assistant professor position in biological anthropology. [1] The Department of Anthropology in the College of Arts and Sciences at Emory University, Atlanta GA, invites applications for a full-time position in Biological Anthropology at the rank of associate or full professor, to begin August, 2019. [1] The Department of Anthropology at the University of Miami invites applications for a tenure-track assistant professorship in Biological Anthropology, to begin August of 2019. [1] The Anthropology Department at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas invites applications for a tenure-track Assistant Professor in Biological Anthropology beginning fall semester 2019. [1] The Department of Anthropology at Appalachian State University invites applications for a tenure-track position in Biological Anthropology to begin August, 2019. [1]

Our Department does not have a graduate biological anthropology program, so the teaching focus for this position would be on our undergraduate program. [1] The anthropology department has 12 tenure-track faculty and nearly 200 majors, 45 specializing in biological anthropology. [1] The person filling this position will be expected to teach courses in medical anthropology, biological anthropology, and cultural courses within his or her field of expertise. [1] The successful candidate will contribute to teaching classroom-based introductory undergraduate courses in cultural and/or biological anthropology, area/topical studies, and courses at the graduate level, with additional opportunities to develop and teach online courses. [1] The successful candidate will teach a 2-2 course load of introductory courses in biological anthropology, elective undergraduate courses, and graduate courses in areas of specialization. [1] This includes a section of our General Education course in Biological Anthropology (Gender, Race, and Class) and an upper-division course on Human Evolution. [1] Human biology is an interdisciplinary field of biology, biological anthropology, nutrition and medicine, which concerns international, population-level perspectives on health, evolution, anatomy, physiology, molecular biology, neuroscience, and genetics. [2] We encourage applications from individuals with training and/or active interests in: human biology, biological anthropology, evolutionary medicine, computational biology, genomics and cancer biology. [1] In the late 19th century, German-American anthropologist Franz Boas (1858-1942) strongly impacted biological anthropology by emphasizing the influence of culture and experience on the human form. [2] Annual Review of Anthropology The Annual Review of Anthropology, in publication since 1972, covers significant developments in the subfields of Anthropology, including archaeology, biological anthropology, linguistics and communicative practices, regional studies and international anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology. [3] As a subfield of anthropology, biological anthropology itself is further divided into several branches. [2] Responsibilities Teach 12 credit hours per semester, including introductory cultural and biological anthropology courses. [1] Experience teaching university-level introductory courses in cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, and/or general anthropology. [1] Class responsibilities may include introductory biological anthropology, osteology, medical anthropology, statistical analysis and original courses in the candidate’s area of expertise. [1] Preference will be given to candidates with applied fieldwork and an ability to regularly teach courses in biological anthropology. [1] We consider this spirit of integration especially relevant to the training of our graduate and undergraduate biological anthropology students. [1]

AnthroNotes Digital Repository The entire collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History?s Department of Anthropology publication AnthroNotes (1979-2012) and 263 individual AnthroNotes articles can be downloaded in three formats (PDF, mobi, ePub) from the Smithsonian Libraries digital database. [3] Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis reconstructions – Electronic articles published by the Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History. [2] Anthropology Plus Worldwide indexing of journal articles, reports, commentaries, edited works and obituaries in anthropology. 5 concurrent users. [4] Two supplements appear on an annual basis, the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, which publishes major review articles, and the Annual Meeting Issue, containing the Scientific Program of the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and abstracts of posters and podium presentations. [3]

Preferred Qualifications An ability to adapt teaching in Biological and Forensic Anthropology, Human Gross Anatomy, Biometrics in Human Identification, Statistics, and basic Computer Programming to students in different undergraduate programs and to deliver information in a variety of formats. [1] The Department of Anthropology invites applications for a senior scholar who works at the intersections of Biological and Sociocultural Anthropology, to begin September 1, 2019. [1]

From approximately 1992-2009, the subfields of sociocultural (D) and biological anthropology (C) were successful in hiring males and females at rates that reflect the actual percentages of male and female PhD graduates whereas males in archaeology (B) have been systematically hired at disproportionate rates relative to percentages of female graduates. [5] We applied the same proportional distribution model to the subfields of archaeology, biological anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology ( Fig 3B-3D ) and projected the percentages of males and females hired within each subdiscipline. [5]

Unlike the Speakman et al. study, which focused on the archaeology and bioarchaeology job market in the U.S. and Canada, here we limit our geographical focus to doctoral programs in the U.S. and expand our discussion to include the subdisciplines of sociocultural anthropology and biological anthropology, as well as archaeology. [5] We note, however, that data for Harvard subsume two separate doctoral programs: anthropology and human evolutionary biology (i.e., biological anthropology). [5] We examined differences in gender in hiring practices for anthropology as a whole and the subdisciplines of archaeology, biological anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology. [5] Of note is that disparity in hiring has increased in sociocultural (D) and biological anthropology (C) following the end of the recession in 2009, whereas hiring disparity has decreased in archaeology (B) since 2009. [5] Probably the closest were Dennis O’Neil’s Biological Anthropology Tutorials from Palomar College, Wikipedia’s Biological Anthropology and Introduction to Paleoanthropology textbooks, and Augustín Fuentes primatology class notes (no longer available), and I borrowed from these, especially O’Neil. [6] Geology is important to biological anthropology in many ways, such as dating and environmental context in paleoanthropology. [6] Physical anthropology is also called biological anthropology. [6] Summary of biological anthropology market share divided into 10-year increments beginning with 1974. [5]

Hiring trends for PhD anthropology doctoral graduates by subfield (archaeology, biological, and sociocultural) from 1985-2014. [5] Anthropology Plus Comprehensive index of bibliographic materials in social, cultural, physical, biological, and linguistic anthropology. [7]

Anthropology Plus Find peer-reviewed journal articles from the early 19th century to today in anthropological linguistics and all of the anthropology subfields. [8] Annual Review of Anthropology has articles that summarize the current literature on a topic like cognitive anthropology, the anthropology of money, or social networks. [9] Abstracts in Anthropology gives a short summary of a recent article. [9] The textbook mixes internet memes, peer review journal articles, encyclopedic entries, video clips, gifs, radio podcasts, games, and VR. There is some justification for a multimodal approach to teaching anthropology ( Chin 2017 ), but there are also drawbacks. [6]

Most anthropology programs separate physical (biological) anthropology from cultural anthropology because the methods and the data tend to be different, but the goal is the same. [6] The four main subfields of anthropology are cultural anthropology, physical (biological) anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. [6] There is nothing particularly profound about bones compared to other biological systems, but their durability makes them special for anthropology because they are the main source of data for paleoanthropologists, important to archaeology, and before DNA testing, they were an important to the study of human variation. [6] Physical anthropology is great at explaining why biological divisions between human races don’t exist, but we can also suggest how we got into this mess in the first place, and why humans might be predisposed to getting it wrong. [6] The sociocultural anthropology category includes linguists and anyone who is not an archaeologist or biological anthropologist. [5] Use PubMed is useful for biological and medical anthropology. [9]

The Department of Anthropology at the University of California San Diego invites applications for a position in biological anthropology at the rank of assistant professor with a start date of July 1, 2019. [10] Biological anthropology, also referred to as physical anthropology, can be a good segue into the medical field since it includes pre-medical, -veterinary, and -dental studies. [11]

There are multiple disciplines within anthropology, including social, cultural, linguistic, and biological, but all focus on some aspect of humanity?s development. [11] The Department of Anthropology offers courses covering the discipline’s four major subfields: sociocultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, biological anthropology, and archaeology. [12] Today, as a professor at Wright State University, a unit on the biology of race, gender, and sexual orientation occupies a full three weeks of her semester-long introduction to biological anthropology course. [13] Biological anthropology looks at the intersection of humans as cultural and biological beings. [12] Contemporary evolutionary theory in biological anthropology: Insight into human evolution, genomics and challenges to racialized pseudo-science. [14]

Students focusing on biological or linguistic anthropology may take up to two courses outside of the anthropology department, to be selected in consultation with the Undergraduate Advising Head or the student’s advisor, and to be approved by petition through the registrar’s office. [12] The Department of Anthropology offers courses in social-cultural, archaeological, biological and linguistic anthropology. [12] Anthropology majors need not focus on any one of the four main subfields of anthropology (social-cultural, archaeological, biological and linguistic), and can select a range of courses that fit their interests, mastering a “four-fields” approach to the discipline. [12]

A chapter of hers appears in the edited volume Anthropology of the Middle East and North Africa: Into the New Millennium (Indiana University Press, 2013) and an article appears in the Inaugural Virginia Humanities Conference Proceedings (2018). [15]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

The George Washington University invites applications for a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in Human Paleobiology in the Department of Anthropology, to begin as early as Fall 2019. [1] The Department of Anthropology and the Institute for Quantitative Theory and Methods at Emory University invite applications for a joint tenure-track assistant professor position, with tenure home in Anthropology. [1] The Department of Anthropology invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track Assistant Professor position in biological/physical anthropology, to begin in September 2019. [1] The UNM Department of Anthropology invites applications for a probationary tenure-track faculty position in Evolutionary Anthropology at the level of Assistant Professor to work in a highly diverse and inclusive university. [1] The Department of Anthropology at the University of Michigan invites applications for a tenure-track professor in Primatology, starting September 2019. [1] The Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), invites applications for a full-time, Postdoctoral Scholar position in the area of evolution in human health and disease and genomics under the supervision of Dr. Amy M. Boddy and Dr. Aaron D. Blackwell. [1] Purdue University Department of Anthropology invites applications for two positions to begin August 2019. [1] The Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Illinois State University invites applications for a nine-month, tenure-track assistant professorship in anthropology beginning August 16, 2019. [1] The Department of Anthropology at the University of Nebraska – Lincoln has a tenure-track Assistant/Associate Professor position beginning August, 2019. [1] To learn more about this position, the Department of Anthropology, and the College of Arts & Sciences at Baylor University, please visit these links: https://www.baylor.edu/anthropology/, https://www.baylor.edu/artsandsciences/, and https://jobs.baylor.edu/postings/4051. [1] The Department of Anthropology in the J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Arkansas is recruiting for a 12-month Postdoctoral Fellow to start in January 2019 (start date is flexible). [1]

Yale University, Department of Anthropology anticipates making a tenure-track appointment in anthropological genetics at the assistant professor rank, beginning on July 1, 2019. [1] GRINNELL COLLEGE. The Department of Anthropology invites applications for a tenure-track appointment in biological/physical anthropology beginning Fall 2019. [1] Division/Department Information: The Department of Sociology and Anthropology in St. John?s College offers a major and a minor in Anthropology to a diverse body of students as well as undergraduate and graduate M.A. level programs in Sociology and Criminology. [1] Interest in supporting the development of a new PhD program (in the Anthropology of Health) is required, and skills appropriate for training graduates for non-academic jobs are preferred. [1] Purdue’s Department of Anthropology has 15 full-time faculty and offers BA, MS and PhD degrees. [1] Purdue University?s Department of Anthropology is committed to advancing diversity in all areas of faculty effort, including scholarship, instruction, and engagement. [1] The new faculty member will join a growing department with interest in applied perspectives on the anthropology of health, broadly conceived. [1] Members of the Department of Anthropology accept the American Association of Physical Anthropologists’ Code of Ethics, the Society for Applied Anthropology?s Statement of Ethics and Professional Responsibilities, and the American Association of University Professors’ Sexual Harassment Policy. [1] The Goldberg lab in the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology at Duke University is recruiting a postdoctoral scholar to join in 2019. [1] The University of Michigan and the Department of Anthropology are interested in candidates who are committed to the highest standards of scholarship and professional activities and to the development of a campus environment that supports equality and diversity. [1]

Washburn University invites applications for the position of Lecturer in Biocultural Anthropology to begin January 2019. [1] All subfields are encouraged to apply to the assistant professor position, and we welcome creative approaches to the Anthropology of Tomorrow. [1] Applicants must have in-hand a Ph.D. in Anthropology by the position start date. [1]

We have fourteen full-time faculty members along with a qualified pool of instructors who teach the Anthropology, Sociology and Criminology courses. [1] Candidates will need to upload a letter of application, curriculum vitae, transcripts (copies are acceptable), a syllabus for an introductory four-fields topics course, titles and course descriptions for 4 courses at advanced levels in biological/physical anthropology, a diversity statement, and provide email addresses for three references. [1] Qualified candidates will be able to teach advanced statistics courses and introductory courses in Anthropology. [1] Teaching areas will include an introductory four-fields topics course (such as adaptation, kinship, childhood, migration), intermediate courses in biological/physical anthropology, and seminars in biological/physical anthropology. [1]

This Fellow will join a growing department with interest in applied perspectives on the anthropology of health, broadly conceived. [1] To learn more about the Department of Anthropology, please visit www.baylor.edu/anthropology/. [1] Purdue?s Department of Anthropology is located in the College of Liberal Arts (CLA). [1]

Assistant/Associate Professor of anthropology, tenure-track with a focus on the Anthropology of Tomorrow. [1] Areas of interest include (but are not limited to) Human Rights/Social Justice, Tourism/Cultural Heritage, Social Implications of Big Data, Human-Animal Interaction, and Design Anthropology. [1] Preferred Qualifications: Specializations in molecular anthropology, human variation and health, evolutionary medicine, neuroanthropology, and biocultural perspectives are preferred. [1]

The Anthropology program at St. John?s has a global, critical and applied perspective. [1] Anthropology Today Anthropology Today is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal established in 1985. [3] Journal for Linguistic Anthropology A publication of the Society for Linguistic Anthropology, a section of American Anthropology Association. [4] Teaching Anthropology Teaching Anthropology (TA) is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal dedicated to the teaching of anthropology. [3] Major databases for journal literature in all sub-disciplines of Anthropology. [4]

Qualifications include a PhD in anthropology in hand by June 1, 2019. [1] Minimum Qualifications: Earned PhD in Anthropology or associated field with an evolutionary emphasis by time of appointment. [1]

We particularly encourage applications from scholars working in traditions of applied, engaged, public and activist anthropology. [1] There are plans to create a new Master?s Degree in Applied Anthropology, too. [1] The University of Memphis, Department of Anthropology, invites applications for a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in Anthropology with a specialization in Medical Anthropology, and a focus on minority health and health disparities. [1] The faculty member will be required to develop, manage and expand the Forensic Anthropology Program through curricular development and by establishing connections with other relevant departments and programs, including the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency Laboratory at Offutt AFB, Nebraska. [1] The program provides an opportunity for Anthropology of Tomorrow scholar-teachers to innovate creative approaches to the 21st century and beyond in thematic areas of conflict resolution and justice, science and technology, environment and sustainability, healthcare and medicine, and management and organization. [1] The position does, however, entail a small amount of graduate teaching and graduate advising for students who work in areas such as medical anthropology, environmental studies, science and technology studies, multispecies ethnography, food studies, race and gender, among others. [1] The U of Memphis offers a BA and a nationally recognized MA program in Applied Sociocultural Anthropology, established in 1976, with an emphasis on engaged scholarship, and a concentration in Medical Anthropology. [1] New College of Florida invites applications for a tenure-track position in Medical Anthropology. [1]

The study of human evolution encompasses many scientific disciplines, most notably physical anthropology, linguistics and genetics. [16] Feb. 13, 2018 – The evolution of human biology should be considered part and parcel with the evolution of humanity itself, proposes an assistant professor of biological sciences. [16] Human evolution is the part of biological evolution concerning the emergence of humans as a distinct species. [16]

The Goldberg lab combines theory and computational data analysis; interest in biological applications of programming, statistics, and/or mathematics is required. [1]

To apply to this position please upload a cover letter, C.V., relevant scientific articles, and contact information for 3 references to Academics Jobs Online at https://academicjobsonline.org/ajo/jobs/11373. [1] You are faculty or a Ph.D. candidate and would like to have a book or article delivered to or picked up from your office. [4] A brief review of articles published in popular journals may give you some insight into current trends in your field. [4] The journal advances the Association’s mission through publishing articles that add to, integrate, synthesize, and interpret anthropological knowledge; commentaries and essays on issues of importance to the discipline; and reviews of books, films, sound recordings and exhibits. [4] Each of these sources provides full text (or links to full text) articles from major journals. [4] AnthroSource A service of the American Anthropological Association that offers the past, present and future AAA publications, and more than 250,000 articles from AAA journals, newsletters, bulletins and monographs in a single place. [4]

American Journal of Physical Anthropology The American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA) is the official journal of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. [3] We expect to make one open subfield hire at the assistant professor level and one sociocultural anthropology hire at the assistant/associate level. [1]

We do not attempt to, nor can we account for, PhDs working outside of academia in the U.S. (e.g., industry, government, museum, NGO?s, etc.) or anthropology PhDs who are faculty in non-anthropology departments or PhDs who have found academic employment in countries other than the U.S. Our focus here is solely on tenure-track faculty in anthropology departments in the U.S. who are employed in BA/BS, MA/MS, and PhD programs. [5] We, of course, recognize that many programs offer non-academic pathways; however, we argue that most anthropology PhD programs are designed to train and replicate the type of scholarship engaged in by its faculty, which is by definition academic. [5] Academic market share change over the past 20 years has increasingly favored the hiring of PhD graduates from anthropology programs in the 90 th percentile and higher into higher ranked anthropology PhD programs. [5] As a first step in examining the data, we compiled a Table ( S1 Table ) in which we tabulated total market share for each of the approximately 118 U.S. universities (as well as dozens of foreign institutions) that have (or previously had) anthropology PhD programs. [5] We only include in this Table programs that placed at least one individual who graduated between 1994 and 2014 into an anthropology faculty position within the U.S. We then tabulated PhDs completed between 1994 and 2014 (n 2070) and sorted the 20-year total from highest to lowest. [5] Obtaining a tenure-track faculty position in anthropology, no matter the subdiscipline, is exceedingly difficult and the harsh reality is that programs across the U.S. produce far more PhDs than can be sustained in the tenure-track job market. [5] Here we expand the study to include the other subdisciplines of anthropology to track and compare each of them, as well as evaluate the discipline as a whole with respect to job prospects at BA/BS, MA/MS, and PhD institutions in the U.S. As we outlined in our Archaeology faculty jobs study, repeated here to provide context for the current study, the statistics surrounding Anthropology and Archaeology career prospects provided by most outlets are not positive. [5] As Kaskie has shown, the median age of faculty now surpasses all other occupational groups in the U.S. Using the 1982 median age of 30.8 for social scientists at the time of their doctorate, we estimate during the 2014-2015 academic year that approximately 6% of all anthropology faculty were age 70 or higher and that about 14.5% of all anthropology faculty were age 65 or older. [5] Programs that had no anthropology faculty job placements in the past 20 years (ca. 10) are not included in our assessment. [5] Overall, job prospects are low for the 12,000 students who successfully complete an undergraduate or graduate degree in anthropology each year. [5] As shown in Fig 1, there has been a steady increase in the numbers of Anthropology PhDs over the past 30 years and recent graduates are increasingly not successful in obtaining faculty positions ( Fig 5, S6 Table ). [5] During this same period, the number of female doctorates has increased to a point that now there are two female PhD graduates in anthropology for every male ( Fig 1 ). [5] We therefore examined the percentages of males and females hired into three types of anthropology departments: (1) departments that offer a PhD as their highest degree, (2) departments that offer a MA/MS as their highest degree, and (3) departments that offer a BA/BS as their highest degree. [5] Whereas it is informative to understand overall hiring trends of male and female anthropologists, it also of interest to examine the types of anthropology departments into which males and females are being hired. [5] Using NSF data, we modeled the percentages of male and female anthropology doctoral recipients from 1985 to 2014 ( S6 Table ; Fig 3A, dashed lines). [5] Implicit in this model is the idea that the relative percentages of males and females in anthropology are more or less constant across the subfields. [5] Males are consistently hired into academic anthropology positions at rates disproportionate to actual graduation rates. [5] Those fortunate enough to hold academic positions, not only in anthropology but in other fields also, are cognizant of the fact that few of their own graduate students are likely to obtain a faculty position themselves. [5] The outlook for tenure-track faculty positions in anthropology, as with many other disciplines, is somewhat bleak under our current models of graduate education. [5] Between 1985 and 2014, the number of U.S. doctoral graduates in Anthropology increased from about 350 to 530 graduates per year. [5] While in theory, anthropology is a forward-thinking and progressive discipline, which is certainly reflected in the content that we teach in our graduate seminars, in practice, the numbers point to a conservatism in what is valued in graduate education (i.e., academic success and a tenure-track position). [5] Taken together, these statistics indicate that jobs in anthropology are available for fewer than 8% of new anthropology graduates (PhD, MA/MS, and BA/BS). [5] These individuals are rare, but it does explain why in a few cases we have listed a university as having produced a PhD when it is apparent that the institution does not have a PhD program in anthropology. [5]

These programs/individuals represent faculty who obtained doctorates outside the field of anthropology and gained employment within an anthropology department. [5] Quite simply, if >60% of all anthropology doctorates are female, then >60% of all new faculty hires also should be female. [17] With more than 110 programs producing anthropology doctorates in the U.S., it is clear that not all programs are equal. [5] Some colleges and universities have separate anthropology and archaeology programs. [5] In 2012, both Kiplinger Business Forecast and Forbes ranked Anthropology and Archaeology “as the worst choice of college majors with an unemployment rate of 10.5% and a median salary of $28,000 for recent college graduates”. [5] Graduate student Maira Hayat wins the 2018 Sylvia Forma Prize from the Association for Feminist Anthropology, a section of the American Anthropological Association. [18]

Summary of Anthropology department (all subfields) market share divided into 10-year increments beginning with 1974. [5] Sickle cell anemia is an example of how the holistic approach of anthropology can use many subfields, mostly from biology, to understand the origins and consequences of an important human disease. [6] Anthropology is the science of humans, so there is no way to avoid humanistic questions. [6] Sociology tends to use quantitative methods studying humans by asking many people a few questions; while anthropology tends to use qualitative methods studying humans by asking a few people many questions. [6]

In Table 2A-2D, we list all programs in the 90 th percentile or higher for each subdiscipline of anthropology. [5] This is especially true given that since 1993, 60% of all anthropology doctoral recipients are female ( S6 Table ). [5]

As shown in Fig 1, there has been a steady increase in the numbers of Anthropology PhDs over the past 30 years. [5] US-based PhD anthropology degrees awarded between 1985 and 2014 showing total degrees conveyed and the gender of recipients. [5] The fact that most careers in anthropology require some form of advanced degree further compounds the problem. [5]

Academic job prospects for recent doctorates are dismal, not just in anthropology, but for most academic fields. [5] Academic employment challenges are not limited to anthropology. [5]

We’ve also found that students in the introductory anthropology courses frequently struggle with picking out the basic concepts from among the myriad of material from the textbook. [6] We think that students in introductory anthropology courses such as this one, most of whom are not going to be anthropology majors, should read the basic information outside of class. [6]

Social Sciences Full Text Abstracts, citations, and some full text for core journals in anthropology, economics, geography, criminology, political science, social work, and sociology. [7] Anthropology differs from other sciences because it emphasizes holism and genealogy. [6] Anthropology is mostly a science, but has many aspects of humanism. [6] I think the best way to get a sense of how anthropology differs from other branches of science is to understand the anthropological imagination. [6] For a more traditional introduction to anthropology and science read the Dennis O’Neil overview of anthropology. [6] For an anthropology class we tend to imply this, but don’t get the wrong idea about evolution. [6] I borrowed the concept of the anthropological imagination from one of my professors, Dr. Wade Pendleton, who in turn borrowed it from an introductory anthropology book (Dimen-Schein 1977), who based it on an important sociology book, The Sociological Imagination by C. Wright Mills (1959). [6] The 2007-2009 recession had a profound impact on the numbers of new tenure-track positions in anthropology. [5] A common criticism of such statistics has been that anthropology trains individuals for many sectors and career paths not captured in these numbers. [5]

As anthropologists began solving real world problems, some advocated for a fifth subfield: applied anthropology. [6] In a biology class you tend to think of a bone as a living organ, like your heart or your lungs, but in anthropology we are used to looking at dead bones, outside of the body, when they are just shells of the functions they had when they supported living organisms. [6] The holistic approach of anthropology is good at balancing these multiple causal factors of nature versus nurture, biology versus culture. [6]

Citation: Speakman RJ, Hadden CS, Colvin MH, Cramb J, Jones KC, Jones TW, et al. (2018) Market share and recent hiring trends in anthropology faculty positions. [5] Reviews in Anthropology discuss a particular theme (“human-dog relationships”) by comparing several recently published books at once. [9] An introduction to the study of language in real-life social contexts around the world through the contemporary theory and practice of linguistic anthropology. [8] Our data clearly demonstrate that a small percentage of anthropology departments hold a majority of the academic market share, which we define as the percentage of tenured/tenure-track positions in U.S. anthropology departments that are attained by graduates of a specific program over a 20-year period of time. [5]

We do not attempt to, nor can we account for, PhDs working outside of tenure-track anthropology programs in the U.S. (e.g., industry, government, museum, NGOs, etc.) or anthropology PhDs who are faculty in non-anthropology departments or PhDs who have found academic employment in countries other than the U.S. Our focus here is solely on tenure-track faculty positions in U.S. anthropology departments that offer BA/BS, MA/MS, and/or PhD degrees. [5] Observed versus expected male and female hiring trends for anthropology departments divided into 5-year increments based on the year an individual graduated and the department type (highest degree offered) an individual is hired into. (A) PhD programs, (B) MA/MS programs, and (C) and BA/BS programs. [17] Percentages of male and female anthropology doctorates awarded by year versus percentages of males and females hired into tenure-track anthropology department positions. [5] To examine disparity in hiring practices, we projected the percentages of males and females hired into tenure-track anthropology positions ( S6 Table ; Fig 3A, solid lines) by their year of graduation using a 3-year moving average. [5]

We likewise point out that departments have different strengths in archaeology, bioanthropology, and sociocultural anthropology and that just because a program is ranked highly for all subdisciplines of anthropology ( Table 1, S1 Table ) that one must consider the job placement rates for program within their specific subdiscipline ( S2 – S5 Tables). [5] Because some programs tend to emphasize preferentially archaeology, bioanthropology, or sociocultural anthropology, we also produced comparable Tables for each of these subdisciplines ( S2 – S4 Tables). [5] We estimate that approximately79% of U.S. anthropology doctorates do not obtain tenure-track positions at BA/BS, MA/MS, and PhD institutions in the U.S. Here, we examine where U.S. anthropology faculty obtained their degrees and where they ultimately end up teaching as tenure-track faculty. [5]

The nature of our data limits us to a synchronic view of those who held a faculty appointment in a U.S. anthropology department during the 2014-2015 academic year. [5] We cannot account for differences in the quality and/or gender of applicants applying for academic positions in U.S. anthropology departments. [5] It is apparent that only about 1 in 5 US-derived anthropological PhDs is successful in getting a tenure-track faculty position in a U.S. anthropology department. [5]

A recent study by Ghaffarzadegan and colleagues determined that 84% of new PhD graduates in biological and medical sciences are not successful in landing a tenure-track academic position. [5] Charles Darwin objected to the application of his biological model to human social structure, and he definitely would have objected to the “Darwin Project” battle royale game, and “Darwin Awards” given out in his name. [6] Humans tend to take biological phenomena and shroud them in all kinds of very complicated cultural trappings. [6] Trying to make sense of biological systems, including human beings, without evolution is like trying to understand physics while claiming that the force of gravity doesn’t exist. [6] Figure 48 “Multiscale models of the human body targeting complex processes span many time and length scales of biological organization” by Filippo Castiglione, Francesco Pappalardo, Carlo Bianca, Giulia Russo, Santo Motta. [6] Biological human races do NOT exist, but many cultures reify them as folk taxonomies. [6]

I hope you got a sense in this class of the difference between culture and biology, and in this case, the difference between biological change and cultural change, especially in terms of time, the rate of change, how much faster culture can change compared to biology. [6] This is good example of biocultural evolution: a biological trait intertwined with cultural factors (how people produce food). [6] When we talk about drastic biological change we can talk about evolution and the adaptive radiation of large groups of species into ecological niches over millions of years. [6] For this class we are using the biological definitions of evolution: the splitting of a lineage into two new species, or the change in allele frequency in a breeding population from one generation to the next. [6]

The term refers to the biological differences between males and females of the same species. [6] Non-disjunction of the 23rd chromosome, crossing over of the SRY gene, genes that interfere with sex determining hormones, and other factors can effect the genetic coding and expression of genitals and secondary sexual characteristics, so that many individuals are born not fitting neatly into the extreme biological stereotypes of male and female. [6]

In the current study, bioarchaeologists are grouped with biological anthropologists which we believe better reflects this subfield. [5] In science, you’re not a passive recipient of knowledge, nor some kind of biological hard-drive awaiting the next download. [6] In this schema Linnaeus sets up categories based on geography and cultural stereotypes, and mixes them in with biological taxonomy. [6] Biological and cultural explanations can be useful in solving your own problems. [6] The decision to group people based on superficial visual characteristics is not founded in absolute biological difference, but in a long history of cultural difference. [6] The intersection between biological and cultural identities can a cumulative effect. [6] These are examples of a general tendency to abuse biological principles and try to apply them metaphorically to cultural situations, and a kind of logical fallacy often known as a weak analogy ; trying to compare apples and oranges. [6]

We are objectively discussing some aspects of a biological species that has been around hundreds of thousands of years, and has a few distinct characteristics from other animals, but at the same time, we talking about ourselves, my relatives, the people who gave me the genes I have now, that enable me to think, and type, and wish that this font was easier to read on this crappy screen. [6] How long are you going to live? 50 years? 100 years? The length of time that you can perceive is limited by your own biological expiration date. [6]

Since 1985, the number of doctoral degrees awarded by U.S. anthropology departments has increased from approximately 350 to about 530 per year ( Fig 1 ). [5] U.S. anthropology doctoral recipients by year relative to numbers of U.S. anthropology doctorates who obtained anthropology faculty positions. [5]

In business, market share is determined by calculating the total sales over a given period (e.g., number of tenure-track job placements for a given period for a given program) and dividing the company?s total revenues by the industry?s total sales (e.g., total number of tenure-track anthropology jobs over a given period). [5] It is imperative that prospective graduate students with aspirations of landing a tenure-track anthropology position are cognizant of departmental placement rates and consider this information when applying for graduate school. [5] Our focus here is on tenure-track anthropology positions at BA/BS, MA/MS, and PhD granting institutions. [5]

Specifically, males are being hired into sociocultural anthropology positions–which represents about 55% of all anthropology faculty hires–at disproportionately higher rates than females. [5] All subfields of anthropology (A), archaeology (B), bioanthropology (C), and sociocultural anthropology (D). [5] We classified people into three subfield categories: archaeology, bioanthropology, and sociocultural anthropology. [5]

The word forensic means “legal”, but most forensic anthropology tends to be a subfield of physical anthropology – we use what we know about human biology to help solve crimes. [6] A good example for physical anthropology is the concept of biocultural evolution, the idea that to understand human evolution we need to look at both biology and culture. [6] The emphasis on genealogy for physical anthropology extends the metaphor of the family tree from an individual and their family, to a family tree writ-large that uses phylogentic taxonomy to contextualize the human species. [6]

There are many applications for physical anthropology, especially in medicine. [6] In my role as professor of physical anthropology, I cannot accept Creationism or Intelligent Design as anything more than dangerous fallacies that interfere with a student’s ability to learn the required curriculum. [6] This class is an introduction to physical anthropology, but for many it will be your first anthropology class, or perhaps your first science class in college, so it is worthwhile to back up and introduce both science and anthropology. [6] Now that we’ve almost finished introducing physical anthropology, it is a good time to remember how small the effect of our biology is on who we are. [6]

Summary statistics for ranking and placement averages for Anthropology programs listed in S1 Table. [5] In the current paper, we examine market share for anthropology as a discipline. [5] Summary of sociocultural anthropology market share divided into 10-year increments beginning with 1974. [5]

Annual Reviews Critical review articles of current and controversial trends in the biomedical, physical, and social sciences, written by authoritative authors. [7] Science Direct A comprehensive source for peer-reviewed scholarly journals, articles, book chapters, and open access content. [19] There are more scientific articles than minutes in a human life, so scientists need the conclusion in the first paragraph, so they can decide whether to keep reading or not. [6] An article is already summarizing the data, and a review of an article should summarize it even more. [6] Start here before your literature review to get context on your topic and useful articles to cite. [9] You want to present the conclusions that the article came to, and you want to wrap your review up, summarizing what you’ve done so far. [6] As a critical review, you also want to answer these questions yourself, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the article. [6] If this were a peer review you would be a peer of the author, a colleague, you would have the same background knowledge as the author, and be more likely to thoroughly understand the article and be able to evaluate it. [6] Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA) Abstracts and citations of articles books, dissertations and working papers covering all aspects of the study of language including phonetics, phonology, syntax, etc. Coverage from 1973 forward. [7]

Multidisciplinary collection of citations and abstracts for scholarly journal articles, proceedings, data sets, and other resources. [20]

Career options for graduates with a degree in anthropology include: Contract Archaeologist, Corporate Analyst, Corporate Anthropologist, Educational Planner, Park Ranger, Museum Curator, Peace Corps Staffer, Social Worker, Translator, Public Relations Officer, UX Analyst, Human Resource Worker, Lawyer, Judge, Judicial Worker, Magistrate, Paralegal, High School Teacher, Grant Writer. [11] Archaeology, the study of human cultures through physical evidence, is often considered a subset of anthropology in the U.S., but Europe considers it a separate subject. [11] Anthropology is, very simply put, the study of human behavior. [11] With postsecondary education, a Bachelors in Science degree in Anthropology can lead to a career in medicine, nursing, pathology, public health, or epidemiology. [11] Individuals that are analytical and observant, with a curiosity about how and why people behave the way they do are prime candidates for an anthropology degree. [11]

Linguistic anthropology manifests in a few different ways: formal linguistics, historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, and nonverbal communication. [11]

Cultural anthropology, sometimes also called social anthropology, studies human behavior across cultures, identifying and recording similarities for analyses. [11]

Biological determinism, also called biologism or biodeterminism, the idea that most human characteristics, physical and mental, are determined at conception by hereditary factors passed from parent to offspring. [21] Although all human traits ultimately are based in a material nature (e.g., memorizing a poem involves changing molecular configurations at synapses, where neurons interact), the term biological determinism has come to imply a rigid causation largely unaffected by environmental factors. [21] Arguments for biological determinism have long been employed more to restrict than to expand human potential. [21]

The biological and behavioral evolution of humankind, as well as adaptations based on environment for survival and reproduction, is the general focus, but there are a number of sub-specializations which include primatology, paleoanthropology, and paleopathology. [11] After the rediscovery of Mendel?s work, theories of biological determinism became increasingly formulated in terms of the then new science of genetics. [21]

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. [21] Our editors will review what you?ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [21]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(21 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (70) Biological Anthropology 2018-2019 | Academic Jobs Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

2. (70) Market share and recent hiring trends in anthropology faculty positions

3. (53) index.html

4. (10) Anthropology Degree | Cappex.com

5. (8) Get Started – ANTH 505 : Issues in Anthropological Practice – LibGuides at New Mexico State University

6. (6) biological determinism | Definition, Heredity, & Eugenics | Britannica.com

7. (6) Journals – Anthropology Guide – Library at Shippensburg University

8. (5) Anthropology | University Bulletin | Brandeis University

9. (5) Get Articles – Anthropology Research Guide – Library Guides at UC Berkeley

10. (4) Biological anthropology – Wikipedia

11. (4) Starting Points for Research – Anthropology & Archaeology – LibGuides at University of South Florida Libraries

12. (3) Human evolution

13. (2) Market share and recent hiring trends in anthropology faculty positions

14. (2) Anthropological Linguistics – Anthropology Subfields – Research Guides at Southern Methodist University

15. (1) UC San Diego – Assistant Professor – Biological Anthropology | ChronicleVitae

16. (1) Should Race Be Taught in High School Biology?

17. (1) Sample Reference List Citations – Citing Sources – Research Guides at Dickinson College

18. (1) Faculty and Staff: Cortney Hughes Rinker

19. (1) Anthropology | The University of Chicago

20. (1) Home – ANT 1010: Introduction to Biological Anthropology – Guides at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

21. (1) Databases – Anthropology – Research Guides at University of New Mexico