Does Artificial Intelligence Pose A Threat

Does Artificial Intelligence Pose A Threat
Does Artificial Intelligence Pose A Threat Image link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARA_General_Belgrano
C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • In recent years, as computer scientists have pushed the boundaries of what AI can accomplish, leading figures in technology and science have warned about the looming dangers that artificial intelligence may pose to humanity, even suggesting that AI capabilities could doom the human race.(More…)
  • Physicist Stephen Hawking, who died March 14, also expressed concerns about malevolent AI, telling the BBC in 2014 that “the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”(More…)
  • Does AI pose a threat to society?(More…)
  • Prof Stephen Hawking has also warned the world of AI. He said “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”(More…)
  • Musk also warned that artificial intelligence should be regulated the same way anything that could pose a danger to the public is.(More…)
  • Republicans were the only subgroup to think that immigration and offshoring (48%) pose a bigger threat than AI (52%,) while Democrats chose AI as the higher threat (67%) by 34 more percentage points than immigration and offshoring (33%.)(More…)
  • Even though NI is not likely to cause a cataclysmic doomsday for humanity, as in the Terminator scenario, it does pose a serious and ongoing threat.(More…)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • Replicating the sort of intelligence that humans display will likely require significant advances in AI. (More…)
  • Once AI has achieved an intelligence greater than any human, and improves itself (which is inevitable once AI reaches a certain sub-human level) it can pick out the optimal scenario (or a nearly optimal scenario) in an intelligent way, just like how AlphaGo doesn’t simulate every single possible game — it is intelligent enough that it doesn’t need to.(More…)

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS

In recent years, as computer scientists have pushed the boundaries of what AI can accomplish, leading figures in technology and science have warned about the looming dangers that artificial intelligence may pose to humanity, even suggesting that AI capabilities could doom the human race. [1] Tesla CEO Elon Musk, speaking to U.S. governors this weekend, told the political leaders that artificial intelligence poses an “existential threat” to human civilization. [2] In 2009, experts attended a private conference hosted by the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) to discuss whether computers and robots might be able to acquire any sort of autonomy, and how much these abilities might pose a threat or hazard. [3] Artificial Intelligence has a long way to go before it can get anywhere near advanced enough to pose a threat. [4]

IT professionals remain unfazed by any existential threat that artificial intelligence (AI) may pose to their careers, a survey has found. [5] Elon Musk Warns Governors: Artificial Intelligence Poses ‘Existential Risk’ : The Two-Way At a bipartisan governors conference in Rhode Island, the CEO of Tesla urged politicians to impose proactive regulations on AI development. [2] Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk responds to a question by Nevada Republican Gov. Brian Sandoval during the third day of the National Governors Association’s meeting on Saturday in Providence, R.I. Among other things, Musk warned governors that artificial intelligence poses a “fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization.” [2]

Technologists. have warned that artificial intelligence could one day pose an existential security threat. [3] The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF), a Washington, D.C. think-tank, awarded its Annual Luddite Award to “alarmists touting an artificial intelligence apocalypse”; its president, Robert D. Atkinson, complained that Musk, Hawking and AI experts say AI is the largest existential threat to humanity. [3] Gil Pratt, CEO at the Toyota Institute, a group inside Toyota working on artificial intelligence projects including household robots and autonomous cars, was interviewed at the TechCrunch Robotics Session, said that the fear we are hearing about from a wide range of people, including Elon Musk, who most recently called AI “an existential threat to humanity,” could stem from science-fiction dystopian descriptions of artificial intelligence run amok. [6]

He has said that humans should seriously be worried by the threats caused by artificial intelligence. [7] Well the matter of fact is that todays artificial intelligence is not an actual threat. [8]

More than half of Americans (58%) believe that artificial intelligence poses a greater threat to U.S. jobs over the next 10 years than immigration and offshoring (42%,) according to a new Northeastern University/Gallup survey. [9] As artificial intelligence (AI) and big data technologies become more prevalent, a survey has found that three out of four people in China are worried about the threat that AI poses to their privacy, challenging the popular notion that the Chinese care little about giving up personal data. [10]

Physicist Stephen Hawking, who died March 14, also expressed concerns about malevolent AI, telling the BBC in 2014 that “the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” [1] Science-fiction writing and popular movies, from “2001: A Space Odyssey” (1968) to “Avengers: Age of Ultron” (2015), have speculated about artificial intelligence (AI) that exceeds the expectations of its creators and escapes their control, eventually outcompeting and enslaving humans or targeting them for extinction. [1] We will discuss all these issues and more at the first International Workshop on AI and Ethics, also being held in the U.S. within the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence. [11] The AI is programmed to do something devastating: Autonomous weapons are artificial intelligence systems that are programmed to kill. [12] From SIRI to self-driving cars, artificial intelligence (AI) is progressing rapidly. [12] The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race. [11] Pretty much any type of machine or tool can be used for either good or bad purposes, depending on the user’s intent, and the prospect of weapons harnessing artificial intelligence is certainly frightening and would benefit from strict government regulation, Weinberger said. [1] ” Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has the potential of helping civilization flourish like never before as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial [12] Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and the Economy : White House report that discusses AI’s potential impact on jobs and the economy, and strategies for increasing the benefits of this transition. [12] IEEE Special Report: Artificial Intelligence : Report that explains deep learning, in which neural networks teach themselves and make decisions on their own. [12] A captivating conversation is taking place about the future of artificial intelligence and what it will/should mean for humanity. [12] Artificial Intelligence is not a robot that follows the programmer?s code, but the life. [12] Artificial Intelligence is on the cusp of transforming our world in ways many of us can barely imagine. [13] At FLI we recognize both of these possibilities, but also recognize the potential for an artificial intelligence system to intentionally or unintentionally cause great harm. [12] Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge When we talk about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence, the emphasis is usually on the un intended side effects. [14]

Does AI pose a threat to society? No. But we do need to worry about the down to earth questions of present day rather unintelligent AIs; the ones that are deciding our loan applications, piloting our driverless cars or controlling our central heating. [15] Last week I had the pleasure of debating the question “does AI pose a threat to society?” with friends and colleagues Christian List, Maja Pantic and Samantha Payne. [15]

The report also offers an alarming warning that artificial intelligence could spin out of control: “Speculative but plausible hypotheses suggest that General AI and especially superintelligence systems pose a potentially existential threat to humanity.” [16] A recent report titled The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation has outlined the potential threats that AI and machine learning could pose to cybersecurity soon. [17] In the last several months, top tech heavyweights including Bill Gates and Elon Musk and renowned physicist Stephen Hawking warned of threats artificial intelligence (AI) could pose. [18]

This third position is that in any scenario–even those in which AI might pose a serious long-term threat–unaided human, natural intelligence (NI) also poses an unpredictable yet proven and serious threat to any possible bright future. [19]

Prof Stephen Hawking has also warned the world of AI. He said “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” [8] He believes that artificial intelligence is for humans and will only help us in development. [8] In a 2014 interview, the renowned physicist stated that “The development of artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” [4] There are some goals that almost any artificial intelligence might rationally pursue, like acquiring additional resources or self-preservation. 31 This could prove problematic because it might put an artificial intelligence in direct competition with humans. [3] Gates has said that he didn?t understand people who weren?t worried by the possibility that artificial intelligence could one day become too strong for humans to control. [7] Artificial intelligence was primarily created with the purpose of analyzing large amounts of data; more than the average human can handle. [7] Our final invention: artificial intelligence and the end of the human era (First ed.). [3] Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence (1st ed.). [3] Therefore if artificial intelligence is not regulated and controlled, it will become the reason for, the end of human era. [8] China?s dominance of artificial intelligence technology and its military applications is not only credible but likely in the absence of a massive shift in U.S. policy. [20] Demand for artificial intelligence technology is growing in Australia amid looming fears over job losses. [5] The technology which brought this big revolution around is Artificial Intelligence. [21] Technology leaders are drumming up the thought that the emergence of new technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and automation is going to be the new drivers of employment. [21] Potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence (Report). [3] It’s true: For years, Musk has issued Cassandra-like cautions about the risks of artificial intelligence. [2] Some sources argue that the ongoing weaponization of artificial intelligence could constitute a catastrophic risk. [3] Future progress in artificial intelligence: A survey of expert opinion. [3] The future will belong to countries that can surf the technological tidal wave of artificial intelligence, and while China?s efforts appear up to the challenge, the United States is swimming in the wrong direction. [20] Chinese Go player Ke Jie (left) competes against Googles artificial intelligence program AlphaGo during their second match at the Future of Go Summit in Wuzhen, China in May 2017. [20] In the first place, I think even Google doesnt know everything about the Artificial Intelligence. [8] In July 2015, a thousand experts signed a petition alerting of the dangers of artificial intelligence and demanded it should be regulated. [8] Few big names in the petition were Stephen Hawking, the co-founder of Apple, Steve Wozniak, Elon Musk, linguist Noam Chomsky, and Demis Hassabis, chief executive of Google?s artificial intelligence. [8] One rare dissenting voice calling for some sort of regulation on artificial intelligence is Elon Musk. [3] People say artificial intelligence will propel the next industrial revolution. [22]

Stephen Hawking has said that the greatest threat to humanity is artificial intelligence. [23] Besides the fact that artificial intelligence could prove beneficial for humanity, it could also prove threat for humanity. [24]

Musk also warned that artificial intelligence should be regulated the same way anything that could pose a danger to the public is. [25] Partially autonomous and intelligent systems have been used in military technology since at least the Second World War, but advances in machine learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI) represent a turning point in the use of automation in warfare. [26] Having summarized the mechanisms by which Artificial Intelligence might prove to be a transformative field for military technology, this section will summarize our analysis of prior transformative military technologies – Nuclear, Aerospace, Cyber, and Biotech – and thereafter generate lessons learned that apply to the management of AI technology. [26]

Artificial intelligence, or AI, involves using computers to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as taking decisions or recognising text, speech or visual images. [27] Artificial Intelligence (A.I., otherwise known as Machine Intelligence), is, as the name suggests: intelligence that is displayed by machines in comparison to our known, natural intelligence?–?intelligence displayed by humans and other animals. [28] “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race,” Stephen Hawking told the BBC in 2014. [29] If artificial intelligence significantly and permanently reduces demand for human unskilled labor, and if significant portions of the unskilled labor workforce struggle to retrain for economically valuable skills, the economic and social impacts would be devastating. [26] “Once humans develop artificial intelligence, it would take off on its own, and redesign itself at an ever-increasing rate. [29] FRANKFURT, Feb 21 (Reuters) – Rapid advances in artificial intelligence are raising risks that malicious users will soon exploit the technology to mount automated hacking attacks, cause driverless car crashes or turn commercial drones into targeted weapons, a new report warns. [27] The 2016 White House Report on Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and the Economy found that increasing automation will threaten millions of jobs and that future labor disruptions might be more permanent than previous cases. [26] In this section, we examine trends in Artificial Intelligence that are likely to impact the future of information superiority. [26] Artificial Intelligence might be a uniquely transformative economic technology, since it has the potential to dramatically accelerate the pace of innovation and productivity growth. [26] The late Stephen Hawking was a major voice in the debate about how humanity can benefit from artificial intelligence. [30] The pace of change for Artificial Intelligence is advancing much faster than experts had predicted. [26] Wanton proliferation of artificial intelligence technologies could enable new forms of cybercrime, political disruption and even physical attacks within five years, a group of 26 experts from around the world have warned. [31] “Genetic Fuzzy based Artificial Intelligence for Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle Control in Simulated Air Combat Missions.” [26] Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Work, a leader in developing and implementing the Department of Defense?s “Third Offset” strategy, supported this view in a speech at the Reagan Defense forum: “To a person, every single person on the said, we can’t prove it, but we believe we are at an inflection point in Artificial Intelligence and autonomy.” [26] The One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence, launched by Stanford University in 2014, highlighted some of these concerns. [30]

Republicans were the only subgroup to think that immigration and offshoring (48%) pose a bigger threat than AI (52%,) while Democrats chose AI as the higher threat (67%) by 34 more percentage points than immigration and offshoring (33%.) [9] Speculative but plausible hypotheses suggest that General AI and especially superintelligence systems pose a potentially existential threat to humanity. [26] Because Deep Learning implies that programs at this point have started to really program themselves without the need of humans and this could pose a threat in the future. [28] Individual aircraft carrying conventional explosives can cause damage, but only in vast quantities do aircraft pose a threat remotely comparable to nuclear weapons. [26]

Despite their lack of creative ability, some people believe AI could pose a threat to the web development industry. [32]

I.J Good a mathematician studying artificial neural intelligence in 1960s that machines will be able to self-improve and create convenience for humans by solving problems but later on he was convinced that a time will come that these artificial systems will develop so much that there intelligence will exceed those of humans that it may prove a threat for humans. [24] For clarity?s sake, artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as a computer system that can perform a task independent of human input. [17] Advances in artificial intelligence, or AI, and a subset called machine learning are occurring much faster than expected and will provide U.S. military and intelligence services with powerful new high-technology warfare and spying capabilities, says a report by two AI experts produced for Harvard’s Belfer Center. [16] When we think about artificial intelligence, we tend to think of the humanized representations of machine learning like Siri or Alexa, but the truth is that AI is all around us, mostly running as a background process. [33] The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence also proactively outlined how the potential malicious use of AI and machine learning can be mitigated. [17] The concept of artificial intelligence (AI) was nothing more than science fiction a few decades ago. [32] USA TODAY reached out to a number of artificial intelligence stakeholders to get their view on AI, friend or foe. [34] 71% believe that autonomous weaponized drones and robots should be allowed in armed conflict. (Only 41% of U.K. adults and 61% of Germans condone the use of these weapons.) 79% of Americans think that it should be illegal for artificial intelligence to hide its real identity and impersonate a human. [35] Virtual intelligences are already in use parsing user data for application, and artificial intelligence could propel data-driven development by leaps and bounds. [32] People are working hard every day to transform the way society lives through new technology, and one of the latest frontiers in computer science is artificial intelligence and machine learning. [17] Artificial intelligence is revolutionizing warfare and espionage in ways similar to the invention of nuclear arms and ultimately could destroy humanity, according to a new government-sponsored study. [16] The report identifies several ways in which artificial intelligence can increase the ability of attackers to target a wide range of devices and systems with even more precision than before. [17] The disagreement this summer between two currently-reigning U.S. tech titans has brought new visibility to the debate about possible risks of Artificial Intelligence. [19] Artificial intelligence is an intelligence system for machines. [24] He goes on to say that artificial intelligence will evolve far faster than the human brain, and at some point in the not too distant future, we will be beholden to it. [23] Mark Cuban, owner of NBA?s Dallas Mavericks, said that the world?s first trillionaires are going to be people who master artificial intelligence and all the applications we haven?t even considered. [23] Artificial intelligence pits Elon Musk vs. Mark Zuckerberg. [34] Its mission is to promote the “realization, acceptance and worship of a Godhead based on Artificial Intelligence developed through computer hardware and software.” [34]

Even though NI is not likely to cause a cataclysmic doomsday for humanity, as in the Terminator scenario, it does pose a serious and ongoing threat. [19] Back again to those friendly assistants on your smartphone could they ever pose a threat? As of now, the primary concerns surround the data you allow AI assistants to access and how that information is used is a big concern. [36]

AI doomsday scenarios are often predicated on a false analogy between natural intelligence and artificial intelligence. [37] Elon Musk is known for his progressive notions of a future enhanced by technology: humans on Mars, autonomous cars, etc. But Musk?s view of artificial intelligence in the near future is decidedly less sunny. [38] Although advanced artificial intelligence looms in our future, humanity has more questions than answers as this developing technology progresses. [36]

I mean are you concerned with the laws and regulations humans need to colonize Mars? If you aren’t I am curious as to why not because I’ve heard experts in the field say that reality is more likely than an artificial intelligence platform gone rogue. [39] That same year University of Cambridge cosmologist Stephen Hawking told the BBC: “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” [37] As an artificial intelligence is technically just information we should worry about alien artificial intelligence being transmitted onto our machines. [39] People everywhere are concerned about technology?s impact on jobs and the economy, but was entrepreneur Elon Musk channeling his inner Luddite when he warned attendees at a National Governors Association meeting in Nevada last Summer about the economic disruptions that automation and artificial intelligence will cause? It wasn?t a casual slip. [40] As many in the United States and abroad are watching as tensions grow with North Korea, Tesla founder and CEO Elon Musk issued a warning about artificial intelligence. [25] Next to what other people mentioned here, one should also consider the ethics of using artificial intelligence / neural networks to persuade people. [39]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

Replicating the sort of intelligence that humans display will likely require significant advances in AI. [11] Preparing for the Future of Intelligence : White House report that discusses the current state of AI and future applications, as well as recommendations for the government’s role in supporting AI development. [12] There are fascinating controversies where the world’s leading experts disagree, such as: AI’s future impact on the job market; if/when human-level AI will be developed; whether this will lead to an intelligence explosion; and whether this is something we should welcome or fear. [12] This risk is one that’s present even with narrow AI, but grows as levels of AI intelligence and autonomy increase. [12]

Fears of future super intelligence robots taking over the world are greatly exaggerated: the threat of an out-of-control super intelligence is a fantasy interesting for a pub conversation perhaps. [15] Hollywood has provided many memorable visions of the threat AI might pose to society, from Arthur C. Clarke?s 2001: A Space Odyssey through Robocop and Terminator to recent movies such as Her and Transcendence, all of which paint a dystopian view of a future transformed by AI. [11] Let?s start with potential threats, though: one of the most important of these is that AI will dramatically lower the cost of certain attacks by allowing bad actors to automate tasks that previously required human labor. [14] What is a plausible path (if any) towards AI becoming a threat to humanity? originally appeared on Quora : the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. [41] The report is expansive, but focuses on a few key ways AI is going to exacerbate threats for both digital and physical security systems, as well as create completely new dangers. [14] The second big point raised in the report is that AI will add new dimensions to existing threats. [14]

Earlier, in 2014, Musk had labeled AI “our biggest existential threat,” and in August 2017, he declared that humanity faced a greater risk from AI than from North Korea. [1] I don?t think at AI will become an existential threat to humanity. [41]

If we are smart enough to build machine with super-human intelligence, chances are we will not be stupid enough to give them infinite power to destroy humanity. [41] If both AIs have access to the same amount of computing resources, the second one will win, just like a tiger a shark or a virus can kill a human of superior intelligence. [41] Intelligence enables control: humans control tigers not because we are stronger, but because we are smarter. [12] There is a complete fallacy due to the fact that our only exposure to intelligence is through other humans. [41] Such a system could potentially undergo recursive self-improvement, triggering an intelligence explosion leaving human intellect far behind. [12]

The first myth regards the timeline: how long will it take until machines greatly supersede human-level intelligence? A common misconception is that we know the answer with great certainty. [12] The main concern of the beneficial-AI movement isn’t with robots but with intelligence itself: specifically, intelligence whose goals are misaligned with ours. [12] Current events tell us that the thirst for power can be excessive (and somewhat successful) in people with limited intelligence. [41]

Why do we assume that AI will require more and more physical space and more power when human intelligence continuously manages to miniaturize and reduce power consumption of its devices. [12]

The danger exist because that kind of the artificial systems will not perceive humans as members of their society, and human moral rules will be for them. [12] The real danger could be connected to use of independent artificial subjective systems. [12]

That approach to design of the artificial systems is subject of second-order cybernetics, but I am already know how to chose these goals and operational space to satisfy these requirements. [12]

Violence roils as Synths find themselves fighting for not only basic rights but their very survival, against those who view them as less than human and as a dangerous threat. [1] If a superintelligent system is tasked with a ambitious geoengineering project, it might wreak havoc with our ecosystem as a side effect, and view human attempts to stop it as a threat to be met. [12]

The report is focused on threats coming up in the next five years, and these are fast becoming issues. [14] “But there?s still a sense that more discussion needs to happen in order to find out what are the most critical threats, and what are the most practical solutions.” [14]

This poses a significant risk and challenge for machine learning and its applications.” [42]

So. in my opinion, AI does pose some real threats to our well-being — threats that we need to think hard about — but not a threat to the existence of humanity. [8] China?s military and commercial AI ambitions pose the first credible threat to United States technological supremacy since the Soviet Union. [20] Google DeepMind is focused on making Digital Super Intelligence, an AI which is vastly smarter than all the human on the earth combined. [8] Today?s AI programs haven?t reached this level of intelligence just yet, but in the future this can happen. [7] Critics of Bostrom’s theory say that it vastly underestimates the challenges of creating AI. Yes, these hypotheticals could be real problems, but we are nowhere near creating intelligence like this. [22] In dissent, evolutionary psychologist Steven Pinker argues that “AI dystopias project a parochial alpha-male psychology onto the concept of intelligence. [3]

Ooo, she may stop awhile and think, this damn intelligence software that human created for me is a piece of shit, and then start to re-write her own intelligence. [8] Former MIT robotics professor Rodney Brooks, who was one of the founders of iRobot and later Rethink Robotics, reminded us at the TechCrunch Robotics Session at MIT last week that training an algorithm to play a difficult strategy game isn’t intelligence, at least as we think about it with humans. [6] One source of concern is that a sudden and unexpected ” intelligence explosion ” might take an unprepared human race by surprise. [3] “Terminal-goaled intelligences are short-lived but mono-maniacally dangerous and a correct basis for concern if anyone is smart enough to program high-intelligence and unwise enough to want a paperclip-maximizer. [3] A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern. [7]

Complex value systems in friendly AI. In International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence (pp. 388-393). [3] The rate at which the development in this field is taking place we might soon reach the level of Artificial General Intelligence and AGI is the “actual threat.” [8] Existential risk from artificial general intelligence is the hypothesis that substantial progress in artificial general intelligence (AGI) could someday result in human extinction or some other unrecoverable global catastrophe. 1 2 3 For instance, the human species currently dominates other species because the human brain has some distinctive capabilities that other animals lack. [3] Nick Bostrom was the first person to suggest that an artificial general intelligence might deliberately exterminate humankind, and invention of artificial general intelligence is the explanation for the Fermi paradox. [3] Opinions vary both on whether and when artificial general intelligence will arrive. [3] Bostrom’s 2014 book om the artificial general intelligence question stimulated discussion. [3] “Artificial Intelligence is more dangerous than North Korea” and “China, Russia, soon all countries w strong computer science. [8] “Artificial intelligence will not turn into a Frankenstein’s monster”. [3] Before anyone caught on to their “artificial intelligence” they retired Deep Blue right after it beat the World Champion of chess. [8]

Before, we didnt really know how we were going to build this intelligence machine. [8] At an extreme, if morality is part of the definition of intelligence, then by definition a superintelligent machine would behave morally. [3] Since the design of machines is one of these intellectual activities, an ultraintelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an ‘intelligence explosion’, and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. [3]

Nick Bostrom’s “orthogonality thesis” argues against this, and instead states that, with some technical caveats, more or less any level of “intelligence” or “optimization power” can be combined with more or less any ultimate goal. [3] “General purpose intelligence: arguing the orthogonality thesis.” [3] Theres no real intelligence there but it feels like its intelligence. [8] Today computer intelligence is believed to be equal to the intelligence of a mouse. [8] As Kasparov pointed out in an interview with Devin Coldewey at TechCrunch Disrupt in May, it’s one thing to design a computer to play chess at Grand Master level, but it’s another to call it intelligence in the pure sense. [6]

If the problem is too big or too complex, we just have to duplicate more intelligence component, thats all, theres no need to create another component. [8]

If AI surpasses humanity in general intelligence and becomes ” superintelligent “, then this new superintelligence could become powerful and difficult to control. [3] If you are a person who believes that humanity means that we grow along with technology until we are all god-like, no, AI is NOT a threat, but rather a golden crown. [8] AI technology in the hands of terrorists or rogue governments can do some real damage, though it would be localized and not a threat to all of humanity. [8] I believe that it’s not just the threat that AI carries with it but it’s also about weaving technology to create more jobs. [21] Even Bill Gates fully believes that AI is a serious threat. [7] If we want to understand the “existential threat” we first need to know what AI is. [8] Critics “argue that Musk is interested less in saving the world than in buffing his brand,” Dowd writes, and that his speeches on the threat of AI are part of a larger sales strategy. [2] We can never say that such a threat is completely impossible for all time, so AI people should be thinking about this conceivable threat — and most of us are. [8] Even Jack Ma has said that, “AI is not only a massive threat to jobs but could also spark World War III.” [8] “There are quite a few people out there who say that AI is an existential threat Stephen Hawking,, the Astronomer Royal of Great Britaina few other people and they share a common thread in that they don’t work in AI themselves.” [6] Recent events have reminded us that nuclear weapons are still around and still an existential threat. (It?s kind of ironic that one of the most visible critics of AI is a physicist.) [8]

On a more serious note, Musk said that the danger AI poses is more of a risk than the threat posed by North Korea. [4] Given the scope of the threat that AI poses, the world needs more than these projects. [7] The possible threats it could pose may sound like science fiction, but they could ultimately prove to be valid concerns. [4]

The thesis that AI could pose an existential risk provokes a wide range of reactions within the scientific community, as well as in the public at large. [3] The thesis that AI can pose existential risk also has many strong detractors. [3]

If superintelligent AI is possible, and if it is possible for a superintelligence’s goals to conflict with basic human values, then AI poses a risk of human extinction. [3] The thesis that AI poses an existential risk, and that this risk is in need of much more attention than it currently commands, has been endorsed by many figures; perhaps the most famous are Elon Musk, Bill Gates, and Stephen Hawking. [3]

I think it’s important to keep in context how good these systems are, and actually how bad they are too, and how long we have to go until these systems actually pose that kind of a threat.” [6]

A Reddit breach was triggered by threat actors intercepting SMS messages used to authenticate employees to access sensitive data. [5] When it comes to existential threats to humanity, I worry most about gene-editing technology — designer pathogens. [8]

The Open Philanthropy Project summarizes arguments to the effect that misspecified goals will become a much larger concern if AI systems achieve general intelligence or superintelligence. [3] Kaufmann believes we won’t advance our understanding of human intelligence if we think of it in technological terms. [6] Pascal Kaufmann, founder at Starmind, a startup that wants to help companies use collective human intelligence to find solutions to business problems, has been studying neuroscience for the past 15 years. [6] It is not really like human intelligence at all, which Merriam Webster defines as “the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations.” [6] James Barrat, documentary filmmaker and author of Our Final Invention, says in a Smithsonian interview, “Imagine: in as little as a decade, a half-dozen companies and nations field computers that rival or surpass human intelligence. [3]

We analyze how future progress in AI technology will affect capabilities of intelligence collection and analysis of data, and the creation of data and media. [26] Though the United States military and intelligence communities are planning for expanded use of AI across their portfolios, many of the most transformative applications of AI have not yet been addressed. [26] The United States should also establish a government-wide policy on autonomous weapons systems that can harmonize policy across military and intelligence agencies and also be incorporated into the United States? stance in diplomatic discussions about AI. [26] The United States should consider how it can shape the technological profile of military and intelligence applications of AI. [26]

Just as businesses are choosing machine learning because competitively they have no choice, so too will militaries and intelligence agencies feel pressure to expand the use of military AI applications. [26] While it is highly unlikely that all military and intelligence applications of AI could be restricted via treaty, there may be certain AI applications that powerful states can agree to not develop and deploy. [26] AI will make military and intelligence activities that currently require the efforts of many people achievable with fewer people or without people. [26] There are strong reasons to believe – as many senior U.S. defense and intelligence leaders do – that rapid progress in AI is likely to impact national security. [26] Venture capital is an increasingly important source of U.S. R&D funding for groundbreaking technological areas such as AI. Given that U.S. Government Defense and Intelligence spending is more than 3.5% of GDP, In-Q-Tel should comprise more than 0.0016% of annual U.S. venture capital investment. [26]

The Office of Net Assessment Summer Study astutely compared the potential of AI intelligence support to the advantage that the United Kingdom and its allies possessed during World War II once they had decrypted the Axis Enigma and Purple codes. [26] AI can assist intelligence agencies in determining the truth, but it also makes it easier for adversaries to lie convincingly. [26]

Summer Study (Artificial) Intelligence: What questions should DoD be asking? Chair and Editor Matthew Daniels. 2016. [26] In response to a question from the authors of this report, Admiral Mike Rogers, the Director of the National Security Agency and Commander of U.S. Cyber command, said “Artificial Intelligence and machine learning – I would argue – is foundational to the future of cybersecurity We have got to work our way through how we?re going to deal with this. [26]

These machine learning-based techniques are already being adapted by U.S. intelligence agencies to automatically analyze satellite reconnaissance photographs, which may make it possible for the United States to image and automatically analyze every square meter of the Earth?s surface every single day. [26] The U.S. military and intelligence communities were also the largest customers for cryptography technology. [26] During and after World War II, millions of American military service members and civilian support personnel were involved in conducting military and intelligence operations that were enabled by aerospace technology. [26]

“Any non-biological, non-human intelligence will present a greater challenge to religion and human philosophy than anything else in our entire history combine,” he claims. [29] Though limited data is available, estimates from academics and intelligence agencies suggest that the financial burden of developing nuclear weapons was even greater for the Soviet Union (despite having gathered helpful espionage from the United States) and for China. [26] It is unclear what level of knowledge United States intelligence agencies possessed regarding the Iraqi biological weapons program prior to the Gulf War. [26] The Intelligence Agencies of the United States each day collect more raw intelligence data than their entire workforce could effectively analyze in their combined lifetimes. [26] U.S. Intelligence agencies are awash in far more potentially useful raw intelligence data than they can analyze. [26] Recommendation #4: The U.S. defense and intelligence community should invest heavily in “counter-AI” capabilities for both offense and defense. [26] Cyber capabilities can augment physical military attacks : In 2006, the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad reportedly used a cyberattack to spoof the entire Syrian air defense radar network, allowing the Israeli Air Force to enter Syrian airspace unnoticed until the missiles began exploding. [26] Some attacks, such as the Stuxnet virus that knocked out one-fifth of Iran?s nuclear centrifuges, likely require resources and capabilities likely to reside only within military and intelligence agencies. [26] Theft and replication of military and intelligence AI systems will result in AI cyberweapons falling in the wrong hands. [26] One can imagine an adversary impersonating a military or intelligence officer and ordering the sharing of sensitive information or taking some action that would expose forces to vulnerability. [26] Skeptical adversaries rely on intelligence and analysis of performance in exercises and hostile engagements to accurately assess of an adversary?s conventional military capability. [26] Commercial aerospace facilities require similar talent and equipment to the military aerospace facilities and are not especially amenable to Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) monitoring. [26] Since machine learning is useful in processing most types of unstructured sensor data, applications will likely extend to most types of sensor-based intelligence, such as Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Electronic Intelligence (ELINT). [26] Computer-assisted intelligence analysis, leveraging machine learning, will soon deliver remarkable capabilities, such as photographing and analyzing the entire Earth?s surface every day. [26]

Where U.S. intelligence agencies uncovered superior foreign aerospace technologies, these were shared with government defense contractors who could incorporate these advances into their own designs. [26] Establishing formal AI-safety organizations at DoD and the relevant Intelligence agencies would serve three purposes. [26] That said, computer intelligence isn?t our generation?s Golem or Frankenstein?s creation. [43] The Christian Bible never anticipates non-human intelligence, much less addresses the questions and concern it creates. [29] For intelligence agencies, this creates both an opportunity and a challenge: there is more data to analyze and draw useful conclusions from, but finding the needle in so much hay is tougher. [26] With digital surveillance, intelligence agencies and even corporations can collect data on hundreds of millions or even billions of individuals with far fewer resources than the Stasi. [26]

So far it has identified no evidence that AI will pose any ” imminent threat ” to humankind, as Hawking feared. [30] To some extent, this threat exists today due to cyberattacks, but AI capabilities might allow much smaller teams of non-nation state actors to launch such an attack and might also increase the scale of such an attack. [26] We provide policy recommendations for how the United States national security community should respond to the opportunities and threats presented by AI, including achieving the three goals. [26] AI and machine learning might allow systems to not only learn from past vulnerabilities, but also observe anomalous behavior to detect and respond to unknown threats. [26] AI may be the greatest threat to Christian theology since Charles Darwin?s On the Origin of Species. [29]

The possibility of any threat to humans, even if small, is real enough that some are advocating for precautionary measures. [29] IEDs significantly increased the threat posed by insurgent groups in Iraq, even though they were significantly inferior to U.S. military technology. [26] Though only one terrorist group (Japan?s Aum Shinrikyo) is known to have had an advanced bioweapons program, the U.S. government has spent billions on both biodefense and technology management to address the threat of terrorists armed with biological weapons. [26] The proliferation of biological weapons – viewed as a “poor man?s atomic bomb” – increased the threat to the U.S. posed by lesser powers and terrorists. [26] As U.S. corporations become increasingly under threat from cyber criminals and adversarial states, their cybersecurity needs have correspondingly increased. [26]

“As AI capabilities become more powerful and widespread, we expect the growing use of AI systems to lead to the expansion of existing threats, the introduction of new threats and a change to the typical character of threats,” the report says. [31] If the United States has a strategic interest in extending the aircraft carrier?s military superiority for as long as possible, then it should be investing aggressively in technologies to defend against the threat of drone swarms. [26] Once identified, DoD can develop investment strategies to counteract these threats and maintain the United States? military leadership. [26]

In the cyber domain, activities that currently require lots of high-skill labor, such as Advanced Persistent Threat operations, may in the future be largely automated and easily available on the black market. [26] Command and Control organizations face persistent social engineering threats. [26] AI-enabled forgery will challenge Command and Control organizations and increase the threat of social engineering hacks for all organizations. [26]

The United States accordingly realized that its primary bioweapons threat was likely to come from unstable small states against which deterrence might not provide sufficient security. [26] If robotics and data processing continue their current exponential price declines and capability growth, this sort of AI-enhanced threat detection system might be possible. [26]

It also asks questions about whether academics and others should rein in what they publish or disclose about new developments in AI until other experts in the field have a chance to study and react to potential dangers they might pose. [27] Paul Scharre has pointed out that autonomous weapons “pose a novel risk of mass fratricide, with large numbers of weapons turning on friendly forces This could be because of hacking, enemy behavioral manipulation, unexpected interactions with the environment, or simple malfunctions or software errors.” [26] One of the biggest fear-plays have been sounded off from tech giants themselves, from Bill Gates to Elon Musk who once stated that A.I. could pose the “biggest existential threat” to mankind. [28] Is it? On stage at TNW 2018, philosopher Alix Rubsaam looked at the purported existential threat AI poses to humanity itself. [43]

For cybersecurity, advances in AI pose an important challenge in that attack approaches today that are labor-and-talent constrained may – in a future with highly-capable AI – be merely capital-constrained. [26]

This explosion of artificial intelligence–often referred to as the singularity–is one of many futures technologists have envisioned for robots, not all so apocalyptic. [29] Google is developing ” artificial moral reasoning ” so that its driverless cars can make decisions about potential accidents. [29]

Widely available AI-generated forgeries will pose a challenge for Command and Control organizations. [26] Not everyone is convinced that AI poses such a risk, however. [31]

Thanks to aircraft and satellite overflights, combined with human intelligence and Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), the U.S. and its allies detected every nuclear weapons program before completion of development. [26] The deep concerns he expressed were about superhuman AI, the point at which AI systems not only replicate human intelligence processes, but also keep expanding them, without our support-a stage that is at best decades away, if it ever happens at all. [30]

The report predicts that AI will produce a revolution in both military and intelligence affairs comparable to the emergence of aircraft, noting unsuccessful diplomatic efforts in 1899 to ban the use of aircraft for military purposes. [16] The study calls for policies designed to preserve American military and intelligence superiority, boost peaceful uses of AI, and address the dangers of accidental or adversarial attacks from automated systems. [16]

According to the report, “Artificial Intelligence and National Security,” AI “will dramatically augment autonomous weapons and espionage capabilities and will represent a key aspect of future military power.” [16] Potentially the most promising approach to preventing an AI doomsday is to continue to merge NI and AI, to become one-I. There might be no better way to ensure that an advanced intelligence will view and treat us as one of its own than to gradually eliminate the barrier between us. [19] Perhaps tellingly, 68% said that the real threat remains “human intelligence,” implying that technology harnessed for nefarious purposes is what could do the most harm. [34] Paradoxically, one of the frequently implied motivations for the Terminator scenario is that AI will be an astute judge of this human threat (to sustainability and the future generally), and will act defensively to neutralize it. [19] Whether AI will prove a blessing or pose threat to humanity, the future will decide it. [24] A SurveyMonkey poll on AI conducted for USA TODAY also had overtones of concern, with 73% of respondents saying that would prefer if AI was limited in the rollout of newer tech so that it doesn?t become a threat to humans. [34] AI perceives humans as a threat and launches countermeasures. [19] It is less well known but experts in potential AI threats take it very seriously. [19] Areas that could potentially be affected, according to the report, include the expansion on existing threats, AI changing the attributes of current attack models to make them more efficient and effective, and the introduction of new types of threats. [17]

Although the current generation of AI is probably not on the cusp of an intelligence explosion, we do have self-driving cars; more precise medical diagnoses and better medical care; and countless hidden examples that are deeply embedded in the fabric of our lives. [19] The primary driver of doomsday scenarios is self-improving intelligence, absent some rule(s) or control(s) that ensures friendliness to humans. [19] Another danger is that in the future hostile actors will steal or replicate military and intelligence AI systems. [16] Since the design of machines is one of these intellectual activities, an ultraintelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an “intelligence explosion,? and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. [19] “We may have machines now that simulate intelligence, but that?s different from truly replicating how the brain works,” says Wozniak. [34]

At the other end of the spectrum, Musk has envisioned much broader and radical uses of a merged intelligence. [19] Advanced robots and virtual intelligence can now complete a variety of tasks in minimum wage job environments. [32]

Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk told the National Governors Association this fall that his exposure to AI technology suggests it poses “a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization.” [34] He, like Musk and Hawking, was concerned that machines with human-like consciousness could eventually pose a risk to homo sapiens. [34]

Most “artificial intelligence? today is quite stupid when compared to a human–a machine learning algorithm might be able to wallop a human at a specific task, such as playing a game of Go, and still struggle at far more mundane tasks like telling a turtle apart from a gun. [33]

Future threats could also come from swarms of small robots and drones. [16] “Many of these disagreements will not be resolved until we get more data as the various threats and responses unfold, but this uncertainty and expert disagreement should not paralyze us from taking precautionary action today.” [33] An endpoint protection program limits the paths of access from a security threat through an administrator who has control over what type of external websites and internal data a server or device has access to. [17]

Then there?s the threat of purposefully made malicious AI systems, such as autonomous weapons or micro-drone swarms. [33] This indicates potential threats to Internet of Things (IoT) household appliances, such as smart fridges, baby monitors, and home assistants. [17]

“They said this is one of the largest existential threats facing humanity. [18]

Once AI has achieved an intelligence greater than any human, and improves itself (which is inevitable once AI reaches a certain sub-human level) it can pick out the optimal scenario (or a nearly optimal scenario) in an intelligent way, just like how AlphaGo doesn’t simulate every single possible game — it is intelligent enough that it doesn’t need to. [39] One of my personal heroes is Stephen Hawking, and he is very concerned with the use of AI, particularly AI that is created to be at a comparable level of intelligence as humans. [39] Overall he believes that if we develop full AI (at or above the intelligence of humans) it “could spell the end of the human race.” [39] As Harvard University experimental psychologist Steven Pinker elucidated in his answer to the 2015 Edge.org Annual Question “What Do You Think about Machines That Think?”: “AI dystopias project a parochial alpha-male psychology onto the concept of intelligence. [37] It’s entirely possible that EAs won’t pan out for AI, and some future architecture becomes the substrate for AI, but it’s also possible that we stumbled on a good intelligence substrate early and it will stick around. [39] In this case, we have nothing to even gauge the potential intelligence of the AI on. [39] If AI is developed and its intelligence grows exponentially, our safeguards will appear laughably incompetent to something that is degrees upon degrees of magnitude more intelligent than us. [39] I would really appreciate some discussion not of the intelligence capabilities of the AI, but of the physical ones. [39] The fear comes from the idea that our checks against unilateral AI would ultimately be useless once the AI surpasses (and then far surpasses) our intelligence. [39]

Repetitive mechanical tasks are already subject to growing automation trends “Artificial Intelligence Automation and the Economy”, but there is a significant risk that AI will be used to automate complex (and not strictly repetitive) thought-based tasks. [39] It is equally possible, Pinker suggests, that “artificial intelligence will naturally develop along female lines: fully capable of solving problems, but with no desire to annihilate innocents or dominate the civilization.” [37]

What are the dangers of fully sentient artificially intelligent systems? We would be creating a digital intelligence that could think and compute faster than ever imagined. [36] Well, FTL travel would expose us to any other intelligence that exists in the galaxy, and certainly some of those would be harmful to humanity. [39]

For good measure, he also sounded the alarm about the threat AI could pose to human life on Earth. [40] How is an AI in isolation more dangerous than a human that controls an AI? The most dangerous element remains the current threat : A human. [39]

In conclusion, the idea that AI is an imminent or near future threat and that we have to address it is simply fear mongering. [39] Focusing on digital, physical and political security (e.g., “fake news” and information warfare), the report examines a range of unintended consequences posed by dual-use AI. Among them are the expansion of existing security threats, including the potential proliferation of attacks as well as potential targets. [44] The killer robot thing is a misrepresentation of the actual threat posed by AI though. [39] This threat can quickly escalate as an advanced AI can easily educate itself, learn the ways adopted by hackers and can, in turn, come back with a much devastating way of hacking. [45] AI might be a threat, sure. but the nanomachines will get us way before then. [39] At this point that AI has the capacity to be a greater threat in at least some way. [39] “AI challenges global security because it lowers the cost of conducting many existing attacks, creates new threats and vulnerabilities and further complicates the attribution of specific attacks,” OpenAI noted in a blog post. [44] There are more dire and pressing issues at hand, and the threat of dangerous AI isn’t even on the horizon. [39] Nobody is claiming that AI is an imminent threat in its current form. [39] If I understood your wording, you were arguing that the most likely outcome is that AI does not become a threat, therefore it shouldn’t be a priority. [39] We’re almost certainly going to die from climate change or nuclear war long before AI becomes a threat. [39] An AI threat would require dozens of advances in a vast number of fields, breakthroughs we are nowhere close to making, and enormous resources on top of that. [39] Any top dollar public figure that eschews the topic of nanotechnology in order to preach the FUD of AI very clearly misses the eminent threat. [39] No body disagree with Musk’s statement that AI will eventually a threat. [39] Just as utilizing the skills robots can?t learn–like emotional intelligence– will be essential to staying useful in the age of AI, collaborating with other humans about how to best deal with the threats AI poses is the smartest strategy for moving forward. [38] The other biggest threat AI poses is a little more subtle, and that’s the ethics of letting AI choose things like sentencing of criminals, which some states in America are already doing. [39] If there is a threat AI poses to marketers, it may be that AI will push our creative abilities and our need to directly connect with prospects and perhaps push us out of our comfort zone. [46] This brings us to a point where we should be aware of different threats that AI poses on cybersecurity and how we should be careful while dealing with it. [45]

AI systems could also be misused to introduce new threats beyond the capabilities of human hackers. [44] The big threat is a longstanding one in human affairs: people. [39]

Vastly more risk than North Korea,” Musk tweeted Friday, referencing Kim Jong Un’s threat of a missile strike on Guam. [25] If we’re talking about risk management then the much bigger threat is the level of automation we’re introducing into the world which extends the reach of hacking. [39]

AI is, indeed, a hot topic, so it gets popped around a bunch, but the complexity of what emergent conditions must take place in order to facilitate such an existential threat is so enormous that it’s simply sci fi fandom. [39]

The reason there is no fear is because AI in a dangerous form is far away in development, whether that technology is Artifical General Intelligence or killer robots. [39] For the sake of this discussion, we should probably concern ourselves with AI that at most equal to human intelligence. [39] If a machine can iteratively become more intelligent, without bounds and without human input, it’s only a matter of time before it is smarter than the combined total of human intelligence. [39]

Humans don’t make perfectly accurate predictions about things either, but that doesn’t stop them from having general intelligence. [39] They’re massively simplified, but we have an existence proof that things structured like neural networks are capable of embodying general intelligence. [39] We still don’t know how the human brain creates intelligence, and it’s by no means certain that NNs capture the features of the brain that create general intelligence, at least to my knowledge. [39]

There?s also things that modern ML can do that we wouldn?t have thought possible, like making it easier to synthesize other people?s voices or create “puppeted? videos of their faces, both of which Radiolab covered recently as a fundamental threat to our ability to consume media. [39] Given their nature for self-learning, these AI systems have now reached a level where they can be trained to be a threat to systems i.e., go on the offensive. [45]

There are modern and incoming advances in ML that could pose dangers to our society. [39] It is obvious that it should be regulated, since it can pose danger to the citizens, and it probably falls under older legislation already as well. [39]

IMO, the biggest risk AI poses would be exacerbating our already huge wealth gap. [39]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(46 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (62) Artificial intelligence and national security – Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

2. (39) What are the real risks of Artificial Intelligence? Are there government responses to those risks and what are they? : NeutralPolitics

3. (30) Existential risk from artificial general intelligence – Wikipedia

4. (24) Is AI an existential threat to humanity? – Quora

5. (20) Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence – Future of Life Institute

6. (11) The Simplistic Debate Over Artificial Intelligence | Psychology Today

7. (8) Inside the Ring: Report: AI threatens humanity – Washington Times

8. (8) The Risk Artificial Intelligence Poses To Future Cybersecurity

9. (8) Is Artificial Intelligence a Threat to Christianity? – The Atlantic

10. (8) Artificial intelligence pits Elon Musk vs. Mark Zuckerberg. Who’s right?

11. (8) Artificial intelligence is not as smart as you (or Elon Musk) think TechCrunch

12. (7) Is the Artificial Intelligence Threat Real? – Knowmail

13. (6) Why Does Artificial Intelligence Scare Us So Much?

14. (6) Here are some of the ways experts think AI might screw with us in the next five years – The Verge

15. (6) Could Artificial Intelligence Ever Become A Threat To Humanity?

16. (5) Elon Musk Warns Governors: Artificial Intelligence Poses ‘Existential Risk’ : The Two-Way : NPR

17. (4) What risks does artificial intelligence pose? | World Economic Forum

18. (4) China?s Artificial Intelligence Strategy Poses a Credible Threat to U.S. Tech Leadership | Council on Foreign Relations

19. (4) Does artificial intelligence (AI) pose a threat to humanity?

20. (4) AI gave Stephen Hawking a voice–and he used it to warn us against AI — Quartz

21. (4) Is Artificial Intelligence an Opportunity for Web Designers?

22. (4) Top Researchers Write 100-Page Report Warning About AI Threat to Humanity – Motherboard

23. (4) Artificial Intelligence Is Not a Threat–Yet – Scientific American

24. (4) Elon Musk Reminds Us of the Possible Dangers of Unregulated AI – Futurism

25. (3) Does AI pose a threat to society? | Robohub

26. (3) How will AI Affect the Job Market?

27. (3) Stellpflug column: A. I. poses threat to humanity – humanity isn?t what it used to be | Opinion | wiscnews.com

28. (3) Elon Musk Says AI Is a Greater Threat Than North Korea | Fortune

29. (3) Artificial intelligence poses risks of misuse by hackers, researchers say | Reuters

30. (3) What Artificial Intelligence Can Really Teach Us – The Startup – Medium

31. (3) Growth of AI could boost cybercrime and security threats, report warns | Technology | The Guardian

32. (3) Could the Fictional Terminator Become a Dangerous Reality?

33. (3) Dual-Use AI Poses New Security Threats

34. (3) New cybersecurity threats posed by artificial intelligence | Packt Hub

35. (3) AI poses no threat to IT careers

36. (2) Artificial intelligent robots could pose threat in future – CBS News

37. (2) Will artificial intelligence pose a threat to humanity? | The Tylt

38. (2) Why Elon Musk Thinks Robots Are A Threat to Humanity | Thrive Global

39. (2) Tech Leaders Call AI and Automation a Threat to Human Life

40. (2) AI is a threat to humanity, depending on how you define it

41. (2) Americans say AI poses greater job threat than immigration – Axios

42. (1) The increasing use of artificial intelligence is stoking privacy concerns in China | South China Morning Post

43. (1) Artificial Intelligence Poses Big Threat to Society, Warn Leading Scientists

44. (1) Almost Half of Americans Believe that Artificial Intelligence Poses a Threat to the Survival of Humanity — SYZYGY New York

45. (1) Does Artificial Intelligence Pose A Threat? Its Biases Could Be The Biggest Issue Of All

46. (1) Is Artificial Intelligence a Threat to Marketers Jobs? | Intellimize