The Future of Space Exploration

The Future of Space Exploration
The Future of Space Exploration Image link: https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature\u003d7109
C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • Vice President Mike Pence and our administrator Jim Bridenstine, visited the Johnson Space Center in Houston on Aug. 23, to discuss the future of human space exploration and the agency?s plans to return to the Moon, as a forerunner to future human missions to Mars.(More…)
  • Weibel says younger astronauts she has interviewed are less likely to invoke their predecessor?s convictions about the future of American space travel.(More…)
  • All About Space is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher.(More…)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • NASA and Darpa head up two programs that aim to service satellites in space.(More…)
  • Space X launches have successfully ferried supplies and equipment to the ISS. If this launch is a success, it will mark the first time since the end of the Shuttle program that the U.S. has had the capability to put humans in space.(More…)

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KEY TOPICS

Vice President Mike Pence and our administrator Jim Bridenstine, visited the Johnson Space Center in Houston on Aug. 23, to discuss the future of human space exploration and the agency?s plans to return to the Moon, as a forerunner to future human missions to Mars. [1] As part of his trip to Texas, Vice President Mike Pence visit’s Houston’s Johnson Space Center to talk about the future of human space exploration. [2]

This week astronauts and space engineers will unlock the mystery of those minerals as they start an ESA geology field training course to prepare for future exploration of the Moon, Mars and asteroids. [3]

WASHINGTON, Aug. 21, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — Vice President Mike Pence, with NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, will visit NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston Thursday, Aug. 23, to discuss the future of human space exploration and the agency’s plans to return to the Moon as a forerunner to future human missions to Mars. [4] With the growth of private companies like Virgin Galactic and their decision to launch future space tourism flights from Italy Caribbean nations could look upon this chapter of space exploration as an opportunity to build commercial links that offer mutual benefit to private business, and local communities keen to grow jobs in this emerging sector. [5] Trump may envision a future that requires a military “Space Force,” but Reisman?s vision is more like Star Trek than Starship Troopers –peaceful exploration powered by the reusable rockets currently under development, not military weaponization. [6] Reisman stressed that Space X and the other private sector space companies are still working in close partnership with NASA. A new Space X rocket capable of sending two humans into orbit will be carrying NASA astronauts when it launches in the near future. [6] This isn?t the future that requires President Donald Trump?s military Space Force, but one that continues to develop the goals established by NASA in the 1950s: returning to the Moon, sending humans to Mars, and propelling the human race into space as an interplanetary civilization. [6]

Fifty-seven years after Soviet and American astronauts reached outer space for the first time, politicians and civilians alike are still asking the same question : “Why should we spend resources on space exploration when there?s so much need on Earth?” In the 1960s, the answer reflected Cold War tensions and the militarization of space, as well as fervent patriotism. [7] In the decades following the moon landing and first shuttle flights, the rhetoric around space exploration that had dominated during the Cold War began to fade. [8] An alumna aboard the International Space Station was live-streamed into Jack Morton Auditorium Tuesday to answer students? questions about deep space exploration. [9] To invest in space exploration is to invest in Earth and the human race. [7] As the event concluded, Camarda emphasized that space exploration is still relatively new, so humans have much to discover. [9] He also conducted two spacewalks, logging 14 hours of extravehicular activity–EVA. When he hung up his spacesuit for the last time it was to sign on with Elon Musk?s Space X, with the goal of helping to launch a new golden age of space exploration. [6]

Space exploration has become America’s unlikely new partisan battleground as fights flare over where U.S. astronauts should take the Stars and Stripes next: a new moon mission or a trip to Mars. [10] As the 2020 election looms (or possible impeachment), another change in space exploration goals could jeopardize a moon mission and travel to Mars. [10]

What is the human experience beyond the earthbound? Here, six projects from the Space Exploration Initiative at the MIT Media Lab are asking the same question and bringing possibilities to the toughest, most impossible frontier: space. [11] Space exploration ain’t cheap, even if you’re funded by one of the richest countries on Earth. [12] Credit: Rob Chron As the Space Exploration Initiative?s arts curator, what do you do? Walk us through some details of how you work and what you work on. [11] Brief talk on some key issues in space exploration and colonization. [13]

The Pentagon released a report Aug. 17 that noted China’s space industry is “making considerable progress in space lift, human spaceflight, and lunar exploration programs.” [10]

May 31: In Russia, the Nauchnoe Obozrenie (Scientific Review) magazine (No. 5) publishes the first chapter of “The Exploration of the World’s Space with Reactive Instruments” by Tsiolkovsky. [14] By illustrating that space exploration can and sometimes will end in tragedy, The First lets the players–and the viewers–devise strategies for persuading the government to try again. [7] The vice president comes from a community that cares little about space travel, according to a 2014 study by Ambrosius, the University of Dayton professor, based on data from surveys that gauged knowledge, interest, and support for space exploration among different religious groups. [8] As the Space Exploration Initiative?s arts curator, what do you do? Walk us through some details of how you work and what you work on. [15]

December: St. Petersburg-based magazine Vestnik Vozdukhoplavaniya starts publication of a second part of “Exploration of the World Space with Reactive Instruments” by Tsiolkovsky. [14] Tsiolkovsky publishes the 3rd part of the “The Exploration of the World’s Space with Reactive Instruments.” [14] A new and expanded edition of the “Exploration of the Outer Space with Reactive Vehicles” by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky is published. [14]

Halley Comet makes spectacular appearance during its close encounter with the Earth, inspiring an interest in space among many, including future German rocket pioneer Johannes Winkler. [14]

This funding will lay the ground work for future discoveries in space. [16] A lunar base would serve as lasting infrastructure that can be used for future deep-space exploration missions, says Matt Duggan, deep-space exploration architect at Boeing. [10] NASA performed a study called HOPE (Revolutionary Concepts for H uman O uter P lanet E xploration) regarding the future exploration of the Solar System. 65 The target chosen was Callisto due to its distance from Jupiter, and thus the planet’s harmful radiation. [13]

Launch Abort Test: NASA’s Orion spacecraft test module passes weight test, headed to Ohio for more work At NASA’s Johnson Space Center (JSC) work continues on preparations for a critical April 2019 launch abort test of the Orion Crew Capsule, which is being developed to launch and land astronauts assigned to future missions of human deep space exploration. [17] SAC Markup: Proposed budget gives KSC a boost toward Mars The Senate Appropriations Committee has approved $19.5 billion in spending for NASA in 2018, a measure that includes $640 million in upgrades to launch facilities at the Kennedy Space Center involved in launches of the Space Launch System and Orion spacecraft with astronauts assigned to future missions of deep space exploration. [17] Orion “Power Up”: NASA powers up spacecraft that could one day carry humans to Mars Orion, the human spacecraft that Lockheed Martin is developing for future NASA missions of human deep space exploration, was powered up in its latest configuration on Tuesday at the Kennedy Space Center. [17] Johnson leads the development of NASA’s Orion capsule, the spacecraft that is to launch and land astronauts selected for future missions of deep space exploration. [17] One of four assigned to the first stage of NASA’s Space Launch System rocket, the engine is a crucial component of the heavy lift rocket under development to start human explorers on future missions of human deep space exploration. [17] The Launch Stage Vehicle Adapter separates core and second stages of the rocket designed to start human explorers on future missions of deep space exploration. [17] Orion, which can hold up to four astronauts, is designed to start human explorers on future missions of deep space exploration. [17] Their inspiration drives us toward future deep space exploration with such initiatives as the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System, the most powerful rocket that NASA is working on now. [18] Administrator Bridenstine Tours Orion: The Future of Space Exploration NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine tours the Orion test crew capsule for the Ascent Abort-2 (AA-2) test at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. [17] Navy Supports Orion: Navy prepares for recovering NASA’s Orion Capsule Off San Diego, the Navy has joined with NASA in preparing for the future Pacific Ocean recovery of the space agency’s Orion crew exploration capsule. [17]

He praised the efforts by workers to develop the Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion crew capsule for future human deep space exploration. [17] SLS Mobile Platform: SLS mobile launch platform to go on the move this week NASA?s towering Mobile Launch Platform (MLP) was able to make its way by crawler transporter to Launch Pad 39B at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), launch site for future Space Launch System (SLS)/Orion missions with astronauts assigned to missions of deep space exploration. [17] The agency, however, intends to continue advancing some key technologies involved in the ARM mission for future human deep space exploration, including solar electric propulsion. [17]

Weibel says younger astronauts she has interviewed are less likely to invoke their predecessor?s convictions about the future of American space travel. [8] This kind of language, the invocation of past conquests to promote future ones, persists to this day, and the current White House has described the aspirations of the American space program in similar terms. [8]

What is the future of space exploration in the next 50-100 years? What possible manned missions are being proposed on planets and comets, etc. [19] India and Russia: Russia may help India to train astronauts, deputy PM says As India expands its space exploration ambitions, Russia could provide the expertise to train the country’s future astronauts, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said Wednesday. [17] America Great Again in Space: Trump administration is making America a leader in space again Early moves by the Trump White House, including budgets and a re-established National Space Council, offer encouragement for future human deep space exploration as well as a growing presence in low Earth orbit, writes Doug Cooke, an aerospace consultant and Coalition for Deep Space Exploration board member. [17] Solar Electric Propulsion: The future of deep space propulsion may soon be radically altered Solar electric propulsion is emerging as a key technology for the future human exploration of deep space. [17] Economic recovery and national security, cutting emissions and reforming immigration, there?s an endless list of issues that need to be dealt with and demand more precedence than than something like space exploration, whose effects and applications are too far in the future to be pressing concerns. [20] Share how our learnings from the Apollo era have paved the way for the future of space exploration. [18] What are the next steps in space exploration? Scientists and engineers are making steps every day towards the future of space exploration. [21] The historic Apollo lunar landing on July 20, 1969 paved the way for future space exploration and opened the door to boundless curiosity and discovery. [18]

Exploration Habitat: Lockheed Martin gives first look into where astronauts may live on missions to deep space Lockheed Martin is among a half dozen companies under contract to NASA to develop prototypes for a four person “RV” concept to serve as a habitat for U.S. space explorers who depart NASA’s planned human tended, Lunar Gateway for destinations deeper into space. [17] SLS Testing: New SLS engine controller tested in hold-down firing Engineers at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in Mississippi completed a 500-second test firing Thursday of an RS-25 engine, one of the four that will power the first stage of the Space Launch System (SLS), an essential part of U.S. human deep space exploration plans. [17] The large rocket, cornerstone of plans to launch humans on missions of deep space exploration, is being prepared for its first unpiloted test flight in late 2018. [17] Work is underway at NASA’s Johnson Space Center on the spacecraft that is to start human explorers on new missions of deep space exploration. [17] Moon/Mars Exploration : Senators insist Mars, not the Moon, is the goal of U.S. human exploration The Senate Space Committee met for a hearing on NASA’s deep space exploration plans, especially the agency’s enthusiasm for reaching Mars with astronauts. [17] Deep Space Exploration: Lunar exploration tech tops NASA’s “Tipping Point” funding list NASA awarded $44 million in Tipping Point awards August 8 to U.S. companies with technologies useful in the human exploration of deep space. [17] The SLS and Orion are under development at NASA to start humans on new missions of deep space exploration. [17] Harrison Schmitt, a geologist and the only scientist/NASA astronaut to participate in the six Apollo missions that landed on the moon, explains his enthusiasm for a resurgence of human deep space exploration. [17] Trump policy directive makes moon NASA’s official goal for human exploration “After 45 years, it is time to return humans to the region of the moon even as we look toward Mars,” stated Dr. Mary Lynne Dittmar, president and CEO of the Coalition for Deep Space Exploration, who was among those gathered at the White House on Monday for President Trump’s remarks. [17] China?s Space Program: A growing competition: China and the U.S. space program, year by year A chronology of global space exploration milestones reveals that China is catching up with plans to establish a space station and explore the moon with humans. [17] NASA establishes advisory group for National Space Council The panel will consist of up to 30 member selected to advise the new National Space Council on aerospace topics, including the impacts of U.S. and international laws and regulations, national security space priorities relating to the civil and commercial space sectors, scientific and human space exploration priorities, and ways to bolster support for U.S. space priorities and leadership in space. [17] SLS is a cornerstone of NASA’s plans to resume human deep space exploration with journeys to lunar orbit and Mars by the mid-2030s. [17] SLS and Orion are cornerstones of U.S. human deep space exploration plans in the 2020s and beyond. [17] Four of the engines will power the core stage of the Space Launch System (SLS) that will launch the Orion capsule and its crews on missions of deep space exploration. [17] Senate Letter to President: Hatch Urges Continued Support of Space Exploration in Letter to President Trump Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT), the senior Republican in the United States Senate, led 23 of his colleagues in a letter to President Trump highlighting the importance of space exploration infrastructure, including the Space Launch System (SLS), the Orion Spacecraft, and the Exploration Ground System (EGS). [17]

Space Mining Program: School of Mines hopes to launch first-ever space mining program Based in Golden, the Colorado School of Mines plans a new graduate program in the identification and extraction of resources from the moon and other solar system bodies that can be used to support deep space exploration, including water, metals and fuels. [17] China?s Exploration Program: China’s super-sized space plans may involve help from Russia China has plans to develop a super rocket, the Long March 9, for missions to establish a human base on the Moon and travel to Mars. [17] SLS – The Right Rocket: The right rocket for the Moon and Mars Exploration of deep space has very different requirements than space transportation to low Earth orbit – including extremely robust systems to manage risk to the astronauts, large scale infrastructure needs, and providing sufficient supplies and propellant for missions beyond low Earth orbit, writes Jack Schmitt. [17] “Regardless of any price-per-pound comparison that may be alleged, SLS is not only competitive with Falcon Heavy and other commercial rockets, but superior to them for human exploration mission requirements in deep space,” he concludes. [17]

Israel Lunar Exploration: NASA could be Israel’s ticket to space Israel recently joined other nations expecting to become a part of NASA’s deep space objectives, including the assembly of a human tended, Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (LOP-G). [17]

Russia?s Exploration Program: Head of Russia’s Roscosmos discusses joint projects with India and Japan The heads of Roscosmos, the Russian federal space agency, and his Japanese and Indian space agency counterparts discussed future cooperation in space, including human exploration programs while in Vienna for the United Nations’ UNISPACE symposium. [17] India?s Exploration Program: India aims to send its first crewed mission to space by 2022 India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the goal of launching the nation’s first astronaut by 2020 during the nation’s 72nd Independence Day celebration in New Deli. [17] Mars Exploration: Astronauts join debate on how and if humans will get to Mars The discussion at the Armstrong Space Symposium on May 11 turned to humanity’s next destination in space, the moon or Mars, and whether it will have government or commercial leadership. [17]

The nonprofit science and space exploration learning center is leading the fundraising to restore Historic Mission Control and preserve this National Historic Landmark, which changed the course of human history. [18] Stay the Course: Continue America’s Progress in Space Current U.S. space policy, in which government investments are committed to human and planetary science deep space exploration objectives, serves a range of national interests, from national security to scientific discovery and a stronger economy. [17] Trump’s moon directive earns praise from NASA, others NASA, contractor Lockheed Martin, the Coalition for Deep Space Exploration and at least two key lawmakers praised President Trump’s Space Policy Directive-1, which was issued Monday on the 45th anniversary of the Apollo 17 moon landing. [17] Visits NASA KSC: Pence: ‘We will put American boots on the face of Mars’ Vice President Mike Pence’s pledge to put American boots on Mars as part of a new era of space exploration fired up workers during a visit to NASA’s Kennedy Space Center. [17] Space Center Houston is a nonprofit science and space exploration learning center, a Smithsonian Affiliate, the Official Visitor Center of NASA Johnson Space Center and a Certified Autism Center. [18]

Elon Musk?s space exploration company SpaceX annnounced on Thursday that it had signed up the world?s first private passenger for a trip around the moon. [22] Coalition for Deep Space Exploration: AIA, CSE call on Trump administration to support space exploration road map With the broad support of the Aerospace Industries Association and the Citizens for Space Exploration, the Coalition for Deep Space Exploration is offering a bipartisan space road map with seven proposals for the new administration of President-elect Trump and Congress to advance human space exploration. [17] “I believe our country is ready for another great leap, another John Glenn moment in history and another presidential commitment to space worthy of our great nation,” writes Aldrin, an advocate for human deep space exploration. [17] Health Care Benefits: 5 health care developments that were born in space Among the dividends from U.S. human space exploration are advances in health care, including robotic surgery and countermeasures for asthma and osteoporosis. [17] The intent is to provide an easy, quick way to stay abreast of key human space exploration program and policy developments. [17] “Those guidelines leave plenty of room for the next administration to put its mark on America’s human space exploration program without ripping it up at the roots,” he writes of the 2010 policy objectives. [17] ISS: Welcome to the New Space Age Human space exploration should go far beyond the ISS. Just how big a space economy could get is impossible to know, though Morgan Stanley released a study last year estimating that revenue from the global industry will increase to at least $1.1 trillion by 2040, more than triple the figure in 2016. [17]

Lunar Gateway Solar Electric Module: Aerojet Rocketdyne demonstrates electric propulsion capabilities for future deep space missions Aerojet Rocketdyne reports a successful integration test of the solar electric, propellant efficient propulsion technology it is preparing for NASA?s human tended lunar Gateway, which is to be assembled in orbit around the Moon beginning in 2022. [17] Rep. Bridenstine on Space: Bridenstine: This is our Sputnik moment & the Moon will ensure U.S. preeminence in space Human cislunar and lunar activities, including the industrial extractions of ice from the Moon’s poles to produce propellants to re-fuel satellites and valuable platinum metals for high tech applications, are essential to America’s future pre-eminence in space, according to Rep. Jim Bridenstine. [17]

Russia and Lunar Exploration: Russia’s lunar rover will help stake a claim on the Moon Russia’s space industry will resume development of a lunar rover, machinery to further a human moon landing and construction of a lunar base in the 2030s. [17] The directive calls on the nation to return to the lunar surface to prepare for the human exploration of Mars and other deep space destinations. [17]

While endorsing President Trump’s plans to establish a U.S. military Space Force, he stressed that NASA is focused on exploration, science and technology development. [17] Described at the recently concluded Space Commerce Conference and Exposition, the plan could become part of a larger public/private push to expand human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. [17] It is our gateway to human exploration of the solar system and an incubator for the commercial development of space beyond telecommunications. [17]

Commercial sector advances into Low Earth Orbit are equally significant, serving a range of stakeholders — from taxpayers to innovation minded entrepreneurs and investors, writes Mary Lynne Dittmar, executive director of the Coalition for Deep Space Exploration. [17] The Coalition for Deep Space Exploration and Commercial Spaceflight Federation are among those applauding the choice. [17] The proposed payloads must further U.S. deep space exploration goals. [17] Why a Gateway? As NASA?s Gateway keeps popping up in the news, it is worthwhile to explain what Gateway is and how it fits into the overarching plan for deep space exploration. [21] The NASA space exploration budget isn?t as well-endowed as one could wish. [20] Keep Exploring: Ex-NASA official at CU’s Conference on World Affairs: ‘We have to keep exploring’ Former NASA Deputy Administrator Dava Newman told the audience at the University of Colorado at Boulder’s Conference on World Affairs that space exploration must go forward. [17] What does that mean for space exploration, and what does our history in space teach us about the wisdom of such an effort? Space exploration and the environmental movement have long been intertwined, with the latter galvanized by space-based imagery like the Apollo 17 crew’s Blue Marble photo of the full Earth disk and the Voyager mission’s Pale Blue Dot image of Earth taken across 4 billion miles (6 billion kilometers) of our solar system. [22] A science and space exploration learning center to more than 250,000 students and teachers from all over the world. [18] The Coalition for Deep Space Exploration is comprised of aerospace industry companies that are collaborating to advance the cause of space exploration. [21] China and Space: In Beijing, China rolls out the red carpet and a comprehensive space plan Chinese presentations before the June meeting of the Global Space Exploration Conference in Beijing revealed a clear direction and high level backing for a range of space activities. [17] Citizens for Space Exploration – a pro-space, taxpayer, grassroots advocacy group ( www.citizensfor space.org ) – has travelled to Washington, D.C. the past 24 years to meet face-to-face with Members/staff of Congress to discuss the value of America?s investment in space exploration. [17] If we face continuing degradation of the support systems humanity and everything else alive depend on, decreasing farmland productivity due to heat, drought, flooding and whatnot, and hundreds of millions of climate refugees, I?m really not sure space exploration will be anywhere on anyone?s agenda. [19]

With its versatility, the concept has engaged U.S. aerospace companies, who’ve submitted proposals for the essential PPE module through NASA’s Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships, or NextSTEP initiative. [17] While the study of space is carried out mainly by astronomers with telescopes, the physical exploration of space is conducted both by unmanned robotic space probes and human spaceflight. [22]

Scientists are comparing Scott and Mark down to the genetic level in order to help prepare future astronauts for month’s to year’s long missions to deep space destinations. [17] Deep Space Gateway: Scientists and engineers push for servicing and assembly of future space observatories At the American Astronomical Society meeting in Maryland this week, a group of astronomers and engineers urged NASA to consider the in space assembly and servicing of future space telescopes by astronauts. [17]

The lawmaker spoke Thursday during a U.S. House Science, Space and Technology Committee hearing on NASA’s future. [17] Goals of NASA’s Advanced Plant Habitat include developing a source of nutrition for future human deep space explorers as well as a natural means of recycling breathing air and drinking water. [17]

Vice President Mike Pence greets NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine before speaking to NASA’s Johnson Space Center employees about the future of human space exploration Thursday in Houston. [23] Astronauts listen as Vice President Mike Pence gives a speech at NASA’s Johnson Space Center to discuss the future of human space exploration Thursday Aug. 23, 2018 in Houston. [23] Vice President Mike Pence walks to the podium before speaking to NASA’s Johnson Space Center employees about the future of human space exploration at Teague Auditorium Thursday Aug. 23, 2018 in Houston. [23] Vice President Mike Pence visited NASA?s Johnson Space Center in Houston on Aug. 23, 2018, to discuss the future of space exploration and other elements of human spaceflight. [24]

“While these key technologies will support NASA?s science and human exploration missions in the future, these awards are yet another example of NASA?s commitment to our nation?s growing commercial space industry today,” Bridenstine said in a statement. [25] Become a member of The Planetary Society and together we will create the future of space exploration. [26] There have been have a real club policy and pulled out future space exploration. [27]

All About Space is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. [28] Join us as we meet with members of the American Astronomical Society and the American Astronautical Society to discuss the future of humanity’s efforts in space and science. [29]

In order to sustain that dialogue on a regular basis, Citizens distributes “Space Exploration Update” to Congressional offices on a weekly basis. [17] Space Council: Space groups hailing appointment of Scott Pace as National Space Council executive Exploration advocates back the Trump Administration’s choice of Scott Pace to lead the recently re-established White House National Space Council. [17] Even if the most optimistic scenario plays out, reaching space for exploration for any purpose will still be an incredibly expensive endeavor and will continue to be conducted by collaborating nation states. [19] Those include continued efforts to develop and flight test NASA’s Space Launch System exploration rocket and Orion crew capsule; launch the James Webb Telescope in late 2018; make the most of the International Space Station to advance space technologies and foster more commercial activity in low Earth orbit; as well as streamline NASA’s bureaucracy and procurement processes. [17] Orion Space Suit: Orion spacesuits put to a vacuum test at NASA At NASA’s Johnson Space Center, engineers test an advanced version of the agency’s space shuttle space suit for use by astronauts assigned to flights aboard the Orion crew exploration capsule. [17] Exploration Space Suit: Vest designed to protect female astronauts from radiation being launched into space As part of Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1), the first joint mission of NASA’s Orion capsule and Space Launch System (SLS), the crew capsule will be vacant. [17] Orion EM-2 Capsule: The capsule astronauts will ride to return to the Moon has arrived at Kennedy Space Center The Orion capsule structure for Exploration Mission-2 (EM-2), the first astronaut crewed mission of Orion with the Space Launch System (SLS) on a mission around the Moon, has arrived at NASA?s Kennedy Space Center (KSC). [17]

EM-1 Crew Logo/Crew Patch: NASA’s Space Launch System rocket and Orion crew vehicle gets maiden mission patch NASA’s Exploration Mission-1, the first joint test flight of the Space Launch System rocket and Orion crew capsule, now has an official logo and patch. [17] Flying Crew on EM-1: NASA’s study of adding crew to EM-1 is completed, awaiting response NASA’s assessment of whether it can add astronauts to EM-1, the first joint test flight of the Space Launch System and Orion crew exploration capsule, is complete and has been briefed to the White House as well as top agency leadership, though not yet been made public. [17]

At Michoud, nearly 3,500 workers are involved in the production of the Space Launch System’s first stage rocket and the pressure vessel for the Orion crew exploration capsule. [17] Meanwhile assembly and testing of an Orion spacecraft move forward ahead of the capsule’s first uncrewed test flight atop a Space Launch System exploration rocket in late 2018. [17] SLS Test: Space Launch System engine test brings out a rainbow NASA conducted its first 2017 ground test firing of an RS-25 rocket engine, which is like those that will power the first stage of the Space Launch System (SLS) exploration rocket. [17] SLS Testing: NASA shows how close its SLS rocket is to getting a ‘fatal’ squeeze Experts at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center are bringing first-stage components of the giant Space Launch System (SLS) exploration rocket together for a series of ground tests that will simulate launch like conditions. [17] SLS Hardware: Marshall Space Flight Center unveils largest SLS hardware NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center displayed its largest piece of hardware assembled for the Space Launch System exploration rocket. [17]

Lunar Exploration: The moon is the gateway to NASA’s exploration future While awaiting exploratory direction from the Trump White House, NASA is planning how human operations in the lunar environs of the Earth can support the future exploration of Mars. [17] Lunar Exploration: Moon is star of congressional hearing on NASA’s future The U.S. should return human explorers to the moon’s surface, according to Jim Bridenstine, the Oklahoma congressman often mentioned as the Trump administration’s choice to become NASA administrator. [17]

Gateway to Mars: Preparing for the Deep Space Gateway NASA’s Flexible Deep Space Gateway, a lunar orbiting NASA space station, would be the link between the International Space Station and future missions to the Martian environs with human explorers. [17] China?s Space Program: China to conduct at least four manned spaceflight missions in five years China plans four or more human space flight missions in the near future to assemble a new space station, China’s first astronaut Yang Liwei said Tuesday. [17]

Safety Report: NASA safety advisory group raises concerns about SpaceX rocket fueling process In its annual safety report to Congress, the NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel raises concerns about SpaceX’s fueling protocol for future agency contracted Commercial Crew Program launches of astronauts to low Earth orbit destinations, including the International Space Station. [17] Antares Resupply Missions: Antares to resume Cygnus launches later this summer Orbital ATK has announced it plans to resume use of the company’s Antares launch vehicle as well as the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at NASA’s Wallops Island, Va., launch complex for future re-supply missions to the International Space Station. [17]

China?s Exploration Program: China readying for space station era: Yang Liwei China intends to launch the core module for its new space station in 2020, according to Yang Liwei, director of the China Manned Space Engineering Office and the China’s first astronaut. [17] Mars Exploration: ASAP on board with NASA’s DSG as stepping stone to Mars NASA’s Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel has expressed support for the agency’s Deep Space Gateway, a lunar orbiting, human tended space station planned for the 2020s. [17] These traditional and new space companies received four month contracts from NASA to develop options for expanding commercial opportunities in low Earth orbit that will support NASA’s needs as well as those of investors, allowing the space agency to transition its human exploration focus to deep space. [17]

Orion EM-1 Vehicle Progress: Orion deep in processing for EM-1, planning for following missions As Vice President Mike Pence visited the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), one of the welcoming party, the Orion crew module, is fast taking shape ahead of its Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) flight. [17] Lunar Exploration: Chris Hadfield: We should live on the moon before a trip to Mars Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield urges space policy experts to consider human expeditions to the moon before setting out for Mars. [17] ” While robotic explorers have studied Mars for more than 40 years, NASA?s path for the human exploration of Mars begins in low-Earth orbit aboard the International Space Station,” state?s NASA?s “Journey to Mars” page. [20] China?s Exploration Program: China’s 18th space launch of 2018 carries two technology test satellites into orbit from Xichang China launched a pair of technology demonstration satellites from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center atop a Long March 2C rocket. [17] The ICPS will serve as the upper stage for the first test launch of NASA’s Space Launch System exploration rocket in late 2018. [17] Orion Service Module: Orion service module engine shipped to Europe The NASA-furnished rocket engine that will fit onto the Orion capsule slated for a crucial late 2018 unpiloted test launch of the Space Launch System exploration rocket has been shipped to Europe. [17] The measure supports work on the Space Launch System exploration rocket as well as an Enhanced Upper Stage, the Orion crew exploration vehicle and the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. [17] A special provision would enable NASA’s Space Launch System, Orion and new ground support programs to spend at rates needed to support the planned November 2018 launch of Exploration Mission-1. [17] Exploration Mission-1: Digging into the details of Orion’s EM-1 test flight NASA’s Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) is shaping up into rigorous test of not only NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion capsule, but also their integration with the European Service Module that will provide in-space power and propulsion. [17] Orion and ESA service module flight hardware will come together at Glenn late next year for more testing ahead of Exploration Mission-1, a late 2018 uncrewed test flight of the Space Launch System, Orion and the service module. [17]

In Europe, that means transitioning from the International Space Station to a global village on the moon for exploration, science and new commerce. [17] Exploration and Commercialization: Made in Space The International Space Station (ISS) serves two critical roles for pioneering space development. [17]

Russia?s Exploration Program: Putin challenges Roscosmos to “drastically improve” on space and launch Russian President Vladimir Putin called on Roscosmos, the Russian federal space agency, to improve its performance in the development of new rockets, including the Angara, which is to replace the troubled Proton. [17] Europe and Lunar Exploration: Europe’s bold plan for a Moon base is coming together As a global community, we’ve reached Space 4.0, according to European Space Agency Director General Jan Woerner. [17] These issues are extremely important as we plan for exploration to the Moon and Mars as well as for commercial space travel. [29]

Lunar Exploration: Blue Origin targets Moon landing by 2023 as an early step toward lunar settlement Blue Origin intends to carry out a lunar landing within 5 years to demonstrate capabilities to soft land multi ton payloads, a requirement for future human settlements on the Moon. [17] The DSG is to serve as a terminal for human and robotic exploration of the lunar surface as well as a departure point for future human missions to the Martian realm. [17]

Mars Exploration: Life on Mars Six volunteers are living in isolation on Hawaii’s Mauna Loa volcano as part of a NASA funded study to prepare for the future human exploration of Mars. [17] Those plans should reveal what kinds of resources might be available for exploration, though the report concludes that as a discretionary enterprise NASA could face a bleak future. [17]

SpaceX at KSC: SpaceX unveils plans for massive upgrade to Kennedy Space Center operations SpaceX plans a significant commercial space development at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in support of future Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy operations. [17] Dream Chaser: Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser on the move in California Sierra Nevada’s future commercial cargo carrier to the International Space Station, the Dream Chaser, is undergoing runway evaluations at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The winged reusable re-supply vehicle is designed to launch from Florida on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V and land on a runway. [17] HOUSTON, Sept. 17, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — KBR, Inc. (KBR) announced today that its global government services business, KBRwyle, has been awarded a contract to study the future of commercial enterprise in low-Earth orbit (LEO), including long-range opportunities for the International Space Station (ISS). [22]

Space Policy: NASA invests in concepts for a vibrant future commercial space economy NASA has announced an estimated $11 million investment in 13 companies poised to expand the U.S. space economy into low Earth orbit. [17] Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump weigh in on U.S. space policy The U.S. presidential contenders address questions about NASA as well as military space funding and future goals. [17]

The module was expanded to kick-off a two year evaluation of its suitability for use by astronauts as an in space habitat and/or orbital module for a future space stations. [17] NASA is evaluating several proposals for space habitats suitable for future Earth orbit space stations, lunar orbiting habitats or habitats shepherding explorers to Mars. [17] Operations Beyond 2024: Congress Mulls Options for Space Station Beyond 2024 The future of the International Space Station beyond 2024 was the focus of a congressional hearing. [17] The maneuver set the stage for an important part of future commercial space station operations. [17] Senator Nelson on Space: Senator Nelson discusses space travel future Senator Bill Nelson of Florida envisions the U.S. regaining a human space launch capability within 18 months. [17]

The welding tool for the first stage of the Space Launch System exploration rocket towers 170 feet [17] Wishful thinking collides with policy, economic realities in ‘Capitalism in Space’ Scott Pace, director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University, assesses the role of government and the private sector in current space activities and those planned to resume the human exploration of deep space. [17] Technicians and engineers in Exploration Ground Systems at the agency?s Kennedy Space Center recently tested the crucial arm, confirming it worked as designed. [17]

A Chinese robotic lunar sample return is possible by 2019, accompanying planned reconnaissance of the lunar poles for the identification of resources for future exploration. [17]

The monthly Space Policy Edition takes you inside the DC beltway where the future of the U.S. space program hangs in the balance. [30] In mid-August, NASA named SSL as one of its six U.S. industry partners under a $44 million program that aims to develop 10 tipping point” technologies that “significantly benefit the commercial space economy,” as well as support lunar lander, deep space rocket engine, and other future NASA objectives. [25] Would you want to live as if we?re in the 1940s? I mean, no more satellite communications networks, weather satellites, GPS, live international news, flight information etc? What?s more, no more deep space probes and future missions to the moon or Mars are impossible. [31]

These dates commemorate two events: ? October 4, 1957: The launch of the first human-made Earth satellite, Sputnik 1, beginning the space age, and opening the way for space exploration. ? October 10, 1967: The signing of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. [32] Although they are tiny, they pose a significant threat to space exploration, because the average velocity of micrometeoroids relative to a spacecraft in orbit is 10 kilometers per second (22,370 mph or 36,000 km/h). [31] Bob worked so what you consider to be the beginning of space exploration is it when the first stargazers. [27] This space alliance will not only reduce the cost of space exploration but also monetize it by gaining access to the almost limitless mineral wealth that exists on the moon and asteroids. [33] When space exploration began, there was no way of dealing with the vehicles, or, jettisoned rocket parts, once they completed their jobs. [31] Haskins goes further, however, and suggests that space exploration and colonization are inherently evil because they divert money needed for social programs, presumably including “Medicare for All.” [33] When we come back bring Bob Zimmerman into the program again we’re going to be talking about space exploration history of it. [27] Represent in the sixties in the beginning of the space exploration began is C recognition and support as well you know again that the black. [27] This domino effect and feedback runaway can create a physically impassable barrier in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Notes 2 to space exploration that occurs in higher orbits. [31]

Empowering the world’s citizens to advance space science and exploration. [26]

Not only what has been done to date but also what we might be doing in the very very near future wind sub Bob Zimmerman he’s a space historian. [27] A great thanks for coming up yeah and before we get into space in the future and all those good things I wanna learn a little bit more about you because your story begins from what I understand at least the store but they’re the kind of the professional part of it. [27]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

NASA and Darpa head up two programs that aim to service satellites in space. [34] NASA’s Restore-L is billed as a peaceful program with a goal for servicing satellites, with bots produced by Space Systems Loral (SSL) in Palo Alto, California. [34] Because space is so transparent, countries that launch their satellites assume everyone will play fair, and that’s worked out OK so far given the current problems of the world. [34]

I?m going to make you a promise – soon and very soon American astronauts will return to space on American rockets launched from American soil.” [1] Restore-L could pioneer the way for manufacturing centers and refueling stations, as well as clean up dangerous space debris. [34] The space bot doc comes equipped with robotic dexterous arms, a toolkit, autonomous navigation and propellant to fuel up spacecraft out of gas. [34] NASA’s Restore-L launches in the mid-2020s, while Darpa’s RSGS takes its shot into space in 2021. [34] Darpa’s RSGS, known as the Robotic Servicing of Geosynchronous Satellites, conducts house calls in space with its robotic servicing vehicle (RSV). [34] Currently, satellites are shipped off into space, and engineers hope they’re built to last. [34] Like a more modern colonial period doctor, the space bot will travel to service and repair satellites. [34]

In the coming decades, the world’s largest space agencies all have some rather big plans. [3] Engineers now want to make a “doctor” space robot to service them, and that’s not the Time Lord kind of doctor. [34]

This image of Earth taken by ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst from the International Space Station was shared on Alexander’s social media channels in June 2018. [3] On Aug. 22, cameras aboard the International Space Station captured views of Hurricane Lane churning in the Pacific Ocean – south of the Hawaiian Islands. [1]

The geologic traverses will be also similar to future lunar missions,” he adds. [3] “We integrate science and operations, and try to find the right balance for missions in the near future,” says course director Francesco Sauro. [3]

Water on the lunar surface would possibly be accessible to future explorers and could be potentially easier to access than the water previously detected beneath the Moon?s surface. [1] A future demo will take place with the Landsat-7 satellite. [34]

“We?re on the cusp of a new golden age of exploration – I believe it with all of my heart and we?ve got the courageous astronauts that are ready to lead us there again. [1] This year’s edition starts in the Ries crater, in Germany, providing greater relevance to impact cratering – a key topic for lunar geological exploration. [3]

Space X launches have successfully ferried supplies and equipment to the ISS. If this launch is a success, it will mark the first time since the end of the Shuttle program that the U.S. has had the capability to put humans in space. [6] March 7: NASA launches the Orbiting Solar Observatory, OSO-1, the first space mission dedicated to study solar electromagnetic radiation. [14] Clearly NASA is sharing deep space with commercial companies as evident by the PPE build & launch (which did get mention), Next Step and CLPS programs all working public private partnerships. [35]

Mission control maintains communications with the spacecraft for 82 hours until the distance of 655,000 kilometers from Earth and downlinks useful space radiation data. [14] In more time recent times, notable luminaries of space science, like Trinidadian spacecraft engineer Camille Wardrop just three years old when the moon landing occurred show on an individual level the contribution the people of the Caribbean can make in this field. [5] June 16-19: Valentina Tereshkova, the world’s first woman in space completes orbital flight onboard Vostok-6 spacecraft. [14] Nov. 26: A Diamant rocket orbits the first French satellite, the A-1, making the country the third space power. [14] March 25: Russia launches its first solid-propellant space rocket Start-1 from Plesetsk. [14] The agency also cancels all Shuttle launches with commercial payloads, the Centaur space tug for the Shuttle and all Shuttle missions from Vandenberg AFB in California. [14] While this is a misconception the perpetual orbit of the ISS launched in 1998 alone shows the tremendous progress that has been made since the Apollo missions finished their launches in December 1972 it is also a reality that popular support for space programmes among taxpayers will always be linked to delivering “wow? results. [5] Aun-Chancellor also discussed the sacrifices astronauts make to embark on missions to space. [9] Before his death in 2004, former NASA astronaut turned diver Gordon Cooper made maps of Caribbean waters while he was in space, recording anomalies that he held to be shipwrecks. [5]

“I?ve been saying for years now that water is the oil of space,” says Sowers, adding: “If NASA?s plans are to create a permanent human presence on the Moon, the first thing NASA needs to do is build a production facility for propellant.” [36] “Is it cheaper to launch rocket fuel from the Earth, or is it cheaper to launch the equipment into space one time and then maintain that equipment and use it to continually create rocket fuel in space?” Based on analysis done by Metzger, Brisset, and Sowers, they estimate that it?ll take a decade for investing in Moon mining to be profitable. [36] Making rocket propellant out of the water on the Moon could drastically cut down on the cost of doing ambitious missions in space. [36] A major export of the initial space settlement designs was anticipated to be large solar power satellites that would use wireless power transmission (phase-locked microwave beams or lasers emitting wavelengths that special solar cells convert with high efficiency) to send power to locations on Earth, or to colonies on the Moon or other locations in space. [13] Louis J. Halle, formerly of the United States Department of State, wrote in Foreign Affairs (Summer 1980) that the colonization of space will protect humanity in the event of global nuclear warfare. 12 The physicist Paul Davies also supports the view that if a planetary catastrophe threatens the survival of the human species on Earth, a self-sufficient colony could “reverse-colonize” Earth and restore human civilization. [13] Many space agencies build testbeds for advanced life support systems, but these are designed for long duration human spaceflight, not permanent colonization. [13]

Obama’s NASA believed canceling the program would allow astronauts to go farther out into space sooner. [10] Physicist Dr. David Criswell, who worked for NASA during the Apollo missions, came up with the idea of using power beams to transfer energy from space. [13] The monotony and loneliness that comes from a prolonged space mission can leave astronauts susceptible to cabin fever or having a psychotic break. [13] What if instead of taking all the propellant you need with you from Earth, you refill your gas tank with propellant that?s already in space? Then, deep-space missions become more like cross-country road trips. [36] Sep. 5, 2018 – Using data from NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, an international team has discovered a new exoplanet twice the size of Earth. [37] Transporting propellant from the Moon to other locations in space is nowhere near as pricey as transporting it from Earth. [36] Some of the resulting fuel is then used to launch the rest of the water off of the Moon on a transport vehicle, sending it to whatever propellant depot needs it in space. [36] Most of the weight of a rocket at launch is just the propellant needed to get the thing into space. [36] Missions into deeper space become even more costly to pay for all the extra propellant needed to get there and the bigger rocket to house that propellant. [36] With a space tug, satellites could be deployed into much lower orbits with smaller rockets, and then a reusable rocket already in space could “tug” the probe to its final orbit in just a few days. [36] That saves satellite operators money: they don?t need as big of a rocket to get their payload into space, and they have more time to make money from their probes. [36] One idea is something called a space tug — a rocket that stays in space, refueling over and over, in order to ferry satellites to their final destinations. [36] SpaceX now regularly launches rockets, and Blue Origin is laying the groundwork for a space tourism industry. [12] By leveraging lunar ice, rockets could potentially refuel once they get to space, allowing them to reach distant locations for less money. [36]

Since the advent of the 21st-century commercialization of space, which saw greater cooperation between NASA and the private sector, several private companies have announced plans toward the colonization of Mars. [13] With federal budget deficits expected to hit $1 trillion, funding constraints could leave NASA more reliant on space companies. [10] Space companies may decide the moon-Mars debate, as NASA looks to industry for money and partnerships. [10]

Failure to launch would ground billions of dollars for U.S. space companies. [10] The Pentagon has been warning for years that a war could extend into space, destroying or disabling GPS satellites and crippling U.S. forces. [10] Amid growing alarm about U.S. vulnerabilities in space, the Trump administration plans to establish a Space Force. [10]

A propellant depot in low Earth orbit opens up a lot of opportunities for new kinds of missions in space. [36] Sep. 13, 2018 – The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has started a new mission to shed light on the evolution of the earliest galaxies in the Universe. [37]

Because of the present cost of sending anything from the surface of the Earth into orbit (around $2,500 per-pound to orbit, expected to further decrease), 5 a space colony would currently be a massively expensive project. [13] Although some items of the infrastructure requirements above can already be easily produced on Earth and would therefore not be very valuable as trade items (oxygen, water, base metal ores, silicates, etc.), other high value items are more abundant, more easily produced, of higher quality, or can only be produced in space. [13] The Russian schoolmaster and physicist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky foresaw elements of the space community in his book Beyond Planet Earth written about 1900. [13] The value of SPS power delivered wirelessly to other locations in space will typically be far higher than to Earth. [13] The National Space Society is an organization with the vision of people living and working in thriving communities beyond the Earth. [13] I want to make sense of the fact that in every moment of life?–?whether we are having lunch, listening to a concert, or falling in love?–?we are all pulled by gravity to this big rock, the Earth, and are floating, spinning in the massive emptiness of space. [11]

Nuclear submarines use mechanical life support systems to support humans for months without surfacing, and this same basic technology could presumably be employed for space use. [13] Space settlements would have to provide for nearly all (or all) the material needs of hundreds or thousands of humans, in an environment out in space that is very hostile to human life. [13] All the imaginings we have about space are about human experience, ultimately. [11]

For both solar thermal and nuclear power generation in airless environments, such as the Moon and space, and to a lesser extent the very thin Martian atmosphere, one of the main difficulties is dispersing the inevitable heat generated. [13] Marco Caceres, a senior space analyst at the Teal Group, said it isn’t clear what spurred Trump to propose a return to the moon. [10]

Though NASA’s budget in adjusted dollars was highest during the 1960s “space race” era, it’s held relatively steady during the decades since. [12] Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Space ’96. [13] Sowers recently did an analysis on how much it would cost to transport lunar propellant to different locations from space. [36] Although established space colonies are a stock element in science fiction stories, fictional works that explore the themes, social or practical, of the settlement and occupation of a habitable world are much rarer. [13] We also featured an arts gallery highlighting work imagining life and culture in space. [11] “We can then conclude that, under the parameters used for those simulations, a minimum crew of 98 settlers is needed for a 6,300-year multi-generational space journey towards Proxima Centauri b,” say Marin and Beluffi. [13] In the weightlessness and vacuum of space, high temperatures for industrial processes can easily be achieved in solar ovens with huge parabolic reflectors made of metallic foil with very lightweight support structures. [13] In space settlements, a life support system must recycle or import all the nutrients without “crashing.” [13] Building colonies in space would require access to water, food, space, people, construction materials, energy, transportation, communications, life support, simulated gravity, radiation protection and capital investment. [13] The closest terrestrial analogue to space life support is possibly that of a nuclear submarine. [13]

Amazon ( AMZN ) CEO Jeff Bezos is selling $1 billion a year of his own stock to fund his Blue Origin space venture. [10] Because of the speed of light limit on how fast any material objects can travel in space, intergalactic travel would either have to involve voyages lasting millions of years, 69 or a possible faster than light propulsion method based on speculative physics, such as the Alcubierre drive. [13] At our Beyond the Cradle event this year, we had a fascinating and thought-provoking arts panel wherein scholars, curators, and artists shared their thoughts with audiences from the space industry. [11]

There are yet no plans for building space colonies by any large-scale organization, either government or private. [13] Cosmic rays and solar flares create a lethal radiation environment in space. [13]

Post-Apollo 11, the USSR soon scrapped its moon landing plans and, with no other human landings having been attempted beyond the moon since, there?s been a strong perception in the minds of many that space progress has stalled. [5] Camarda, who has logged more than 333 hours in space over his career, suggested that before humans begin widespread colonization of Mars, small settlements in space can serve as laboratories to explore how different cultures interact away from Earth. [9] While the “Big Six? of space agencies in the world USA, Japan, India, Europe, Russia, and the People?s Republic of China have launched rockets, other nations have been leading contributors to the collective effort of human beings (beyond national rivalries) to progress space tech. [5] Aug. 13: NASA’s NB-52B aircraft drops a prototype of the Space Shuttle’s Solid Rocket Booster, SRB-DTV (drop test vehicle). [14] “Space is hard,” The First whispers in scene after scene, and not just once astronauts are there. [7] Oct. 30: The 7K-OK No. 6 (Kosmos-186) and the 7K-OK No. 5 (Kosmos-188) spacecraft conduct the world’s first automated docking in space. [14] July: Two cosmonauts work aboard Salyut-4, as Soviet Soyuz-19 and the U.S. Apollo spacecraft dock elsewhere in space. [14]

Following World War II the race began between the USA and the USSR to become the unquestioned leader in space technology, and be the first to land on the moon. [5] July 2: Vela satellites make first detection of a gamma-ray burst from deep space. [14] The landing of the first Mars rover on the Red Planet in 1997, and the 2012 announcement that the Voyager 1 satellite had exited our solar system and travelled into interstellar space the first known human-made object to do so have served as blockbuster pieces of news that can instantly inspire and engage all people. [5] The First makes no mention of international competition and avoids Kennedy-esque grandiloquence about needing to protect space from communism or weapons, perhaps because that would make for an easier sell. [7] Reisman compares the current space race between billionaire tech giants Musk, Richard Branson (Virgin Galactic) and Jeff Bezos (Blue Origin) as a 21st century analogy to the rapid evolution of commercial air travel between the first and second world wars. [6]

April 24-29: The Shuttle Discovery deploys Hubble Space Telescope during the STS-31 mission. [14] Serena Aun-Chancellor, who graduated from the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences in 1997, spoke at the event through a NASA downlink from space to the Media and Public Affairs Building. [9] He said humans shouldn?t fight over space but rather work collaboratively to explore it. [9] March: Tsiolkovsky works on a series of articles: “The Universe in Essays and Pictures” with a popular description of the Earth as a space body. [14] Tsiolkovsky’s work “Rocket into cosmic space” describes multi-stage rockets. [14] October: Tsiolkovsky’s work entitled “Space Rocket Trains” is published. [14]

He also shared descriptions of some of the grueling work that went into training for the program, including his determination to master that too-big EVA suit with the result of that effort being what he described as “the most fun thing of all, a space walk.” [6] He opened his talk with a humorous account of the challenges of being too short for the one-size-fits-only-tall-people EVA space suit, and poked gentle fun at Astronaut Eugene Cernan?s famous quote, ” I saw the world without any borders.” [6] He was inspired by Elon Musk?s vision and offered to bring his experience as an astronaut and his background in mechanical engineering and robotics to Musk?s Space X Company. [6] At the event, Aun-Chancellor talked about the personal challenges astronauts face in space, like the monotony of an astronaut?s daily routine and atmosphere. [9]

In so doing, The First offers new depth regarding what humanity stands to gain from investing in space exploration–and what it stands to lose. [7] While an argument in favor of private space companies is that competition will drive down prices and catalyze technological progress, The First makes it clear that even the most productive partnerships will not yield those benefits easily. [7]

Now in 2018 there is a new era and new momentum for humans to once again venture boldly into space. [5] Sept. 13: A modified F-15A Eagle No. 76-0084 aircraft accelerates to a near-Mach speed and fires an Anti-Satellite Missile, ASAT, destroying a satellite in space above the Pacific Missile Test Range off the coast of California. [14] Aug. 14: The USSR tests the Romashka thermo-electric generator designed for space applications. [14]

I’ve watched a couple of Pence’s Space Council interventions, and actually think he’s not at all “fluffy” but quite committed to a sustainable presence on the Moon which is not just “boots and flags” (most useful for the present configuration of BFR). [35] Nothing new, space Force to be set up by 2020. and the Moon by 2024 to LOP and to land and stay. and then to Mars and to the heavens. [35]

What would that mean for humanity? But that question presents a false dichotomy: either we invest in space (or going to Mars) or we invest in Earth and its people. [7] By the ancients whose religious beliefs often sought to explain strange occurrences in the sky, and more recently, by the ” Cosmists ” of the early-20th century, who believed venturing beyond Earth to conquer space was a necessary Christian undertaking. [8] I want to make sense of the fact that in every moment of life–whether we are having lunch, listening to a concert, or falling in love–we are all pulled by gravity to this big rock, the Earth, and are floating, spinning in the massive emptiness of space. [15]

I’m pretty sure he’s frustrated with SLS and likes commercial space. [35] University of Heidelberg rejects a dissertation by Hermann Oberth on a space rocket. [14] November: Walter Hohmann publishes “Die Erreichbarkeit der Himmelskorper” (The Attainability of Celestial Bodies) describing rocket motion in space. [14] Robert H. Goddard, then a high-school student, submits an article “The Navigation of Space” to Popular Science News which rejects the work. [14] It?s often little-known the role the Caribbean has played in the work of space science. [5] Feb. 18: The commission on space science is organized within the Academy of Sciences of USSR. [14]

For decades, outer space has been described by U.S. leaders as the final frontier, and so it has been infused with the characteristics that are often said to have defined other frontiers in American history: wilderness, lawlessness, unknowable perils but ample opportunity, and the stubborn, pioneering will to conquer it all. [8] If there is a core takeaway from the rise of private space business in recent years, it?s that the old way of thinking that certain nations and certain agencies can lead here is now void. [5] Jan. 13: The Soviet government approves the development of the Bion retrievable satellite for life-science experiments in space. [14] July 22: 4th European Space Conference opens in Brussels, to discuss merging of ELDO, ESRO and European Conference on Satellite Communications, CETS, into a new European Space Organisation. [14]

Contribution to a new era of space tech does not necessarily demand local launches or the in-person presence it once did. [5] Obama encouraged such partnerships in his 2010 space speech, and launches have increased dramatically since private companies got into the space transport market. [7]

Ambrosius did find one measure on which evangelicals edged out the other groups: support for space nationalism. [8] June 30, just after 7 a.m. local time: A space object (probably an iron-rich meteor) enters the Earth’s atmosphere and explodes at an altitude of around six or eight kilometers over Kamennaya Tunguska river in Central Siberia in what becomes known as the Tunguska Event. [14] For the first time since the last NASA space shuttle launch in 2011, the U.S. will be able to send American astronauts into space from U.S. soil and we?ll bring home that American flag we left up there several years ago. [38] May 26: In the USSR, Mikhail Tikhonravov reports on the near-term possibility to launch artificial satellite of the Earth, manned spacecraft, space station and lunar missions. [14] This flag is still there today waiting to be returned to Earth by the first astronauts who launch to the space station from American soil. [38] In real life, the retirement of NASA?s shuttle program allowed private companies such as SpaceX to begin filling the void, first with cargo runs to the International Space Station and, if all goes as planned, eventually by bringing astronauts to Mars. [7] Former NASA astronaut Dr. Garrett Reisman has spent more than 110 days in space on board the Endeavor and Atlantis shuttles and the International Space Station (ISS). [6] May 27-June 6: NASA Space Shuttle (Mission STS-96/2A) resupplies the nascent International Space Station. [14] Nov. 20: The Zarya FGB control module, the first element of the International Space Station lifts off from Baikonur (Mission 1R). [14] July 7: Yuri Semenov, Head of NPO Energia, Russian chief human space flight contractor, and European Space Agency’s Fredrik Engstrom, Director of Space Station & Microgravity, sign agreement on missions for European astronauts to the Mir space station in 1994 in 1995. [14] June 18: Space Shuttle Challenger begins its second mission, STS-7, carrying a crew of five, including the first American woman astronaut Sally Ride. [14] April 12-14: NASA’s Space Shuttle flies its first test mission (Columbia STS-1). [14] Aug. 30: NASA’s third reusable orbiter, Space Shuttle Discovery, begins its first mission. [14] In 2011, I commanded NASA’s final space shuttle mission, bringing an end to a remarkable era in American human spaceflight. [38]

Aug. 7: NASA launches the STS-85 Shuttle mission, carrying ‘Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers & Telescopes for Atmosphere/Shuttle Pallet Satellite-2 (CRISTA-SPAS-2)’ as a prime payload on its 2nd flight, 4th mission in a cooperative venture with German space agency DARA. [14] June 15: The European Space Agency launches the first Ariane-4 rocket during V22 mission. [14] Dec. 4-15: Space Shuttle launches and docks the Unity module with PMA-1/2 docking adapters to the Zarya FGB module to form the first joint segment of the ISS during the STS-88/1A mission. [14] May 4: The Space Shuttle Atlantis launches the Magellan Venus Radar Mapper, VRM, spacecraft toward Venus during the STS-30 mission. [14]

Today, I’m part of the Boeing team that is designing and building a state-of-the-art spacecraft, the Starliner, which will safely, reliably and affordably deliver astronauts to the International Space Station from American soil once again. [38] “So imagine yourself on the International Space Station, traveling 17,500 miles an hour, orbits the Earth every 90 minutes ? Imagine yourself going outside perhaps once in a while and hanging on to the outside and viewing God?s creation, we call Earth, down below.” [8] Above, Reisman’s space selfie from on top of the International Space Station, with the ISS and Earth reflected in the helmet of his spacesuit. [6]

The International Space Station (ISS) program supports a third of Johnson?s workforce and these men and women are at the forefront of the next human space flight missions to the Moon and Mars. [16] To raise some extra cash, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine says the space agency will start looking into whether corporate sponsors could buy naming rights or brand placements for its spacecraft, or whether astronauts could appear in commercials. [12] Instead of resupplying on Earth, mining and fuel stations need to be established on asteroids to facilitate better space travel. 18 Optical mining is the term NASA uses to describe extracting materials from asteroids. [13] Amgen ( AMGN ) claimed it developed its Prolia and Xgeva osteoporosis drugs quicker in microgravity on the International Space Station than down on Earth. [10] The long-term budget plan from the Trump administration includes $2.76 billion through 2022 to build a space station in lunar orbit. [10] China plans to start assembling a space station in Earth orbit next year. [10]

NASA wouldn?t just be doing investors a favor, either: the space agency has suggested that it might need up to 100 metric tons of propellant each year to power vehicles leaving the lunar surface from a base, according to Sowers? analysis. [36]

Boeing is also building the Space Launch System, the most powerful rocket ever, for missions to deep space. [10] “I also think that a moon base goes a lot further to enabling commercial participation in a Mars trip,” he told IBD during a recent visit to Boeing’s facility near NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston. [10] With religious fervor on Thursday, Vice President Mike Pence called on staff at NASA’s Johnson Space Center to commit themselves to the moon. [10]

NASA believes by using propellant derived from asteroids for exploration to the moon, Mars, and beyond will save $100 billion. [13] In December, the Trump administration directed NASA to focus on returning to the moon for “long-term exploration and use.” [10]

The U.S. isn’t the only country reigniting lunar exploration plans. [10] This year?s edition starts in the Ries crater, in Germany, providing greater relevance to impact cratering – a key topic for lunar geological exploration. [39]

“The moon is an attractive destination for countries that haven’t engaged in exploration, precisely because it’s so close,” said Logsdon. [10]

Luna-24 completes the Soviet lunar exploration effort, becoming the last mission of the Moon Race. [14] The site later became Jet Propulsion Laboratory, JPL, the world’s leading center for robotic exploration of the solar system and beyond. [14]

Since the Trump administration was sworn in, Mike Pence has been the unofficial spokesperson for the U.S. space program, touring NASA centers and delivering remarks about the country?s ambitions on behalf of the president. [8] June 27-July 7: The U.S. Space Shuttle (STS-71) docks at the Mir space station for the first time. [14] Nov. 28: A ballistic capsule released from the Progress M-5 cargo ship for the first time automatically delivers cargo from the Mir space station. [14]

July: The first Soviet crew works onboard the military space station (Salyut-3). [14] During that flight, our crew left an American flag with the International Space Station. [38] September: Russia joins the International Space Station program. [14]

Jan. 15: NASA names 35 new astronauts for the Space Shuttle program. [14] April 4: NASA launches Challenger, its second reusable orbiter in the Space Shuttle program, which deploys the TDRS-A satellite. [14] Sept. 29: NASA resumes Space Shuttle missions after the Challenger disaster. [14]

May 1-July 23: The Enterprise, a full-scale prototype of NASA’s Space Shuttle, undergoes tests on launch pad 39A of the Kennedy Space Center. [14] Nov. 12: The Space Shuttle Columbia returns to orbit, becoming the first reusable spacecraft. [14] Feb. 20: John Glenn completes the first U.S. manned orbital space flight onboard Mercury-Atlas-6 spacecraft. [14] April 12: Yuri Gagarin completes world’s first manned space flight onboard Vostok spacecraft. [14]

November: The European modular laboratory, Spacelab, conducts its first orbital mission aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia during STS-9 mission. [14] June 2: Discovery begins the final Space Shuttle mission (STS-91) to visit to the Mir space station. [14] Once our testing has proven the safety and reliability of the Starliner, we?ll begin more regular missions to the space station. [38]

The space station is an incredible orbiting laboratory that benefits life on Earth and sets the foundation for extending human presence deeper into space. [38] April 3: The USSR launches the first Almaz space station (No. 101-01) publicly announced as Salyut-2. [14] August: The Mir space station is left unmanned for the first time since 1989. [14] Jan. 20: The Progress -1 the first cargo ship to resupply the space station is launched. [14] The USSR’s TKS heavy transport ship conducts its first docking at the unmanned Salyut-6 space station. [14]

July 29: The DOS-2 ( Salyut ) space station fails to reach orbit due to its Proton rocket failure. [14] The 3rd expedition to the Soviet Salyut-7 space station logs 237 days in orbit. [14]

Jeffrey Williams, who flew to the International Space Station four times, has spoken similarly of sensing God?s presence in space. [8] Serena Aun-Chancellor, an alumna aboard the International Space Station, answered students’ questions via livestream in the Jack Morton Auditorium Tuesday. [9]

Currently, the U.S. and International space programs rely on Russian rockets. [6] China announces its intention to compete on the international space launch market with domestically built rockets. [14]

Dec. 2-13: The Space Shuttle crew retrieves, repairs and redeploys the Hubble Space Telescope during the STS-61 mission. [14] June: The Space Shuttle Columbia flies its fourth and final test mission. [14] June 20: Space Shuttle Columbia begins the 16-day STS-78 mission. [14] Feb. 11-21: The Space Shuttle performs second servicing of the Hubble Space Telescope during the STS-82 mission. [14] March 13: The Space Shuttle Discovery begins mission STS-29 to deploy the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-4, TDRS-4. [14] Aug. 30: Space Shuttle Challenger begins its third mission, STS-8. [14]

May: Space Shuttle launches a Spartan spacecraft with an inflatable antenna experiment. [14] Aug. 1: A Japanese Cosmonaut Toyohiro Akiyama launches as part of the Soyuz TM-10 crew bound to the Mir space station. [14] July 25: The USSR launches an unmanned Almaz-T radar space station. [14]

March 22: Valery Polyakov completes a record-breaking 437-day flight aboard the Mir space station. [14]

June 14-19: Valery Bykovsky completes longest 199-hour, 81-orbit manned space flight to date, during the Vostok-5 mission. [14] He also works on problems of rocket propulsion for space flight since around 1896. [14] April: In the U.S., Hugo Gernsback, an engineer and businessman, publishes first issue of Amazing Stories, an early sci-fi magazine, which would make big contribution into popularization of space flight. [14]

St. Petersburg student Georgy Kulbush writes a report “Great Dream of Humanity – the Space Travel” featuring a depiction of a spacecraft. [14] July 3: The European Space Agency, ESA, approves the development of the Ariane-3 launch vehicle. [14]

The past century saw humans begin to claim a place among them, with the moonwalk of the Apollo crew on July 20 1969 not only an achievement in history, but a declaration of intent for the future. [5] If Reisman is right about the future, a new generation of astronauts will be needed, and soon. [6] The First cultivates viewers? understanding of what goes into a Mars mission–a subject about which we?ll be making increasingly important decisions in the future. [7]

Oct. 28: Western press reports that 500 German ballistic experts arrive at San-Rafael air base in France for future work on missiles. [14]

It?s a resource that could be incredibly valuable for future long-term missions on the Moon since water is essential for life to function here on Earth. [36] The discovery means it can be used as a water source for future lunar missions. [40]

It could also be used to help plants grow on the Moon, which are needed to nourish future lunar inhabitants. [36] If Enceladus has liquid water, it joins Mars and Jupiter’s moon Europa as one of the prime places in the Solar System to look for extraterrestrial life and possible future settlements. [13]

Transmitting solar energy wirelessly from the Earth to the Moon and back is also an idea proposed for the benefit of space colonization and energy resources. [13] Space colonization (also called space settlement, or extraterrestrial colonization ) is permanent human habitation off the planet Earth. [13] Space colonization technology could in principle allow human expansion at high, but sub-relativistic speeds, substantially less than the speed of light, c. [13] Many arguments have been made for and against space colonization. 1 The two most common in favor of colonization are survival of human civilization and the biosphere in the event of a planetary-scale disaster (natural or man-made), and the availability of additional resources in space that could enable expansion of human society. [13] The primary argument calling for space colonization is the long-term survival of human civilization. [13]

Space colonization can roughly be said to be possible when the necessary methods of space colonization become cheap enough (such as space access by cheaper launch systems) to meet the cumulative funds that have been gathered for the purpose. [13] Although there are no immediate prospects for the large amounts of money required for space colonization to be available given traditional launch costs, 70 full citation needed there is some prospect of a radical reduction to launch costs in the 2010s, which would consequently lessen the cost of any efforts in that direction. [13]

As a third generation Houstonian and the Chairman of the subcommittee that funds NASA, I am proud of the legacy of Houston?s Johnson Space Center. [16] “We really don?t need to be that concentrated everywhere,” says Phil Metzger, planetary physicist at the University of Central Florida and co-founder of NASA?s Swamp Works at Kennedy Space Center. [36]

A stalled space program could allow China, Russia and India to exploit potential fuel and mineral supplies first. [10] I am laser focused on lifting the agency above and beyond the glory days of Apollo and ensuring that the United States? space program is the best on earth. [16] Another argument for space colonization is to mitigate the negative effects of overpopulation. 23 clarification needed If the resources of space were opened to use and viable life-supporting habitats were built, Earth would no longer define the limitations of growth. [13] Many proposals, speculations, and designs for space settlements have been made through the years, and a considerable number of space colonization advocates and groups are active. [13]

The above concepts all appear limited to high, but still sub-relativistic speeds, due to fundamental energy and reaction mass considerations, and all would entail trip times which might be enabled by space colonization technology, permitting self-contained habitats with lifetimes of decades to centuries. [13] “If we flip the decision every time the president changes, we’ll end up going nowhere,” said John Logsdon, professor emeritus at George Washington University’s Space Policy Institute. [10]

“Computing the minimal crew for a multi-generational space travel towards Proxima Centauri b”. arXiv : 1806.03856. [13] “Space giants join forces to battle SpaceX: This is how cheap space travel begins”. [13]

It could be possible to build a surface base that would produce fuel for further exploration of the Solar System. [13] Science fiction typically celebrates the drama of space travel: the stomach-twisting hope of a potentially habitable planet, the enchantment and menaces of microgravity, rogue A.I., intrepid rescues, alien enemies, warp drives, wormholes. [7]

Jan. 5: President Nixon approves the development of the Space Shuttle. [14] April 22: The Space Shuttle Columbia begins its third test flight. [14]

Japan plans to join U.S.-led moon station project Japan plans to partner with NASA in the assembly of a Deep Space Gateway, a lunar orbiting human habitat. [17] Deep Space Gateway: Powering the first element of the Gateway The first element in the assembly of a NASA led, human tended Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (LOP-G) is the Power and Propulsion Element featuring solar electric propulsion. [17]

Starliner Update: United Launch Alliance (ULA) preps for the return of manned space missions from Cape Canaveral United Launch Alliance (ULA) is assembling the ground infrastructure required for the nation to resume the launch of astronauts from U.S. soil, something that has not been possible since the NASA shuttle fleet was retired in mid-2011. [17] Space Suits: Hickory-made compression suits possibly headed for outer space as NASA considers them for Orion deep-space missions Essity, a local company, appears to have a countermeasure for astronauts returning to Earth, and gravity, after long periods of weightlessness. [17] Fifty years ago (c1968) we were firing rockets like the great Atlas rocket into space, NASA launched Apollo 7, in 1968, the first manned Apollo mission. [19] When all these tests are all over, NASA may begin producing, launching, and perhaps refurbishing multiple Orion spacecrafts for regular flights to deep space. [17] Orion: Orion Parachutes Chalk Up Another Test Success in Arizona The parachute system for Orion, America?s spacecraft that will carry humans to deep space, deployed as planned at the Army Proving Ground in Yuma, Arizona. [17]

“Astronauts on the orbiting laboratory are helping us prove many of the technologies and communications systems needed for human missions to deep space, including Mars. [20] Females in Deep Space: Forget “manned” missions, females may be more mentally resilient in deep space Space radiation, cosmic as well as solar, poses health and performance threats to human explorers. [17] Solar Electric Propulsion and a new high power solar array design could transition to NASA’s plans for a Deep Space Gateway, a lunar-orbiting space operations base that could help to prepare astronauts for the two to three year red planet journey. [17]

We owe it to him to keep exploring space Apollo 11’s Buzz Aldrin recalls his long-running association with John Glenn, the Mercury astronaut and first American to orbit the Earth, in an op-ed. [17] Chinese Astronauts: China to select new astronauts in 2017 China is ready to begin a third round of astronaut selection, an announcement that comes on the heels of the country’s first mission to the recently launched Tiangong-2 space lab. [17] NASA and Israel: Bridenstine visits Israel on first foreign trip NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine concluded a two day trip to Israel, meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu among others with a goal of strengthening relations on space between the two countries and possibly flying a second Israeli astronaut. [17] Astronaut Breaks Record: Astronaut Peggy Whitson breaks NASA record for most days in space Veteran U.S. astronaut Peggy Whitson broke the record of 534 days for most career time spent in space by a U.S. astronaut early Monday. [17] Asteroid Mission: Smith, Babin question NASA assertion that scientists now support ARM Chairs of the U.S. House Science, Space and Technology Committee and its Space Subcommittee have asked NASA for documentation to back-up recent claims of new science community support for the agency’s proposed two-phase Asteroid Redirect Mission. [17] Explore the hundreds of space spinoffs that resulted because of the innovation at NASA and our missions to the moon specifically. [18]

SpaceX has signed the world?s first private passenger to fly around the Moon aboard our BFR launch vehicle–an important step toward enabling access for everyday people who dream of traveling to space. [22] Should we find some rare mineral on Mars, can you imagine the cost of that mineral to us here on Earth? Millions of pounds/dollars to launch a racket into space, then the two-way journey, 4 or five days each way for the Moon or up to eight months for Mars, with limited launch windows. [19] Russia launches work to create module for landing cosmonauts on Moon The Energia Rocket and Space Corp., of Russia, has started work on a rocket stage capable of landing and ascending from the lunar surface. [17] The announcement is reminiscent of plans announced last year to send two passengers around the Moon using the company?s Falcon Heavy rocket to blast them into space. [22]

The nonprofit will celebrate the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 with a Thought Leader Series featuring Apollo era astronauts, flight directors and flight controllers, a space film series, a moon art exhibit, and Pop-up Science Labs with hands-on STEM learning experiences. [18] If astronauts are to travel to Moon, Mars, and deep space, we need more technical capabilities like a deep space gateway. [29] BEAM is a prototype for a reinforced fabric extendable module that could shelter astronauts on missions to deep space destinations or while living on Mars and other planetary surfaces. [17] Beyond a Year in Space promises to look into the health challenges of a long mission to Mars and introduce some of the astronauts who are making preparations. [17] Space Age Hero: John Glenn, American hero, aviation icon and former U.S. senator, dies at 95 “His legend is out worldly and now, at age 95, so is John Glenn,” reports the newspaper where the pioneering NASA astronaut died Thursday. [17] Experts from NASA and the agency’s commercial partners in the development endeavor discussed their efforts before the U.S. House Space Subcommittee last week. [17] Trump Transition and Space: What does a Trump administration mean for space? The president-elect’s space focus could be human spaceflight, technology development and commercialization, according to remarks from Robert Walker, the former U.S. congressman who covered nine points in a pre-election day briefing before the Federal Aviation Administration’s Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee. [17] The U.S. Air Force has opened a “polar corridor” for Florida Space Coast launches for the first time since 1960. [17] Space Force: Vice President Pence announces first steps towards creating a new military branch for space Vice President Mike Pence on Thursday ended any speculation over whether the Trump White House intends to establish a Space Force as a sixth branch of the U.S. military. [17]

Humanity’s expansion into deep space is inevitable, industry experts say Houston based NanoRacks is working with three U.S. companies on a promising strategy to convert spent Atlas V launch vehicle upper stages into space habitats. [17] While NASA is more interested in a lunar-orbiting Deep Space Gateway, other nations are intrigued by the lunar surface. [17] Honoring Peggy Whitson: NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson honored by ‘Makers’ as trailblazing woman in space (video) Astronaut Peggy Whitson has been honored by a trail blazing group of women called “Makers.” [17]

Air Chief Marshal B S Dhanoa Friday said IAF would be involved in the selection process to send humans on a space mission and expressed confidence of meeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s 2022 deadline for the exercise. [22] Bezos on Space: Jeff Bezos dismisses idea of a backup plan, says we must protect Earth Blue Origin’s founder Jeff Bezos believes humans will find innovation, prosperity and a refuge for heavy industry in space, not a second home. [17] Space Mining: Extraterrestrial gold rush: What’s next for the space mining industry? Space resources, water and perhaps precious metals locked in the soil of the moon and near Earth asteroids could provide the financial lure that draws the Earth’s commercial sector into space. [17] They would live and work in commercial habitats in cis-lunar space and the surface of the moon. [17] “After taking office, we will have a comprehensive review of our plans for space, and will work with Congress to set both priorities and mission,” said Donald Trump.” [17] A Japanese space-exploration agency has partnered with All Nippon Airways to ask engineers to build them robotic avatars that they can control from Earth to perform risky missions in space. [22] A visit to Houston “Space City” has never been more exciting than during the 50th anniversary year where guests will be in the home of mission control and where President John F. Kennedy delivered his legendary address at Rice University. [18] The nonprofit science and space learning center is counting down to the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing next year and is set to bring the legacy of the Apollo era to life. [18] The Lunar Module LTA-8, which helped with the development of the first Lunar Module flown in space during Apollo 9. [18] Trump Transition and Space: Trump’s first 100 days: Space NASA’s current course will be determined, perhaps, by who the President-elect selects to succeed current Administrator, Charles Bolden — either a newcomer or an aerospace industry veteran. [17] Space factory: This floating robotic factory will build satellites and spaceships in orbit Made In Space, of Silicon, Valley, California, is advancing technologies that promise to make it possible to manufacture as well as robotically assemble spacecraft in space. [17] China: China’s cargo spacecraft completes second docking with space lab China’s Tianzhou-2 cargo capsule has completed its second docking to the currently uncrewed Tiangong-2 space lab. [17]

Experiment modules, cargo and crew missions are to follow, plus an optical space observatory. [17] What is the status of the ORIGINS Space Telescope? One of four mission concepts being considered as a followup to WFIRST. [29] The “twin studies” are looking at how long space missions affect genes and how those changes influence physical and psychological well-being. [17]

She returns to Earth in early September as the U.S. record holder for time accumulated in space over a career. [17] Scott returned to Earth on Mar. 1, after a U.S. record-setting 340 days in space. [17]

DoT Oversight of Commercial Launches: Chao punts on whether commercial space should be restored to DOT secretary’s office During confirmation hearings, Department of Transportation Secretary designate Elaine Chao was non-committal on whether the U.S. Office of Commercial Space, now part of the department’s Federal Aviation Agency, should be returned to the secretary’s office. [17] Global Space Market: Across the U.S., the spaceport race is on With global space market estimates reaching $384 billion in 2017, a race is on across the U.S. to develop commercial space ports. [17] Educators and those in the industry link the rise to an improving U.S. economy and increased commercial space activities in Florida and elsewhere. [17] U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, who chairs the Committee’s Space, Science and Competitiveness Subcommittee, is hopeful the measure could reach the president for signature by the end of this congressional session. [17] Space Force: Trump upstage SPD-3 with Space Force announcement During the White House gathering of the National Space Council, President Trump directed Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to begin the steps necessary to create a sixth branch of the U.S. military, a Space Force. [17]

China: China focus: President Xi talks with astronauts in space Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke with two of his nation’s astronauts currently in the midst of a 33-day stay aboard the orbiting Tiangong-2 space lab. [17] These studies allow astronauts to test various elements as well as sextant in space for celestial navigation during an emergency. [17] Peggy Whitson on Space Experience: For record-breaking astronaut Peggy Whitson, space is never boring Whitson has more career time in space than any American and the most of any woman, 629 days and counting. [17] Female and male astronauts adapt differently to space where small changes have significant impact. [29]

US-Russian, Space and Sanctions: Russia sanctions bill clears Congress NASA activities with Russia and space launches conducted for NASA are exempted from Senate legislation imposing sanctions against Russia. [17] According to Extreme Tech, Space X estimated its arrival date in 2026, which would beat out NASA by nearly a full decade. [20]

China: China eyes international `Moon Village’ China is pondering participation in the European Space Agency’s proposed moon village, an international/commercial settlement on the moon. [17] The prototype module for human habitation in Earth orbit and deep space is scheduled to be expanded in late May from its current 7 feet in length and 8 feet in diameter to 13 feet in length and 10 feet in diameter. [17] Cis-Lunar Space: Cis-lunar space: The next 30 years A United Launch Alliance vision would have 1,000 people living and working in space in the next three decades helping to expand the global economic sphere. [17] Archinaut, an advanced version of the hardware required to produce the components and assemble them in space is expected to launch within five years. [17] Participants in the initiative include United Launch Alliance, Space Systems Loral and Space Adventures. [17]

The Chang’e-4 spacecraft has completed payload integration and space environment testing. [17] The agency is working with several U.S. companies on space habitats that could be linked to Orion. [17] Bridenstine, a former naval aviator, has championed U.S. space leadership as a member of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee. [17] AF Space Corps: Rogers calls for separate “Space Corps” within the Air Force Rep. Mike Rogers, chair of the U.S. House Armed Services strategic forces subcommittee, intends to initiate steps establishing a Space Corps, a separate branch of the military within the Department of Defense, much as the Air Force was split off from the U.S. Army Air Corps decades ago. [17] Space Commerce Regulation: New Office of Space Commerce director to focus on advocacy and regulatory issues Kevin O’Connell is the new director of the U.S. Office of Space Commerce. [17] A hearing before the Senate’s Space Subcommittee on these topics featured testimony from a range of U.S. experts. [17]

Commercial Crew on Schedule for 2018: Commercial Crew on tight but achievable timeline for crewed flights in 2018 Boeing and SpaceX are showing signs of achieving crewed test flights of their CST-100 Starliner and Dragon space capsules by the end of 2018. [17] Commercial Crew Vehicle Crews Named: NASA names astronauts for Boeing and SpaceX flights to International Space Station NASA named eight astronauts assigned to the first test flights of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program partner spacecraft, Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX’s Dragon 2, as well as to the first post-certification missions of the two commercial spacecraft. [17] Year-long Missions: After Scott Kelly’s flight, NASA plans five more one-year missions By spring 2017, NASA and Roscosmos, the Russian federal space agency, will mark the first anniversary of the 340-day mission to the International Space Station flown by now retired NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and cosmonaut Mikhail Korienko. [17] Scott Kelly: PBS to document Scott Kelly after historic Space Station stay in ‘Beyond a Year in Space’ PBS plans a follow-on documentary detailing NASA astronaut Scott Kelly’s return to Earth, following a 340-day mission to the International Space Station in 2015-16. [17]

Starliner: Launch abort engines for Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner undergo testing Test firing of the Aerojet Rocketdyne engines in California’s Mojave Desert are helping to prepare Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner for NASA contracted missions that will transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17] Space Suits: Elon Musk posts first photo of SpaceX’s new spacesuit SpaceX has unveiled its spacesuit for astronauts assigned to Falcon 9/Dragon missions contracted by NASA to transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17] New Space Mission Assignments: NASA just picked these astronauts to fly in space in 2018 On Wednesday, NASA assigned veteran astronaut Drew Feustel and first timer Janette Epps to launches to the International Space Station in March and May of 2018. [17]

Williams, however, will first join with fellow NASA astronaut Kate Rubins for an Aug. 19 spacewalk to install an International Docking Adapter on the station to accommodate future U.S. commercial crew launch vehicles developed by Boeing and SpaceX. [17] EM-1 is to be the first unmanned test flight of the SLS and Orion, key elements of NASA’s plans to launch humans on future missions to lunar orbit and Mars. [17] A second mobile launcher could eliminate a multiyear need to modify the first and only mobile launcher in order to accommodate an upgrade of the Block 1 SLS with the more powerful Exploration Upper Stage for launches of Orion astronaut crews and modules for a human tended Gateway in lunar orbit. [17] China?s Exploration Program: China’s mission to the far side of the Moon will launch in December China is all set to attempt the first ever soft-landing on the far side of the Moon, announcing that it will launch the Chang’e-4 lunar lander and rover spacecraft in December. [17] India?s Exploration Program: The quest to find a trillion-dollar nuclear fuel on the Moon India’s plans an October launch of the Chandrayaan-2 mission, which includes a lunar orbiter, lander and a rectangular rover. [17]

Lunar Exploration: NASA could have people living on the Moon in 8 years, and that’s just the beginning Working with commercial companies and international partners, the U.S. plans a return to the lunar surface. [17]

In a note to investors, Morgan Stanley analyst Adam Jonas and his colleagues say Bezos? Blue Origin venture, as well as Amazon, should be included along with Elon Musk?s SpaceX and more than 100 other firms as key participants in a commercial space race. [22] One theme urges the federal government to look to commercial space enterprises for services once provided by civil servants. [17] The treaty is a factor in the commercial development of space. [17]

A key question, however, is whether the cost of space transportation can decline enough to create a meaningful business case for access to low Earth orbit beyond NASA’s needs. [17] Two conservation scientists have published an editorial in the prestigious scientific journal Nature today (Sept. 13) calling for more space on Earth to be set aside for wildlife. [22] Middle Eastern states are expressing interest in space mining, possibly the extraction of water and minerals from the moon and other planetary bodies, to fortify their economies. [17] Orion at the White House: Orion capsule turns heads on White House lawn (photos) A mockup of the NASA/Lockheed Martin Orion space capsule was a feature of the White House “Made in America” showcase display on Monday. [17] Join host Mat Kaplan and Planetary Society colleagues including Bill Nye the Science Guy, Bruce Betts, and Emily Lakdawalla as they dive deep into the latest space news. [30] The letter calls for a renewed focus on deep space assets and urges the President to continue supporting these critical systems. [17]

To celebrate the center will hold a monthly Thought Leader Series with Apollo era legends, provide special exhibits, education activities and space films. [18] Dream Chaser Update: Dream Chaser prepares for captive carry test; completes runway tow tests Sierra Nevada’s mini Dream Chaser space plane is preparing for helicopter borne captive carry tests, following a series of runway tow tests at Edwards Air Base, California, earlier this month. [17] We also have a selection of short space documentaries which have been a huge hit over the years. [29] Outer Space Treaty: Cruz to hold hearing on updating the Outer Space Treaty During a Washington forum, Senator Ted Cruz, chair of the Senate Space Subcommittee, announced plans for a May 23 hearing in which experts will address possible changes to the half century old Outer Space Treaty, which governs the staking of claim to space destinations and rights to resources. [17] They include Rep. Lamar Smith, chair of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee; Rep. Brian Babin, who chairs the panel’s Space Subcommittee; and Rep. Jim Bridenstine, of Oklahoma. [17] Come explore space with us. from rovers and satellites to distant galaxies. [22] An eventual goal of the company’s, Archinaut, is a class of small satellites equipped with the manufacturing feature and robotic assembly equipment to manufacture large structures in space instead of launching them. [17]

The work ranges from new propulsion technologies, to power generation, impact shielding and space craft navigation and landing sensors and hardware. [17] “The time has come to establish the United States Space Force. [17] A Day without space Many of us cannot recall such a moment: A time without Internet, smart phones and instant weather forecasts. [17] “I think if you have the right attitude, you can stay in space for a long period of time, and it’s actually very satisfying and enjoyable,” she told the Guinness Book of World Records. [17]

It’s not enough to have an American presence in space, we must have dominance,” said Vice President Mike Pence from the White House. [17]

In the Ascent Abort-2 test, NASA will verify that the Orion spacecraft?s launch abort system can steer the capsule and astronauts inside it to safety in the event of an issue with the Space Launch System rocket when the spacecraft is under the highest aerodynamic loads it will experience during ascent for deep-space missions. [17] Previously unpopular among some quarters of the space community and House appropriators, the nearly $2 billion initial phase would robotically gather a boulder from an asteroid and move the boulder into lunar orbit, where it could be visited by NASA astronauts launched aboard a Space Launch System rocket and Orion capsule. [17] The bill also questions the value of the Asteroid Redirect Mission, a robotic effort that would extract a boulder from an asteroid and maneuver it into orbit around the moon, where it could be studied by astronauts launched aboard a Space Launch System rocket and Orion crew vehicle in the 2020s. [17] Fostered by the Obama Administration, ARM was to robotically capture a large boulder from the surface of an asteroid and maneuver the rock into orbit around the moon, where it was to receive a visit from astronauts launched aboard a Space Launch System rocket and Orion crew capsule. [17]

Lunar Outpost: An international outpost near the Moon gets closer to reality NASA and its International Space Station partners in Russia, Europe, Japan and Canada have discussed possible cooperation in the development of a lunar orbiting outpost in the 2020s using the agency’s Orion and Space Launch System hardware. [17] Deep Space Gateway: NASA is building a prototype for a habitat in deep space by recycling an old cargo container Donatello, an aging one time cargo carrier designed for flight aboard NASA’s space shuttle to deliver supplies to the International Space Station, will be converted into a ground based mockup of a deep space habitat for astronauts by Lockheed Martin. [17] Commercial Crew: NASA has a new way to fly The U.S. has turned to Russia to transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station since NASA’s space shuttle fleet was retired in 2011. [17] The Starliner is in development to transport NASA astronauts to and from the International Space Station as part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. [17] Starliner Testing: Returning astronauts safely: Starliner test provides crucial re-entry data New Mexico’s Spaceport America is the site of parachute testing for Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner, one of two spacecraft in development under NASA’s Commercial Crew Program to transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17]

Cygnus Update: U.S. cargo craft tests reboost capability at International Space Station Northrop Grumman’s ninth NASA contracted Cygnus resupply spacecraft launched to the International Space Station succeeded in demonstrating a commercial reboost of the six person orbiting science lab. [17] Docking Portal for Commercial Space: Docking port relocated at Space Station to support commercial spacecraft Using Canadian robotics on the outside of the International Space Station, NASA ground controllers have moved a former space shuttle docking component, Pressurized Mating Adapter-3 (PMA-3), from the outside of the Station’s U.S. segment Tranquility to a space-facing location on the outside of the Harmony module. [17]

Orbital ATK Resupply: NASA said to opt for Atlas V rocket to ease short-term concerns over Space Station supplies Orbital ATK’s next NASA contracted re-supply mission to the International Space Station will lift off on a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., in February or March, according to the Journal report. [17] The Dulles, Va., based company is preparing to resume NASA contracted resupply missions to the International Space Station from the launch complex, following an October 2014 launch mishap that prompted new rocket engines for Antares and a rebuilding of the launch pad. [17]

Williams, the first from NASA to staff the Space Station for a third long mission, and his colleagues replace NASA’s Scott Kelly, Mikhail Kornienko and Sergey Volkov, who returned to Earth Mar. 1, ending a 340 day flight for Kelly and Kornienko. [17] The findings are based on studies of NASA’s Scott Kelly, who spent 340 days aboard the International Space Station in 2015-16 and his twin brother, Mark Kelly, a retired NASA astronaut who remained on Earth. [17] Starliner Update: The Company Astronaut Boeing hopes Chris Ferguson, alongside NASA astronauts, successfully leads a long-awaited mission to International Space Station. [17] Space Telemedicine for Astronaut Care: How NASA uses telemedicine to care for astronauts in space Telemedicine has become a staple of health care for the astronauts assigned to five to seven month missions aboard the International Space Station. [17] Dream Chaser: Dream Chaser Sierra Nevada announced its selection of the Midland International Air & Space Port to serve as the primary landing site for the NASA contracted re-supply missions it will launch to the International Space Station. [17] Orbital temporarily moved the launching of its NASA contracted International Space Station re-supply missions to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., until the Antares launch vehicle could be modified. [17] SpaceX Cargo Resupply Mission: SpaceX boosts Station cargo – and ‘floating brain’ – to orbit SpaceX’s 15th NASA contracted resupply mission to the International Space Station launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. [17] Contracts for Boeing and SpaceX: Boeing and SpaceX win four more NASA orders for space taxis, with one big ‘if’ NASA has agreed to purchase four more crew launches to the International Space Station from Boeing and SpaceX — if their spacecraft achieve agency certification. [17] Astronaut Peggy Whitson: 3rd trip to space: Peggy Whitson set to break more NASA records Veteran NASA astronaut and Iowa native Peggy Whitson prepares to set new records as she launches to the International Space Station from Kazakhstan in mid-November with European and Russian crew mates. [17] Starliner and Dragon Support at ISS: Spacewalking astronauts prep Space Station to welcome SpaceX, Boeing spaceships NASA astronauts Ricky Arnold and Drew Feustel attached a pair of high definition cameras trained on the International Space Station’s docking port for Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX’s crewed Dragon during a seven hour spacewalk. [17]

NASA Michoud Supports Orion and SLS: Guest column: Louisiana helping NASA launch into deep space Todd May, director of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, explains the role of the Michoud Assembly Facility in the space agency’s efforts to return to deep space with human explorers. [17] JSC and Marshall: NASA goals nimble as administration goals change, new chief says NASA’s Johnson Space Center, home to the agency’s astronaut corps and Mission Control, has a new director, Mark Geyer, a 28-year agency veteran and former manager of Orion program development. [17] New NASA Astronauts: Get to know NASA’s new astronaut class NASA welcomed seven men and five women to the start of two years of astronaut candidate training at the Johnson Space Center, home to the astronaut corps and Mission Control. [17]

If the planning holds, the U.S. would be launching astronauts into orbit for the first time since NASA’s final space shuttle mission in 2011. [17] SpaceX Cargo Resupply Mission to ISS: Recycled SpaceX Dragon capsule makes 2nd delivery to Space Station NASA’s latest contracted re-supply mission to the International Space Station arrived with 4,800 pounds of supplies for the six-member crew, as well as science experiments and technology demonstrations. [17] Crew Adds Capabilities: Additional astronaut on the Space Station means dozens of new team members on the ground NASA’s recent announcement of an additional crew member to the International Space Station, which will effectively double the amount of science data acquired from the orbiting laboratory, means a lot of changes. [17] European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Pesquet and NASA’s Shane Kimbough teamed to capture the capsule with its 5,500 pound cargo using the Station’s Canadian robot arm at 5:44 a.m., EST. The capsule, loaded with science experiments as well as crew supplies, is to remain berthed to the Space Station for about one month. [17] Aerojet Rocketdyne hardware will help steer the capsule in development under NASA’s Commercial Crew program to transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17] Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX’s Dragon 2, were developed in partnership with NASA’s Commercial Crew Program, but will transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station commercially. [17] His pronouncement offers confidence that NASA?s Commercial Crew Program and its partners, Boeing and SpaceX, will complete uncrewed and crewed test flights leading to certifications of Boeing?s CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX?s Dragon 2 to begin the regular transportation of astronauts to and from the International Space Station (ISS). [17]

The House appropriations total includes $4.55 billion for Space Launch System, Orion and associated ground systems development and $4.676 billion for space operations, including International Space Station activities and work on a U.S. commercial launch capability for astronauts. [17] Lunar Space Station: This is NASA’s plan for humanity’s return to the moon, and beyond A lunar-orbiting space station, positioned in the 2020s, figures prominently in NASA’s strategy to reach the Martian environs with human explorers in the 2030s. [17]

Lunar Exploration: Whittington: Lunar exploration is a path to’something wonderful’ Op-ed notes NASA’s selection of a dozen men and women for astronaut training on June 7 and urges policy makers to use their skills for human exploration of the moon, an inspiring goal that can fall within their career spans while achievable to the nation financially and technically. [17] Orion Rocket Motor Test: The abort rocket motor for NASA’s Orion spacecraft just aced a big test Orbital ATK announced that the company’s contribution to the Abort System rocket for NASA’s Orion crew exploration capsule performed successfully during a recent ground test. [17] Orion Launch Abort System Test: Orbital ATK motor test proves successful Orbital ATK led a successful ground test firing of the Launch Abort System under development for NASA’s Orion crew exploration spacecraft in the Utah desert. [17]

Orion Testing: Orion’s parachutes tested under launch abort conditions NASA exercised the descent parachute system for the Orion crew exploration capsule this week over the U.S. Army Proving Ground in Arizona. [17] Mars Exploration: SpaceX informed NASA of slowdown in its commercial Mars program A top NASA planetary science official confirms that SpaceX has indeed put its Red Dragon mission, a commercial effort to land an uncrewed capsule on Mars, on the back burner for now. [17]

EFT-1 on Display: Orion EFT-1 flown spacecraft joins display in ‘NASA Now’ exhibit NASA’s Orion capsule launched its first uncrewed test flight in December 2014, Exploration Flight Test-1. [17] The ground tests are qualifying an advanced engine controller for the SLS. The first test flight of the SLS, NASA’s Exploration Mission-1, will pair the rocket with an uncrewed Orion capsule. [17]

An innovative robotic system sprayed thermal protection foam on the tank, that will hold the cryogenic liquid oxygen propellant for Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1), the first integrated flight of SLS and the Orion spacecraft. [17] The Exploration Mission-1 test launch of the SLS with an unpiloted Orion capsule is planned for late 2018. [17]

The juxtaposition of artistic and scientific exploration is central to the series, and can be personified in Tom Hagerty (Sean Penn), an astronaut on the first manned mission to Mars, and his artist and recovering drug addict daughter Denise (Anna Jacoby-Heron). [22] “JFK gave NASA a mission,” the Chronicle states of the Apollo lunar exploration initiative. [17] Mars Exploration: Humans on Mars in 2033: A bipartisan vision Support from both major political parties led to passage, as well as President Trump’s signature, of the NASA Transition Authorization Act of 2017 in March. [17] Mars Exploration: My year on Mars “Make no mistake, sending humans to Mars is much more than just a technical challenge,” writes physicist Christiane Heinicke, part of a six-member team that spent 365 days sheltered on the remote Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii as part of a NASA financed study of the psychological challenges associated with a two to three-year journey to the red planet. [17] NASA considers ARM an important part of preparing for the human exploration of Mars. [17]

Plans to transition the agency’s human exploration focus from low Earth orbit to the Moon have broad support. [17] Lunar Exploration: Trump might be thinking about a moon base Prominent historian David Brinkley suggested President-elect Trump is intrigued by a human lunar base, following a meeting between the two last week. [17] Japan and Lunar Exploration: Japan is going to mine the moon The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has announced plans to work with a Tokyo based firm to develop a lunar mining strategy, joining a field already of interest in the U.S., Europe, Russia and China. [17] Japan and Moon Exploration: Japan plans to land astronauts on moon around 2030 The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) revealed its ambitious plan for a Japanese astronaut to set foot on the moon around 2030. [17]

The gateway would help to prepare astronauts for the next steps, the human exploration of Mars in the 2030s. [17] Some of the requirements include selecting a landing site, having a surface infrastructure to support human exploration, learning to withstand major dust storms and developing capabilities to liftoff from the red planet to return to Earth. [17] Mars Exploration: If we successfully land on Mars, could we live there? After a month’s long journey from Earth, human explorers face the challenges of reaching the surface of Mars safely, then sustaining themselves and moving about in the thin, dry atmosphere, cold temperatures and low gravity. [17] During Exploration Mission-1, planned for November 2018, the engine will provide propulsion for lunar orbit insertion and trans Earth injection. [17]

Russia?s Exploration Program: Russia’s Proton rocket, which predates Apollo, will finally stop flying Russia which launched its first Proton rocket as the former Soviet Union in 1965 intends to cease the rocket’s production in favor of the new Angara rocket. [17] FY19 Appropriations: NASA’s 2019 budget takes shape House and Senate appropriators agree: NASA needs more funding than the White House proposed for 2019, whether its exploration, science or education. [17] Continuing Resolution: Lightfoot: No negative impact for NASA from new CR NASA should be able to spend as needed to keep Exploration Mission-1 on track under the U.S. budget Continuing Resolution passed by the Senate late last week. [17] For more than two decades, the series of NASA Great Observatories may have revealed more about the secrets of the cosmos than had been accomplished in the preceding history of astronomical exploration. [29]

His 340 days in Earth orbit aboard the International Space Station are helping NASA plan for the difficult isolation that will accompany long missions to Mars. [17] Space Food: NASA to build better salads in space on latest mission Science experiments in route to the International Space Station aboard Orbital ATK’s seventh NASA contracted re-supply mission include a new high tech space greenhouse. [17] SpaceX Resupply Mission to ISS: SpaceX makes good on Space Station delivery a little late After a day’s delay, SpaceX’s tenth Dragon resupply mission spacecraft rendezvoused with the International Space Station early Thursday. [17] NASA is partnering with the private company, along with SpaceX, to taxi astronauts to the International Space Station. [17] The uncrewed Dream Chaser is one of three spacecraft chosen by NASA for the resupply of the International Space Station under a second round of contracts that go into effect no earlier than 2019. [17] Dream Chaser Milestone: Dream Chaser passes major CRS-2 review milestone, next flight test nears Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser has reached a development milestone under NASA’s International Space Station Commercial Resupply Services-2 contract. [17] Dragon Supply Mission: SpaceX’s Dragon supply carrier wraps up 10th mission to Space Station NASA’s latest contracted re-supply mission to the International Space Station concluded early Sunday with a Pacific Ocean splashdown and recovery. [17]

Robots to Mars: Meet Valkyrie, NASA’s space robot Standing six foot two, Valkyrie is a humanoid robot developed at NASA’s Johnson Space Center that could be part of missions launched to Mars ahead of the first human explorers and commanded to help assemble sheltering. [17] Interview with NASA JSC?s Ellen Ochoa: NASA’s Ellen Ochoa: We are going deeper into space than ever Ellen Ochoa, the first Hispanic female astronaut, leads NASA’s Johnson Space Center. [17] SLS Testing: RS-25 conducts another hot fire as SLS flight engines line up for EM-1 In a step forward for the inaugural launch of the Space Launch System, contractor Aerojet Rocketdyne and NASA’s Stennis Space Center qualified the third of four first stage Honeywell rocket engine controllers. [17] SLS: Space Launch System Intertank Readied for Structural Testing Engineers installed structural test hardware for NASA’s deep space rocket, the Space Launch System, into a test stand at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama where testing recently began. [17] SLS Upper Stage Testing: Space Launch System (SLS) upper stage testing begins Tests underway at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center are intended to prepare a Space Launch System (SLS) upper stage for flight. [17]

Parts of the Russian lander would be assembled at the NASA led Lunar Orbiter Platform-Gateway (LOPG), a human tended lunar orbiting outpost, using the Space Launch System (SLS) and crewed Orion capsule. [17] Astronauts launched in an Orion spacecraft atop a Space Launch System rocket would visit the boulder and gather samples for return to Earth. [17] The abort system is designed to propel Orion and its four astronauts to safety if their Space Launch System (SLS) rocket were to malfunction on the launch pad or early in flight. [17] If there were an emergency during liftoff, the rocket would help steer Orion and its astronaut crew safely away from the Space Launch System to landing. [17] The abort system is designed to sit atop Orion during the launch phase and be capable of rapidly pulling the spacecraft and its crew to safety if there is a problem during the ascent of the Space Launch System rocket. [17]

Time-lapse video Video offers the latest on the lengthy construction of a NASA Marshall Space Center test stand to help prepare the Space Launch System rocket for its first test flight in late 2018. [17] SLS Assembly: Boeing and NASA prepare for the assembly of the first SLS rocket Working with NASA at the Michoud Assembly Facility, prime contractor Boeing is bringing together the five major elements of the Space Launch System core, or first stage. [17] The measure allows NASA to prepare for the launching of EM-1, the first unpiloted test flight of the Space Launch System and Orion capsule, by November 2018. [17]

Space Center Houston is the Official Visitors Center of NASA Johnson Space Center, which is the home of astronaut training and Mission Control. [18] Space Center Houston is the Official Visitor Center of NASA Johnson Space Center, where guests can experience Historic Mission Control, where NASA monitored all the Apollo lunar missions. [18]

They include a staffed Earth orbiting space station, with a core module launch planned for 2019, and a human lunar presence by 2030. [17] Deep Space Gateway: ASAP on board with NASA’s DSG as stepping stone to Mars NASA’s Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel has expressed support for the agency’s Deep Space Gateway, a lunar orbiting, human tended space station planned for the 2020s. [17] Boeing’s Starliner 100 and SpaceX’s crewed Dragon are in development under NASA’s Commercial Crew Program to restore a U.S. human launch capability lost when NASA’s space shuttle fleet was retired in 2011. [17] Russia has provided the only human launch capability for the International Space Station partners. [17] The International Space Station (ISS) has been the first successful step in long-duration human operations in space. [29] As part of the agreement, the first Emirati astronaut could train and arrive at the International Space Station in April 2019. [17] Views of Earth from ISS: European astronaut captures incredible views of our beautiful planet European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Pesquet has captured and shared camera views of the Earth since moving aboard the International Space Station in mid-November. [17] Lettuce on ISS: Come again? KSC space lettuce on ISS menu Just a year ago, U.S. astronauts where experimenting with a small green house aboard the International Space Station called Veggie for growing red lettuce. [17] Operational Life: Senate committee approves Space Frontier Act The Space Frontier Act, which includes bipartisan provisions that would extend NASA’s direct support of the International Space Station from 2025 –as proposed by the White House — to 2030, moves from the U.S. Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee to the full Senate for consideration. [17] New ISS Airlock: The International Space Station will get a new, private airlock in 2019 Houston-based Nanoracks has reached an agreement with NASA for the installation of a cargo airlock on the U.S. segment of the International Space Station, possibly at the Tranquility module. [17] Inflatable House: Inflatable house attached to ISS is doing well, says NASA Bigelow Aerospace’s Bigelow Expandable Aerospace Module (BEAM) began a two year evaluation aboard the six-person International Space Station in May. [17] Photos from ISS: NASA releases top 16 photos from the International Space Station from 2016 The whole world stars in an all-star lineup of the 16 best photos snapped from the International Space Station in 2016. [17]

The tech entrepreneur says the BFR will eventually replace SpaceX’s existing lineup of rockets, which are currently used for missions such as delivering supplies to the International Space Station. [22] Previously, he was the associate manager, International Science, where he led NASA?s space life sciences planning for the joint US/Russian one-year mission on the International Space Station, including the Twins Study. [18] A biochemist, Whitson has commanded the International Space Station twice in three long duration missions to the orbiting science lab. [17] Hotel on ISS: Russia’s plan to build a luxury hotel on the ISS A second copy of a Russian science and power module planned for launch to the International Space Station in the 2021-time frame could become a guest house for wealthy space adventurers. [17] Commercializing ISS: Want to take a 10-day trip to the Space Station? It’ll cost you $55 million Axiom Space has just priced visitor access to the International Space Station at $55 million for a 10 day mission, including transportation and 15 weeks of training. [17] The company is currently working under contract to NASA on a cargo version of Dream Chaser that is to begin resupply missions to and from the Space Station in 2019. [17] The rocket engine shipped to Europe has flown aboard multiple NASA space shuttle missions as part of the Orbital Maneuvering System. [17]

India?s Space Program: India shows off space prowess with launch of mega-rocket India successfully launched its most powerful home-produced rocket, another milestone for its indigenous space program which one day hopes to put a human into orbit. [17] Lunar Gateway: Sierra Nevada Corp complete key step for NASA’s NEXTSTEP-2 long duration space travel study The key step is a study of the Power and Propulsion Element, or first large component of NASA’s human tended Lunar Gateway. [17] Q & A with Apollo 17’s Jack Schmitt: Remembering the past, looking to the future Apollo 17, NASA’s final human mission to the lunar surface, unfolded 45 years ago this month. [17] He advocates for a permanent human settlement on the moon as a step toward a future Mars mission. [17]

With major processing milestones – such as the mating of the heatshield with the Crew Module, NASA managers are already thinking ahead to future flights involving Orion. [17] NASA will be testing systems and hardware intended to lower the risks to future astronauts. [17] NASA hopes to use supersonic retropropulsion to land U.S. explorers on Mars in the future. [17]

Orion Update: Insider exclusive: Orion designed to keep crew in the ‘loop’ Lockheed Martin, NASA’s prime contractor for development of the Orion crew module, is paying close attention to the requirements and limitations of future crew members as it proceeds, according to the company’s crew module director. [17] Sierra will join Orbital ATK and SpaceX in carrying out the future cargo missions. [17] Next stop: the moon Leaders of the recently created Moon Village Association, based in Vienna, suggest the association can serve as an effective non-governmental forum for government, industry, academia and the public in establishing a global strategy for coordinating future lunar surface activities. [17]

Space Center Houston?s fall luncheon To the Moon and Beyond on Oct. 23 will honor Apollo flight director Gene Kranz and proceeds will further benefit the restoration of Historic Mission Control. [18] As the next step in its ongoing fundraising campaign to restore Historic Mission Control, Space Center Houston will host a fall luncheon To the Moon and Beyond on Oct. 23. [18]

“I can’t tell you how privileged and honored I feel today to be able to congratulate the newest class of American heroes, the 2017 class of America’s astronauts,” said Pence, while visiting the Johnson Space Center and Mission Control. [17] Pence offered the pledge while at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston on Wednesday to present a new class of U.S. astronauts. [17] During a launch from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center, the capsule with crew would descend under parachute into the Atlantic Ocean for recovery. [17] The capsule is to be launched without crew from Florida’s Space Coast to test the abort system, the propulsive systems that would pull the capsule with astronauts away should their launch vehicle, the Space Launch System (SLS), explode on the launch pad or during ascent. [17] SLS Core Stage: First major piece of NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) assembled Boeing has completed the assembly of the first Space Launch System (SLS) core stage component, the forward skirt, at NASA’s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. [17] SLS : Harsh Temperatures Require Extreme Protection for Deep Space Rocket Rocket tanks experience extreme temperatures from cold propellants and friction created as NASA’s deep space rocket, the Space Launch System, soars through Earth?s atmosphere to space. [17] Commercial Spaceflight Federation Endorsement : Leading commercial space group embraces NASA’s biggest rocket Alan Stern, chair of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation, conveyed the organization’s support for NASA’s Space Launch System during a Washington conference this week. [17] Commercial Space Launch: Draft bill would give commerce, not FAA, “mission authorization” function Draft legislation would make the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Office of Space Commerce responsible for oversight of non-government space activities rather than the FAA’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation in the Department of Transportation. [17]

All four missions are expected to dock with the International Space Station. [17] Tour ISS: Space Zen: This Space Station fly-through is supremely serene NASA offers a serene “fly through” tour of the International Space Station. [17] Operational Life: Cruz is right on Space Station 2025 may be too aggressive a date to end NASA funding for the International Space Station, as proposed by the Trump Administration. [17] Russia is the only International Space Station partner capable of transporting astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17] With success, the Starliner is to be certified to begin transporting astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17] The crewed Starliner and Dragon are to transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [17] European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Pesquet captured Street View imagery to share what it looks like from the inside, and what it’s like to look down on Earth from outer space during his recent six month stay aboard the Space Station. [17] Tour ISS: Tour the International Space Station with Google Street View Google Street View has expanded its visual services from Earth to the International Space Station. [17] ISS and Gravity in Space: First artificial gravity to appear at ISS thanks to Russian scientists The device will introduce varying levels of gravity to the weightless environment of the International Space Station with the introduction of a small centrifuge for a range of experiments. [17] They would have ridden in a Dragon crew vehicle that SpaceX routinely sends loaded with supplies to the International Space Station. [22] Lockheed uses the Donatello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, which dates to the shuttle era for the launching of supplies to the International Space Station (ISS) during the assembly years. [17] Like Orbital ATK’s Cygnus and SpaceX’s Dragon, Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser is under contract to NASA to deliver supplies to the Space Station starting next year. [17] NASA Education Programs/Budget: Cutting NASA’s education funding will hurt workforce, senators argue in open letter 32 Senators urge appropriators not to close NASA’s $115 million a year office of education, part of President Trump’s proposed topline 2018 budget for the space agency. [17] UAE Astronaut to ISS: UAE Space Agency signs letter of intent with NASA NASA and the space agency of the United Arab Emirates signed a cooperative space agreement. [17]

Starliner Crew: Commercial Crew Astronauts Visit Boeing Facility, Launch Pad Five Commercial Crew astronauts recently visited Boeing?s facility at the Kennedy Space Center. [17] Without insulation, heat from launch would affect the stability of the cryogenic propellants and the rocket?s structural integrity would be compromised,” said Michael Alldredge, who leads the thermal protection system team for the SLS core stage at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. [17] SLS Structural Testing Cleared: Problems aside, NASA moves toward SLS structural testing at Marshall Engineers from NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama and prime contractor Boeing have now cleared the SLS liquid oxygen tank dome for use and completed repairs to the MAF’s specialized friction stir welding assembly. [17]

Working under a NASA contract, Lockheed will carry out the project at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center over the next 18 months. [17] Hot Fire Test: RS-25 engine tests modernization upgrades NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine joined a gathering at the agency’s Stennis Space Center on Tuesday to watch the hot fire test of an RS-25 development engine. [17]

John B. Charles is Space Center Houston?s first scientist in residence, enhancing guest experience by augmenting the human health and performance aspects of the nonprofit?s exhibits, presentations and demonstrations. [18] Space Center Houston welcomes journalists from around the globe to experience the legacy of the first lunar landing. [18]

Long-Duration Space Flight: First results on Scott Kelly after year in space reveal space travel changes DNA NASA’s offers the initial results of its twins study, a look at how long duration spaceflight alters the body’s genetics. [17]

Space Policy Directive-2: Hearing raises questions about pace of commercial launch regulatory overhaul Testimony presented before the Aviation Subcommittee of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee on rocket launch regulatory reforms called for in President Trump’s Space Policy Directive -2 raised concerns about the pace of the reform process, which is to be completed February 1, 2019. [17] Russia?s Space Program: Putin sets task of accelerating work on super-heavy rocket Russian President Vladimir Putin has directed Roscosmos, the Russian federal space agency, to accelerate work on a super heavy lift rocket, a $23 billion initiative for deep space pursuits. [17]

Blue Origin Rocket Factory in FL: Jeff Bezos shows how Blue Origin’s orbital rocket factory is taking shape in Florida Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos reports early progress in the construction of the company’s new rocket factory near NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. [17] They are undergoing ground tests at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in Mississippi. [17] The 380 second test firing, closely monitored by propulsion engineers, took place at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in Mississippi. [17] The capsule is now on public display at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center Visitor Center on Florida’s space coast. [17] Mars Simulation: Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex announces Lockheed Martin as title sponsor of new Astronaut Training Experience Lockheed Martin will sponsor the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex’s new Astronaut Training Experience, a simulation exercise for visitors that enables them to experience astronaut training, including what it would be like to live and work on a Mars base. [17] Space Station astronauts enter only occasionally to gather BEAM data. [17] Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield, a previous space station commander, will be among the judges. [17]

The technology could lead to the in space assembly of habitats, spacecraft and space stations as well as satellites. [17] Nanoracks expects to use the airlock to increase the numbers of small satellites it can launch from the Space Station. [17]

Currently, the two agencies are discussing five additional two-person long duration missions before the end of space station operations in 2024. [17] Starliner and SpaceX’s crewed Dragon are to provide commercial transportation to and from the International Space Station as soon as late 2018. [17] ESA Supports ISS 2024: Europe commits to the space station and ExoMars as part of $11 billion in commitments to ESA The European Space Agency’s 22 member ministerial council ended a long range planning session in Switzerland late last week with an endorsement to extend operations of the International Space Station from 2020 to 2024. [17] Science Enabled by Gateway Gateway will be a space science laboratory that is both similar and different from the International Space Station. [21]

A module docked first to the Space Station would become the cornerstone, said Suffredini. [17] Houston based Axion plans to assemble a commercial space station, starting with a module temporarily docked to the ISS. Paying customers could be accommodated as soon as 2022. [17] It could become the basis for commercial space stations in Earth orbit as well. [17] The current record was established Mar. 1, 2016, as Scott Kelly returned to Earth after nearly a year in Earth orbit aboard the space station. [17] Launched to the space station in April, BEAM will undergo a two year observation period to learn how the structure responds to temperature swings, radiation exposures and impacts from micro meteoroids and orbital debris. [17]

The maneuver came just days before the capsule, which was launched May 21, is to depart the Space Station for additional engineering demos and NanoRacks small satellite deployments until it deorbits on July 30. [17] SLS-Orion Adapter: http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/space/ The adapter that will connect NASA?s powerful Space Launch System to its Orion spacecraft will be built, at least partially, by a Space Coast-based contractor, Craig Technologies. [17] The lunar orbiting outpost, now known as the “Gateway,” is to be assembled with NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS), starting in 2022. [17] The LM 9 is to rival NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS), and it appears China will work with Russia on the development. [17]

Starliner Progress: Despite delays, Boeing’s Starliner moving steadily toward the launch pad Boeing is moving closer to a goal of re-establishing a U.S. human space launch capability with the CST-100 Starliner. [17] Changes could be reflected in an updated version of the U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act, passed in 2015. [17] Space Policy Directive-3: House Committee clears civil space situational awareness legislation The House Science, Space and Technology Committee approved legislation supporting a White House move to place space situational awareness and space traffic management responsibilities for commercial and civilian government operations from the U.S. Department of Defense to the Commerce Department. [17] Space Council: Executive Order creating National Space Council expected soon The White House is close to re-establishing the National Space Council, a cabinet level group led by the vice president to help shape U.S. space policy, according to Bob Walker, an advisor to the Trump Administration and former chair of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee. [17]

Bridenstine on Space Policy: Bridenstine weighs in on national space policy NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine’s remarks before a recent Space Transportation Association gathering emphasized key elements of an evolving U.S. space policy. [17] Space Council: Trump reestablishes National Space Council An executive order from President Trump has re-established the National Space Council, a cabinet level group of administrative personnel responsible for coordinating U.S. space policy. [17]

The White House in December called on the space agency to lead a sustained human return to the Moon. [17] We all thought that my now man would be permanently on both the Moon and Mars, but having been to the Moon, and building the wonderful Space Shuttle, we are still firing rockets into space. [19] Visit Space Center Houston, the home of the largest collection of moon rocks on display in the world. [18] Space Center Houston provides a full range of services and programs for all visitors. [18] Give your readers a close look at the legacy of the Apollo program within Space Center Houston?s museum collection. [18] Throughout this year and 2019 Space Center Houston will honor the Apollo era anniversaries with special events and we?ll take a look back at the historic feats of the Apollo era. [18] Space Center Houston opened Oct. 16, 1992 and the successful nonprofit is in its 26th year. [18] Space Center Houston is open every day of the year except Thanksgiving and Christmas. [18] Space Center Houston welcomes the media to work with us on a story about the legacy of the Apollo era and how the world can be a part of the experiences. [18] If you?d like to work with Space Center Houston on a news story, please complete the Media Inquiry Form and send it to [email protected] [18]

Boeing is manufacturing the CST-100 Starliner at a former shuttle processing facility at Kennedy Space Center. [17]

Impact on Russia: The Space Station is shifting to commercial crew vehicles. [17] A moon-first strategy, as proposed by the European Space Agency, is a worthy goal in and of itself but not necessary as a stepping stone to Mars, according to Carberry and Zucker, who add, “The goal of humans on Mars is a compelling one and has long-standing public and bipartisan support.” [17]

Detailed scenarios for human exploration of Mars have been developed and debated for decades, although many of them have been too technically challenging or unambiguously unaffordable. [29] Though Beijing has not provided details, human exploration is intended sometime between 2025 and 2050. [17]

The talks would follow an earlier meeting between president’s Xi and Putin and signed agreements to cooperate in the exploration of the Moon. [17] UAE?s Plans for Exploration: The United Arab Emirates launches a plan to colonize Mars by 2117 The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is joining a global line-up of nations and companies with ambitions of settling Mars. [17] China?s Exploration Program: Chinese strategists regard the ability to use space-based systems and to deny them to adversaries as “central to modern warfare.” [17]

Today?s human space program stands on the shoulders of these legends. [18] Rival Donald Trump expressed support for a strong space program, but did not elaborate on Mars as a goal. [17]

Just as SpaceX has put a business model on the space launch business, someone will find a viable profit approach to harvesting the resources of the asteroid belt and thereby finance huge advances. [19] Insulating SLS: https://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/sls/insulation-protects-sls-from-fire-and-ice “As the Space Launch System flies, it builds up tremendous heat. [17] Space Council: Pence reiterates plans to reestablish the National Space Council Vice President Mike Pence says the Trump Administration intends to reinstate the National Space Council, the cabinet-level space policy making body. [17] The transition, which will take some time to implement, was the focus of President Trump’s Space Policy Directive-3, signed on June 18. [17] The announcement was made at the sixth edition of Bengaluru Space Expo by French space agency President Jean-Yves Le Gall. [22] Among the station’s five major partners, the European Space Agency, has yet to back an extension of activities aboard the six person orbiting science lab from 2020 to 2024. [17]

Babin, who spoke to a gathering of the Commercial Space Flight Federation, expressed concerns excessive regulation could stifle innovation or smother creativity. [17] Users? Advisory Group: Space Council’s “think tank” starts work An advisory group dubbed the “think tank” for the National Space Council formally kicked off its work June 19 with a broad but vague mandate to study space policy issues. [17]

You may have heard the news from NASA that the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will suffer a delay in its launch date to March 30, 2021? In short, the sophisticated spacecraft plus solar shields were not quite up to specifications, requiring additional time for testing. [32] LOS ANGELES. Aerojet Rocketdyne successfully completed its early systems-integration test for NASA’s Advanced Electric Propulsion System (AEPS) program, a next-generation propulsion capability that will further enable missions to deep space. [41] ESA?s Clean Space initiative is studying an active debris removal mission called e.Deorbit, which will target an ESA-owned derelict satellite in low orbit, capture it, then safely burn it up in a controlled atmospheric reentry. e.Deorbit will be the world?s first active debris removal mission and will provide an opportunity for European industries to showcase their technological capabilities to a global audience. [31] According to NASA, more than 500,000 pieces of debris, or “space junk,” are tracked as they orbit the Earth. [31] The spacecraft and asteroid will meet in interplanetary space 280 million km from the Earth. [32] In a statement, SSL said that transferring spacecraft building processes to space, “eliminates the constraints of launch vehicle volumes and schedules and the need for spacecraft to withstand the harsh conditions of launch. [25]

While there, he met veteran astronaut Suni Williams — tapped earlier this month as one of nine Americans to rocket to space on commercial vehicles — and 2017 astronaut candidates Loral O’Hara and Jonny Kim. [23] Soon — and very soon — American astronauts will return to space on American rockets launched from American soil.” [23]

World Space Week is an international celebration of science and technology, and their contribution to the betterment of the human condition.In 1999, the United Nations General Assembly declared that World Space Week will be held each year from October 4-10. [32] To date, this is the longest continuous human presence in space, having surpassed the previous record of 9 years and 357 days held by Mir. [31] That plan would create a whole new military branch — the first in 70 years — with a group of elite warfighters, led by an “assistant secretary of defense for space,” a civilian position that would report to the defense secretary. [23] Yusaku Maezawa, founder of clothing company ZoZo, will be the first space tourist to travel around the moon, private spaceflight company SpaceX announced tonight (Sept. 17). [42] Space agencies must work to prevent the vehicles from having the chance of smashing into other things and creating junk in the first place. [31]

In 1978, Donald J. Kessler proposed a scenario: since the spent rockets, satellites and other space trash have accumulated in orbit increasing the likelihood of collision with other debris, these collisions create more debris creating a runaway chain reaction of collisions and even more debris. [31] The space debris orbits the Earth normally in the order of around 17,000 mph or 27,000 km/h. [31] The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) is an inter-governmental forum whose aim is to coordinate efforts to deal with debris in orbit around the Earth founded in 1993. [31]

Meteorites are key features of many natural history museum collections, but there’s never been an international conference dedicated to taking care of these rocks that fall to Earth from space. [42] On 7 September, down the street from the NAFTA meetings in Washington D.C., the Canada Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars hosted a meeting of many thought leaders from both countries to discuss a point of uncertainty in the Canada-United States relationship: collaboration in space. [26]

The significant feature of President Trump?s push to move America into deep space is that it does involve commercial partnerships. [33] Anyone who remembers all live to orchestrate anything about the column that I felt the sixties space race Apollo missions. [27] There’s going to be efforts and ecstatic to furcal on the move and that will leave of course to further and deeper space missions. [27]

Pence is chairman of the National Space Council, a group that coordinates policies between NASA and other agencies involved in space. [23] NASA takes the threat of collisions with space debris seriously and has a long-standing set of guidelines on how to deal with each potential collision threat. [31]

The European Space Agency?s Mars Express spacecraft has bounced radar signals through underground layers of ice and found evidence of a pond of water buried beneath Mars’ south polar cap. [32] These paint flecks became detached from the dead spacecraft as a result of the extreme ultraviolet radiation in space. [31]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(42 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (376) Newsletter — Citizens for Space Exploration

2. (79) Milestones of space exploration in the 20th century

3. (42) Space colonization – Wikipedia

4. (28) Space Center Houston | Apollo 50 news

5. (23) Space Exploration Splits Trump Administration Moon Mission Vs. Trip To Mars

6. (18) Why mining the water on the Moon could open up space exploration – The Verge

7. (15) Space exploration

8. (13) Kessler Syndrome: Space junk can end space exploration, and destroy modern way life – Our Planet

9. (13) Taking Flight: The Caribbean and Space Exploration | The St. Lucia STAR

10. (13) A New Golden Age Of Space Exploration MOnline

11. (12) Hulu?s The First goes where most space stories don?t.

12. (11) Are Upgradable Satellites the Future of Space Exploration? – Astronaut

13. (10) Mike Pence and the Gospel of NASA – The Atlantic

14. (9) Videos from Future in Space Hangout

15. (8) Robert Zimmerman discusses the history & future of space exploration

16. (8) Astronaut alumna answers students’ questions from space The GW Hatchet

17. (7) How can we imagine space exploration after 50 years? – Quora

18. (7) VP Mike Pence visits Johnson Space Center, talks human exploration – Houston Chronicle

19. (7) 2018 Will Be a Game-Changing Year for Space Exploration

20. (6) Curating the human experience of space — present, future, and fiction

21. (6) Making space exploration real – on Earth

22. (5) THIS WEEK @NASA: Vice President Pence Talks Future Human Space Exploration, Ice Confirmed at Moons Poles |

23. (5) Should the U.S. Be Spending This Much Money to Go to Mars?

24. (5) Space Exploration – The Catholic Astronomer

25. (4) Corporate Sponsors Could Help NASA Keep Pace with Private Space Companies

26. (4) Culberson, Pence, Bridenstine Celebrate Future of Human Space Exploration at NASA?s Johnson Space Center | TexasGOPVote

27. (4) Blog – Explore Deep Space

28. (4) vice-president-pence: Future Human Space exploration at JSC this Thursday : SpaceXLounge

29. (3) NASA Hires SSL to Research Satellite Manufacturing in Space – Via Satellite –

30. (3) Blogs | The Planetary Society

31. (3) Is space exploration racist?

32. (2) Curating the human experience of space–present, future, and fiction — MIT Media Lab

33. (2) Planetary Radio: Space Exploration, Astronomy and Science | Listen via Stitcher Radio On Demand

34. (2) Space Exploration News — ScienceDaily

35. (2) Space News – 2018 Articles About NASA and Space

36. (1) WATCH: Pence Talks About Future of Human Space Exploration at Johnson Space Center Houston Public Media

37. (1) US plans to build and man a Lunar Gateway Platform by 2024 NextBigFuture.com

38. (1) Space Facts – Astronomy, the Solar System & Outer Space | All About Space Magazine

39. (1) Making space exploration real – on Earth / Human Spaceflight / Our Activities / ESA

40. (1) Vice President Pence Talks Future Human Space Exploration at NASA’s Johnson Space Center | Markets Insider

41. (1) Stunning Moon discovery: Frozen surface water found on the Moon’s polar regions, could aid space exploration | Fox News

42. (1) Advanced propulsion technology demo shows promise for future deep-space exploration – Military Embedded Systems