How Has Science Fiction Influenced Technology

How Has Science Fiction Influenced Technology
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C O N T E N T S:


  • Microsoft, Google, and Apple have also hired science fiction writers to do "design fiction"--to narrate stories about new technology that can lead to the ideation of potentially marketable products.(More...)


  • Verne and Wells pop up a lot when we're talking about classic sci-fi that influenced real life science.(More...)



Microsoft, Google, and Apple have also hired science fiction writers to do "design fiction"--to narrate stories about new technology that can lead to the ideation of potentially marketable products. [1] Technology companies increasingly employ futurists who use science fiction as a medium for exploring potential new technologies and their social impact. [2]

Many of these technologies were broadly considered the province of science fiction just a few decades ago, but it's entirely conceivable that these former pipe dreams will become essential parts of our daily lives in the near future. [3] Despite his intent, he and other popularized science fiction writers are playing a big part in shaping the future. [1] It's worth considering the influence science fiction has on our futures, and even more so, how cautious we should be in how we consume or create it. [1] Quite a few of the science nerds who grew up to create our modern day tech read actual science fiction books to get their ideas. [4] The idea of virtual reality is a science fiction staple (think The Matrix ), which can ironically make it harder to take seriously as a prospect in real life. [3] Many of the technological achievements in the last few decades were actually ideas prophetically described in science fiction literature long before they became a reality. [1] Here are just a few of the sci-fi books that inspired real world inventions, because science fiction has a real impact on science fact. [4] When we talk about the influences of science fiction on the real world, we often look to sci-fi movies and TV shows. [4]

It is important to consider whether a particular technology posited in a science fiction narrative is an actual proposal of a future design or simply a trope driving the narrative. [5] We may even aspire to emulate science fiction technologies by hosting competitions like Qualcomm's Tricorder XPRIZE, which aims to create a technology similar to the Star Trek tricorder device. [5] Famously, some science fiction visions have come to pass: Fahrenheit 451's earbuds, Stand on Zanzibar's same-sex marriage, 1984's mass surveillance through technology, and countless stories that have presented variations of virtual reality, videophones, and mobile telephony. [5] Although the HCI aspects of science fiction can be impressively futuristic, the envisionments tend to be driven by combinations of the technology available to the writers and the needs of the particular narrative. [5] These were still being presented on the basis of well-informed guesswork, however - and it might be argued that the release of this movie, which attempted to portray space travel and technology as realistically as possible, marked a point of crisis for science fiction. [6] It is no accident that science fiction is every technology geek?s favorite genre. [7] The nexus of science, technology, innovation and hard science fiction. [8]

If we admit that visions of the future are influenced by the present context of the author, this is an important point to consider when adapting ideas from science fiction narratives. [5] Science fiction takes its future-facing ideas fairly seriously, and considerable ink has been spilled to argue for the ways in which science fiction gets the future right. [5] The priorities and concerns of the author's time and personal background end up biasing science fiction toward telling stories from the perspective of the present, rather than providing new insights and paving the way to future designs. [5] While all literature is in some ways a reflection of its time, science fiction is conspicuously set in the future. [5] The reality is that in Science Fiction, problems are solved because the writers wrote a solution; physical objects worked in perfect just-in-time automation; and data and knowledge was delivered accurately in real time because all of those solutions were described to work in ways that are not fully formed, or real. [9] There was a time when science fiction writers may have imagined they were exploring the frontiers of the future. [6] Social and cultural themes of the times also surface as science fiction conceptualizes a future world. [5] If science fiction is to have a role in informing design, it must be leveraged with more nuance than a laundry list of future technologies. [5] One point to consider about interpreting science fiction as a conception of the future is that the design specifics are often biased by the context of the author. [5] One approach to future invention is the notion that real design and science can be inspired by science fiction narratives, which define and illuminate user interaction issues. [5] There are important cautions to consider to prevent design from succumbing to the same issues that limit science fiction as a lens on the future. [5] Afrofuturism, which blends the tropes of science fiction with global black culture; or the subgenre cyberpunk, characterized by combining the ideas of cybernetics with a punk aesthetic in a dystopian future. [5] We argue that science fiction may provide a good grounding for discussion but is not a great source of accurate predictions of future technologies. [5] We provide evidence counter to the popular media narrative that science fiction may be a source of predictions of future technologies. [5] The future has become now, as British New-Wave science fiction author J.G. Ballard observed, and our fears about the future are that it will simply be more of the same, and boring. [6] Gunn, W. How America's leading science fiction authors are shaping your future. [5] One massive takeaway from the future city presented in Her is that futurists and science fiction designers are still grappling with the question of how we are going to transport people around these massive megacities. [10] Science fiction has to build a vision of the future that is not just more of the same. [6] Science fiction as a genre deals not with a singular future, but rather with many possible futures. [5] Science fiction has predicted the establishment of a moon colony for every decade since the 1930s, yet those colonies are still in the indefinite future. [5] Now, some three decades-plus since we first "saw" Cyberpunk, what do we have now? Is there a unifying visual idea that we associate with modern (2000 and beyond) science fiction? I?ve noticed over the last decade or so that there are some recurring themes. [8] Science fiction also provides a set of ideas, language, and scenes that create a kind of common ground for people in the field. [5] Some ideas presented in science fiction are simply poorly executed, based on what we currently know about designing for people. [5] What people tend to think of as true artificial intelligence, and the type that appears most often in science fiction, and in the fears of people like Stephen Hawking, is the achievement of "general intelligence" - human level abilities. [6] Thanks to megahits like Star Wars, Star Trek, Alien, Avatar, The Terminator, The Matrix, and Guardians of the Galaxy, science fiction is well entrenched in popular culture. [7] The doors in Star Trek, the just-in-time data knowledge and data access in any number of films: Bladerunner, Star Wars, Minority Report, etc. and books all are delivered seamlessly in Science Fiction. [9] Less than a decade later, Star Wars would reshape the science fiction landscape, and generate many copycats, but the Star Wars Universe is more rooted in fantasy (and Westerns and Samurai films) than in hard science fiction, and so while Star Wars has an out-sized place in the history of the genre, I don?t know that it has had the same cultural impact from a visual perspective as Cyberpunk. [8]

The technologies described in Science Fiction don?t have to work at all -- except in the fictitious way they are described to have worked. [9] Gadgets, services, and technologies work in Science Fiction because it is fiction. [9] This, along with scientific progress, has changed the nature of science fiction - writers and film-makers can no longer produce "lazy" work, but can sidestep by presenting the unknowable, as Kubrick did at the end of 2001: A Space Odyssey. [6] These were already imagined in physics and in science fiction, becoming more topical for science fiction writers towards the end of the 1960s when Hawking?s work was emerging. [6]

As a prediction mechanism, science fiction is effective at generating ideas, but not at linking them to a particular span of time or establishing their plausibility. [5] Some of the ideas of science fiction have become powerful memes, which we may adopt as design elements and usability patterns. [5] Some ideas in science fiction are "good" to the point of taking shortcuts rather than considering the "boring" design challenges. [5] The first in a two-part series on the evolution of design in Science Fiction. [8] The following is the first of a two-part series I?m calling The Aesthetics of Science Fiction. [8] In part two of this series on the aesthetics of science fiction I?m going to take a look at the apparel and gear of modern science fiction, but I do want to touch on it here as a bit of a teaser because Cyberpunk has been so influential in this area as well. [8] Science fiction for the most part missed out on predicting the powerful effects of social media, and it mispredicted technologies such as nuclear-powered interplanetary space travel (e.g., 2001: A Space Odyssey ). [5] Used with appropriate discretion, science fiction can inspire experts in creating design fictionstories whose primary purpose is to elaborate and explore new technologies in their context. [5] It's clear that science fiction is a powerful force in the technology-development world, and in our HCI design space in particular. [5] More specifically, I?ve been thinking about what science fiction looks like beyond the prevailing design aesthetic of the past 35+ years?--? Cyberpunk. [8] Question the use of common tropes that are ordinary in science fiction (e.g., humanoid robots) unless they are explicitly justified as a design choice. [5] Classic science fiction, such as 1984 and Shock Wave Rider, are also very much products of the concerns of their times and authors, focusing on authoritarian governments and worries about computer control of public systems, respectively. [5] They propose that design fiction is science fiction that "makes more sense on the page" by fully fleshing out possible artifact designs and considering how they may be set in a particular time and place. [5] For much of the 20th century the vertical city idea became intrinsically interlinked with dystopian science fiction visions. [10] When reading a science fiction story, we don't worry about the plausibility of ideas that are necessary to advance the narrative. [5] One of the first contemporaneous conceptions of what we'd consider a modern take on virtual reality (headsets for visual experience, haptics etc.) was laid out in an early science fiction story called Pygmalion's Spectacles by Stanley G. Weinbaum. [11] Dirty Computer, Janelle Monae (2018) James Cameron could have had any set he wanted for his AMC series, James Cameron?s Story of Science Fiction. [8] Another problem within this large-scale aggregate deployment of realized Science Fiction is that the engineers building these technologies and business people promoting them often rely on various interpretations of the Pareto Principle (also known as the 80/20 rule). [9] The technologies based on Science Fiction are not created in any type of synchronous manner and those deploying technologies do so while others are also deploying similar or different technologies at the same or at different times.This is a form of PolySocial Reality (PoSR), a model of the confluence of constructs with competing outcomes from differing synchronous and asynchronous communications. [9] We commonly talk about a Blade Runner social dystopia and link current events and news about upcoming technologies as coming from, being derived from, or having been presciently predicted by science fiction. [5] The elephant in the room here of course is Blade Runner, probably second to Metropolis in a list of the most influential science fiction urban visions ever portrayed. [10] What is perhaps most striking right now is the tendency for some of these grand futuristic cities, such as Dubai, to be influenced so explicitly by science fiction visions profoundly entrenched in dystopian perspectives. [10] More importantly, each instantiation of realized Science Fiction or fantasy may or may not be compatible with the visions of others doing the same thing. [9] Those of us who aren?t in that 97 percent (and many of us are not), and who lack power or wealth of the tech elite, have become test subjects to the whims of those inspired by Science Fiction to shape our real world into that of fantasy, and for this, we have no choice but to be a part of this experiment. [9] Science Fiction is not a manual for making real things in the world without oversight, accountability, and knowledge of how its outcomes will affect society. [9] Even when Science Fiction turns against mankind, as it did in 2001: A Space Odyssey, the gadgets and gear are shown as sufficiently technologically inspiring, so much so that even though it was a warning film of sorts, that element becomes minimized in favor of recreating "cool technology." [9] Kubrick?s 2001: A Space Odyssey has elements of realism that are not found in modern science fiction films - the silence of space being perhaps the most striking. [6] She took a deep dive into the look of science fiction in a piece entitled, The Architecture of Evil: Dystopian Megacorps in Speculative Fiction Films for the website 99% Invisible. [8] An architect (and budding science fiction author) I know quite well, Jeff Liebling, had a similar take. [8] Artificial intelligence at the level of sophistication and consciousness portrayed in science fiction, with the potential to cause the concerns raised by Hawking, is a long way away. [6] This art of futurism has been practiced by novelists, who two hundred years ago created the science fiction genre, beginning with Mary Shelley?s Frankenstein in 1818. [7] The tech industry is inspired to create our world from linear, scripted science fiction stories. [9]

Science fiction is not just about the future of science and technology; it is about the future of everything--it is about the possibility space of existence. [12] A series of events at the University of Illinois called Speculative Futures will bring artists together with technology innovators with the goal of sparking new creative projects at the intersection of computer science and science fiction. [13]

What can you add to the larger discussion about the intersection of science, technology, society, and science fiction? What does it add? What are the influences of the works you're examining? What do they respond to and extend what you think of as "science fiction" or speculative science? Discuss as usual in a scholarly piece, or define in your creative piece's artist statement. [14]

When responding to the fiction, ask yourself what the author was trying to say (themes), and how the story answers the question of how science and technology change what it means to be human in a changing age. [14]

It’s convenient that Infinity War ’s record-setting feat happens to dovetail with the premiere of the new AMC documentary series James Cameron’s Story of Science Fiction, which aims to explore the origins of the genre via interviews with luminaries like Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, and Guillermo del Toro, who Cameron enlisted to tackle big topics like outer space, alien life, time travel, and dark futures. [15] Science fiction expands and deepens our understanding of how humanity fits into the vast cosmic reaches of space and time; it illuminates the present as well as the future. [12] What's next? When I asked Cameron about the future of science fiction, he had a more difficult time projecting ahead. [15] Although we may associate the concept of myth with ideas derivative from the past, or stories of fantasy rather than truth, I propose that science fiction is the "evolutionary mythology of the future," providing ever-evolving dramatic narratives that inform us and both frighten and inspire us about the future. [12] The first Caltech student who became a major science fiction writer was L. Sprague de Camp who graduated from there in 1930, and produced a career that spanned 60 years and consists of over 100 books that include novels and works of non-fiction, such as biographies of other fantasy authors, according to Smith. [16] In the coming year, the first volume of my comprehensive book series Science Fiction: The Evolutionary Mythology of the Future will be published through Changemakers Books. [12] Barry N. Malzberg, a contemporary author of sci-fi prose and a historian of the genre, noted in the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America Bulletin that: " Gernsback's venality and corruption, his sleaziness and his utter disregard for the financial rights of authors, have been well documented and discussed in critical and fan literature." [17] Wolfe's recent work includes Evaporating Genres: Essays on Fantastic Literature and Sightings: Reviews 2002-2006, plus earlier studies The Known and the Unknown: The Iconography of Science Fiction (won the Eaton Award); David Lindsay ; Critical Terms for Science Fiction and Fantasy ; Harlan Ellison: The Edge of Forever (with Ellen R. Weil); Soundings: Reviews 1992-1996 (won the British Science Fiction Award, Hugo nominee); Bearings: Reviews 1997-2001 (Hugo nominee). [14] In honor of Gernsback's contribution, the World Science Fiction Convention named its main prize the Hugo Award, given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. [17] "The idea of this exhibit is to show the connections between science and science fiction, between the technologies in our daily lives and connect that a little bit to Southern California and its history," said Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society Board Member and exhibit curator Nick Smith. [16] "And from the "60s and "70s you?ve got the science fiction at that time looking at all these cool new ideas. [16] Science fiction, for many people in contemporary times, has become a total way of life--a way of experiencing reality. [12] We?ve also got people in the space program looking at all the stuff from science fiction so those are some of the time periods we?re having some fun with," added Smith. [16] The following ranked list is my considered judgment of the best science fiction novels of all time. [12] To get a sense of outstanding works within each of the diverse array of themes and territories covered in science fiction, I recommend The Best Sci-Fi Book Lists in which the best science fiction novels are listed by sub-genre. [12] Clare-Winger Harris was the first woman science fiction writer to get sci-fi literature published under her own name in the 1920?s and her stories often dealt with characters on the "borders of humanity" such as cyborgs, according to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. [16] He edited Up the Bright River (2011), the first posthumous collection of Philip José Farmer stories; and American Science Fiction: Nine Classic Novels of the 1950s (Library of America, 2012); he co-edited with Jonathan Strahan The Best of Joe Haldeman (Subterranean Press, 2013). [14] Although I have been reading science fiction for over fifty years, I know that there are still many classic science fiction novels that I have not yet read, as well as an ongoing flow of new novels being published every year. [12] We use nonfiction articles, multimedia materials, and science fiction as tools to understand the transformative and revolutionary changes that we will experience in our lifetimes, as well as explore the possible utterly changed - even transhuman - futures to follow. [14] The essays are also in evolution; I have expanded the content of the essays into a full length college course and a weekend workshop. A brief introductory three part video is also available: Science Fiction: The Mythology of the Future. [12] Frederik Pohl talk from The Literature of Science Fiction film series (ask if you'd like to borrow the DVD from the Center's large multimedia collection). [14] "Upgrade" is an efficient sci-fi thriller that entertains audiences just like those great science fiction films a couple of decades ago. [18] Bradbury's Dandelion Wine is another, along with books like Frank Herbert's Dune, Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Clifford Simak's City (a Minnesota native), SF anthologies like James Gunn's Road to Science Fiction and the DAW Annual Year's Best SF, and tons more. [14] Each of these subjects features prominently in Infinity War, which—like most of the superhero movies being released today—is a grab-bag of ideas culled from comics by writers who were inspired by the greats of of science fiction. [15] There are also people who started at Caltech as students and who ended up finishing their career elsewhere, but who became major writers in the science fiction field," explained Smith. [16] Arthur C. Clarke, one of the most significant writers of hard science fiction. [19] Aside from a balance of older classics with contemporary works, there is also a balance within my list of techie (hard) science fiction and humanistic and personal tales. [12] Carl Sagan, astronomer and adviser to NASA, also wrote the hard science fiction novel Contact. [19] Since the last update in July, 2016 of my Evolving List of All-Time Best Science Fiction Novels I have read roughly 60 "new" (I hadn't read before) science fiction novels. [12] It was the first time that science fiction took a step out of the dark and became a thriving subculture. [17] It?s no surprise that Pasadena is synonymous with space travel and cosmic collaborations on a global scale thanks to innovative institutions such as Caltech and Jet Propulsion Laboratory, but some experts go farther and claim that Pasadena should also be known as the birthplace of the science fiction genre as we know it today. [16] Led by experimental particle physicist and Professor Philip Baringer and science-fiction author Chris McKitterick, Director of the Gunn Center for the Study of Science Fiction and English writing and SF faculty. [14]

As described in The 2001 File: Harry Lange and the Design of the Landmark Science Fiction Film, Lange was responsible for designing most of the technology in the film including spaceships, spacesuits, moon bases, and computers, including an IBM-branded "newspad" tablet computer that anticipated the iPad nearly 50 years ago. [20] The idea that Star Trek has changed the world might sound as farfetched as some of the USS Enterprise's spacefaring missions, but the truth is that the science fiction series has directly or indirectly impacted both our present and future. [21] While it?s an often unsettlingly brutal book, it is also a powerful story that expertly accomplishes one of the primary goals of science fiction, extrapolating a fantastical future from the real world as it actually exists. [22] Published in 1666, this is arguably the first science fiction novel ever written, although its genre is kind of fluid, so there's little wonder it has been name-checked and referenced in the work of writers from Alan Moore to China Miille. [22] I said "I know, but if you?re going to do stuff like this you should do this one because you?ve defined a certain genre of pop culture science fiction. [23] The series is aptly called James Cameron?s Story of Science Fiction, and it features Cameron interviewing some of the most prolific scifi filmmakers in history, as well as many other prominent and familiar science fiction voices. [23] The story itself is a hybrid: part science fiction, part fantasy, part Chinese folk tale. [24] "'Blade Runner' changed the way the world looks and how we look at the world," science fiction author William Gibson told Wired. [25] Blade Runner is often cited as one of the best, most visually inventive science fiction films ever. [20] Star Trek's positive vision of the future is a nice inspiration for some of the concepts we are literally bringing from science fiction to life. [26] In the "Expanse" science fiction series, James S.A. Corey imagines the culture, and conflicts on a humanity that has colonized the stars and what effects that has technologically, economically and anatomically on his characters. [27] Students will gain a critical understanding of how radio, film, television, and performance both influence and are influenced by science fiction and music. [28] Science Fiction - Sci-Fi novels rely on current or imagined technological advances and the exploration of the consequences of those developments. [27] That, in part, illustrates the degree to which science fiction, fantasy and other fantastical genres have become a part of our culture. [27] When you hear the word "punk," what do you think of? Hoodlums on skateboards? Or maybe a kid wearing black eyeliner and their bangs all swept over one eye? Punk means different things to different people, but the word--and everything that goes with it--has forged a new meaning in the genre of science fiction. [29] That scene is a great one to recount for people to help them understand why multi-factor authentication is important! That is one of an incredible amount of relevant lessons we can learn from studying the fantastic visions of the futue from the great creators of today?s science fiction. [30] Master Sgt. David Guenther retired in 2003 after 21 years in the Air Force and became a military-themed science fiction writer. [31] While my observations of the science at NASA shaped the rest of my life, the science fiction of Star Trek allowed me to think without limits. [26] "What I loved about Star Trek was that it was the first science fiction show that had cool tech that was actually possible to build and could be explained by science. [26]

Science fiction writers are often visionaries with an understanding of current technology and a broad perspective of how technology may evolve. [32] "Kate Wilhelm is a science fiction writer whose work appeals to people who ordinarily don?t like science fiction," Gerald Jonas wrote in reviewing her novel "Welcome, Chaos" for The New York Times Book Review in 1984. [33] A science fiction writer whose work flirted with infinity, Ms. Wilhelm was fixated on time. [33]

Though some innovations have been influenced by the genre, this isn't a claim that science fiction is the foundation for all future technologies. [32] In the wake of this progress lies a truth of particular note - while the realm of science fiction as we know it today was developed and influenced by the work of a woman, throughout the genre women have been underrepresented. [34] Her first published novel was a mystery, "More Bitter Than Death" (1963), and her first full-length work of science fiction was "The Clone" (1965). [33] In addition to writing novels, Ms. Wilhelm and her husband, the author and editor Damon Knight, trained generations of writers through their Clarion Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers? Workshop (now at the University of California, San Diego), and the annual Milford Writers? Conference (originally in Pennsylvania but more recently in Wales). [33] She was one of the most influential authors of the 20th century, known primarily for her science fiction and fantasy novels and stories. [35] Ms. Wilhelm?s short stories and novellas won several Nebula Awards from Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. [33] He was part of a wave of literary-minded science fiction writers who found his biggest audience with "To Serve Man," a darkly humorous short story that was adapted into a beloved episode of "The Twilight Zone." [33] PETRA MAYER, BYLINE: Ursula K. Le Guin submitted her first story to the magazine Astounding Science Fiction when she was just 11 years old. [35] This was the first piece that brought science fiction to the masses, creating an awareness that has since demanded societal responsibility from such advancements. [34] The videophone is one of the most iconic retro-future technologies, having appeared in classic science fiction movies and TV programs, like Metropolis, 2001: A Space Odyssey, and of course, The Jetsons. [36] KOWAL: There were a lot of people who will read an Ursula Le Guin book and go, well, this isn't science fiction, it's literature. [35] Ms. Wilhelm was one of the few women writing science fiction under their own names in the 1960s, and her books quickly gained a following as well as awards. [33] Some 50 science fiction books and 30 mystery novels followed. [33] Kate Wilhelm, a prolific, prizewinning author of science fiction and mystery novels, died on March 8 in Eugene, Ore. She was 89. [33] From "Star Trek: Discovery? to "Counterpart? to "Philip K. Dick?s Electric Dreams? and beyond, Peak TV has fully embraced science fiction. [37] In the summer of 1982, a science fiction film called Blade Runner premiered in theaters? and it was completely destroyed at the box office by E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial, which had already been in theaters for two weeks. [38]


Verne and Wells pop up a lot when we're talking about classic sci-fi that influenced real life science. [4] You can deride sci-fi as "genre" writing, and you can choose to read only the realest of "realistic" fiction instead. [4] Technologists would love to better understand the way fiction influences the development of new technologies. [2]

That?s a small step toward better understanding the complex relationship between the way humans imagine the impact of technology and the way it actually occurs in reality. [2] That said, nothing makes me feel quite as anxious as when I watch or read a futuristic sci-fi about a dystopian future of an abandoned society crumbled by technology. [1] Here are a few visions of the future that you may actually end up living in, each driven by a core technology that appears to be on the horizon. [3]

Full adoption of this technology would likely put legions of truckers, cabbies, and other professional drivers out of work, potentially driving mass unemployment and depressing wages -- at least in the short term before people can retrain or find other work. [3] No one has managed to cobble together a living corpse monster yet, but the technology in Shelley's book does exist in a less fantastical form these days: the defibrillator, which is capable of restarting a human heart through a shock of electrical current. [4] As with human genetic modification, this technology would likely be too expensive for any but the wealthy to use it initially, therefore further entrenching their existing economic leg up. [3] Automated cars piloted by computers instead of humans already exist, but if this technology becomes ubiquitous -- if self-driving cars replace most or all conventional models, for instance -- they could dramatically change life for those with access to them. [3]

Like self-driving cars, augmented reality technology is already here. [3] The premise of this technology involves superimposing digital media features, such as images or sounds, over the real world in a way that enhances your experience of it. [3]

The implicit conceit is that this genre has a remarkable ability to give us visions of and foreshadow the science and technology of the future. [5] Here we offer authors a slightly longer essay format to widen their focus, and explore key ideas in science and technology in the broader context of society and humanity. [6]

If the automated world is going to work for people in the present, our highest chances of successful "Science Fiction inspired" living will only work for us if we are in that 97 percent accuracy rate (which incidentally, matches the profiles of the tech billionaires controlling most of the companies creating these technologies.) [9] He was a man who had a significant influence on the way we view science today, noted for his work with Sir Roger Penrose on the singularities at the origins and future of the universe, starting with the Big Bang, and ending in black holes. [6] Through warp drives and transporters, androids and alien negotiations, the epic sci-fi saga ended up inspiring an entire generation of young scientists and inventors to conceptualize its imagined future -- and, in many cases, create and explore the technological possibilities its writers and science advisors suggested. [39] "What's nice about Star Trek is that it presents a hopeful view of the future and one in which science actually makes the world a better place instead of a worse place," explains Krauss. [39] "In the early episodes, I think there was nice lip service paid to science as a tool," says Lawrence M. Krauss, a theoretical physicist at Arizona State University's School of Earth and Space Exploration and author of the 1995 space-age manual The Physics of Star Trek. [39] Choice one: do realistic science, and get the science right so people couldn?t criticise it (which has even inspired an academic paper on the work of author Greg Bear ). [6]

Invention is part inspiration, imagination and artistic vision, and parts hard science. [7] Were they interested in Star Trek because it got them interested in science, or were they interested in Star Trek because their interest in science meant they'd like the show? I think it goes both ways." [39] "There are lots of Star Trek fans in the science community," explains Krauss, who himself became a fan and unofficial physics advisor for the show after writing his book. [39] Star Trek helped bring the science world's emerging understanding of the cosmos right into our living rooms -- and helped inspire a new generation of scientists to push their understandings of physics in the real world. [39]

As any fan of Mystery Science Theater 3000 can tell you, the colorful, military-inspired uniforms of Buck Rodgers and Flash Gordon, along with shiny metallic jumpsuits were a staple of the genre for a good thirty years. [8]

How has technology changed the world of fiction? originally appeared on Quora - the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. [40] Part of our adaptation is adjusting continually to things that were created based on fiction and put in reality that don?t actually work the way they were "shown on TV" or in the novel or film when they inspired their creators. [9] Realizing the unreal from fiction will not make that realization work in the same way in real life. [9] They work because in fiction, it is very easy to make things work, because they aren?t real and don?t need to actually work. [9]

Consider the writer's cultural context and how their experiences, demographics, and the concerns of the time may bias the technologies and social structures explored in the fiction. [5]

The purpose of these design fictions is to show a path from now to then, with a plausible story (if not fully worked out at the moment) about how to go from the current state to the envisioned future technology. [5] The practice of design fiction is to envision a technology (in our case, with some kind of user interface) and then craft a story about how that is used, telling the tale more completely than a simple sketch, imagining it set in a particular use environment. [5]

The Star Trek series foreshadowed many other innovative ideas in communication technology as well, including Bluetooth (shoutout to Lieutenant Uhura's earpiece), location and transponder applications like GPS, LoJack and RFID and our modern-day experiments in universal translator devices. [39] Direct neural interfaces are a desired future of many VR enthusiasts, and the required technology is a hard problem to solve given the complexity of the human mind. [7] By the time TNG came out, however, the immersive entertainment technology was considered a super normal and vital form of recreation on future starships. [39] As such, humans and the real world we inhabit comprised of our bodies, cultures, and societies, become a collective test-bed for multiple technology "projects" at any given time. [9] Many sci-fi narratives are ultimately questioning our humanity in a speculative way, including our relationship with technology, our social evolutions and devolutions, etc. The blank concrete surfaces are most often in stark contrast to the human figures and their interactions. [8] There?s also more access to technology to create eBooks and self-publish, crowdfund, and so on--giving authors new ways to share their work and make a living from their writing. [40] There are a few areas in which technology has completely changed how writers create stories today than how they wrote, say, twenty or even thirty years ago. [40] One of the most comprehensive reviews of technology forecasts during the past 50 years found that forecasts with time horizons beyond 10 years were rarely more accurate than coin flips. [5]

Kubrick had access to in-depth, technical support by NASA and other space technology experts, and this strongly influenced his designs. [6] Common technical features of the latter include biologically integrated computer interfaces, advances in information technology, vast visually abstracted information spaces, artificial intelligence systems, and post-democratic societal control where corporations have more influence than governments. [5]

Some of these have to do with the narrative of the "hero outsider? who uses their knowledge and skill to fix a problem through engineering a solution or through adapting tools and technology in new ways to solve some type of problem. [9] Part of Postmodernism in architecture was a reaction against all of this technologically fetishized architecture of the 60s and 70s, and arguably in literature, Cyberpunk falls into this category, as it is inherently critical of technology and the effects it can have on society and interpersonal relationships. [8]

Speculative fiction authored during the Victorian era tended to feature large ironworks with ornate decorations (e.g., the design of the submarine Nautilus in the works of Jules Verne). [5] This idea of fiction as a laboratory may have inspired the method of design fiction, first articulated by Bruce Sterling and Julian Bleecker in 2009. [5] Bosch, T. Sci-Fi Writer Bruce Sterling explains the intriguing new concept of design fiction. [5]

Alex Shakar, a fiction writer and U. of I. professor of creative writing, and the author of "Luminarium," a novel about a neurological study that induces spiritual experiences and winner of the 2011 Los Angeles Times Book Prize in fiction. [13] After touring science, engineering and technology labs on campus, four artists will kick off the two-day festival of events with a showcase of their work and a discussion of how their creative imaginations are influenced by technology. [13] Looking for more ways to learn more about cutting-edge science and technology? Want to get involved in the SF culture? Or just looking for ideas for Leveling Up ? You've come to the right place. [14] A creative work (story, series of poems, play, short film, collection of artworks, website, creative nonfiction, and so forth) must dramatize how the ideas and themes posed in your work could affect believable, interesting characters living in a convincing, fully realized world in addition to revealing substantial understanding of how science, technology, and society affect us as human beings. [14] In this interdisciplinary course, we explore the past, present, and possible future effects of science and technology on society and humankind, and how we in turn shape science, technology, and society. [14] However you prefer to handle it is fine, but what's most important is that you've thought through all the readings for each day and their relationship to one another as well as their relationship to changes in science, technology, and society over time. [14] To be crystal-clear in defining how your creative work displays your understanding of science, technology, society, SF literature, and your response to the relationship between these things, please also include an " artist's statement," as it very much helps in evaluating creative work. [14] James Gunn's essay, " Science, Technology, and Civilization " ( part 1 and part 2 ). [14]

Paquin was particularly interested in having students from the humanities, science and engineering interact with each other as part of the Speculative Futures events. [13]

He started a magazine called Amazing Stories ?once again, first in its field?designed to promote and publish stories revolving around technological gadgets and human response to the development of science. [17] If you would like to suggest relevant content for the week you're leading discussion, by all means drop McKitterick an email with links to the materials! Due to the nature of science, tech, society, and SF, new material is always appearing, and you might find something even better than what's in the syllabus. [14] Literary icon Margaret Atwood, celebrated for her prescient vision and poetic voice, discusses the real-world origins of her speculative fiction and the roles of art, science and imagination in her creative process. [14]

A project that uses wearable sensors to collect data showing how gun crimes affect the health and well-being of African-American mothers in inner cities will be part of the technology featured at Speculative Futures, which will foster interaction between technological innovation and the arts and humanities. [13] The attention to detail in Verne's work became an inspiration for many future scientists and explorers, although Verne himself denied writing as a scientist or seriously predicting machines and technology of the future. [19]

Their motto: " Technology has given life the opportunity to flourish like never before. or to self-destruct." [14]

While most of Star Trek's science and technology is rooted in fantasy, that hasn't stopped scientists from exploring ideas from the show. [21] It has already been a notable week for the mind-meld of science and popular culture: four days ago, the MIT Technology Review ran a story about a start-up that is going to download people's brains in a procedure described as "100 per cent fatal" and that was 100 per cent guaranteed to get press coverage. [24]

As she puts it, "Science fiction is overdue a MeToo moment." (On her way to Hong Kong, courtesy of Melon, she tweeted, "When I travel at odd times with loads of business travellers, they're almost all men. [24] Otherwise, it is a sober crowd, and the day's talks are soberly split between science, business and fiction, inter­spersed with brief film clips from e.g. Blade Runner (1982), I, Robot (2004), Pacific Rim (2013) and Metropolis (1927), that dystopian masterwork by another Fritz (Lang). [24]

Blade Runner's vision of the future was design- and story-driven, a broad but shallow slice of a future world, working backward from the science fictional concepts in the pulpy Philip K. Dick novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep. [20] As McDowell has described, Spielberg's directive--like Kubrick's--"was to create future reality, not science fiction." [20] Here are some of the awesome sci-fi doo-hickeys I hope will become science fact in the near future. [41] The tech journalist and sci-fi author discusses living in a "science fictional era," the mundane side of time travel, and the emerging technologies that excite and scare her. [42] Despite all the science fiction-based influence of Star Trek, it was the show's progressivism in a time of social and political upheaval that remains its greatest achievement. [21]

The divide between science and magic is a recurring theme, and adds a wonderful sense of tension to a novel bursting with ideas. [22] Charlie Jane Anders? science fantasy debut could fit on any number of lists--it?s one of those rare books that?s a lot of different things all at once. [22]

The idea of technology changing the look a world was nothing new to sci-fi, but Mead's early sketches and work with VFX artist Douglas Trumball and production designer Lawrence G. Puall projected a vision of the future on top of Los Angeles - showing how the recognizable architecture, buildings and history of Los Angeles would provide a base that the future was built on. [25] Whether you call it inspiration, prediction, or both, Minority Report's expert-sourced vision of the future accurately reflected a range of real-world technology trends that have only accelerated in the years since. [20]

The visual effects director behind major sci-fi classics discusses how 2001: A Space Odysey has influenced contemporary technology, how AI is affecting film and new emerging technologies in cinema. [42] As with 2001, corporate partners like Lexus helped conceptualize and design branded technology for the movie. [20]

Unlike most such stories, in which society immediately begins rebuilding its technologies, the people of the world instead blame technology for the devastation. [22] Gizmodo reports that NASA and GRoK Technologies are currently working on new technology that will have the ability to regenerate bone and muscle tissue that could potentially change the way we deal with muscular pain and inflammation. [21] To create larger images they are working on ways to manipulate multiple examples at once, but the technology may still be years away from daily use. [43] Religions that shun technology swell in membership, laws are passed restricting the maximum size of communities and what technology they can use, and people are stoned to death for using forbidden devices. [22]

Spielberg's team pulled together more than a dozen scientists, urban planners, futurists, and journalists for a weekendlong " idea summit " to help the filmmakers brainstorm the technology and society of 2054. [20] The international film market has increasingly gravitated toward this futuristic setting defined by technology - bleeding into genre re-defining superhero movies ("Dark Knight"), action movies ("The Matrix") and anime ("Ghost in the Shell") - for which "Blade Runner" is the visual touchstone. [25]

Fiction frequently impacts the "real" world, leading to innovations we wouldn?t have dreamed possible if someone hadn?t first created a world where it was. [41]

"Science fiction in general and Star Trek in particular was instrumental in inspiring me to pursue a Ph.D. in computer science and more specifically in artificial intelligence. [26] "Science fiction has long had an uncomfortable relationship with Asian cultures, which are mined to create visual splendor in order to communicate otherness," Bastien writes [44]

Star Trek set a vision for science and technology that is still unmatched for any other TV show and the thought of 'what's possible' was partially responsible for my passion for that field today." [26] Many years later, when I completed my Ph.D. and began teaching AI at USC, I used Star Trek extensively in a class I had designed on 'AI and Science Fiction' to teach AI. And I used that episode of 'Measure of a Man' to teach in my class on AI and even had the writer of that episode (Melinda Snodgrass) come to my class to discuss the episode. [26]

"Star Trek absolutely inspired me to enter the tech field, specifically computer science. [26] Exoskeletons, like those used by characters in movies like Pacific Rim, have become popular in modern science fiction--they are typically used to extend the abilities of able-bodied people. [45]

Fantasy - Fantasy fiction usually involves magic and does not incorporate scientific advancements and technology. [27] He follows in the footsteps of sci-fi luminaries David Heinlein and Kurt Vonnegut -- both veterans-turned-writers whose work was influenced by their military service -- and zombie fiction authors such as J.L. Bourne and Max Brooks. [31] A fantasy fiction tale mostly driven by magic and sorcery can still be influenced by the development of, say, the steam engine. [27]

Fiction in this genre typically describes struggles of individuals or groups that are often the product of human experimentation, against a backdrop of totalitarian governments or megacorps that use and misuse these as a means of social control or profiteering. [29] Servicemembers? love of zombie apocalypse planning has inspired a work of fiction about an infected airman struggling through the first three days of the plague. [31]

As a youth, I couldn't get enough Star Trek and that certainly influenced my decision to work in technology. [26] I love the geekery of Star Trek, but for me technology is always mediated by people who are trying to work together. [26]

Solarpunk is founded in an optimistic or even utopic future that is characterized by diversity and equality amongst its peoples, clean energy, and a harmonious relationship between nature and technology. [29] Science-fiction films are full of bold predictions about the technology and adventures of the future, but they’ve also always had a remarkable impact on their presents, and particularly the fashion. [46] The most inspiring thing to this kid? Gene Roddenberry's vision of a future where technology enabled humanity's better angels. [26] The story taught me that technology can do a lot, but sometimes it takes you only so far, and people have to go the last mile themselves. [26] These types of punk sci-fi are rooted in technology that's obsolete or outdated, like steam engines. [29] Every week, you could go where no one has gone before and visualize how technology could transform everyone's way of life for the better. [26] In real life, exoskeletal technology is much more focused on assisting those with spinal or brain injuries--the goal is to restore some or all of the mobility users have lost. [45]

Such exoskeletons, they further note, are part of a new wave of technology called cybernics, which fuses robotic systems and human functional abilities. [45] Naturepunk is most common in fantasy genres, and it comes about when a setting includes modern or even futuristic technology that is made from locally sourced natural components, rather than mainstream materials. [29]

There are so many twists to these make-believe worlds - horror, post-apocalypse, alternate history and many more - that even defining the genre dubbed speculative fiction can take some work. [27] "The fact (is) that speculative fiction, especially since the 1960s, has become a genre of bold literary experimentation that increasingly welcomes a diversity of voices. [27]

"My own love of speculative fiction comes from its ability to view our world through a lens that perhaps gives the author some protection from writing about themes that may be dangerous at the time," Craigie said. [27] Califano said speculative fiction has existed in some form for nearly as long as human beings have told stories. [27]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(46 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (41) Can we look to science fiction for innovation in HCI? | ACM Interactions

2. (17) Science, Technology, and Society: Examining the Future Through a Science-Fiction Lens

3. (17) Science Fiction Is Not Social Reality - Motherboard

4. (13) Stephen Hawking: blending science with science fiction

5. (13) The Aesthetics of Science Fiction. What does SciFi Look Like After Cyberpunk?

6. (12) Tech leaders share how Star Trek inspired them to pursue a career in technology - TechRepublic

7. (11) Best Science Fiction Novels

8. (9) Explore the Fantastical with Speculative Fiction | SNHU

9. (9) Kate Wilhelm, Prolific Science Fiction Writer, Dies at 89 - The New York Times

10. (8) How Seven Sci-Fi Technologies Are Shaping Our Future

11. (8) Syfy - 8 ways Star Trek helped change science and the future as we know it | 8 ways Star Trek helped change science and the future as we know it

12. (7) Pasadena Now The Other-Worldly Exhibit That Puts Pasadena at the Epicenter of All Things Science Fiction Opens Today with Free Intergalactic Party | Latest Pasadena News -

13. (7) Blade Runner and the power of sci-fi world-building.

14. (6) Must Lists: 50 Science Fiction Essentials Written by Women

15. (6) 11 Real-Life Inventions Inspired By Science Fiction Novels

16. (5) Science Fiction Has Helped Predict the Future of Technology. Here's Why We Should Be Worried |

17. (5) News Bureau | ILLINOIS

18. (5) Going Punk: A Writer's Guide to the Punk Side of Sci-Fi | Futurism

19. (5) Pop Culture Predicts The Future of Tech

20. (4) Science Fiction Cities: How our future visions influence the cities we build

21. (4) Hugo Gernsback, father of the science fiction genre, launched a magazine that in its letters column created sci-fi fandom

22. (4) Amazing Ways That Star Trek Changed the World

23. (4) China?s golden-age of science fiction pushes new boundaries at Hong Kong conference | Post Magazine | South China Morning Post

24. (3) Can James Cameron Predict the Future of Sci-fi Movies? | GQ

25. (3) Hard science fiction - Wikipedia

26. (3) When science fiction inspires real technology - MIT Technology Review

27. (3) How Ridley Scott's Blade Runner' Changed the Look of Sci-Fi Forever | IndieWire

28. (3) "Zombie Airman? is vet?s latest work of military science fiction - U.S. - Stripes

29. (3) The Influence Of Ursula K. Le Guin : NPR

30. (3) How Has Technology Changed The World Of Fiction?

31. (3) Researchers suggest exoskeletal technology has evolved to embrace the spirit of exoskeletons in science fiction

32. (2)

33. (2) Sci-fi suggests a one-device future -- and Microsoft (and Apple) should pay attention | Windows Central

34. (2) Women in Sci-Fi

35. (2) "Science fiction -- a precursor to science fact!? | The Times

36. (2) James Cameron's Story of Science Fiction - Blogs - AMC

37. (1) Virtual reality was first imagined in a sci fi story. and it may soon take over entertainment | Big Think

38. (1) Review: 'Upgrade' is an entertaining sci-fi thriller that recalls those 90s B-movie favorites | Entertainment |

39. (1) Music | Science Fiction, Music | Amherst College

40. (1) CTOvision SciFi Site, because "In Science Fiction we dream"

41. (1) Archive Gallery: How the Space Age Influenced Design | Popular Science

42. (1) The Great Sci-Fi TV Boom of 2018 - The Ringer

43. (1) The Legacy of Blade Runner - IGN

44. (1) Holograms: are they still the preserve of science fiction? | Technology | The Guardian

45. (1) Blade Runner 2049 Asian Influences: How Sci-Fi Loves East Asian Culture But Not the Characters

46. (1) From Blade Runner to The Force Awakens, How Sci-Fi Influences Fashion | Vanity Fair

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