Modernism Architectural Style Guide

C O N T E N T S:


  • This form of multifamily rental housing in which a group of small detached structures are clustered around a central communal courtyard was introduced in 1909 by Pasadena architect Sylvanus Marston, and soon replicated all over the Southland in a wide range of architectural styles.(More…)


  • Aspects of modernism – clean lines, big windows and flat roofs – were given their most prolific expression in the style called suburban ranch, which dominated Tucson development in the ’60s and ’70s, but only a few ranch homes made the Modern 50 list.(More…)


Modernism Architectural Style Guide
Image Courtesy:
description: Los Angeles architecture: An illustrated guide – Curbed LA


This form of multifamily rental housing in which a group of small detached structures are clustered around a central communal courtyard was introduced in 1909 by Pasadena architect Sylvanus Marston, and soon replicated all over the Southland in a wide range of architectural styles. [1] Architect and urbanist Oleksiy Bykov believes Soviet modernism is just as valuable as any architectural style from other historical periods. [2] Influenced by the De Stijl architectural style with a focus on function, color and distinct lines, Swiss architect Albert Frey profoundly influenced post-WWII Palm Springs; Hollywood elite and vacationers alike. [3] The architecture of Montreal is characterized by a wide variety of architectural styles. [4] The architecture of Montreal, Quebec, Canada is characterized by the juxtaposition of the old and the new and a wide variety of architectural styles, the legacy of two successive colonizations by the French, the British, and the close presence of modern architecture to the south. [4] The architecture of San Francisco is not so much known for defining a particular architectural style, rather, with its interesting and challenging variations in geography and topology and tumultuous history, San Francisco is known worldwide for its particularly eclectic mix of Victorian and modern architecture. [5] Includes descriptions of numerous different Victorian and early 20th Century architectural styles common in the San Francisco Bay Area, particularly Oakland, and detailed instructions for repair and restoration of details common to older house styles. [5]

As America’s first signature architectural style, Federal is rooted in Roman and Grecian architecture. [6] Simply known as Bauhaus (translated as “architecture-house?), or the International Style (the reference for the American form), this major architectural style developed in the 1920s and 30s and had a significant impact on art and architecture trends in Western Europe, the United States, Canada and Israel. [7] Gaud”s architectural style borrows from Gothic and Art Nouveau elements which are essentially showcased as ornate forms and structures with curved surfaces (think of wavy, undulating forms). [8]

The dazzling bold colors, geometric patterns, and liberal use of floral patterns are Gaud”s homage to the architectural style professed by the Arabs (indeed the building gave me some serious Alhambra dvu ) and is a far cry from the modernist style that he would embrace later. [8] With the desire to recreate the cafe culture of Europe in the hot climate of Israel- whilst integrating the modernist architectural style they had practiced- the group created a new architectural language. [7]

As there was no entrenched architectural style in Tel Aviv at this time, and there was a need to build quickly and economically, this new construction found the perfect home. [7] It was designed by Los Angeles architects Adrian Wilson and Earle Webster in 1936 in the architectural style is known as Streamline Moderne. [9]


Aspects of modernism – clean lines, big windows and flat roofs – were given their most prolific expression in the style called suburban ranch, which dominated Tucson development in the ’60s and ’70s, but only a few ranch homes made the Modern 50 list. [10] This was an early version of Wilde’s modernism, which would later take the form of exposed concrete walls in a style known as brutalism, exemplified by his design for the Tucson Police headquarters downtown. [10] A student of Lechner, Lajta took his master’s national style in new directions, shifting Hungarian architecture toward art deco and early modernism. [11]

The architecture of these modernist buildings was a form of protest by their middle class, mainly Jewish residents – they viewed the then still dominant Baroque Revival style and its political and social implications as outdated and backward-looking. [11] Popularized by architect John Elgin Woolf, Hollywood Regency samples from 19th century French, Greek Revival, and modernist styles, with a healthy dose of Tinseltown glamour. [1] To house the San Diego exposition, architects Bertram Goodhue and Carleton Winslow designed a campus of buildings that blended elements of Mission Revival, Mexican, Spanish Baroque/Churrigueresque, and Islamic styles. [1] This row of 22 buildings was the result of a progressive government decree in the 1930s that commissioned leading architects to build affordable housing in the contemporary style of the day. [11] Architects of the day, many of them trained at USC, developed and championed a style of home that could be built relatively quickly using inexpensive, mass-produced materials. [1] They range from the Frank Lloyd Wrightish knockoffs of the Prairie style to the brutalist cast-concrete houses of Tucson architect Judith Chafee. [10]

Loosely based on the architecture of 16th-century French chateaux in the Loire Valley, the Chateauesque style became tr chic in Los Angeles during the 1920s thanks to its fantasy appeal, aristocratic associations, and last but not least, advances in veneer cladding techniques that approximated the look of expensive masonry construction. [1] Monterey Colonial Revival: A mixture of Mexican, New England Colonial, and Spanish styles, Monterey Revival homes are two stories, and feature second-floor verandas with wood railings, plaster or thick stucco walls, and louvered shutters (though these are often fixed). [1] Reed has decorated his lower Foothills home in similar style, with lighted mirrors, swooping floor lamps, JFK memorabilia, starburst clocks and period record albums. [10]

A relatively short-lived style, Streamline Moderne buildings paid homage to the spirit of progress and travel by borrowing the aerodynamic curves of 1930s luxury trains, planes, and ocean liners. [1] Photo: Finta’s style fully emerged with the Police Headquarters building (colloquially the “Cops’ Palace”). [11]

The exteriors still show his style, but interiors are more 21st century modern than mid-20th-century. [12] It is not a style that can be traced to a specific time and place, nor a revival of any earlier styles. [10] You’ll also find quite a few places to stay that have that great mid-century style. [12]

Orbit In is a retro resort with lots of mid-mod style, designed by Herbert Bruns. [12] This fresh mid-mod style was created using pops of color and a seamless blending of vintage and new. [13] Prevalent styles found today in neighborhoods such as Angelino Heights or West Adams include Queen Anne, Eastlake and Folk–or some combination of multiple styles. [1] Queen Anne: The most exuberant of all the Victorian styles, Queen Annes are asymmetrical, and often feature turrets and towers, round or octagonal rooms, elaborate spindle-work, fish-scale siding, and patterned masonry. [1]

The word ” Victorian ” actually refers to an era, the reign of Queen Victoria, which lasted from 1837 to 1901, and it encompasses a wide variety of styles. [1]

While Southern California is rich in architectural variation, Googie –exemplifying the collision of car culture and the Jet Age futurism that bloomed after World War II–is arguably the signature style of the region. [1] Folk: Generally symmetrical and relatively plain homes for the working and middle class, Folk Victorians were built using plan books published by architectural companies. [1] Nostalgia for the modern expression of architectural form is being recognized in Tucson this week. [10] The Palm Spring Art Museum offers an architectural icon walking tour, but dates are limited. [12] Rappaport, according to an architectural magazine that took note of the home’s construction in 1948, was an audiophile who wanted space for entertaining in an otherwise small house. [10] Photo: ArchDaily Budapest’s new metro line #4 is both a commercial failure and an architectural success. [11]

Architect Arthur Brown helped bring modernism to Tucson, beginning in 1936, and was its most successful practitioner with 10 homes on the MAPP Modern 50 list of significant residences. [10] The list focuses on modernism as interpreted by a couple dozen Tucson architects, led by Brown, William Wilde and Nicholas Sakellar. [10] An earlier Wilde building, the College Shops on North Park Avenue near the University of Arizona, was perhaps “the purest expression of the tenets of early European modernism built in Tucson,” according to a Wilde biography compiled by MAPP. That building was demolished in 2001 by the Marshall Foundation to make way for a UA classroom building. [10] “I think of modernism as being about space and light and the experience of a building as the driving characteristics rather than decoration or predetermined forms,” said architect Chris Evans, vice president of MAPP, the Modern Architecture Preservation Project. [10] “A lot of architects began to feel that modernism was very limited and not expressive enough. [10]

Following WWI, modernism left a distinctive mark on Budapest’s architecture. [11] In a large sense, modernism in architecture is defined by what it is not. [10]

Early practitioners, especially, used block and brick to introduce modernism to clients who wanted something familiar in their new homes, said Evans. [10] Modernism fans should certainly visit the residential homes on NapraforgStreet in Buda. [11] Gresham said he was trying to give the homes a context that modernism lacked. [10] Gresham said both homes “represent a conscious attempt to try to move beyond modernism as it was understood at the time.” [10]

You might think of trying an app for your modernism tour, but unfortunately, none are super useful. [12]

Modernism Week is the annual mid-century extravaganza in Palm Springs. [12] Join us Oct 22, 2017, for expert advice and local renovation success stories as part of the 2017 Modernism Week Fall Preview in Palm Springs, CA. [13]

The style’s leading architect was Jsef Finta, whose buildings fundamentally shaped Budapest’s contemporary skyline. [11] Lechner’s signature style is marked by fluid shapes, floral motifs, and rich ceramic decoration using brightly-colored tilework. [11]

Use this guide and Google map to take a do-it-yourself tour. [12]

National trust guide- San Francisco: America’s guide for architecture and history travelers. [5] The revised version of this book includes architecture styles from all around the world and includes both olden and modern day architectural cultures. [14] Based on various classic styles, the book focuses on various architectural designs along with drawings, floor plans, and photos. [14]

The book talks about the details of the building designs, symbols, who built it, why they adopted the style they did, etc. [14] A celebrated renaissance architect and the person behind the celebrated Palladium style of building, the book is written by the genius himself. [14]

If you own or are planning a new home, chances are its architecture derives from some historic style: Neo-Georgian, with white front columns; adobe—long, low, and close to the earth; Shingle Style— wooden, rambling, but balanced in an asymmetrical way. [15] Although diverse in place and style, each artist included in Constructing Worlds demonstrates the interdisciplinary exchange between art and architecture. [16] It also includes various non-Western architecture styles and gives an in-depth study of the same. [14] It talks about the Roman style of architecture and how different elements in it had affected the writers work. [14]

Surprisingly enough, the answer may lie in a modified type of formal garden, one that takes the best elements of the past and adapts them for today’s living—a looser version of the style that was common a hundred years ago and then disappeared with the onslaught of modernism in the 1950s. [15] The modernism of Los Angeles, how it reformed and came to post the modernist critique of architecture is reflected in this book. [14] His lecture was a huge success and inspired a group of activists to start a movement called Save Kyiv Modernism to preserve and protect Soviet modernist architecture in Kyiv. [2] The Save Kyiv Modernism group recently released its first map featuring 70 modernist buildings that are in various states of disrepair. [2]

The author emphasizes the work of various architects and concepts of modernism and regionalism. [14] In the absence of a licensed architect and Frey’s manifestation of desert modernism, Palm Springs may have been left unpolished and unexplored. [3]

Source: The now Kocher-Samson Historic Home and Vacation Rental defines desert modernism. [3]

Please join New Orleans Architecture Foundation, in partnership with New Orleans Homes & Lifestyles, on Saturday, October 20th for a self-guided tour of seven stunning Uptown / Audubon area homes, where you will learn about the history and architectural significance of each. [16] The beautiful architecture and history of Cape Cod are focused in this book, and what a wonderful story it tells! Right from the origin and history of the architectural struggles in the area to the designers and their struggles- the book is a must-read. [14] The new edition of the book defines new age architecture and the link between past and the present, and the way it changed the entire architectural presence in the world. [14] A unique book on architecture, this book uses infographics to define a lot of different architectural information. [14] Architectural geniuses, Lloyd and Johnson, had a rift which was worth appreciating to understand the history of American architecture. [14]

There are 600 illustrations in the book, which not only depicts the evolution, but also the several architectural movements and how great architects flourished and came up with masterpieces that went on to live forever. [14] Enriched with a number of photographs and varied designs, this book can serve a great purpose if you want to get some good ideas for architectural creations. [14] The revised edition of this book has information brought together by architectural experts and reveals work ranging from 3500 BC to present day. [14] The knowledge that this book imparts, about how architectural grounds have been used for violence, is disturbing, yet very intriguing to learn. [14] The best architectural dictionary available out there, this book holds more than 25,000 definitions, including the newly added terms and words frequently used in the field. [14] This revised version of the book could be used as an introduction into the general vocabulary of architectural models and its usage. [14] Various large architectural buildings were used as mental hospitals, and still still stand as a symbolism of the cruelty that had prevailed within. [14] Acknowledging huge social and architectural changes that New York has been through, the author talks about various prominent as well as offbeat buildings in the city, including those buildings and construction methods which do not exist anymore. [14] The variety of buildings included factories, elevators, warehouses, mills, and refineries which today provide a legacy of historic and architectural interest, especially in the downtown area and in Old Montreal. [4] The recent edition of the book contains more than 60 pictures and illustrations and is often deemed as the Bible of architectural books. [14] It sure is a complete book of architectural marvels around the globe. [14] Elegantly written in simple language and with an organized structure, this book is one of the best architectural dictionaries in the market. [14]

All the same, architects still managed to exercise some creativity even within strict rules of Soviet architectural orthodoxy. [2] Included below are summaries of the historical significance of several of these great San Franciscan architectural achievements. [5] It was the longest suspension bridge in the world, and was considered a masterful feat of architectural engineering, designed to hold 5,700 lb/ft on its roadway and 2,000 lb/ft on its walkways. [5] TOOLS OF THE TRADE tracks the significant changes in architectural drafting and documentation techniques via a retrospective of Ian G. Thompson AIA, RIBA. Presented by The Ian G Thompson Foundation in partnership with New Orleans Architecture Foundation. [16]

There are various types of discussions in the book, starting from challenging architectural wonders to the ways in which you could design a simple home. [14] Compiled with lots of pictures, detailed descriptions and loads of information, this book gives great insight into the architectural wonder of St. Petersburg. [14]

The primary objective of this book is to reduce the complexity of architectural designs and its technicalities. [14] A comprehensive book on architectural designs and drafting methods, this book draws light on both traditional methods of architectural studies as well as the computer-based systems, which widely helps the students from school to college level. [14]

Pavilions designed for the 1967 International and Universal Exposition, popularly known as Expo 67, featured a wide range of architectural designs. [4] His roughly two-hundred regional architectural designs exemplify a harmonious balance between material and nature. [3]

It questions the ability of various architectural wonders of the world and is truly thought-provoking. [14]

This hardscape, which must invariably echo the style and material of the house, serves to extend the built environment out into the landscape, providing a container to hold the plantings, in much the same way that a good frame completes a painting. [15] In 1792, he built a Presidio style fort, which had sufficient fortifications, but was clearly not strong enough to truly act as the main defense of the harbor. [5]

Its rich symbolism is attributed to the international design style, an inherent connection to Frey’s European roots. [3] Within the last 50 years, and mostly for the better, we have adopted a less and less formal style of living, to the point that when one suggests that a portion of the landscape might be formal, the only vision the owner imagines is that of uncomfortably dressed ladies and gentlemen perched on hard, unyielding garden furniture sweating through interminable teas. [15]

Place d’Armes, shown in panorama below, is surrounded by buildings representing several major periods in Montreal architecture: the Gothic Revival Notre-Dame Basilica ; New York Life Building, Montreal’s first high-rise; the Pantheon -like Bank of Montreal head office, Canada’s first bank; the aforementioned Aldred Building. (1931) and the International style 500 Place D’Armes. [4] It is a good read those who are looking to study and understand Craftsman style of architecture. [14] This book consists of magazine articles collected in the early 1900s and is made in the Craftsman style. [14]

A must-have in your journey in school and college, this book is an unabbreviated guide for students which they compulsorily have to study in the last two years of college. [14] Three historic gardens inspire and guide landscape design for the new old house. [15] Campanario has used various levels of composition, scale, depth, contrast and a lot of creativity to create this guide which has more than 500 sketches. [14]

Citation – Citations style guides and citation management software. [17] With the Chrysler Building, Empire State Building, and 30 Rockefeller Plaza falling in this category, Art Deco is undoubtedly one of the most common architecture styles in NYC. This Parisian aesthetic envelops luxury, modernism, and sleekness with a combination of geometric blocks, curved forms, and ornamentation. [6] Combining French neoclassicism, Gothic, and Renaissance elements, Beaux Arts is one of the most beautiful and often ornate architecture styles in NYC. Expect a combination of arched windows, flat roofs, classical details, and symmetry. [6]

Photography tip: Contemporary architecture often calls for an equally modern style of photography. [18] ‘we find a culturally influenced re-interpretation and appropriation of modern construction style that is not only characterized by the hybridism described above, but also by a markedly set-like impression on the part of the architecture itself,’ explains zephir team. [19] Originating in England during the 1830s, the Gothic Revival style of architecture is characterized by steeples, stained-glass windows, pointed arches, flying buttresses, and medieval sculptures. [6] Walk around the area to witness all the eras of Kiev’s architecture, from the ornate 19th-century mansions to neo-Renaissance to Stalin Empire style. [20]

These mid-century modern style homes are inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright’s organic principles. [21] When NYC’s grid system was implemented in 1811, Federal style homes popped up all along the streets and avenues. [6]

” I intend to liberate buildings from their spatial context and known surroundings by breaking the city’s essence down to the substance,” he has said to Dezeen regarding his photographic style [18] Modern architecture and its acolytes in their compounds expended a lot of energy developing rival forms of architectural creativity, and then, once they’d agreed on what they called the International Style, they spent a lot of energy setting down the rules by which buildings and cities would be constructed. [22] Buildings from this school were also featured at the Museum of Modern Art’s first architecture exhibit in 1932, giving rise to the International Style of architecture. [6] With a less-than-ostentatious appearance, International Style buildings can be tricky to spot. [6]

Inspired by the rich heritage of residential architecture in North America, our traditional homes feature light-filled designs and wraparound porches in farmhouse and craftsman styles. [21] Lindal partners with eight top North American architectural firms to create a varied and extensive selection of warm, modern home designs and floor plans. [21] Our modern homes make a strong architectural statement with flexible and highly functional interior spaces. [21]

Ema Peter is a Vancouver-based photographer who works within the architectural and interior design communities across North America. [18] Keep in mind that since architecture is designed to be used, lived, and worked in, adding these subjects to your architectural photography can give your work a greater sense of life and humanity. [18] As Patman demonstrates, architectural photography isn’t just about photographing the best architecture, it’s about finding the best in architecture–any architecture. [18]

Montse Zamorano is an architect who also shoots architectural photography. [18] In many cases, architectural photography doesn’t just document structures, but also offers a personal interpretation of these monuments by using various techniques to accentuate their forms and add visual context. [18] Photography tip: Architectural photography without people can highlight the purity of a structure’s form. [18]

It’s a pathway that many architectural photographers naturally take, as it provides them with an inherent understanding of a building’s construction and design. [18] Nelson Garrido is a Portuguese architectural photographer who has travelled all around the world for his work. [18]

At Lindal, we’re always finding new ways to express the best in modern residential style. [21] The term contemporary does not apply to a fixed time period, or even a particular style. [23]

Like modernism, today’s contemporary design depends on simplicity. [23] The Palm Springs Modernism Show & Sale and the accompanying Modern Design Expo occurs during Modernism Week. [24]

Natural materials are also common in modernism, and also incorporate plastic and polished metal, a reflection of the Industrial Revolution and the influence of the manufacturing world. [23]

Let our experts guide you through the process of designing and building your dream home. [21] Follow our weekend guide to make sense of the city that has a lot to offer. [20]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(24 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (32) The 50 Best Architecture Books You Must Read | Architecture Lab

2. (16) Sleek lines, big windows, flat roofs say modernism | Home + Life + Health |

3. (12) Los Angeles architecture: An illustrated guide – Curbed LA

4. (10) 15 Instagram accounts that allow you to view architectural photography through someone else’s eyes – Learn

5. (9) Budapest’s Architecture: 22 Must-See Buildings – Offbeat Budapest

6. (7) The Mid-Century Modern Design in Palm Springs

7. (7) Common Architecture Styles in NYC | Tracy Kalers New York Life + Travel

8. (6) Lindal Cedar Homes | Custom Home Build & Design | Prefab Post & Beam

9. (6) Architecture of San Francisco – Wikipedia

10. (5) The Architecture of the Garden – Restoration & Design for the Vintage House | Old House Online

11. (5) Stay at the Frey – Modernist Architect of Palm Springs | Palm Springs Convention Center

12. (5) Architecture of Montreal – Wikipedia

13. (4) Preservationists seek protection of Soviet modernist architecture | KyivPost

14. (3) Events — New Orleans Architecture Foundation

15. (3) Modern and Contemporary Design: A Primer For The Rest Of Us | Industries

16. (3) “The White City”: The Creation of Bauhaus Architecture — The Pemberley

17. (2) Atomic Ranch — The Trusted Resource for Mid Mod Design

18. (2) 48 hours in Kiev: your weekend guide to summer in a city that has it all — The Calvert Journal

19. (2) Barcelona Gaud’ tour: Tips to see Five Famous Masterpieces on your own

20. (1) Home – Art History – Research Guides at University of Colorado Boulder

21. (1) hybrid modernism: haubitz+zoche capture postcolonial churches in south india

22. (1) Beauty or the Machine? – Historic Properties and Traditional Architecture | Traditional Building

23. (1) Palm Springs Modernism Show & Sale and Modern Design Expo

24. (1) StyleCarrot – | style art decor |