United States vs. Indian Automobile Companies

United States vs. Indian Automobile Companies
United States vs. Indian Automobile Companies Image link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McLaughlin_Motor_Car_Company
C O N T E N T S:


  • According to an ET report, the Supreme Court bench comprising Justices Madan B Lokur and Deepak Gupta asked the Society of Indian Automobile Manufactures (SIAM), an umbrella body of automobile companies, to fall in line at par with global countries move to manufacturing more eco-friendly battery-operated cars.(More…)
  • Swagatam Tours is one of the largest tour and travel companies in India.(More…)
  • Vehicle hauling giant United Road Services names new CEO United Road Services, one of the largest vehicle trucking companies in North America, said President Mark Anderson will succeed CEO Kathleen McCann, effective Jan. 1.(More…)
  • It is hard for U.S. companies to ramp up to export more to China when they are operating at full capacity and have close to no unemployment.(More…)


  • We take pride in being the only indigenous car maker amongst all Indian automobile manufacturers.(More…)



According to an ET report, the Supreme Court bench comprising Justices Madan B Lokur and Deepak Gupta asked the Society of Indian Automobile Manufactures (SIAM), an umbrella body of automobile companies, to fall in line at par with global countries move to manufacturing more eco-friendly battery-operated cars. [1] Companies like Tesla are making a beeline for the Indian market, and India?s uber rich have begun pre-ordering the Tesla Model 3, even before the product is launched in India. [2] Ford and Mazda remain strategic partners through exchanges of technological information and joint ventures, including an American joint venture plant in Flat Rock, Michigan called Auto Alliance. 112 Ford sold the United Kingdom-based Jaguar and Land Rover companies and brands to Tata Motors of India in March 2008. [3]

The companies had a short-lived joint venture, Mahindra Ford India Ltd, established in 1995. [4] Mahindra is a major producer of cars and trucks in India and South Korea, but until now it was mainly known in the United States as the world?s leading maker of tractors. [5] With fuel prices fluctuating every day, trade wars looming with countries like the United States and with varying taxes, one would expect the Indian automakers to face difficulties getting their new cars out of their showrooms. [6] DETROIT (Reuters) – Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd ( MAHM.NS ), one of India’s oldest vehicle manufacturers, is testing autonomous tractors, trucks and cars, while moving closer to bringing electric vehicles to the United States, Chairman Anand Mahindra said on Monday. [4] In 2017, Michigan-based General Motors (GM) held about 17.6 percent of the car and light truck market in the United States. [7] Based on their share of the U.S. auto market, General Motors, Ford and the Toyota Motor Corporation are the most successful automakers in the United States. [7] General Motors is the automotive manufacturer with the highest number of different brands available, with Chevrolet and GMC being the most popular ones in the United States. [7] Mahindra builds and sells its own branded S.U.V.s and pickups in its home market and elsewhere in Asia, and could import variations of those vehicles into the United States. [5] If Mahindra aims to make the leap in the American market from tractors and off-road models to cars or sport-utility vehicles, it has several options. [5] In 2013, Mahindra established a North American automotive headquarters in Troy, Mich., which houses design, engineering and vehicle development. [8] The company, which opened a new North American headquarters north of Detroit on Monday, is considering when to begin U.S. sales of the vehicles, Anand Mahindra said in an interview. [4] “We hope that we will gradually creep into the consciousness of the American consumer as the maker of very rugged, sturdy SUV and crossover vehicles,” Mahindra said. [8] In 2016, Americans bought more than 17.5 million passenger vehicles (meaning cars and SUVs); the Chinese bought a little over 28 million. [9] AUBURN HILLS, Mich. — It has been years since Detroit, birthplace of the American auto industry, was a steady producer of the manufacturing jobs that defined it as the Motor City. [5] Mr. Mahindra said Detroit was a focal point for growth for the company?s American businesses, which also include manufacturing electric bikes and scooters. [5] Anand G. Mahindra, chairman of the Mahindra Group, whose company is expanding its American presence. [5] Mahindra also assembles tractors at several American plants and employs about 3,000 workers over all across the United States, part of a worldwide work force of more than 200,000. [5] Anand Mahindra suggested that Ssangyong and Pininfarina electric vehicles might be sold in both the United States and China. [4] “It’s not imminent,” he said of Mahindra passenger vehicles in the United States. [8]

As you know it’s the third Korean auto company that Americans don’t know about.” [8] It also owns the South Korean carmaker Ssangyong Motor and the Italian design and engineering firm Pininfarina, both of which could participate in producing models for the American market. [5] Americans have “happily” accepted “Korean quality and automotive competence,” Mahindra said, referring to rivals Hyundai and Kia. [8]

“None of us really know where this journey will take us,” said Rick Haas, chief executive of Mahindra?s North American auto group. [5] Currently, Editor-in-Chief of New Roads Media, I have covered all aspects of the auto industry for some thirty years for publications including USA Today, Businessweek, AOL Autos, Popular Mechanics, Adweek and Advertising Age. [10]

Mahindra is one of six companies vying to supply the U.S. Post Office with a new vehicle for letter carriers. [10] In the electric vehicles manufacturing space, we have companies such as Maruti Suzuki who earlier announced an investment of $600 Mn (INR 3,900 Cr) for the construction of a new plant at Hansalpur in Gujarat, while Mahindra Electric and Meru tied up to deploy electric vehicles in Hyderabad. [1] In a major push towards improving the present air scenario of the country, the Supreme Court on Tuesday directed automobile companies to switch over their manufacturing to electric vehicles. [1] The revival of the overall market for new vehicles, as well as the return of the Detroit car companies to financial health, has spurred a steady comeback for auto jobs — particularly in the high-tech sector supporting advances in autonomous driving and electric vehicles. [5] The Indian parent is collaborating with both companies on the development of electric vehicles, including premium models for Pininfarina that likely would compete with Tesla Inc ( TSLA.O ). [4] This is a good news for companies like Ola who plans to introduce 1 Mn electric vehicles on road by 2021. [1] Mahindra has an agreement with Ford Motor Co. to explore synergies between the two companies. [10]

Some of them are originated from defense industry, such as Chang’an Motors, Changhe, and Hafei Motor ; some were developed from old state-owned companies, such as BYD Auto, Brilliance China Auto, Chery Automobile, and Changfeng Automobile. [11] Others are private-owned companies, such as Geely Automobile and Great Wall Motors. [11]

Between 2002 and 2007, China’s national automobile market grew by an average 21 percent, or one million vehicles year-on-year. 10 In 2009, China produced 13.79million automobiles, of which 8million were passenger cars and 3.41million were commercial vehicles and surpassed the United States as the world’s largest automobile producer by volume. [11] The automotive industry in China has been the largest in the world measured by automobile unit production since 2008. 3 4 5 Since 2009, annual production of automobiles in China exceeds that of the European Union or that of the United States and Japan combined. [11] Ford Motor Company sells a broad range of automobiles under the Ford marque worldwide, and an additional range of luxury automobiles under the Lincoln marque in the United States. [3] Ford Motor Company announced it will accelerate its plans to produce more fuel-efficient cars, changing both its North American manufacturing plans and its lineup of vehicles available in the United States. [3] In terms of North American manufacturing, the company will convert three existing truck and sport utility vehicle (SUV) plants for small car production, with the first conversion at its Michigan Truck Plant. [3]

Last year, Trump argued that more American vehicles should be sold in Japan, where historically almost no American cars have been on the market. [12] Ford then developed a relationship with Korea’s oldest car manufacturer Kia which built vehicles co-engineered with Mazda, later selling the Ford Festiva from 1988-1993, and the Ford Aspire from 1994-1997 for export to the United States. [3] Ford owned the Swedish automaker Volvo from 1999 to 2010. 7 In 2011, Ford discontinued the Mercury brand, under which it had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and the Middle East since 1938. [3] Bill Ford was one of the first top industry executives to make regular use of a battery electric vehicle, a Ford Ranger EV, while the company contracted with the United States Postal Service to deliver electric postal vans based on the Ranger EV platform. [3] Countries where Ford commercial vehicles are or were formerly produced include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada (also badged as Mercury ), France, Germany, India, Netherlands, Philippines, Spain (badged Ebro too), Turkey, UK (badged also Fordson and Thames ), and the United States. [3] Ford has had manufacturing operations worldwide, including in the United States, Canada, Mexico, China, the United Kingdom, Germany, Turkey, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, and South Africa. [3] China surpassed Japan to become the world’s second-largest vehicle market in 2006, and passed the United States to become the largest in 2009. citation needed This growth is spurring demand for automotive parts, services, and after-care products. [11] The fuel cell Explorer the first in a series of prototypes partly funded by the United States Department of Energy to expand efforts to determine the feasibility of hydrogen- powered vehicles. [3] In 1985, the Merkur brand was introduced in the United States to market products produced by Ford of Europe; it was discontinued in 1989. [3] Korean and American brands suffered from lack-luster sales with Hyundai dropping from the top ten and GM and Ford both falling below local Chinese brands. [11] Trucks sales accounts for a big slice of Ford’s profits, according to USA Today. 62 In 2017 it is estimated that 90 percent of the company’s global profits comes from the Ford F-Series. 63 Ford’s realignment also included the sale of its wholly owned subsidiary, Hertz Rent-a-Car to a private equity group for $15billion in cash and debt acquisition. [3] From the 1940s to late 1970s, Ford’s Ford F-Series were used as the base for light trucks for the North American market. [3] Vehicles sold at Autorama locations were the North American assembled Ford Explorer, Probe (1989-1998), Mustang, Taurus (1989-1997), Thunderbird (1990-1993), Lincoln Continental, and Lincoln LS. Ford products manufactured in Europe that were sold in Japan were the Ford Mondeo, Ka, Focus, Focus C-MAX, Fiesta, and the Galaxy. [3]

In 1983, American Motors Corporation (AMC, later acquired by Chrysler Corporation ) signed a 20-year contract to produce their Jeep -model vehicles in Beijing. [11] Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. [3] “The government needs to subsidise battery and lithium imports or incentivise companies to set up this business in India,” Yaquta Mandviwala, a partner at Boston-headquartered consultancy firm Bain & Company said. [2]

Groups of two or three men worked on each car, assembling it from parts made mostly by supplier companies contracting for Ford. [3] At first, Ford in Germany and Ford in Britain built different models from one another until the late 1960s, with the Ford Escort and then the Ford Capri being common to both companies. [3] Foreign joint venture companies include Suzuki, Ford, Mazda and PSA Peugeot Citro”n. [11] Henry Ford was 39 years old when he founded the Ford Motor Company, which would go on to become one of the world’s largest and most profitable companies. [3] The automotive manufacturing business is distinctive in terms of its method of pursuing growth together with companies, rather than just providing them with funds. [13]

Swagatam Tours is one of the largest tour and travel companies in India. [14] Its owner, an Indian-born American film maker, recently used it to go on 45 day exploratory road trip across India. [14] VW to end Beetle output in 2019 With more and more Americans gravitating to light trucks, Volkswagen will end production of the venerable Beetle in 2019, closing another chapter for one of the auto industry’s most storied nameplates. [15]

Vehicle hauling giant United Road Services names new CEO United Road Services, one of the largest vehicle trucking companies in North America, said President Mark Anderson will succeed CEO Kathleen McCann, effective Jan. 1. [15] Manufacturing facilities in Asian nations to control cost : In order to control cost & to manage shrinking margins automobile companies like Harley, Volvo, Bharat benz etc. are building their manufacturing facilities in developing nations like India, China because these nations have cheap workforce, are high in resources & are nearer to developed economies. [16] In April 2018 China agreed to ease its rules on foreign auto companies operating in China, a clear signal that the quality of Chinese cars, including autonomous and electric vehicles, is rapidly increasing. [17] A common complaint about these joint ventures is that they open the door for Chinese companies potentially to steal trade secrets and then use that IP to build and grow Chinese industries in everything from cars and phones to medicine. [17]

The truth is, China no longer needs these joint-venture rules in many industries, with several sectors and companies already competitive with their counterparts in the United States. [17] The iPhone example also points to an area of weakness in the president’s policy prescription: If the United States introduces tariffs on China’s high-tech goods, U.S. companies and consumers could indirectly end up footing part of the bill. [17] Issuing companies AGL and U.S. Life are responsible for financial obligations of insurance products and are members of American International Group, Inc. (AIG). [18]

Mahindra has in total 30 facilities having invested about USD 1 billion in the U.S. and providing employment to some 30,000 people, Vajda said as he praised the contribution of Mahindra in American economy and strengthening India-US relationship. [19]

The United States wants China to buy more American goods and services — and so does China. [17] While the United States is indeed China’s biggest trading partner, China has plenty of other markets to sell to, including the increasingly wealthy regions of Southeast Asia and India. [17] The United States incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of cars far ahead of second-place China. [20] China exports more than $2 trillion of goods a year, only about $400 to $500 billion of which goes to the United States. (On a value-added basis, only two-thirds of that is “made in China”.) [17] If we then add back the U.S. surplus in “invisibles” and how much money the United States brings back from investments in China, the U.S.-China deficit shrinks from 2 percent of U.S. GDP to 0.8 percent, a report from Oxford Economics revealed. [17] This curve comes from our detailed analysis of millions of sales transactions from across the United States. [21]

It is hard for U.S. companies to ramp up to export more to China when they are operating at full capacity and have close to no unemployment. [17]


We take pride in being the only indigenous car maker amongst all Indian automobile manufacturers. [22] If automobiles, and by extension manufacturing more broadly, take off in India, the country may be able to generate many of the jobs required to employ the 12 million new entrants to the labor market each year. [9] It was not until the mid-1990s, after liberalization, that India opened the automobile industry to major investment by foreign manufacturers. [9]

By the early 2000s, supplying to global car manufacturers for their local as well as global supply chains had helped India emerge as a high-quality global source for auto components. (Think radiator caps and the like.) [9] Mahindra, which already sells the e20 micro-electric car, would entertain opening a new electric vehicle line in India with Ford, the chairman said. [10] Mahindra, which manufactures cars in India as well as a range of commercial vehicles including tractors, as well as aerospace technology, would provide Ford with key expertise in operating in the potentially lucrative market. [23]

Mr. Mahindra said that his company and Ford could create their own electric car line in India to help battle pollution from the vehicles clogging the nation’s roads. [10] Mahindra attempted to enter the U.S. market in 2006 using independent distributor Global Vehicles U.S. to sell compact diesel pickups imported from India. [8] That list does not include manufacturers focused on the motorcycle and scooter markets that still account for the vast majority of vehicle sales in India. [9] Mahindra saw a sales growth of 25 per cent in India in June 2018 as compared to the same period last year. [6] The same year, McKinsey Global Institute issued a set of recommendations that included “Manufacturing for India, in India” in its top five “opportunities for growth and transformation.” [9] Manufacturing in India still faces problems, including poor infrastructure, red tape, disconnectedness from global supply chains, and restrictive labor laws that have stymied the growth of business and limited economic dynamism. [9] Rodrik attributes this in part to the effects of trade and globalization–competition from China and other major manufacturers on the global market–which suggests that India (and sub-Saharan Africa for that matter) would have a hard time patterning its growth on China?s labor-intensive strategy. [9] India had not yet emerged as a global auto hub in the way that Thailand and South Korea had become, and lagged far behind China. [9] In 2004, India produced a little under 1.18 million cars, while South Korea produced 3.12 million. [9] According to the BBC, a portion of the largest car manufacturing facility in India was brought to a standstill because of a leopard. [8] An employee works inside the Mahindra & Mahindra manufacturing plant in Chakan, India, September 30, 2016. [4] While work on the self-driving vehicles is still in the early stages, Mahindra & Mahindra has been building electric vehicles in India since the mid-1990s, when it developed a small fleet battery-powered, three-wheeled rickshaws for use in Delhi, the chairman said. [4] Earlier this year, Autocar India reported that Pininfarina was developing a family of electric vehicles for China’s Hybrid Kinetic Group, as well as its own electric supercar. [4] For aircraft, not India?s traditional strength, change may come soon: Lockheed Martin has just proposed to relocate its entire F-16 production line to India, and is now signed up with the Tata group as its partner. (Whether the Indian government selects this aircraft is of course another matter.) [9]

Ford and Indian automaker and mobility company Mahindra Group have entered into a new agreement to explore a potential strategic partnership focused on a number of different areas, including mobility, electrifications, connected vehicles and transportation infrastructure and more. [23] While Ford has been a presence in the Indian auto market since 1995, and exports vehicles from its facilities in Chennai, Tamil Nadu and Sanadn, Gujarat, teaming up with Mahindra could give it more opportunity to explore future focuses of its expanded business, which increasingly looks at fleet operations, connected mobility services and more. [23]

Ford estimated in 2015 that India’s compact-car segment, which has accounted for around 45 percent of the passenger-vehicle market, would grow from 1.1 million in 2014 to 1.6 million in 2018.This figure still looks small compared to the size of India?s population, because passenger vehicles do not yet dominate Indian roads. [9] It also reflects a more pressing concern: About 50 percent of India?s employed depend on agriculture for a living, but, according to the World Bank, the country?s small and unproductive farms contribute only 17.4 percent of GDP. With 12 million Indians coming of working age each year, the country needs to ensure there are enough jobs to employ its fast-growing and youthful (by global standards) workforce. [9]

As the case of Maruti Suzuki illustrates, the involvement of foreign manufacturers has provided technology that can bring Indian parts and vehicles up to global standards, and therefore make them export-ready, another major benefit. [9] Mahindra & Mahindra bought Reva Electric Car Co, a small Bangalore-based manufacturer, in 2010 and transformed it into Mahindra Electric Mobility Ltd, which designs and builds compact electric vehicles for the Indian market. [4]

Modeled on a British car from the “50s, the boxy Hindustan Motors sedan dominated Indian roads for decades. [9] While the country?s world-class information-technology sector put it on virtually every global boardroom?s agenda, Indian manufacturing trails that of East Asian powerhouses such as South Korea and Taiwan, or even much smaller economies like Vietnam or Bangladesh. [9] For all these reasons, the auto industry offers a special opportunity for Indian manufacturing, and one shared with other advanced manufacturing industries such as defense, steel, aircraft, and shipbuilding. [9]

The Chennai-based Sundram Fasteners won Japanese quality awards and became the first Indian company to supply General Motors. [9] One of the largest auto suppliers in Detroit is the Indian firm Sakthi Automotive, which is expanding its operations into a long-shuttered high school on the city?s hardscrabble southwest side. [5] Hyundai also crossed the 8 million units made milestone in June 2018 in record time faster than any other automaker in Indian history. [6]

Global Environment Facility (GEF), an international partnership of 183 countries, said to provide $454 Mn for energy-efficiency projects run by state-owned Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) to help India mitigate 60 million tonnes (mt) of carbon dioxide emissions. [1] Shortly after his 2014 election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Make in India” campaign with the avowed goal of transforming India “into a global design and manufacturing hub.” [9] As a percentage of GDP, manufacturing in India contributes only about 17 percent, essentially unchanged from the amount it contributed at the advent of economics reforms back in 1991. [9]

Honda Cars India too showcased a good double digit growth of 37.5 per cent in June 2018 at 17,602 units in terms of overall domestic sales. [6] In 2016, a World Bank report recommended policy changes to help the countries of South Asia, with India a notable focus, benefit from rising wages in China that result in the relocation of apparel sourcing and the potential for job growth. [9] India is among the most vulnerable countries to climate change and is the world?s largest emitter of greenhouse gases after the U.S. and China. [1] While the structure of the industry in the U.S. differs significantly from that in India, it?s nonetheless useful as a point of comparison. [9]

The global pickup truck it is designing in Michigan will be launched in India in 2020. [10]

In terms of output–nearly 3.8 million cars a year, according to the most recent figures –India now nearly matches South Korea, an automobile powerhouse, and is on track to catch up with Germany. [9] They add to the variety of models available from India?s dominant domestic makers: Maruti Suzuki (a pioneering joint venture now majority-owned by Japan?s Suzuki), Tata Motors (which includes Jaguar Land Rover), Mahindra and Mahindra, Hindustan Motors, and Premier Automobile. [9] Against this backdrop of patchy industrialization, the relative success of India?s car industry reveals how a once-closed sector gradually–and without receiving much attention–became the world?s sixth-largest automobile manufacturer. [9] India?s automobile industry created 25 million jobs between 2006 and 2016. [9]

Can you think of an automobile manufacturer who produces cars from the scratch to finish in India? Think. [22] We are the ‘only car manufacturer’ in India who produces all our vehicles indigenously. [22] There are a few who develop utility vehicles in India, but definitely not cars. [22] In 2015, India had launched a scheme, the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME), to promote clean fuel technology cars. [2] Not only does we produce cars from the start to finish in India but also have design studios in the country where some of the next-gen cars are conceived. [22] Their end cycle is passed on to India because our country is primarily a hatch and a volume market where a manufacturer would not make much money for years. [22] Under cooperation by local management team and managements provided by Sumitomo Corporation, SML ISUZU manufactures trucks and buses for sale across India, a country undergoing rapid economic development, as well as for export. [13]

Ford India began production in 1998 at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, with its Ford Escort model, which was later replaced by the locally produced Ford Ikon in 2001. [3] Currently, Kiriu operates a total of nine overseas plants in China, ASEAN, India, and North and Central America. [13] In India, Sumitomo Corporation is engaged in manufacturing and distribution of commercial vehicles through SML ISUZU as the company’s largest shareholder. [13] “We believe the auto industry and manufacturers are willing to make this change since most of these have electric car platforms ready,” Arun Malhotra, managing director of Nissan India, said. [2]

The company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and most luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. [3] Ford began assembly of cars in Thailand in 1960, but withdrew from the country in 1976, and did not return until 1995 when it formed a joint venture with Mazda called Auto Alliance. 79 Now based in the Bo-win Sub District of the Sriracha District in Chonburi, the factory still produces passenger automobiles. [3] BAIC Group, also known as Beiqi ( Chinese ????, abbreviated to ??), is a state-owned enterprise and holding company of several Chinese automobile and machine manufacturers located in Beijing. [11] The first Chinese production vehicles were made by the First Automobile Works in 1956, a truck called the Jiefang CA-30. 19 This was followed on March 10, 1958 by the 2ton light duty truck (NJ130), which was based on the Russian GAZ-51, was produced in Nanjing. [11] “????3?????????2.3?? ?????????6??” Automobile Association: March new energy vehicle sales reached 23,000 in the first quarter, total sales of nearly 60,000 (in Chinese). [11]

As of 2012 update, exports of Chinese automobiles were about 1million vehicles per year and rapidly increasing. [11] It reckons that the automobile sector?s massive conversion will cut its oil bill by some $60 billion, reduce emissions by 37%, and curb the burgeoning demand for road infrastructure over the next 13 years. [2]

Europe is the home of great automobile engineering and Tata Motors is proud to have a strong presence here, through our design and development facilities – Trilix, our design and engineering partner in Turin, Italy and the award-winning Tata Motors European Technical Centre in UK. Europe is where our cars and trucks are benchmarked to international standards in styling, design, craftsmanship, quality and reliability. [22] First Automobile Works – Volkswagen : Volkswagen Jetta compact car. [11] China’s annual automobile production capacity first exceeded one million in 1992. [11] The first production automobiles were the Dongfeng CA71, Hongqi CA72, Feng Huang (later known as the Shanghai SH760 ) all from 1958. [11]

China is presently capable of manufacturing a complete line of automobile products and large automotive enterprises. [11] Other Chinese car manufacturers are Geely, Beijing Automotive Group, Brilliance Automotive, Guangzhou Automobile Group, Great Wall, BYD, Chery and Jianghuai (JAC). [11] Major domestic firms include the China First Automobile Group Corp. (FAW), Dongfeng Motor Corp. (DMC) and Shanghai Automotive Industry (Group) Corp. (SAIC). [11] The main industry group for the Chinese automotive industry is the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (????????). [11] According to China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (C.A.A.M), automakers in China delivered 28,226,616 passenger and light commercial vehicles in 2017. [11]

Most sales were made to emerging economies such as Afghanistan, Algeria, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Libya, North Korea, the Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, or Syria 6 where a Chinese-made automobile such as a Geely, Great Wall, or Chery sells for about half of what a comparable model manufactured by a multinational brand such as Toyota does. [11] “We should move towards alternative fuel?I am going to do this, whether you like it or not,” Gadkari told India?s automobile lobby group, SIAM, on Sept. 07. [2]

China’s automobile industry had mainly Soviet origins (plants and licensed auto design were founded in the 1950s, with the help of the USSR) and had small volumes for the first 30years of the republic, not exceeding 100-200thousands per year. [11] Brilliance Auto, is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer based in Shenyang. [11] Dongfeng Motor Corporation (??????, abbreviated to ??) is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan. [11] GAC (Guangzhou Automobile Group), ia a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Guangzhou. [11]

Nano did not just rewrite the story of affordable cars, it also altered the 34-year-old political history of the Indian state of West Bengal. [24]

Car Rental Delhi (a division of Kalka Travels) has been operating for more than 25 years and has a fleet of more than 30 vehicles, specializing in north India. [14] Driver India Private Tours is also popular and offers reasonably-priced car rental and bespoke tour packages for trips from Delhi to Agra, the Golden Triangle, Rajasthan and north India. [14] Namaste India Tours is a small company that’s been arranging tours by car (predominantly in Rajasthan) since 1994. [14] Any tour company in India will be able to arrange a car and driver for you, as too will most hotels. [14] The company is a good choice for travel in south India and has their own fleet of vehicles. [14] Feeling adventurous and want to go on the ultimate road trip in India? This vehicle has been redesigned into a stylish motor home that can sleep four people. [14] While options for hiring a car without a driver are growing in India, self-driving is not recommended for mental health and safety reasons, as roads are often in poor condition and road rules are frequently not followed in India. [14] Unlike in most countries, when you hire a car in India, you’ll commonly get a driver along with it! Understandably, this can take a bit of getting used to, especially if it’s your first trip to India and you’ve never experienced it before. [14] This page provides – India Car Sales – actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. [25]

Cars (or automobiles) make up approximately 74% of the total motor vehicle annual production in the world. [26] OICA – (Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles) – The International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers comprising 43 national trade associations around the world, including all major automobile manufacturing countries, thereby covering virtually the entire motor vehicle industry all over the world. [26]

Toyota poised to share hybrid secrets with China, report says Toyota has engaged in advanced talks to license its hybrid system to Chinese carmaker Geely Automobile Holdings, two people familiar with the matter told Bloomberg. [15]

Automobile giant Mahindra on Monday opened its new manufacturing plant with an investment of $230 million in the world?s car capital Detroit, which got its first automotive production facility in 25 years. [19] “This illustrates the strong partnership between the Us and India,” said Tom Vajda, the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia as he welcomed the Mahindra automotive plan in Detroit region. [19] MANA will continue to provide Metro Detroit- based engineering support for new vehicle platform development for India and global markets. [19]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(26 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (26) India’s Quest to Become a Manufacturing Powerhouse – The Atlantic

2. (25) Automotive industry in China – Wikipedia

3. (21) Ford Motor Company – Wikipedia

4. (11) Indian Automaker?s Plant Is Latest Sign of Detroit Comeback – The New York Times

5. (10) Hiring a Car and Driver in India: What You Need to Know

6. (9) Why China “holds all the aces” in a full-blown US-China trade war

7. (9) India-based automaker Mahindra wants to sell electric vehicles in U.S. | Reuters

8. (7) Why we are the only indigenous car maker in India | Tata Motors Limited

9. (7) India’s Mahindra is again eyeballing the U.S. market

10. (6) Switch To Manufacturing Electric Vehicles: Supreme Court To Automobile Companies

11. (6) India’s Mahindra Guns For Position In U.S. In On- And Off-Road Vehicles

12. (6) Electric vehicles: India is about to embark on the most ambitious electric-car transformation in the world — Quartz India

13. (4) A Group of Professionals Manufacturing Cars and Car Parts Worldwide | Sumitomo Corporation

14. (4) Mahindra opens Detroit?s first car making plant in 25 years – The Hindu

15. (4) Car Sales In India: June 2018: Growth Trend Continues For Automakers – NDTV CarAndBike

16. (3) Automotive News

17. (3) Ford and Mahindra explore strategic cooperation around car tech in India TechCrunch

18. (3) • U.S. market share of automobile industry | Statista

19. (2) Cars produced in the world – Worldometers

20. (1) All the Japanese cars made in the USA – Business Insider

21. (1) SWOT analysis of Automobile Industry – Automobile industry SWOT

22. (1) Individuals & Families – Insurance from AIG in the U.S.

23. (1) Car Exports by Country

24. (1) Car Prices, Owner Reviews & Inventory | New & Used Cars | TrueCar

25. (1) Tata Nano: The slow death of the world’s cheapest car — Quartz India

26. (1) India Car Sales | 1991-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast | News