Forensic Analysis to Tesla Crash

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • Based on the June 7, 2018 release of the preliminary NTSB report about the fatal car crash of a Tesla on March 23, 2018, I provide in today’s column an initial forensic analysis of the incident.(More…)
  • In the United States, the definition used in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) run by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is a person who dies within 30 days of a crash on a U.S. public road involving a vehicle with an engine, the death being the result of the crash.(More…)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • They traveled to Utah to open another inquiry into a Tesla crash — their fourth this year — in which a Model S slammed into a firetruck that was stopped at a red light.(More…)

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

Forensic Analysis to Tesla Crash
Image Courtesy:
link: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-tesla-autopilot/tesla-must-fix-flaws-in-autopilot-after-fatal-crash-u-s-consumer-group-idUSKCN1J42HI/
author: reuters.com
description: Tesla must fix ‘flaws’ in Autopilot after fatal crash: U.S. …

KEY TOPICS

Based on the June 7, 2018 release of the preliminary NTSB report about the fatal car crash of a Tesla on March 23, 2018, I provide in today’s column an initial forensic analysis of the incident. [1] Public Safety Forensics – Capture and analysis of on-site real-world data to investigate crash, crime and fire, plan security activities and provide virtual. [2]

Faithful readers of my columns will recall that I had done a similar forensic analysis of the Uber self-driving car incident that occurred in Arizona, and that later on, upon release of the initial report by the NTSB, it turns out that my predictions of what likely occurred were quite prescient. [1] For those of you that are interested in these kinds of self-driving car crash analyses, I?ll be updating my analysis once there is more reporting by the NTSB about this incident. [1] Byton – Santa Clara, CA Demonstrated ability to deliver analysis on difficult projects with tight timing constraints; 3+ years working on CAE safety ( Structural crash, occupant safety. [2] Tucana Engineering – Midwest, IA Minimum of 3 years of experience in crash analysis and/or structural optimizations. [2] This is important to know since the analysis of a crash involves determining how many feet or meters away could the AI system have potentially detected something. [1]

THE FACTS: This is based on a Tesla analysis of U.S. fatal crashes per miles traveled in 2017. [3] There isn?t any detail yet in the NTSB preliminary report about the driver, but for this herein analysis let’s assume that he was versed in driving the Tesla, and that he had likely gone this way before, and that he was familiar with the nature of the Tesla driving controls. [1] This fits with the aspect earlier that the Tesla then did a counterclockwise spin (I told you that I?d bring this back into the analysis). [1]

Expert knowledge of and ability to perform in-depth analysis of statistical reports and identify and reconcile inconsistencies in data. [2] The oft-quoted statistic that 90 percent of accidents are caused by human error relies in part on post-crash analysis that can’t always be trusted, says the ITF. [4] Determine the cause of accidents through analysis of evidence gathered from field surveys, specialized photography,. [2] In this analysis, I?ve opted to not get mired into the ongoing debate about who is responsible for the acts of a self-driving car in these kinds of incidents. [1] Keep in mind that the just released NTSB report (about three days ago as of the writing of this column) is very slim on details at this juncture of the investigation and so there really isn?t much in terms of facts and evidence that would allow for a thorough analysis. [1] We also present analysis of emerging risks and provide loss control options through proper risk analyses. [5]

“It is reductionist to believe that human error has been properly identified as a contributory factor by those responsible for post-crash forensic investigation, or that all crashes involving human error could have been otherwise avoided by addressing that error,” says the report. [4]

In the United States, the definition used in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) run by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is a person who dies within 30 days of a crash on a U.S. public road involving a vehicle with an engine, the death being the result of the crash. [6] “Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013”. [6] Risk Analysis. 4 : 41-53. doi : 10.1111/j.1539-6924.1984.tb00130.x. [6]

Investigators said Monday they have completed forensic work at the popular Indian restaurant Bombay Bhel following the explosion Thursday. [7]

The Barron County Sheriff’s Office says an analysis by the University of North Texas forensic anthropology lab discovered the man had suffered a gunshot wound to the head. [8] An international team of investigators says that detailed analysis of video images has established that the Buk missile that brought down Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 nearly four years ago came from a Russia-based military unit. [9] SRA was established in 1980 and has published Risk Analysis: An International Journal, the leading scholarly journal in the field, continuously since 1981. [10] The Society for Risk Analysis is a multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, scholarly, international society that provides an open forum for all those interested in risk analysis. [10]

In most cases, the Internet of things (IoT) gathers data and sends it to a company’s cloud for processing or analysis. [11]

“All findings from this forensic investigation confirm the earlier conclusion of the JIT that Flight MH17 was shot down by 9M38 series missile,” said Jennifer Hurst of the Australian Federal Police. [9]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

They traveled to Utah to open another inquiry into a Tesla crash — their fourth this year — in which a Model S slammed into a firetruck that was stopped at a red light. [3] Another headline about a fiery Tesla crash has people wondering if those lithium ion batteries are safe. [12] At 7 seconds prior to the crash, the Tesla began a left steering movement while following a lead vehicle. [5] At 4 seconds prior to the crash, the Tesla was no longer following a lead vehicle. [5] At 8 seconds prior to the crash, the Tesla was following a lead vehicle and was traveling about 65 mph. [5]

There have been at least three already this year and a check of 2016 NHTSA fatal crash data — the most recent year available — shows five deaths in Tesla vehicles. [3] It did mention a 40 percent reduction in crash rates after “Autosteer” was installed in Tesla vehicles, based on data provided by Tesla. [3]

Once the lead car was no longer ahead of the Tesla, the Tesla then reportedly increased speed, since it was going at 62 miles per hour while following the lead car, and then with a presumed clear space ahead it opted to increase speed to 71 miles per hour at the time of the crash. [1] The Tesla was reportedly following a lead car, doing so at 8 seconds before the crash (and might have been doing so even longer, but we don?t yet know), and at 4 seconds before the crash it was no longer following a lead car. [1]

Normally it is permitted to travel in the HOV lane when you have multiple occupants, while in this case there was a solo driver, but since the Tesla is an electric car it qualifies to go in the HOV. The human driver was a 38-year-old male and sadly he died as a result of the crash. [1] This is important because if the Autopilot was not engaged then we likely wouldn?t be discussing any of this, it would generally have been a traditional crash since the Tesla would have been operating like any everyday car. [1] TESLA (from a March 30 press release): “Over a year ago, our first iteration of Autopilot was found by the U.S. government to reduce crash rates by as much as 40 percent.” [3] What was causing the Tesla to left steer? We aren?t sure that it was the human driver, since the NTSB says that there weren?t any hands on the steering wheel at 6 seconds to go, and nor until the crash. [1] What’s especially intriguing in the NTSB preliminary report is that supposedly the Tesla was left steering, doing so at 7 seconds before the crash. [1]

The NTSB report indicates that the Tesla was going at about 71 miles per hour when it struck the tail-end of a concrete median that had a “crash attenuator” as an additional barrier at its leading edge. [1] The NTSB report does not indicate what kind of sensors were used on this particular Tesla Model X. It would be crucial for the NTSB to indicate what sensors were used, and also whether it was known as to whether or not the sensors were in working order at the time leading up to the crash. [1] Officer was not in the unit at the time of the crash and minor injuries were sustained to the Tesla driver. [13] Expensive Teslas tend to be driven by middle-age affluent people who are less likely to get in a crash than younger people, Kolosh said. [3] TESLA: The company has touted on its website and in press releases that the Model S sedan scored the highest numerical rating of any vehicle in NHTSA’s crash tests, and that the Model X was the first SUV to get a five-star rating in every category. [3]

It is uplifting to note that the NTSB report essentially suggests that bystanders got out of their cars and came to the rescue of the driver in the Tesla, bravely removing him from the vehicle, in spite of the dangers of the fire. [1] The fatal accidents involving Uber and Tesla vehicles have highlighted issues of shared responsibility: neither the drivers involved or the underlying technology under development can be fully exonerated. [4] A fatal accident involving a Tesla Model X on Autopilot came under investigation by the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in March. [5] After the accident, which took the life of the driver, had gathered a lot of media attention and scrutiny from the NTSB, Tesla released a detailed report of what it thought happened based on the vehicle’s data logs. [5] The NTSB says that the driver had set the cruise control to a maximum of 75 miles per hour, and so the Tesla was likely trying to accelerate to that stated speed. [1] Per the NTSB report for the Mountain View incident, the report says that the Tesla struck the attenuator while going 71 mile per hour, and then the impact “rotated the Tesla counterclockwise” and ultimately “caused a separation of the front portion of the vehicle.” [1] The attenuator, which the NTSB report says was an SCI smart cushion attenuator system, one might ask why it had not been repaired as yet? The Tesla incident happened on March 23, 2018. [1] The NTSB report further mentions that the 400-volt lithium-ion high-voltage battery in the Tesla caught fire as it was breached during the incident, and a post-crash fire ensued (these can be intense fires; the fire department arrived and was able to put out the fire). [1] The Tesla at the time of the incident was in the High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane, which was the second lane from the left of the median that divides the southbound and northbound lanes. [1] DETROIT (AP) — For years, Tesla has boasted that its cars and SUVs are safer than other vehicles on the roads, and CEO Elon Musk doubled down on the claims in a series of tweets this week. [3] While Teslas could have a lower death rate, it may speak more about the demographics of Tesla drivers than it does about safety of the vehicles, says Ken Kolosh, manager of statistics for the National Safety Council. [3] Put another way, human beings begin to trust the technology, and therefore begin to let go of their responsibility to look after themselves, their passengers, or others, resulting in a Tesla owner losing his life against a concrete barrier in California, and a woman being mowed down by an Uber Volvo with a safety driver onboard. [4] Tesla drivers tend to live in urban areas and travel on roads with lower speeds, where fatality rates are lower, he said. [3] The NTSB report indicates that the Tesla driver was transported to a hospital but died there from his injuries. [1] The driver of the 2015 Tesla Model S had minor injuries and refused medical treatment. [13]

Tesla in Autopilot mode crashes into patrol vehicle in Calif. [13] LAGUNA BEACH, Calif. — A Tesla sedan traveling in semi-autonomous Autopilot mode crashed into a parked police vehicle in Laguna Beach on Tuesday morning, May 29, authorities said. [13] After having crashed and spun, the Tesla was involved in subsequent collisions involving two other cars that were presumably driving southbound and got inadvertently caught up in the incident. [1] Did the Tesla have an Event Data Recorder (EDR)? This EDR is a so-called black box that is akin to the black box that are used in airplanes and helpful when determining why an airplane crashed. [1] Or, did the NTSB have to get various memory dumps from other processors in the Tesla, and if so, which ones and what ones weren?t available perhaps due to being destroyed or damaged? Has the NTSB gotten access to data that would have been transmitted potentially to the Tesla cloud that allows for OTA (Over The Air) updates? We don?t yet know the depth and extent of the data that the NTSB has collected or intends to collect. [1]

Even if the Tesla somehow was veering to the left, whether due to the human driver or due to the Autopilot itself, presumably the Autopilot should have still been able to detect that there was an attenuator up ahead and that the Tesla was heading straight for it. [1] Why didn?t the human driver take over the controls and do something? One explanation is that with only about 3 seconds left to go, which is the point at which the Tesla was apparently no longer following the lead car, the human driver might not have had sufficient time to realize what was happening. [1] Or, did the Tesla move to the left from the 7 seconds out to the 4 seconds out, using up 3 seconds, moving so much so that it was no longer directly in the HOV lane that it had been using to follow the lead car? Thus, the lead car never made any lane change, and it was instead the Tesla that essentially did so, and therefore it no longer detected the lead car that was in the prior HOV lane that the Tesla had been presumably squarely in. [1] It could be that the Tesla was shifting to the left and ended-up not yet being fully in the exit ramp lane, and nor any longer fully in the ongoing HOV lane. [1]

More than likely, the Tesla probably hit at a front-edge of the car, such as toward the left side of the front edge or to the right of the front edge. [1] The time that the Tesla system had to presumably spot the attenuator was perhaps only with about 4 seconds left to go. [1] Since the Tesla apparently spun counterclockwise, we?ll assume for the moment that it hit at the left side edge of the front of the Tesla, which then jammed the left side against the attenuator, and the right side of the Tesla continued forward which caused it to pivot from the leftside, making it go counterclockwise. [1] Suppose it had not yet fully ended-up in the exit ramp to the left, and then struck the attenuator at the left side of the front of the Tesla. [1] If the Tesla had hit the attenuator fully head-on, we would need to study the physics of the result, but it generally might not have lead to a spin of the Tesla. [1] Did the camera of the Tesla capture images of the attenuator? Did the AI system examine the images and detect that within the image was an attenuator? We don?t yet know, since the NTSB report doesn?t say anything about this. [1] Generally, one would like to assume that the Tesla AI has been trained sufficiently to recognize an attenuator, but suppose that this one was damaged in such a way that it no longer well-matched the training images? It is conceivable that the AI system did not thusly categorize the attenuator as an attenuator, and might have classified it as some unknown object, if it detected it at all. [1] It is possible that the Tesla AI system has used machine learning to try and determine what attenuators look like. [1] This could be crucial for both human drivers as to whether they could discern that it was a crash-warning attenuator, and in this case perhaps even more so crucial since the question is whether the Tesla cameras and vision processing could discern it. [1] It could be that on this sunny morning that the sun was in a position that caused glare and that the cameras on the Tesla could not get a clear enough image to detect the attenuator. [1]

Tesla won’t say how many fatalities occurred in its vehicles or how many miles they were driven. [3] The company’s math is correct on the fatality rate involving all of the nation’s 272 million vehicles, about 150,000 of which are Teslas, according to sales estimates from Ward’s Automotive. [3]

Crucially, “a Safe System does not view road deaths and injuries as the inevitable price to pay for a highly-motorised society”, says the report – with an implicit dig at Uber and Tesla. [4] Tesla has argued over semantics ( why call your software Autopilot if it isn’t an autonomous system? is a question we put to the company that it never answered ), and Waymo crowed that the Uber incident could never have happened with its technology, and so on. [4] While no one doubts the good intentions of companies such as Waymo, Uber, Tesla, and Apple, or the shift towards becoming technology companies by the likes of Toyota, BMW, Ford, and GM, the arrogance and insensitivity of some players in the face of fatal accidents has been unfortunate in the extreme. [4]

Keep in mind that the Tesla models of today are considered at a Level 2 or Level 3, but are not yet at a true Level 5, which is a self-driving car for which the AI can entirely drive the car without any human intervention. [1] This morning a Tesla sedan driving outbound Laguna Canyon Road in “autopilot” collides with a parked @LagunaBeachPD unit. [13] We don’t know of any Tesla fatalities in 2017, but the numbers can vary widely from year to year. [3] One further scenario is that the Tesla system ran out of time. [1] In the timeline, this would mean that the Tesla was about one second behind the lead car. [1] FILE – In this Dec. 2, 2015, file photo, Tesla Motors Inc. CEO Elon Musk delivers a speech at the Paris Pantheon Sorbonne University as part of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris. [3] On a relatively sunny and dry day in California on Friday, March 23, 2018, in the morning around 9:30 a.m. PDT a Tesla Model X P100D 2017 was being driven southbound on the multi-lane U.S. Highway 101 (US-101) in Mountain View and was nearing the interchange with the State Highway 85 (SH-85). [1] The Tesla has a steering wheel touch indicator, but does not have a eye tracking capability and nor a facial tracking capability. [1]

At 3 seconds prior to the crash and up to the time of impact with the crash attenuator, the Tesla’s speed increased from 62 to 70.8 mph, with no precrash braking or evasive steering movement detected. [5] In the case of the Uber incident in Arizona, I had used the reported speed of the car to then try to ascertain how far in-advance of the crash could the AI have potentially detected the object in the roadway (it was a pedestrian walking a bicycle). [1] The fact that scenarios such as deliberately crashed cars, blackmail via car crash, kidnapping via hacked vehicle, and the use of autonomous trucks as weapons can be imagined means that they will happen sooner or later, if the system allows it. [4] THE FACTS: It’s true that the driver in the Utah crash sustained minor injuries considering how fast her car was traveling. [3] Autopilot was also engaged in the Utah crash, according to a summary of data from the car. [3] According to the NTSB, at 18 minutes 55 seconds before the crash, the Autopilot was engaged. [1] All aspects of the crash remain under investigation as the NTSB determines the probable cause, with the intent of issuing safety recommendations to prevent similar crashes. [5] The NTSB says that for the 60 seconds before the crash, the human driver put their hands on the steering wheel on 3 occasions for a total of 34 seconds. [1] During the 60 seconds prior to the crash, the driver’s hands were detected on the steering wheel on three separate occasions, for a total of 34 seconds; for the last 6 seconds prior to the crash, the vehicle did not detect the driver’s hands on the steering wheel. [5] NHTSA said it did a “cursory” comparison of crash rates between vehicles with and without Autosteer, but it didn’t consider whether drivers were actually using Autosteer, which has to be manually activated. [3] MUSK (from his tweets Monday in reference to the Utah crash): “What’s actually amazing about this accident is that a Model S hit a fire truck at 60 mph and the driver only broke an ankle. [3] The report also addresses the response to the battery fire that followed the crash and the fact that the battery pack reignited days later. [5] The final NTSB report should officially describe the crash scene and will be usually based on photos taken at the time and physical evidence at the crash scene, as per the investigative team that inspected the location. [1] According to the NTSB report, the attenuator was damaged on March 12, 2018 by a crash involving a Toyota Prius 2010. [1] Was the attenuator so damaged that it could no longer perform as intended? Suppose it was damaged to the extent that it could no longer soften the blow of a crash, or maybe could only do so to the degree of say 50%? This is important to know as part of whether or not the crash might have led to survivability or not. [1]

I?ll assume for now that those additional crashes had nothing to do with the initial crash per se, and were just part of the aftermath. [1] Altair Engineering – 57 reviews – Plymouth, MI +1 location Full Vehicle Crash :. [2] Crash causation) and/or the performance/development of advanced vehicle systems (e.g. 1 day ago – save job – more. [2]

The NTSB preliminary report does not depict a layout of the crash scene. [1] The vital aspects about the crash are contained in the timing aspects reported so far by the NTSB. [1]

If the Autopilot had suddenly been engaged just seconds before the crash, we might be of a mind to say that the Autopilot had insufficient time to get started and so it was not especially a participant in the crash. [1] This implies that neither the human driver tried to steer clear of the crash, and nor did the Autopilot system. [1] The Autopilot system was engaged on four separate occasions during the 32-minute trip, including a continuous operation for the last 18 minutes 55 seconds prior to the crash. [5]

Material Characterization and modeling methods for Crash Safety. [2] Based on what I can discern, it appears that the crash occurred at the split of the US-101 continuing forward and an exit ramp to get onto the SH-85 as a left-side offshoot. [1] Work on traffic analyses and crash analyses for DOT and municipal projects. [2] Maintain, update and retrieve information from crash database and traffic count database. [2]

These alerts were made more than 15 minutes prior to the crash. [5]

Vehicles have to get the highest rating of “Good” in five crash tests to be top safety picks. [3] The reasons: the Model S got an “Acceptable” rating in a front-end small offset crash test that mimics when the front driver-side corner of a vehicle collides with a tree or another vehicle. [3] IIHS has not yet done crash tests on Tesla’s Model X or Model 3. [3]

The electric vehicles are under intense scrutiny from federal investigators, who have been looking into post-crash battery fires and the performance of Tesla’s Autopilot semi-autonomous driving system. [3]

Swiss police are examining a fatal Tesla crash last week that triggered a fire. [14] In the case of the Tesla crash scenario, fog computing enabled the car to make a split-second decision by processing the data of the deer at the edge of the cloud. [11] Driver in fiery Tesla crash on Highway 101 in Mountain View has died, CHP says. [8]

A 1985 study by K. Rumar, using British and American crash reports as data, suggested 57% of crashes were due solely to driver factors, 27% to combined roadway and driver factors, 6% to combined vehicle and driver factors, 3% solely to roadway factors, 3% to combined roadway, driver, and vehicle factors, 2% solely to vehicle factors, and 1% to combined roadway and vehicle factors. [6] A 1985 report based on British and American crash data found driver error, intoxication and other human factors contribute wholly or partly to about 93% of crashes. [6]

The U.S. state of Iowa, for example, selects high collision locations based on a combination of crashes per million miles traveled, crashes per mile per year, and value loss (crash severity). [6]

Other common terms include auto accident, car accident, car crash, car smash, car wreck, motor vehicle collision ( MVC ), personal injury collision ( PIC ), road accident, road traffic accident ( RTA ), road traffic collision ( RTC ), and road traffic incident ( RTI ) as well as more unofficial terms including smash-up, pile-up, and fender bender. [6] Some organizations have begun to avoid the term “accident”, instead preferring terms such as “collision”, “crash” or “incident”. [6] Intel Corp.’ s Mobileye, which makes chips and sensors used in collision-avoidance systems and is a supplier to Aptiv, said Monday that it tested its own software after the crash by playing a video of the Uber incident on a television monitor. [15] An anonymous reader quotes a report from The Arizona Republic: Uber is shutting down its self-driving car tests in Arizona, where one of the cars was involved in a fatal crash with a pedestrian in March, the company said Wednesday. [15] Uber plans to restart testing self-driving cars in Pittsburgh once federal investigators conclude their inquiry into the Tempe crash. [15]

Some crashes are intended; staged crashes, for example, involve at least one party who hopes to crash a vehicle in order to submit lucrative claims to an insurance company. [6] The evidence shows the risk of having a crash is increased both for vehicles traveling slower than the average speed, and for those traveling above the average speed. [6] The severity/lethality of a crash depends on the vehicle speed change at impact. [6] The treatment for this may be to increase signage, post an advisory speed limit, apply a high-friction road surface, add crash barriers or any one of a number of other visible interventions. [6] The road or environmental factor was either noted as making a significant contribution to the circumstances of the crash, or did not allow room to recover. [6]

Studies in United States have shown that poor people have a greater risk of dying in a car crash than people who are well-off. [6] In the USA in the 1990s, criminals recruited Latin immigrants to deliberately crash cars, usually by cutting in front of another car and slamming on the brakes. [6] In the U.S., therefore, if a driver has a non-fatal heart attack that leads to a road-traffic crash that causes death, that is a road-traffic fatality. [6] Nearly all drivers who had been in a crash did not believe themselves to be at fault. [6] Jose Luis Lopez Perez, a staged crash driver, died after one such maneuver, leading to an investigation that uncovered the increasing frequency of this type of crash. [6]

His painting Accident N 6 looks at the energy released during a crash. [6] The RTA also say speeding increases the risk of a crash and its severity. [6] If the heart attack causes death prior to the crash, then that is not a road-traffic fatality. [6]

Tesla has been fighting negative press for several months over production bottlenecks for its Model 3 sedan, crashes involving its cars and doubts raised by Wall Street over its cash position. [16] Musk’s Model 3 miscalculation culminates in Tesla job cuts Tesla is cutting 9 percent of its work force in a turnabout that underscores the mounting pressure CEO Elon Musk faces to show the EV maker can one day turn a profit. [17] “We’re making a bet on Elon Musk,” said one top-20 Tesla investor who plans to back the directors and vote to keep Musk’s roles intact. [16] Some of the 3,000 Tesla employees who are losing their jobs have had surprisingly positive parting words to share with Elon Musk, the chief executive who let them go. [17] Union-affiliated investment adviser CtW Investment Group is attempting to unseat three Tesla directors it says lack qualifications or independence, including investor Antonio Gracias, Tesla’s lead independent director; James Murdoch, the CEO of Twenty-First Century Fox Inc; and sustainable food executive Kimbal Musk, Elon Musk’s brother. [16] T. Rowe Price’s Growth Stock Fund broke with Tesla last year and supported a measure calling for Tesla to have its directors elected annually. [16] Here’s a list of companies in the self-driving car sector: GM, Google, Daimler-Bosch, Ford, Volkswagen Group, BMW-Intel-FCA, Aptiv, Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance, Tesla, Toyota, Audi, Nissan, Peugeot,. [15]

Newswise The race is on for companies to present their driverless cars to the public, but recent collisions involving autonomous vehicles developed by Uber Technologies Inc. and Tesla Inc. have led consumers to questions whether these vehicles can alleviate traffic issues and increase safety. [10] The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board has opened investigations into two recent fires involving Tesla Inc. cars, along with an earlier blaze last year. [14]

SoftBank’s investment comes as Tesla (TSLA) faces scrutiny due to a series of crashes in cars using its Autopilot technology, another sign that GM poses a larger threat to Tesla than many once thought. [18] Tesla played out this scenario in a video projection in 2017, showing that the car could successfully predict the obstruction in the road before it happened and allowed the car to navigate safely around it. [11] With Google’s Waymo, Uber and Tesla all throwing their names into the driverless arena, the reality of cars that can transport you from one location to another using a computer-backed system is becoming more and more likely. [11]

A concept known as fog computing allows an internet-connected vehicle, like a Tesla, to respond quickly to a potential collision. [11] Fog computing’s purpose is to allow that data to be processed locally (such as in the Tesla), reducing the backhaul that takes the data to the internet. [11]

The wrecked cockipt of the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is exhibited during a presentation of the final report on the cause of the its crash at the Gilze Rijen airbase October 13, 2015. [9] FILE – In this Tuesday, Sept 9, 2014 file photo, a stack of preliminary reports by the Dutch Safety Board on the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is displayed at the board’s headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands. [9] A woman walks with her bicycle near the crash site of the Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 in the village of Hrabove, some 50 miles east of Donetsk, on Saturday. [9] Air crash investigators have concluded that Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was shot down by a missile fired from rebel-held eastern Ukraine, sources close to the inquiry said today, triggering a swift Russian denial. [9] Australian Federal Police Commander Jennifer Hurst speaks as she stands near to part of a Buk missile recovered from the site of the MH17 crash, during a press conference regarding the downing of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, in Bunnik, Central Netherlands, Thursday, May 24, 2018. [9] The Dutch team investigating the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over Eastern Ukraine says the crash was likely caused by the plane being hit by multiple “high-energy objects from outside the aircraft.” [9] A local resident observes the wreckage at the site of the crash of a Malaysia Airlines plane carrying 298 people from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur in Grabove, in rebel-held east Ukraine, on July 19, 2014. [9] GRABOVKA, UKRAINE – JULY 18: A man looks at debris from an Malaysia Airlines plane crash on July 18, 2014 in Grabovka, Ukraine. [9]

A teenage driver is in critical condition Thursday night after a crash. [8] According to officials with the Clinton County Sheriff’s Office, the crash happened at around 6:30 p.m. Thursday in the area of S. Bauer Rd. in Westphalia Township, about 95 miles northwest of Detroit. [8] Four people were injured in a crash involving a Wake County school bus that occurred Friday morning in Garner, according to the North Carolina State Highway Patrol. [8] The crash was reported just before 7 a.m. on Raynor Road in Garner. [8] One person has died following a small plane crash in mid-Michigan. [8]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(18 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (57) Forensic Analysis of Tesla Crash Based on Preliminary NTSB June 2018 Report – AI Trends

2. (22) AP FACT CHECK: Tesla safety claims arent quite right – SFGate

3. (21) Traffic collision – Wikipedia

4. (12) Metropolitan Engineering Consulting & Forensics – Expert Engineers : NTSB releases a preliminary report on the fatal accident involving a Tesla Model X on Autopilot in March 2018

5. (10) Crash Analysis Jobs, Employment | Indeed.com

6. (10) Probe: Missile that downed MH17 came from Russia-based unit – New Haven Register

7. (8) International Transport Forum challenges driverless safety claims | Internet of Business

8. (7) Day of news on the map – mart, 23 2018 – Dya x?b?rl?ri x?rit’si – world.liveuamap.com/az

9. (6) Fog Computing: Definition & Example | Study.com

10. (5) Tesla in Autopilot mode crashes into patrol vehicle in Calif.

11. (4) Uber Shutting Down Self-Driving Operations In Arizona After Fatal Crash – Slashdot

12. (4) Analysis: Big Tesla investors look like firewall for Elon Musk

13. (3) Survey Says: Self Driving Cars Should Reduce Traffic Fatalities by At Least 75 Percent to Stay on the Roads

14. (2) Lithium Battery Boom Hits Roadblock With Fire-Fearing Cities

15. (2) Automotive News

16. (1) Are electric cars more likely to catch fire?

17. (1) SoftBank Investment Validates GM’s Self-Driving Superiority – New Constructs

18. (1) The Bomb in the Mississauga Restaurant Bombing Last Thursday Was Homemade, Contained Nails: Police The Times of Toronto

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