Why Are Electronic Engineers Paid So Low in the United States?

Why Are Electronic Engineers Paid So Low in the United States?
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link: http://www.washington.edu/news/2017/07/05/first-battery-free-cell-phone-makes-calls-by-harvesting-ambient-power/
author: University of Washington

C O N T E N T S:


  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) The American based society for electrotechnology.(More…)
  • An entry-level (0-5 years of experience) iOS developer may expect to be paid about $80k a year, having 5-10 years of experience under your belt, brings additional $20-40k of an annual income. iOS development professionals with more than 20 years of experience get $120k or more a year.(More…)
  • Current information about the low power FM filing service is maintained on the LPFM page.(More…)


  • The typical tenure for an Electronics Engineer is 1-3 years.(More…)
  • When majoring in chemical engineering, core courses are in the sciences: math, chemistry, kinetics, physics, environmental students, materials science, mechanics, geometry, electronic materials, and computer science.(More…)



Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) The American based society for electrotechnology. [1] The average salary for an Electrical Engineer is $82,404 per year in the United States. [2]

I found your extremely interesting as an electrical engineer with many years of experience in manufacturing custom-built products of low technology, I have joined hands with highly qualified electronics and automation product developers and also mechanical tooling specialists to develop new products. [3] Soldering The process of joining metals using a low melting point filler metal; a critical process in the assembly of most electronic devices. [1] Grid energy storage Any system tied to an electrical grid that stores electrical energy at low demand times and releases it to meet peak loads; it might be a centralized station like a pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, or might be distributed over many customer sites such as by the use of electric vehicle batteries. [1] Superconductivity The loss of all electrical resistance at inconveniently low temperatures. [1]

Varistor Variable Resistor – a protective device that has a high resistance at low voltage but momentarily switches to lower resistance on exposure to a high voltage. [1] Category 3 cable A performance standard for unshielded twisted pair cables for analog voice and low speed data circuits within a building. [1]

How much does a Engineering Intern make? The national average salary for a Engineering Intern is $57,780 in United States. [4] The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy and gender identity), national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, retaliation, parental status, military service, or other non-merit factor. [5] National Electric Code The United States national technical standard for building wiring installation. [1]

AIEE American Institute of Electrical Engineers, predecessor organization to IEEE. Alpha-beta transformation A mathematical technique useful in analysis of three-phase circuits. [1] I have read your previous posts regarding the job scenarios in USA and the necessary restrictions of ITAR for the work permits of foreign nationals. [6] Additional information on how to complete the online application process and submit your online application may be found on the USA Staffing Applicant Resource Center. [5]

Experience refers to paid and unpaid experience, including volunteer work done through National Service programs (e.g., Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) and other organizations (e.g., professional; philanthropic; religious; spiritual; community; student; social). [5] Vacation & Paid Time Off (589 comments) “Ok, normal amount of days off like in the majority of companies.” [7]

An entry-level (0-5 years of experience) iOS developer may expect to be paid about $80k a year, having 5-10 years of experience under your belt, brings additional $20-40k of an annual income. iOS development professionals with more than 20 years of experience get $120k or more a year. [8] Software developers with up to 5 years of experience can make about $40,000 in France and UK, close to $50,000 in Germany and Canada and almost $75,000 in U.S. Having 5 to 10 years of coding experience under their belt, allows developers to ask for $100,000-112,000 in United States, around $55,000-70,000 in Canada and only $50,000 in France. [8] BI is one of the leading technology companies in Colorado and the largest provider of innovative electronic monitoring solutions in the United States. [9] FCC certification is necessary for all electronic products sold in the United States. [3]

UL or CSA certification is necessary for all electrical products sold in the United States or Canada that plug into an AC outlet. [3] United States still dominates for how much developers can earn a year $107,000, Canada holds the second position with $68,000, Australia comes next with $66,000 and at the very end of this scale is India with $4,100 (yes, Indian app development market still provides the cheapest workforce). [8] Let’s take a look at top software development markets such as Canada, France, Germany, United Kingdom and United States and so we can approximate its trends on mobile app developers salary. [8]

Fifty-seven Lab scientists are members of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), one of the highest honors for a scientist in the United States. [10]

Average Americans work well into their 60s, so workers might as well have a job that’s enjoyable and a career that’s fulfilling. [11]

A job with a low stress level, good work-life balance and solid prospects to improve, get promoted and earn a higher salary would make many employees happy. [11] Most products eventually we’ll be assembled in a country with low wages such as China. [3] With that in mind, $4,100 annual salary in India doesn’t look like that low because the annual median per capita income in India is around ~$600. [8] The problem is that not every university has this favorite major of mine and also my budget is too low for applying in those which already has it. [12]

Current information about the low power FM filing service is maintained on the LPFM page. [13] Low power FM (LPFM stations operate with 1 to 100 watts of power and cover a radius up to approximately 5.6 km (3.5 miles). [13] A very common question asked of the FCC is whether broadcasting at very low power requires a license. [13] A low power television station operates with less than 150 kW of power on Channels 14 through 36, or 3 kW on Channels 2 through 13. [13] Please be aware that unlicensed operation of radio broadcast stations is prohibited, even at low powers such as 1 watt or less. [13] Television translator and low power TV (LPTV) stations are required to transition from analog to digital operation by July 31, 2021. [13]

It is difficult to match the handy design and low cost of an old-fashioned paperback book. [14] A soldier’s pay is based on both rank and the years in the service, with the low end indicating the monthly salary for an E-1 rank and the highest salary indicating the monthly salary for and E-7, E-8 or E-9, depending on how many years the soldier has served. [15]

In recognition of the community’s achievements and its enduring values, Nielsen supports the next generation of Asian American leaders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) with these two scholarships. [16] The prestigious American Indian Scholarships are designed to encourage and support Native American students interesting in pursuing STEM degrees and continuing their education beyond their current enrollment in community college. [16] Native American/Alaska Native undergraduate students attending tribal colleges and universities are eligible to apply for both the American Indian College Fund Full Circle Scholarship Program and the American Indian College Fund TCU Scholarship Program. [16]

The IBC James D. Cooper student paper competition is open to college and university engineering students in the United States and worldwide. [16] The Odebrecht Award for Sustainable Development is open to undergraduate and graduate students from accredited universities across the United States. [16] Full power TV stations in the United States are allocated through a Table of Allotments (47 CFR Section 73.622). [13] As the Pew Charitable Trust observed in 2004, it took 46 years to wire 30 percent of the United States for electricity; it took only 7 years for the Internet to reach that same level of connection to American homes. [14] Established in 1985 by American publisher Stewart Brand, who viewed the BBS as an extension of his Whole Earth Catalog, the WELL was one of the first electronic communities organized around forums dedicated to particular subjects such as parenting and Grateful Dead concerts. [14] Sources: Data used to create this ranking were collected from the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Federal Highway Administration, American Automobile Association, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and The Regents of the University of Michigan. [17] In the U.S., energy costs eat between 5 and 22 percent of families? total after-tax income, with the poorest Americans, or 25 million households, paying the highest of that range. [17] More than 50 million American adults, including 11 million at work, use IM. [14] The Banatao Family Filipino American Education Fund will award five scholarships of $5,000 to qualified incoming freshmen enrolled at four-year colleges or universities. [16] The Asian & Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund (APIASF) is the nation’s largest 501(c)3 non-profit organization that provides scholarships to Asian and Pacific Islander Americans (APIAs) with financial need. [16]

When American college student Shawn Fanning invented Napster in 1999, he set in motion an ongoing legal battle over digital rights. [14] By 2005, 68 percent of American adults and 90 percent of American teenagers had used the Internet. [14] For instance, in 1970, about 38 American workers died each day while on the job (or shortly thereafter). [18] The hazards don’t necessarily end after people leave the service. (According to one study, male military veterans in America between the ages of 18 and 29 experienced a suicide rate of 45 per 100,000, yet the rate for American males of that age in the general population was only 20.4 per 100,000. 11 ) Mental health disorders such as PTSD are a major problem for many returning servicemen and women. [18]

According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, 28% of civil engineers in the U.S. are employed by government agencies. [19] The packet satellite network was used by DARPA to link the United States with satellite terminals serving the United Kingdom, Norway, Germany, and Italy. [14]


The typical tenure for an Electronics Engineer is 1-3 years. [20] Salary estimates are based on 2,086 salaries submitted anonymously to Indeed by Electronics Engineer employees, users, and collected from past and present job advertisements on Indeed in the past 36 months. [20]

The typical tenure for an Electrical Engineer is less than 1 year. [2]

Basic Requirement for Computer Engineer, GS-0854 and Electronics Engineer, GS-0855: A. Degree: Bachelor’s degree (or higher degree) in engineering. [21] Institution of Engineering and Technology The British society of electrical and electronics engineers (and also mechanical engineers). [1] Advise Engineers and electronic mechanics in testing, calibrating, and maintaining electric and electronic equipment such as: generators, transformers, circuit breakers, controls, communication equipment, protective relays, and instruments. [5] The student Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and Eta Kappa Nu (HKN) chapter were named Club of the Year by the Club. [22] Robotics Engineers rake in the most money, with average earnings of $175K per year; Senior Systems Engineers come in second with average earnings amounting to about $148K, while Electronics Engineers and Aerospace Systems Engineers rank near the top as well ($107K and approximately $101K, respectively). [23]

This glossary of electrical and electronics engineering pertains specifically to electrical and electronics engineering. [1] About the Position: This position is located with the Communication Electronics Command, Information Systems Engineering Command, Mission Engineering Directorate at Fort Huachuca, AZ. ISEC has the primary mission of system engineering and integration of information systems for Department of the Army and Department of Defense. [21] Electronic engineering The profession of applying electronics to practical problems. [1]

Electronic amplifier A device that increases the power of an electrical signal by electronic means. [1] Semiconductor device A device that relies on substances with electrical conductivity between that of insulators and conductors; the controllable conductivity of these materials makes most of modern electronics possible. [1]

Heat transfer The study of the flow of heat energy; heat transfer concerns dictate major design features of most electrical and electronic systems. [1] Electronic design automation A system in which a computer provides assistance to the designer of a device or system. [1] Mechanical rectifier An electromechanical device for converting alternating current to direct current, using sets of contacts which operate in synchronism with the AC. Mechatronics Combinations of mechanical systems with electronics for sensing and control. [1] Sensor A device or system that converts some physical event into an electronic signal, for further use in measurement or control. [1] Electronic speed control A device for regulating the speed of a motor. [1] Personal digital assistant A pocket size device that combines an electronic notepad with calendar and other functions; something like a modern smart phone, but without the ability to make phone calls. [1] Learn more about what it’s like to work at U.S. Army Communications Electronics Command, what the agency does, and about the types of careers this agency offers. [21] You could work in the aerospace industry with a background in most of those fields including, electronics, industrial systems or manufacturing. [6] Microelectronics That part of the field of electronics dealing with integrated circuits. [1] Chopper (electronic) A circuit that switches on and off at a high rate, used either for power conversion or to convert a DC signal to a more easily processed AC signal. [1] SPICE A set of computer programs for modelling the behavior of electronic circuits. [1] Multisim A brand of computer software for electronic circuit simulation. [1]

Clapp oscillator An electronic oscillator circuit that uses three capacitors and an inductor. [1] Video game console An entertainment electronics device that allows one or more players to simulate such activities as ping pong or deadly combat; usually can use a home TV set as a graphical display. [1] Heatsink In electronics, a structure intended to dissipate heat from an active device into the ambient. [1] The conductivity of semiconductors can radily be altered by trace amounts of other substances, leading to devices that are the foundation of nearly all modern electronics. [1]

Develop processes and procedures, ensuring testing software for plant’s electrical and electronic equipment is updated and used as intended by other testing personnel. [5] Choke (electronics) An induction coil used to block alternating current and pass direct current, or to block high frequencies and pass lower frequencies. [1]

If you are unable to apply online or need to fax a document you do not have in electronic form, view the following link for information regarding an Alternate Application. [5] Vibrator (electronic) An electromechanical interrupter, part of a DC to AC converter in a battery-operated vacuum tube radio, or similar application. [1] Nuvistor A type of miniature vacuum tube, developed around the same time transistors became common in consumer electronics. [1]

Cathode ray oscilloscope An electronic instrument that displays the wave shape of electrical signals on a cathode ray tube. [1] Develop criteria and guidelines for maintenance of the more complex electrical and electronic features of systems. [5]

Solid state (electronics) Electronics that relies on current flow through crystalline lattices. [1]

An applicant who attains registration through a State Board’s eminence provision as a manufacturing engineer typically would be rated eligible only for manufacturing engineering positions. 2. [5] These answers were not provided directly by engineers in the directory, but they will give you a basic understanding of what you need to know about an engineering career. [6] Basic Education Requirement – Electronics/ Electrical Engineer: A. Degree: Bachelor’s degree (or higher degree) in engineering. [5]

Especially as an aerospace engineer, you’d like be using a computer aided design program to do your drawings with. [6] Learn more about what it’s like to work at U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, what the agency does, and about the types of careers this agency offers. [5] Looking for a great place to work? The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is one of the best! In 2016, USACE ranked number two of government large-agency subcomponents! As rated by their employees, USACE supervisors strongly support employee development and opportunities to demonstrate leadership skills, while also maintaining an optimal work/life balance. [5] Professional registration or licensure – Current registration as an Engineer Intern (EI), Engineer in Training (EIT), or licensure as a Professional Engineer (PE) by any State, the District of Columbia, Guam, or Puerto Rico. [5] That sounds like a good experience to learn more about the petroleum industry and what roles chemical engineers can play. [6] I also have fascination with astronomy which is why I would like to be an aerospace engineer. [6] Can I do more than work in a factory/be in a place where I have to wear a hard hat every day as a mechanical engineer? I know that I can but many people at my university think otherwise. [6] I’m a mechanical engineer student and just about to finish my first year. [6] Participate in conferences with other Engineers and recommend test programs for new installations, or for fixing plants where controls are being revised. [5] The problem is when I hear engineers talking about their jobs they talk about the creative aspect, specifically the drawing aspect. [6] I recently just graduated high school in 2017 and I have a ton of questions on like day-to-day life of a civil engineer. [6]

Electronic component An active or passive element of an electronic circuit. [1] Electronics The study of the flow of electrons through a vacuum, gases or semiconductors. [1] ENIAC The first general purpose electronic digital computer. [1] Electronic Control Unit In an automobile, an embedded electronic system that controls some aspect of a vehicle (ignition, transmission, and so on. [1]

Power supply A subsystem of a computer or other electronic device that turns electric power from a wall plug or batteries into a form suitable for use by the system. [1] Frequency changer An electric machine used to transfer power between two networks with different frequencies, or, an electronic device (more usually called a frequency mixer) that changes the frequency of an input signal to some other frequency. [1] Protective relay An electromechanical or electronic device that detects faults on a power system and can signal circuit breakers to operate. [1] Power electronics The class of electronic devices handling power greater than a watt. [1] Cathode The terminal of an electrochemical or electronic device from which conventional current exits the device. [1] Electronic circuit A circuit using one or more electronic devices. [1] Anode The terminal of an electrochemical or electronic device through which conventional current flows inward. [1]

As a member of the Electronics Systems Engineering group you will perform a variety of challenging engineering tasks such as the conceptualization, design, planning, implementation, and commissioning of state-of-the-art electronic instrumentation and data acquisition systems for semiconductor detectors. [10] Berkeley Lab’s (LBNL) Engineering Division has an exciting opening for an Electronics Engineer to join our team. [10] Some of my favorite websites for learning about electronics development are Hackster.io, Build Electronic Circuits, Bald Engineer, Adafruit, Sparkfun, Make Magazine, and All About Circuits. [3] Even if you happen to be an engineer, are you an expert in electronics design, programming, 3D modeling, injection molding, and manufacturing? Probably not. [3] Make sure you find an electrical engineer that has experience designing the type of electronics required by your product. [3]

Demonstrate knowledge and abilities in solving a wide-range of electronics engineering problems and in using engineering concepts to resolve complex issues in creative and effective ways. [10] Jobs involving electrical, electronic and aircraft and motor-vehicle products might require more formal learning at technical schools. [11] Maintains current knowledge of new computer and software technology and advanced knowledge of electronic monitoring industry and user trends for Company products. [9] Development of the electronics for your product can be broken down into seven steps: preliminary production design, schematic diagram, PCB layout, final BOM, prototype, test and program, and finally certification. [3] When developing a new electronic hardware product you should first start with a preliminary production design. [3] Millions of devices, including some from Apple, use my electronic designs. [3] Experience in design electronic instrumentation and data acquisition system involving of large number of channels. [10] Execute detailed electronics circuit design and verification by simulation and produce electronics hardware by creating schematics, PCB layouts, and all documentation required for fabrication. [10]

In this guide I?ll first discuss the product development strategies for both technical creators and non-technical entrepreneurs wishing to create a new electronic hardware product. [3] This process includes selecting the best development strategy, and developing the electronics and enclosure for your product. [3] This article has given you a basic overview of the process of developing a new electronic hardware product, regardless of your technical level. [3] Although the electronics are probably the most complex and expensive part of your product to develop, the plastic will be the most expensive to manufacture. [3] I really enjoy helping entrepreneurs, startups, makers, inventors, and small businesses wanting to bring a new electronic hardware product to market. [3] Great article! When it comes to electronic hardware products, I usually don’t have a clue. [3]

Have sufficient general electronics experience to know how to analyze results and propose new systems for novel detectors. [10] Now it’s time to evaluate the prototype of the electronics. [3] We?ll move on to developing the electronics followed by the development of the plastic enclosure. [3]

Thanks to the network engineers at Symmetric Engineering, we are running a secure computer network on a true domain architecture. [24] Eighteen of our engineers have been elected to the National Academy of Engineering, and three of our scientists have been elected into the Institute of Medicine. [10] Electrical engineering is a huge field of study and many engineers lack any experience with circuit design. [3] BI Incorporated is looking for experienced software engineers with strong mobile development experience in both Android and iOS. We are looking for developers with experience in Xamarin development who are proficient in C# and RESTful services. [9] Engineers planning for the future must consider challenges ranging from the state of the nation’s power grid to the best site conditions for locating electric-vehicle charging stations. [25] Industrial designers are the engineers who make portable devices like an iPhone look so cool and sleek. [3] I really like the K-12 outreach aspect because we’re inspiring the next generation of engineers. [25] Work collaboratively with scientists and engineers both from LBNL and from other institutions to provide recommendations, requirements and specifications, and implement solutions in your area of expertise. [10] “At the college level, mechanical engineers and general industrial technology graduates can find work in metal fabricating facilities.” [11] Provides mentoring, technical leadership and guidance to lower level software engineers in best practices and appropriate use of design patterns. [9] Provides technical support to applications programmers and lower level software engineers. [9] You can develop a hardware product regardless of your technical level and you don?t necessarily need to be an engineer to succeed (although it certainly helps). [3] Just keep in mind that most products will require multiple engineers of different specialties so you will need to manage the various engineers yourself. [3] Interact with a broad range of engineers, scientists, graduate students and post-docs, technicians and administrative staff. [10] Located on a 200-acre site in the hills above the UC Berkeley campus that offers spectacular. views of the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab employs approximately 4,200 scientists, engineers, support staff and students. [10] Figure 1: Developing a new electronic product usually requires a team of engineers. [3]

Aside from using their nimble fingers and hands, these workers also rely on tools and machinery to make engines, computers, aircraft, toys, electronic devices and other products. [11] I am an aspiring entrepreneur and have a new product idea for a medical electronic device. [3]

When majoring in chemical engineering, core courses are in the sciences: math, chemistry, kinetics, physics, environmental students, materials science, mechanics, geometry, electronic materials, and computer science. [16] Submarine Electronics & Computer Field The SECF program offers extensive training in the operation and maintenance of advanced electronics equipment, digital systems and computers used in submarine combat control, sonar, navigation and communications systems. [26] Advanced Electronics Computer Field The AECF program offers extensive training in all aspects of electronics including computer systems, radar, communications systems, and weapons fire control systems such as the Navy’s advanced Aegis radar and missile system. [26]

Many chemical engineers go into petroleum and chemical industries, but other popular areas are electronics, food, paper, and pharmaceutics. [16] They work very closely with architects, architectural engineers, and engineering technicians on building design and on-site problem solving. [19] A degree in chemical engineering is highly valuable and sought-out in today’s society, as engineers are vital when it comes to taking raw materials and turning them into viable consumer products. [16] Women who are returning to school to pursue a career in engineering might be able to receive a scholarship from the Society of Women Engineers (SWE). [16] Engineering Aid — H140 EAs assist construction engineers in development of construction plans. [26] Mining engineers, who are multi-skilled in many areas of engineering, analyze data from drilling and geological reports before planning and designing mining sites. [19] Civil engineering is a very demanding yet fulfilling career, as the engineer is able to work on a project from its inception right to its completion. [19] Construction engineers are called upon to apply both project management skills and mathematical expertise to their work. [19] Railway engineers apply mechanical design skills and knowledge of propulsion systems to design train vessels. [19] Hydraulic engineers also design machinery which uses hydraulic power and structural elements that can withstand intense water pressure. [19] Traffic engineers consider, review, and modify aspects of road design to optimize traffic flow and reduce congestion. [19] While architects conceive the external design and aesthetics, these engineers design a structure’s internal skeleton and foundation to ensure that it does not collapse. [19] Common projects for water resource engineers include wetland restoration, as well as storm water and sewerage system design and planning. [19] If you’re wondering what exactly a chemical engineer does, consider the products you use daily – from hyenic and cosmetic to utility products, much of what we use is produced and engineered by chemical engineers. [16] Chemical engineers learn to put chemicals to use – from improving the way that factories use chemicals to create products, to solving issues in rust and pollution. [16]

Scholarships that are intended for prospective chemical engineers reward some of the most innovative and creative minds, many of which have a high GPA requirement and require an impressive academic record. [16] More than a decade later, in June 2010 Egyptian computer engineer Wael Ghonim anonymously created a page titled “We Are All Khaled Said” on the social media site Facebook to publicize the death of a 28-year-old Egyptian man beaten to death by police. [14] Engineers in this field understand construction materials and techniques. [19] This is not to say, however, that these engineers do not get out into the field. [19] At Brown and Caldwell, we value diversity in the workplace, supporting organizations like the Society of Women Engineers, National Society of Black Engineers and the Society for Hispanic Professional Engineers. [16] Margaret’s mother, Margaret Nienstedt Fisher, was the daughter of Saginaw “pioneers” and her father was a Mechanical Engineer and a member of the Board of Education for the Saginaw Public School District. [16] These engineers are typically employed or contracted by construction and development companies. [19]

In the private sector, civil engineers frequently work for or with construction firms, with those jobs making up approximately 50% of civil engineering positions. [19] Many civil engineers have jobs that require a very hands-on role in construction, while others may have positions more heavily weighted toward supervisory and administrative skills. [19] Civil engineers have one of the world’s most important jobs: they build our quality of life. [19] If you choose a niche field, you’ll probably make more money, but sacrifice the experience in becoming a well-rounded civil engineer. [19] Much of the work that civil engineers do entails detailed designs and calculations performed in an office environment. [19] Civil engineers typically work full time; and about a third of them work more than forty hours per week. [19] Civil engineers and architects often work with each other, as their work sometimes overlaps. [19] When managing projects, civil engineers may, in fact, work largely from their car or truck as they move from site to site. [19] A civil engineer will concentrate on making sure the structure will be safe and be able to endure everyday and extreme conditions, while the architect will focus on the aesthetics of the structural work, as well as concentrate on the look, feel, and functionality. [19] Because the architect is ultimately responsible that the building is safe for its occupants, he or she will work closely with a civil engineer to ensure the structure meets all the appropriate building codes. [19] The civil engineer can also advise and/or select the appropriate structural materials, and help with specifying the plumbing, electrical, heating, air conditioning, and ventilation systems that will be needed. [19] The civil engineer will analyze and evaluate the structural integrity of the design that the architect has created, and find ways to make the construction design possible by suggesting alterations/modifications in order to turn the architect’s vision into reality. [19] Civil engineers are often responsible for large teams that are involved in project design, planning, and construction processes. [19] Civil engineers do a lot more than design buildings and bridges. [19] Civil engineers have many duties; they interact with clients, customers, inspectors, suppliers, vendors, architects and design teams. [19] With creativity and technical skill, civil engineers plan, design, construct and operate the facilities essential to modern life, ranging from bridges and highway systems to water treatment plants and energy efficient buildings. [19] I?ve received a few emails asking about what the career of a civil engineer is like. [19] Meet up with a professional civil engineer and ask a few well thought-out questions as to what working as a civil engineer is really like. [19] Civil engineers are problem solvers, meeting the challenges of pollution, traffic congestion, drinking water and energy needs, urban redevelopment and community planning. [19] Would you make a good Civil Engineer? Take our career test to find out how you match with this and over 800 other careers. [19] It follows, therefore, that civil engineers have particularly varied career options. [19] It would also be wise to get an internship and spend as much time with professional civil engineers as possible. [19] Every time we open a water faucet, we expect water to come out, without thinking that civil engineers made it possible, in many cases by designing systems that transport water to cities from mountain sources that are sometimes hundreds of miles away. [19] More recent history is also marked by famous civil engineering marvels including the Eiffel Tower, named after Gustave Eiffel, the French civil engineer whose company built it; the Golden Gate Bridge, designed by Joseph Strauss and Charles Ellis; the Panama Canal (John Frank Stevens); the Hoover Dam (John L. Savage); and the Brooklyn Bridge, designed by John August Roebling and his son Washington Roebling. [19]

It supports human communication via electronic mail (e-mail), “chat rooms,” newsgroups, and audio and video transmission and allows people to work collaboratively at many different locations. [14] The Commission requires electronic filing of all its applications and has eliminated paper forms. [13] Broadcast application forms available for electronic filing can be retrieved through the Media Bureau Electronic Filing page. [13] Electronic hobbyists saw themselves in open revolt against the “priesthood” of the mainframe computer and worked together in computer-enthusiast groups to spread computing to the masses. [14] In this chatty new world of electronic networking, a household’s refrigerator and coffeemaker could talk to a television, and all three could be monitored from the office computer. [14]

Electronic texts have made it simple for students to “cut and paste” published sources (e.g., encyclopaedia articles) into their own papers. [14] Quartermaster — B450 QMs determine their ship’s position by visual and electronic means. [26] The presence of a “paper” or PDF form does not override the requirement for electronic filing. [13] Although some authors and publishers challenged the project for fear of losing control of copyrighted material, similar digitization projects were launched by Microsoft Corporation and the online book vendor Amazon.com, although the latter company proposed that each electronic page would be retrieved for a small fee shared with the copyright holders. [14]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(26 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (43) Glossary of electrical and electronics engineering – Wikipedia

2. (37) What does a Civil Engineer do?

3. (24) Ultimate Guide – How to Develop a New Electronic Hardware Product

4. (16) Chemical Engineering Scholarships – Scholarships.com

5. (13) Internet | Description, History, & Facts | Britannica.com

6. (13) USAJOBS – Job Announcement

7. (11) Electronics Engineer, Employment | HERC

8. (10) How to Apply for a Radio or Television Broadcast Station | Federal Communications Commission

9. (10) EngineerGirl – Ask an Engineer

10. (5) Fabricator – Career Rankings, Salary, Reviews and Advice | US News Best Jobs

11. (5) App Developer Salary Guide (2018) – Business of Apps

12. (5) SOFTWARE ENGINEER – SR (Mobile App) in Boulder, CO at The Geo Group

13. (4) Navy Jobs & Programs for Enlistment

14. (3) USAJOBS – Job Announcement

15. (2) 2018’s Most Least Energy-Expensive States

16. (2) The Most Dangerous Jobs: Work That Might Kill or Maim You

17. (2) Electrical Engineer Salaries in the United States | Indeed.com

18. (2) Electronics Engineer Salaries in the United States | Indeed.com

19. (2) American Society of Civil Engineers | ASCE

20. (1) International Scholarships to Study in Russia | Top Universities

21. (1) How Much Do Enlisted Army Soldiers Make? | Chron.com

22. (1) Department of Electrical Engineering

23. (1) Average Jet Propulsion Laboratory Salary

24. (1) Managed IT Support and IT Services in Florida and Upstate New York

25. (1) Salary: Engineering Intern | Glassdoor

26. (1) Intel Corporation Salaries | Glassdoor