Can the World Become Sustainable With the Rise Of Consumption?

Can the World Become Sustainable With the Rise Of Consumption?
Image Courtesy:
author: ? UN.ORG

C O N T E N T S:


  • Scholars look at the rapid rise of global resource extraction and consumption as well as waste products, and discuss how sustainable solutions will depend on creative ways to reuse and recycle natural resources.(More…)
  • As always, population growth has a marked influence on levels of consumption and the efficiency of resource use. 71 86 The sustainability goal is to raise the global standard of living without increasing the use of resources beyond globally sustainable levels; that is, to not exceed “one planet” consumption.(More…)
  • In a world where climate change will have more significant and unpredictable impacts everywhere, and where the competition over water resources, declining harvests as well as between domestic consumption and agricultural exports will increase, urban food supply systems must plan for a range of climate disruptions that can quickly lead to food shortages.(More…)


  • This growth in sustainable energy and transport investment is also driven by a huge need for such infrastructure.(More…)
  • President David Kaiser ?87 leads funding efforts on several fronts to reduce the risks of global warming, including reducing food waste and creating sustainable food systems in Africa; Smart Power for Rural Development, a $75 million initiative to address energy deficiencies and create green power solutions in developing countries; and Planetary Health, which aims to stem death and disability rates caused by pollution.(More…)



Scholars look at the rapid rise of global resource extraction and consumption as well as waste products, and discuss how sustainable solutions will depend on creative ways to reuse and recycle natural resources. [1] The global movement to create a more sustainable world continues to gather pace and rise to the top of both political and business agendas. [2] The importance of addressing the needs of urban and rural communities together and linking responsible consumption and sustainable production will be a key theme of an FAO-led side-event, Strengthening rural-urban linkages for inclusive and resilient societies and healthy ecosystems, co-hosted with UN Habitat and IFAD on 13 July. [3] They list 17 goals, emphasizing climate action, innovation, sustainable consumption, elimination of poverty, and creation of peace and security. [4]

Released ahead of the forum, the Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018 shows that while more people are living better, achieving the SDGs by 2030 is being made more difficult by a series of challenges that include climate change, protracted conflicts, growing inequality, rapid urbanization, rising trade tensions, elevated debt levels and a rise in hunger. [3]

Of these, 20% are currently classified as threatened with extinction in the wild, and with increasing harvesting and consumption, the number of those being traded beyond sustainable levels is sure to rise even further. [5]

Podcast: Exploring some of the most exciting technologies that might help shape the future of consumption in the next 10 to 15 years. [6] Europe’s high consumption of textiles imported from South Asia contributes to worsening water scarcity in Pakistan and India (growing cotton and dyeing and processing textiles require a lot of water). [1] Depending on the degree to which policies are put into place to favor remanufacturing, reuse and recycling, that consumption is projected to increase to between 150 billion and 180 billion tons by 2050, revving up the globe’s metabolism. [1]

China, for example, was a net exporter of raw materials until about the year 2000; today, the country has become a net importer because of the huge uptick in domestic demand for resources such as iron needed to forge its fast-growing energy and transportation projects. [1] Moving forward a few decades, it has become clear that the fundamental problem of promoting economic growth and at the same time protecting the environment was simply not adequately addressed in the original definition. [4]

As always, population growth has a marked influence on levels of consumption and the efficiency of resource use. 71 86 The sustainability goal is to raise the global standard of living without increasing the use of resources beyond globally sustainable levels; that is, to not exceed “one planet” consumption. [7] The underlying driver of direct human impacts on the environment is human consumption. 136 This impact is reduced by not only consuming less but by also making the full cycle of production, use and disposal more sustainable. [7] “Policies for Sustainable Consumption” permanent dead link. [7]

In 2010, the International Resource Panel, hosted by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), published the first global scientific assessment on the impacts of consumption and production 138 and identified priority actions for developed and developing countries. [7] The social, environmental, and economic consequences of tobacco consumption truly make it a development issue: Today, around 80 percent of smokers live in developing countries. [8]

This formulation attempts to explain human consumption in terms of three components: population numbers, levels of consumption (which it terms “affluence”, although the usage is different), and impact per unit of resource use (which is termed “technology”, because this impact depends on the technology used). [7] Included here are raw materials, minerals, synthetic chemicals (including hazardous substances ), manufactured products, food, living organisms and waste. 168 By 2050, humanity could consume an estimated 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year (three times its current amount) unless the economic growth rate is decoupled from the rate of natural resource consumption. [7] Management of human consumption of resources is an indirect approach based largely on information gained from economics. [7]

The goal of this study was to identify the worldwide material flow of nickel, copper, and iron in global trade among 231 countries and regions, and to examine the apparent consumption of the materials as a global systematic phenomenon. [9] Global consumption has increased by an average of 1.7 million bpd for the last three years, accelerating from an average of 1.1 million bpd in the three previous years. [10] Benchmark oil prices have already risen by around 70 percent over the last year, which should help restrain consumption growth. [10] Any further rebalancing will have to come from the demand side, where prices will have to rise high enough to moderate consumption growth. [10] A sharp rise in prices almost always leads to a slowdown in consumption growth, especially in the advanced economies, but the slowdown is always more apparent in retrospect than at the time. [10] The share of households with income for extra consumption in developing Asia countries is projected to rise from 20% in 2002 to 80% in 2030. [11]

In most important consuming countries, reliable statistics on consumption are available only with a delay of three to four months. [10]

The movement advocates, among other things, a substantial decrease in human population and consumption along with the reduction of human interference with the nonhuman world. [7] The developed world population is only increasing slightly but consumption levels are unsustainable. [7] The challenge for sustainability is to curb and manage Western consumption while raising the standard of living of the developing world without increasing its resource use and environmental impact. [7]

The ideas of embodied resource use (the total resources needed to produce a product or service), resource intensity, and resource productivity are important tools for understanding the impacts of consumption. [7] This is management at the end of a long series of indirect causal factors that are initiated by human consumption, so a second approach is through demand management of human resource use. [7]

Change in global cattle herd in 2050 with different productivity scenarios, assuming 9.8 billion persons population and 10 percent higher per capita beef consumption, based on calculations using U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization data. [12] The scenarios depicted assume a 2050 population of 9.8 billion and an increase in per capita beef consumption of 10 percent, which may be higher than historical trends suggest, but for this thought experiment, we?ll assume increasing beef consumption to make our estimates of global cattle numbers more conservative (err of the side of “worst case”). [12]

In the past five decades, global beef consumption per person has remained relatively flat, while pork and poultry consumption grew 100 percent and 420 percent, respectively, according to data from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. [12]

In today’s globalized economy, natural resource consumption influences environmental impacts far removed from the place of consumption. [9] Knowledge about the flow of substances is fundamental to reducing natural resource consumption and controlling the material cycle. [9]

The problem for traders and ministers trying to estimate the price needed to rebalance the market is that consumption responds to price changes with a delay of six to 18 months. [10] Apparent consumption means the mathematical sum of production plus imports minus exports, including products with high degrees of fabrication. [9] In the U.S., per capita beef availability, our proxy for consumption, has declined. [12] In 2006-2008 and again in 2011-2014, surging oil prices resulted in a sharp slowdown in consumption growth in the advanced economies, though at the time many analysts dismissed signs of a slowdown. [10] The levels of apparent consumption of iron, copper, and nickel were 1.7 Pg, 20 Tg, and 2.1 Tg, respectively, in 2010, which represented increases by a factor of 2.1, 1.6, and 1.7, respectively, from 1995. [9]

Cautious optimists, including Unesco and UNWTO, are hopeful that by working closely with tourism operators, heritage and environment managers, community groups and others affected by the industry, sustainable practices can, and indeed must, become the norm. [13] The sustainable seafood movement has gained momentum as more people become aware about both overfishing and environmentally destructive fishing methods. [7] Sustainable development consists of balancing local and global efforts to meet basic human needs without destroying or degrading the natural environment. 26 27 The question then becomes how to represent the relationship between those needs and the environment. [7]

In the late 20th century, environmental problems became global in scale. 58 59 60 61 The 1973 and 1979 energy crises demonstrated the extent to which the global community had become dependent on non-renewable energy resources. [7]

Estimates vary, but the global population likely will reach between 9.5 and 10 billion people by 2050, and global meat demand likely will grow per person as average incomes rise around the world, especially in developing nations. [12] According to the most recent (July 2015) revision of the official United Nations World Population Prospects, the world population is projected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, up from the current 7.3 billion (July 2015), to exceed 9 billion people by 2050, and to reach 11.2 billion by the year 2100. 78 Most of the increase will be in developing countries whose population is projected to rise from 5.6 billion in 2009 to 7.9 billion in 2050. [7]

Scientists have warned of the possibility, under the influence of climate change, of a sudden alteration in circulation patterns of ocean currents that could drastically alter the climate in some regions of the globe. 127 Ten per cent of the world’s population–about 600 million people–live in low-lying areas vulnerable to sea level rise. [7] They are: (i) shifting trade patterns, (ii) rise of the knowledge economy, (iii) climate change, and (iv) an aging population. [11]

Economic growth and sometimes the use of green technologies have been associated with a rapid rise in the use of metals and minerals. [9] U.S. oil production is expected to rise by 1.4 million bpd in 2018 and another 1.1 million bpd in 2019 but may not be able to rise much faster because of pipeline bottlenecks. [10]

Relying on the production practices of yesteryear would mean more GHG emissions for the same beef, even though per capita beef consumption still would have declined due to a growing U.S. population. [12] If productivity remained unchanged from 1976, the U.S. would have required 129 million cattle to meet beef demand in 2017, despite a 40 percent drop in per capita beef consumption. [12] Productivity has driven down U.S. beef’s environmental impacts over time, not declining per capita beef consumption per capita. [12] Some argue the decline in beef consumption per capita is causing a decline in GHG emissions; however, this is incorrect. [12]

Energy consumption will likely triple in the next five years as one billion more people get online in developing countries, while the internet of things, driverless cars, robots, video surveillance and artificial intelligence grows exponentially in rich countries. [14] Beef consumption peaked at 3.0 ounces per person per day in 1976 and largely has declined since then to 1.8 ounces today. [12]

June 19, 2018 – Palm oil has become part of our daily lives, but a recent study serves as a reminder that intensive farming of this crop has a major impact on the environment. [15]

In a world where climate change will have more significant and unpredictable impacts everywhere, and where the competition over water resources, declining harvests as well as between domestic consumption and agricultural exports will increase, urban food supply systems must plan for a range of climate disruptions that can quickly lead to food shortages. [16] Apart from regulating climate, aquatic systems provide food and transportation services, fresh water lakes and reservoirs provide water for consumption and irrigation, and coastal systems offer recreational services. [17]

Students will examine a range of different topics deeply connected to the evolution of capitalism; including labor relations, migration, commodities, consumption, finance, war, imperialism, development, energy, and the environment. [18]

It will provide them with additional resources to show how they can help reduce energy consumption and move toward more sustainable energy. [19] Integrating agricultural mitigation and adaptation plans, reducing food loss and wasted food, addressing unsustainable consumption, utilising cities’ purchasing powers, along with creating rural-urban supply chains and supporting urban farming, can help cities strenghten urban food security. [16] In an article featured online at, Török explains that Americans can help prevent catastrophic sea-level rise, devastating droughts and other predicted consequences of climate change simply by reducing their annual consumption of beef by 95%. (That would mean per-person consumption of beef would drop to 2.8 lbs. annually, compared to the current 55.7 lbs.) [20] Poultry consumption is on the rise, but can processors keep up with the demand? It’s easier when they have integrated planning, an approach that connects every link in the supply chain – from production planning to transportation scheduling. [21] As meat consumption rises, the pressure is on meat producers to fullfill demand. [21]

The single biggest factor driving global gas consumption last year was the surge in Chinese gas demand (31 bcm) where consumption increased by over 15%, accounting for around a third of the global increase in gas consumption. [22] The course discusses global trends in energy consumption and production, various available scenarios for potential developments in the coming decades, the availability of oil reserves and the evolution of the oil industry. [18] Should we count both production and consumption subsidies? Should we include in the tally the extra health costs and other negative “externalities” resulting from the burning of subsidised fossil fuels? There must be one agreed definition within the WTO (and, indeed, one agreed definition overall internationally). [23] Conceivably, fossil fuel subsidies for production and for consumption could be treated differently under such a prohibition. [23] We are already halfway to 2C. The last thing we should be doing is engaging in the sheer perversity of subsidising the production and consumption of fossil fuels. [23]

Just like today’s mainstream media reports, the perception that beef is bad for the planet, abusive to animals and an unhealthy food for regular consumption is, without question, “fake news.” [20] Consumption data in the PDF data table is in billion cubic meters (bcm) and million tonnes oil equivalent (mtoe), data in billion cubic feet per day (bcf/day) can be found in the Excel workbook. [22] We?re working toward a 2020 goal of reducing the electricity consumption of our company relative to data traffic on our network by 60% as compared to our 2013 baseline. [19] Natural gas consumption excludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in gas-to-liquids transformation. [22]

EMPOWER will give employees the tools they need to help spark ideas that will help us drive energy consumption down in the future as well as an avenue for submitting their own ideas for consideration and implementation. [19] By reducing emissions today, these cities ensure that they will need less climate adaptation down the line and that The Future We Don’t Want scenario with continued high emissions, worsening climate impacts and significantly declining agricultural yields doesn’t have to become reality. [16] As climate impacts become more apparent, urban food systems need to become more resilient and it is up to city governments to ensure that they are. [16]

Women are especially vulnerable to such shocks, not only becomes they are the poorest of the poor, representing 70 percent of the 1.3 billion global poor, but also because women are especially prone to skip meals or eat less, compared to other family members, when there is a lack of food or prices go up. [16]

The climate scientists on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change tell us that three-fourths of proven fossil fuel reserves must remain in the ground to meet the globally agreed goal of keeping the rise in the global average temperature below 2 degrees Celsius by 2100. [23] Worldwide, millions of people living in cities have so low incomes that any rise in food staple prices puts their health and nutritional status at risk. [16] Given the complexity of sea level rise, it is important for those in technical positions to understand the systems level interactions that not only lead to rising waters but also the consequences that these changes inflict on other parts of our environment. [17] What we hear most commonly is that sea level rise will affect hundreds of millions of people living in coastal areas and make those populations susceptible to flooding. [17] By training students to observe, measure, interpret, and begin to predict how sea level rise affects populations and communities differently, students will be in strong positions to address, mitigate, and adapt to the challenges more effectively using evidence-based approaches. [17] Risks associated with sea level rise, flooding, inundation and other extreme events have generally not been properly assessed nor quantified and it is currently hard for investors to assess the risks that they now face, and will face in the future, from climate change. [17] This course will introduce and prepare students to develop a more comprehensive and holistic approach to sea level rise. [17]

Interpreting measurements so that one can assess (and mitigate against) potential economic and societal impacts of sea-level rise is crucial but can be complicated, since so many Earth-system processes play a role. [17] If global emissions don’t start to go down drastically, in line with the Paris Agreement’s target of limiting the rise in global average temperatures to 1.5 o C, this agricultural instability will only be the beginning. [16] Scientists have pointed out that a rise in mean surface temperature of 2 Celsius above pre-industrial levels will put the Earth in dangerous, uncharted territory. [18] High temperatures in the north in recent days have since caused some run-off from snow and glacier melt, and the level in the Tarbela dam is starting to rise, said Rasul. [24]

With passenger volume on the rise, airports and airlines are under greater pressure than ever to deliver efficient service, even during peak periods. [21] In addition to this community effect, sea level rise also have dramatic effects on coastal habitats, leading to issue such as erosion, soil contamination, and wetland flooding, just to name a few. [17]

How can poor societies become prosperous and overcome obstacles to do so? Professor Sir Paul Collier is one of the world’s leading scholars on this question, and in this economics course you will have the opportunity to learn from him directly. [18] The University reserves the right to withdraw or modify the courses of instruction or to change the instructors as may become necessary. [17]

ISLAMABAD- Pakistan’s water crisis has become increasingly visible in recent months: levels in the largest dams are low; parched irrigation canals mean farmers in the south planted less cotton; and the commercial capital Karachi has long queues at hydrants. [24]

It’s difficult to turn around public perceptions, but knowing that some companies have a goal of reducing beef consumption by 95% should be enough to alarm every producer in this industry. [20]

At this year’s HLPF, the spotlight will shine especially bright on six goals and world leaders will agree on further actions to achieve them: Water and sanitation (Goal 6); affordable and clean energy (Goal 7); sustainable cities and communities (Goal 11); responsible consumption and production (Goal 12); life on land (Goal 15); and strengthening the means of implementation and revitalizing the global partnership for sustainable development (Goal 17). [25] Today’s publication of the report by the House of Common’s Environmental Audit Committee on coffee cups reflects a wider public interest in sustainable production and consumption. [2] With so many forums debating the different aspects of sustainable production and consumption, decision. [2] Consumer co-operatives support sustainable sourcing for their products and educate consumers about responsible consumption. [26] A sustainable economy won?t mean much if we are still driven by a desire for unceasing consumption and mired in unhappiness and alienation. [27] The theme for this year’s International Day of Co-operatives (7 th July) is “Responsible Consumption and Production of Goods and Services”, this being SDG No. 12 of the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals. [26] The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals call for ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns by breaking the link between rising GDP and environmental impacts. [28]

The nine billion people who will be living on Earth by 2040 will not be able to sustain the same levels of consumption as the billions or so of privileged inhabitants in the most developed countries now. [29] The partnership involves local people and government officials as well as chefs who test the foods for cooking and consumption. [30]

“The pace of consumption, waste and environmental change has so stretched the planet’s capacity that our contemporary lifestyle, unsustainable as it is, can only precipitate catastrophes, such as those which even now periodically occur in different areas of the world. [31] Cheap shipping and global supply chains mean that goods made in one country can easily be shipped for purchase or consumption halfway around the world. [28]

According to the OECD, “value chains have become more global and an increasing number of products are traded in order to be processed further and exported to the country of final consumption,” Wood and his colleagues wrote. [28]

Because the more we discover together, the more sustainable we become and the more we help others move forward, too. [32] Kiwi apex body, Cooperative Business New Zealand, says through co-operatives and collaboration, NZ can become the world’s most sustainable nation. [26]

As human population rapidly grows, we must become more mindful of the increased level of impact our actions have on the planet. [31] Once our population reaches higher levels in the near future, however, our errors will become all the more evident, and it may be too late to make amends. [31]

This reduces jet fuel consumption approximately 0.72 percent due to reduced cruise fuel burn, which adds up to measurable savings over the thousands of flights our jets make every year. [32] The new wing and engine design on the 747-8 reduces fuel consumption and carbon emissions by 16 percent over the 747-400F. The aircraft also operates 52 percent below the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) nitrous oxide limits and is 30 percent quieter than other jumbo cargo jets. [32]

Recognized as one of Scientific American ‘s Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2017, the “new city” concept will apply existing renewable technologies to a block of 30 to 40 adjoining homes, reducing their fossil fuel and water consumption and ultimately cutting greenhouse gas emissions. [30] Perhaps if we could live simpler lives, without so many demands for luxury, our planet would not suffer so much from our excessive consumption of its resources. [31] This information contains data on the production and consumption of 200 products by 163 industries from 1995 to 2011. [28]

Do you have ideas for ways that Arlington can reduce home and Town energy consumption, speed up the switch to renewables, and manage our environmental resources more sustainably? If you do, please come to one of our monthly meetings listed on this website. [33] The database also has information on greenhouse gas and other emissions, material use, water and land use and energy consumption. [28] We will need to construct a model for final energy consumption (where more than nine-tenths of the sector’s emissions occur) that is more efficient, minimises waste and favours the use of cleaner sources of energy, largely by adopting more advanced technologies. [29]

With great concern, Schramski notes: “In just the last few centuries–an evolutionary blink of an eye–human energy use to fuel the rise of civilization and the modern industrial-technological-informational society has discharged the earth-space battery. [27] According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), at this rate, temperatures will rise by 2.7°C and by 2040 we will have reached the very limit of the amount of emissions permitted to maintain the goal of a two-degree increase. [29] Our sourcing practices also help combat the ever-changing conditions in a volatile energy market where costs will rise or fall based on weather, economic growth and demographic factors. [32] It takes all of us — reaching out to those around us, sharing stories and engaging — in order to help make Rise for Climate a success. [33] Most Rise for Climate events are an open invitation to anyone who wants to join. [33]


This growth in sustainable energy and transport investment is also driven by a huge need for such infrastructure. [34] Many countries want to ensure that the new infrastructure they are installing is the most energy efficient and sustainable technology available today. [34]

A leading industrial firm, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Group (40 billion USD annual revenue) is finding new, simpler and sustainable ways to power cities, improve infrastructure, innovate manufacturing and connect people and ideas around the globe with ever-increasing speed. [34] Mayors in Latin America, in Curitiba, Medellín and Bogotá have succeeded in bringing change to sustainable lifestyles in their cities. [4] With political will, vision and peer-to-peer learning, cities can leapfrog to a more sustainable future. [4] Bearing in mind that no two cities are the same, I offer three big ideas that can help cities to be more sustainable. [4] The U.N. Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, launched in 2015 to succeed the Millennium Development Goals, were designed to provide a road map to help countries and cities achieve integrated sustainable growth by 2030. [4]

In France, for example, there was growth of 213% in sustainability-themed investments in the years before and after COP21, according to a 2016 report by Eurosif, the European body that promotes responsible and sustainable investment. [34] The critical role of forests to human well-being and to the health of the planet featured on the eve of the Forum, 8 July, when FAO’s flagship publication, the State of the World’s Forests (SOFO), was presented at an event organized by the UN’s Forum on Forests, Forest-based Transformation towards Sustainable and Resilient Societies: Lessons Learned and Success Stories. [3] There are environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria that now must be met.Three big trends are driving this move towards ethical investing, which together give businesses further impetus to build a more sustainable world. [34] These are: concern over an investment’s potential impact on climate change; the strong financial performance of sustainable investments; and a generational shift in attitude towards ethical investments. [34] As well as climate change concerns, investors are increasingly moving towards more sustainable investments because they want to build a track record of strong financial performance. [34]

City planners now further this vision by creating parks all over the island, building park connectors and turning park lakes and ponds into potential catchments, creating a beautiful and sustainable environment. [4] This very palpable reality should bring us to focus in a timely way on building a sustainable future. [4] Bogotá then became a model of civic-minded sustainable urban planning. [4]

Coming into force in January 2016, the SDGs, including 17 goals and 169 targets monitored by 232 indicators, are a global plan to tackle poverty, hunger and achieve sustainable development by 2030. [3] The city produces a sustainable development report that started in 2004 and is updated every four years. [4] The actions embrace the three dimensions of sustainable development while focusing first on people left furthest behind. [3]

In addition to the SDGs, in 2017 the World Economic Forum publicized the Arcadis Sustainability Index 2016, which listed the world’s most sustainable cities. [4] The World Cities Summit 2018, July 9 through 11 in Singapore, a regular event, focuses this year on “Livable and Sustainable Cities: Embracing the Future through Innovation and Collaboration.” [4]

FAO, which in September is set to deliver fresh figures on world hunger as well as new numbers on global food insecurity, will issue in New York an urgent call to tackle the root causes of hunger in order to get back on track. [3] It’s not that they?ve stopped consuming, but rather that these countries are relying more and more on resources extracted elsewhere in the world and then imported. [1] One wonders if the the chance to rebuild from scratch at the end of World War II, after the bombings and destruction of German cities, did help German planners to try something new. [4] The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, connecting dozens of the world’s large cities, was set up specifically to fight climate change and to help cities help each other, by providing equipment, innovative ideas and advice based on experience. [4] Sustainable Development Goal Target 3.A calls for strengthened implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control — the first and only global public health treaty that represents the evidence-based response to the global tobacco epidemic. 180 countries, plus the European Union, are currently parties to the WHO FCTC, meaning the treaty covers more than 90 percent of the world’s population. [8]

Sustainability is also a call to action, a task in progress or “journey” and therefore a political process, so some definitions set out common goals and values. 32 The Earth Charter 33 speaks of “a sustainable global society founded on respect for nature, universal human rights, economic justice, and a culture of peace”. [7] Treating the environment as an externality may generate short-term profit at the expense of sustainability. 204 Sustainable business practices, on the other hand, integrate ecological concerns with social and economic ones (i.e., the triple bottom line ). 205 206 Growth that depletes ecosystem services is sometimes termed ” uneconomic growth ” as it leads to a decline in quality of life. 207 208 Minimizing such growth can provide opportunities for local businesses. [7] Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations. 1 The organizing principle for sustainability is sustainable development, which includes the following interconnected domains: environment, economic and social. [7] That it was hosted by one of the countries most at risk from climate change was not lost on those present, and UNWTO secretary general Zurab Pololikashvili remarked during his opening speech: “Like almost any human activity, tourism has an impact on natural resources People need to know they can and should take more sustainable and environmentally friendly actions.” [13] The American Public Health Association (APHA) defines a “sustainable food system” 157 158 as “one that provides healthy food to meet current food needs while maintaining healthy ecosystems that can also provide food for generations to come with minimal negative impact to the environment. [7]

To use the analogy of a human body, we can consider institutional capital as the heart of a country’s sustainable and competitive development. [11] Adding to the analogy of the human body, perhaps human capital can be considered the brain of a country’s sustainable and competitive development. [11] The focus of the assembly was climate change, biodiversity and the development of sustainable tourism practices, pertinent topics in a region already dealing with the consequences of overcrowding, as the closure of Boracay, in the Philippines, and Maya Bay, in Thailand, attest to. [13] At the global level the environmental impact of agribusiness is being addressed through sustainable agriculture and organic farming. [7] With 189 member countries, staff from more 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. [11]

The concept of Circular flow land use management has also been introduced in Europe to promote sustainable land use patterns that strive for compact cities and a reduction of greenfield land take by urban sprawl. [7] The aim is productive and sustainable use of natural capital, aligning prices and incentives for climate resilience, and putting the country on a path towards a dramatically lower carbon trajectory. [11] Another example of sustainable practices in poverty alleviation is the use of exported recycled materials from developed to developing countries, such as Bridges to Prosperity’s use of wire rope from shipping container gantry cranes to act as the structural wire rope for footbridges that cross rivers in poor rural areas in Asia and Africa. [7]

“Sustainable development (1987-2005): an oxymoron comes of age”. [7] I was asked today to speak about megatrends and how they affect Vietnam’s sustainable and competitive development. [11] In the context of Vietnam’s sustainable and competitive development, I propose to focus on four specific megatrends. [11] I believe that Vietnam’s sustainable and competitive development depends on achieving an economy that is resilient to shifting megatrends, and also develops and deploys different types of capital. [11]

“Sustainable hydrocarbon fuels by recycling CO 2 and H 2 O with renewable or nuclear energy”. [7] Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15 (1): 1-23. doi : 10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.014. [7]

Sustainable seafood is seafood from either fished or farmed sources that can maintain or increase production in the future without jeopardizing the ecosystems from which it was acquired. [7] A sustainable food system also encourages local production and distribution infrastructures and makes nutritious food available, accessible, and affordable to all. [7] We can?t be sustainable in 2050 using the production practices and technology of 1950. [12] The graph shows what is necessary for countries to maintain an acceptable standard of living for their citizens while, at the same time, maintaining sustainable resource use. [7] Sustainable best practices can involve the recycling of materials, such as the use of recycled plastics for lumber where deforestation has devastated a country’s timber base. [7] “Empirical investigation of the impact of using co-design methods when generating proposals for sustainable travel solutions”. [7] Teaching water treatment to the poor by boiling their water with charcoal, would not generally be considered a sustainable strategy, whereas using PET solar water disinfection would be. [7] Resilience-thinking evolved from the need to manage interactions between human-constructed systems and natural ecosystems in a sustainable way despite the fact that to policymakers a definition remains elusive. [7] While the United Nations Millennium Declaration identified principles and treaties on sustainable development, including economic development, social development and environmental protection it continued using three domains: economics, environment and social sustainability. [7]

This is most clearly demonstrated through use of Context-Based Sustainability (CBS) tools, methods and metrics, including the MultiCapital Scorecard, which have been in development since 2005. 91 92 Contrary to many other mainstream approaches to measuring the sustainability performance of organizations – which tend to be more incrementalist in form – CBS is explicitly tied to social, environmental and economic limits and thresholds in the world. [7] This includes roles as project officer with the Pan American Health Organization/WHO, social communication analyst at the National Cancer Institute of Brazil, as well as consultant for the World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank. [8] The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. [11]

Water efficiency is being improved on a global scale by increased demand management, improved infrastructure, improved water productivity of agriculture, minimising the water intensity (embodied water) of goods and services, addressing shortages in the non-industrialized world, concentrating food production in areas of high productivity, and planning for climate change, such as through flexible system design. [7] Awareness of the global importance of preserving water for ecosystem services has only recently emerged as, during the 20th century, more than half the world’s wetlands have been lost along with their valuable environmental services. [7] The global cattle herd could decline 48 percent relative to today’s if we could universally produce beef around the world with current U.S. efficiency, and that’s considering 2 billion more people on the planet eating 10 percent more beef per person. [12] If we keep our current pace of improving beef’s global productivity going, we?d need 18 percent more cattle in the world today (scenario 1). [12]

Sub-domains of sustainable development have been considered also: cultural, technological and political. 2 Sustainable development, is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. 1 Brundtland Report for the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) introduced the term of sustainable development. [7] The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the current harmonized set of seventeen future international development targets. [7] The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replace the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which expired at the end of 2015. [7] The Official Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted on 25 September 2015 has 92 paragraphs, with the main paragraph (51) outlining the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and its associated 169 targets. [7] Adopted by the 189 United Nations member states at the time and more than twenty international organizations, these goals were advanced to help achieve the following sustainable development standards by 2015. [7]

A study from 2005 pointed out that environmental justice is as important as sustainable development. 28 Ecological economist Herman Daly asked, “what use is a sawmill without a forest?” 29 From this perspective, the economy is a subsystem of human society, which is itself a subsystem of the biosphere, and a gain in one sector is a loss from another. 30 This perspective led to the nested circles figure of ‘economics’ inside’society’ inside the ‘environment’. [7] The inclusion of a specific target on tobacco control in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has underlined the wider contributions that can be made to sustainable development at both a national and global level. [8] Across the different sectors of government and the global development community, including finance, trade, and agriculture, the full implementation of the WHO FCTC will pay significant dividends for sustainable development. [8]

Other approaches, loosely based around New Urbanism, are successfully reducing environmental impacts by altering the built environment to create and preserve sustainable cities which support sustainable transport and zero emission housing. [7]

You can read all about Google’s commitment to the environment here basically, as of 2017 Google is 100% powered by renewable energy and is the world’s largest corporate buyer of green energy. [14] Stabilizing the world’s climate will require high-income countries to reduce their emissions by 60-90% over 2006 levels by 2050 which should hold CO 2 levels at 450-650ppm from current levels of about 380ppm. [7] Some of the best known and most widely used sustainability measures include corporate sustainability reporting, Triple Bottom Line accounting, World Sustainability Society, Circles of Sustainability, and estimates of the quality of sustainability governance for individual countries using the Environmental Sustainability Index and Environmental Performance Index. [7]

Scenario 3 is unlikely, but highlights the sustainability advantage of U.S. beef production compared to the rest of the world. [12] It concludes that human activity is having a significant and escalating impact on the biodiversity of world ecosystems, reducing both their resilience and biocapacity. [7] Since the Neolithic Revolution about 47% of the world’s forests have been lost to human use. [7] By 2016, that number had risen to 1.2 billion, and by 2020 is expected to reach 1.6 billion, or more people than live in China, the world’s most populous country. [13] In 1950, 25 million tourists travelled internationally, according to the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), equivalent to the current population of North Korea. [13]

“If the world is going to be sustainable, we will eat much less meat and meat with a much lower climate impact,” said Török, in a recent interview. [20] Management and remediation of contaminated sites is an important consideration in sustainable regional development, since failure to control contamination usually yields an ever increasing area of impact, with greater environmental and societal costs. [17] We will enable AT&T customers to lead more sustainable lives by expanding access to technology, further integrating sustainability solutions into products and measuring the impacts. [19] We consider sustainable design and LEED-qualifying solutions that affect water, energy and waste — for example, economization, reducing the use of impervious surfaces and installing natural low-maintenance landscaping. [19] Across the Atlantic, in Europe, Paris is planning for a more sustainable urban food system, based on both climate mitigation and adaptation concerns, according to Mr. Françoise. [16] This course will prepare you to estimate climate hazards in your field thereby accelerating the design and implementation of climate-smart, sustainable practices. [17]

There are several space-based sensors that provide information relevant to sustainable management of aquatic resources. [17] “We want to create more options for sustainable and resilient agricultural activity within the rural areas of Quito, that includes climate change criteria.” – Verónica Arias, Secretary of the Environment for Quito. [16] In order to have a sustainable environment and economy, CO2 emissions must be reduced (and eventually stopped). [17]

This council is led by our Chief Sustainability Officer, who works with the Public Policy and Corporate Reputation Committee of the AT&T Board of Directors to achieve a wide range of specific, sustainable business objectives. [19] As result, analyzing and identifying successful and sustainable solutions for these issues often requires the use of spatial analysis and tools. [17] “We want to create more options for sustainable and resilient agricultural activity within the rural areas of Quito, that includes climate change criteria,” said Ms. Arias. [16] In Quito, the city has supported both rural and urban farmers through two different programmes that promote alternative and sustainable land management approaches. [16] AGRUPAR (Agricultura Urbana Participativa), a programme that focuses on urban farmers, aims to implement sustainable and organic practices in the city while strengthening the management skills and micro-enterprises of Quito’s urban farmers. [16] To, strengthen rural and urban linkages, the city is leading on a rural project that is focused on sustainable agricultural practices and forest conservation. [16]

These days, the city is focusing on sustainable and equitable rural-urban supply chains. [16]

Whether you?re interested in poverty reduction, human rights, food security, public health, education, or any other sustainable development topic, these courses will help you join efforts to achieve prosperity for both people and planet. [18] This course explores the key challenges to ensuring a healthy and sustainable diet for our growing world population, as well as the central role of agriculture in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. [18] Learn about the best environmental technologies for a sustainable development and how they are managed in various settings around the world. [18]

How we will feed an extra two billion people by the middle of this century? Focusing both on UK agriculture and on food supply chains in other parts of the world, this course examines how food has shaped our environmental and social landscapes. [18] In a world characterised by rising temperatures, droughts, variations in precipitation and other extreme climate events that reduce crop yields, ensuring food security is a matter of health, public security and social justice. [16]

Parisians may not risk going without dinner, and have sufficiently high incomes to weather significant price changes, but the city is planning for a future where Paris will have to work on many fronts to diversify its agricultural sources, as protection against climate impacts at home and across the world, as well as to reduce its dependence on external water resources. [16]

At the same time as climate change will put a dent in food production, urban populations are expected to keep rising throughout much of the world – and especially in developing countries. [16] One way the global trade rules of the World Trade Organization can be used affirmatively to combat climate change is by imposing new and more specific trade disciplines on fossil fuel subsidies. [23] This course gives you an opportunity to learn about global trends that influence our environment and the living conditions and how different management systems and approaches that are used around the world to manage the environment. [18] During this course, you will learn about these solutions and how they can be applied in different national contexts, based on the results from the Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), a global initiative to show how countries can transition to a low carbon economy by 2050, and how the world can stay within the 2C limit. [18] Learn to analyze rapidly changing global trends, their effects on consumer and labor markets, financial systems, and geopolitical relationships among countries all over the world. [18]

Fortunately, solutions exist to deeply decarbonize the global energy systems, and put the world on a 2C pathway. [18] In this introductory sociology course, we will explore the concerns of an interconnected global world through classic sociological concepts. [18] In this course you will learn about the roots of violence against women, the principles of gender inequality at its centre and most importantly, how to challenge entrenched attitudes that impact women the world over. [18] This course will provide you with an overview of the most important health challenges facing the world today. [18] This course will review challenges for maternal and newborn health in the developing world, where a great many women and babies are suffering from complications during pregnancy, childbirth, and the days following birth. [18]

Learn about the importance of health systems in promoting the health of populations, and the different methods employed around the world to achieve universality in access to health services. [18]

This decline can set off a chain-reaction that leads to increased food prices and reduced food security in many cities around the world. [16] Climate change will affect cities directly, through heat waves, storm rains and rising seas, as well as indirectly due to links between cities and surrounding areas as well as between individual cities and far-flung locations across the world. [16] World Trade Organization rules can be used affirmatively to combat climate change by imposing new and more specific trade disciplines on fossil fuel subsidies. [23]

In 2015, the United Nations came together to adopt Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) covering topics such as health, inequality, climate change, and more. [18] One solution is to tie it to the U.N. -backed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which Pakistan ratified and incorporated into its key development document Vision 2025. [24] This mini-series presents and explains the 17 newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals. [18]

Learn about the establishment of human rights and their linkages to many other global issues in sustainable development. [18] Overall, SDG Academy helped us to identify more than 80 courses on sustainable development from global universities including Harvard, Oxford, Stanford, and MIT. [18] This course introduces the origin and key concepts of sustainability and how to apply those to sustainable development practice. [18] This course provides an introduction to the interdisciplinary field of sustainable development, drawing on the most recent developments in the social, policy, and physical sciences. [18] This mini-series is a companion piece to the SDG Academy’s full-length Sustainable Cities course and also serves as a brief introduction to the topic of urban sustainable development and the SDGs. [18] The course offers a broad overview of the key challenges and potential solutions to achieve sustainable development in the 21st century. [18]

And more broadly for purposes of achieving sustainable development, the current WTO subsidies rules could be altered to expand the current legal concept of adverse effects from subsidies to include environmental as well as economic effects. [23] This site shares news, insights and best practice on trends impacting global sustainable development. [24]

The course features Vancouver, one of the world’s leading cities for green design. [18] This is a course for people who are interested in the challenge posed by massive and persistent world poverty. [18] Does education for all, really mean all? What are the barriers to participating in education? How do you include “all” in the classroom? This course will answer these and other questions, and help you join the movement to get children the world over into education. [18] Drawing upon examples from across the world, the course specifically focuses on supply chain work, migrant work, and sex work. [18]

Cows provide for us by completing the cycle of life on our own farms or on the rangelands of the world, turning sunshine into food of the highest quality and taking the excess carbon out of the air and putting it back into the soil where it is needed.” [20] In 1947, when Pakistan was created, the figure stood at about 5,000 cubic metres per person, according to the World Bank. [24]

President David Kaiser ?87 leads funding efforts on several fronts to reduce the risks of global warming, including reducing food waste and creating sustainable food systems in Africa; Smart Power for Rural Development, a $75 million initiative to address energy deficiencies and create green power solutions in developing countries; and Planetary Health, which aims to stem death and disability rates caused by pollution. [30] The bioeconomy–a sustainable economic system based on clean energy and natural products–aims to eliminate our dependence on finite fossil resources and enable equitable use of renewable biological resources and ecosystems. [27]

Sustainable Arlington acts on a local level to promote climate stabilization and other important environmental goals. [33] In today’s American culture, it is difficult for the masses to be fully aware of the global environmental crisis, since our population appears to be moderately sustainable, efficient, or at least “good enough to get by.” [31] The pilot program will serve as a global model for wide-scale sustainable redesign. [30]

Sustainable Arlington uses a Yahoo Group to conduct its discussions and facilitate communications within the SA community. [33] Director of the EcoBlock Project, Nahas and a team of more than 30 engineers, policy experts, and urban designers are working with the University of California at Berkeley to develop a 100 percent sustainable neighborhood. [30] NZ’s co-operatives across all sectors aim to provide goods and services in an efficient, planet-friendly way, while creating sustainable jobs, decent work conditions and addressing gender equalities. [26] While America’s production policies may be sustainable, our consumer mentality is not. [31] Prepared by a member of Sustainable Arlington and the Climate Change Team at First Parish UU of Arlington. [33] Knowing his children’s future depends on our actions today, Gore is a tireless advocate for sustainable practices and walks the walk. [30]

In February we released a project Our World in Data had been working on:, the first (and only, to date) resource where you can track our progress towards the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). [35] Cooperative Business New Zealand supports and promotes the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals, as we recognise that the co-operative business model is the most closely aligned towards supporting the UN in meeting these goals by 2030. [26] This post introduces our Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Tracker. [35]

The 35 OECD countries together account for only 17 per cent of the world’s population, but produce 63 per cent of global GDP. The disparity is most evident in Africa, which sustains 17 per cent of the world’s population but contributes only 3 per cent to global GDP, despite the fact that it has more oil and gas reserves than the USA and enormous potential in terms of solar and wind-energy production. [29] Our World in Data presents the empirical evidence on global development in entries dedicated to specific topics. [35] Park’s introductory economics class at Andover gave him an entirely new lens to view the world, through which he recognized climate change is the “ultimate global public good problem” and that economics could be a tool for helping people better understand and take action against its disastrous effects. [30] In an ideal world, an increasingly efficient global production system could reduce the environmental impacts of production. [28] Our World in Data is a creative commons publication about human civilization at a global scale. [35] As the world scrambles to find a fuel supply that doesn?t exacerbate global warming, Ted Nace ?74 is full of ideas–and offers a solution. [30] These continued investments, combined with supportive government policies, and a collaborative set of partners have helped to expand development and utilization of alternative fuels, vehicles and infrastructure throughout the world. [32]

The go-to source for climate and energy information at major news outlets worldwide, Mulvey doesn?t shy away from calling out corporate cover-ups or demanding stricter policies and aggressive action for a low-carbon world. [30] With roughly 1,000 electric or hybrid electric vehicles already in operation in cities around the world, UPS expects to continue to lead the charge on electrification of medium-duty vehicles over the next five years. [32] What is World Environment Day? Occurring on the 5th June every year, World Environment Day is the principal initiative of the UN to encourage worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. [2] Not every World War 2 Nazis was a homicidal maniac but human nature tells them to act this way in order to survive in their environment. [31]

According to UNICEF and the World Health Organization, 70 percent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa lacks access to adequate sanitation. [30]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(35 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (49) Sustainability – Wikipedia

2. (29) The Definitive List of Courses for Learning About the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals — Class Central

3. (19) C40 : The Future We Don’t Want – Cities are Hungry For Climate Action

4. (14) Why food nostalgia won’t make us more sustainable | GreenBiz

5. (14) Sustainability Science | Curriculum & Courses | Columbia University School of Professional Studies

6. (14) 3 Ways Cities Can Become More Sustainable – Scientific American Blog Network

7. (10) Opening Remarks: Megatrends affecting Vietnam’s sustainable and competitive development

8. (10) Andover

9. (8) COLUMN-Oil price will be driven by consumers rather than OPEC: Kemp | Reuters

10. (7) WTO negotiations on fossil fuel subsidy reform must begin now | International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development

11. (7) Population Growth, Consumerism, and the Environment

12. (7) Mitsubishi Heavy IndustriesVoice: Investment Attitudes Are Changing To Create A More Sustainable World

13. (6) Energy Management – AT&T People | Planet | Possibilities

14. (6) Tracking CO2 from Trade

15. (6) Hunger rise examined, sustainable food and agriculture potential explored in SDGs global review Sustainable Development Goals Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

16. (6) Fuels & Fleets | UPS Sustainability

17. (6) Rise For Climate

18. (6) Global distribution of material consumption: Nickel, copper, and iron – ScienceDirect

19. (5) ” id=”ember42553″ class=”ember-view”>The quickening pace of global metabolism

20. (5) With more tourists than China’s population by 2020, can global tourism ever be sustainable? | Post Magazine | South China Morning Post

21. (5) War on burgers continues with false environmental impact claims | Beef Magazine

22. (5) Water pressures rise in Pakistan as drought meets a growing population | Sustainability

23. (5) Through co-ops and collaboration, NZ can be the world’s most sustainable nation – NZ Co-Op

24. (5) Opinion: How tobacco control can boost sustainable development | Devex

25. (4) Anthesis Blog – Sustainability News, Articles, Guides & White Papers | plastic

26. (4) Providing the world with energy by means of the circular economy | Eni

27. (4) Introducing our new and improved ‘Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Tracker’ – Our World in Data

28. (3) Solving the worlds planning puzzles

29. (3) Natural gas consumption | Natural gas | Statistical Review of World Energy | Energy economics | BP

30. (3) Before we reinvent the economy, we must reinvent ourselves

31. (2) Sustainable design: how your website can save energy and the environment | UserZoom UX blog

32. (1) Sustainability News — ScienceDaily

33. (1) High-level Political Forum gathers thousands to assess global efforts to realize Sustainable Development Goals | UN DESA | United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

34. (1) FairWild – News – Meet the hidden wild plants in your daily routines

35. (1) Shaping the Future of Consumption Related articles Initiatives | World Economic Forum