Definition For Biodiversity

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • If you ignore that the concept of species itself is rather complicated, with multiple and sometimes contradictory definitions, species richness is easy to wrap your mind around.(More…)
  • “The text in the CBD says protected areas must be effectively managed for conservation, but we need to actually uphold that definition,” says Watson.(More…)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • Biodiversity sounds good if all you?re trying to do is foster the greatest number of plant, animal, fungi, etc. species but that doesn?t always match up with a wild natural environment.(More…)
  • Define and lead the process to engage staff, stakeholders and grantees to identify, evaluate and document best practices in environment, climate change adaptation and natural resource management with a focus on combatting wildlife trafficking, increasing coastal resilience and reducing deforestation, forest degradation and biodiversity loss in West Africa.(More…)

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

Definition For Biodiversity
Image Courtesy:
link: http://www.pnas.org/content/114/23/5775
author: pnas.org
description: Global biodiversity loss from tropical deforestation | PNAS

KEY TOPICS

If you ignore that the concept of species itself is rather complicated, with multiple and sometimes contradictory definitions, species richness is easy to wrap your mind around. [1] Before one can classify organisms by traits, the definition of ‘trait’ must be settled. [2] Rather than define traits as proxies for organism performance, as Darwin did, modern ecologists favor a more robust definition of traits often referred to as “functional traits”. [2]

“The text in the CBD says protected areas must be effectively managed for conservation, but we need to actually uphold that definition,” says Watson. [3] Interestingly, it is a bit of a fuzzy definition, as many species can be defined as endemic, and there is no solid definition that restricts their range. [4] When one considers the CIA’s ‘covert regime change actions’, the dirty wars conducted in recent decades, particularly in the post-9/11 era, one is confronted with the unsettling fact(s) that; by the UN’s definition of genocide under the statutes of the International Criminal Court the U.S. MIC is essentially ‘guilty on all counts’. [5] “You cannot really say it’s only small companies that do extensive black tiger or big companies that do intensive whiteleg,” van Daatselaar told Undercurrent News on the side of the SeaWeb Seafood Summit, drawing conclusions from a long discussion on whether extensive and intensive shrimp farming were mutually exclusive in the definition of sustainable production. [6]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

Biodiversity sounds good if all you?re trying to do is foster the greatest number of plant, animal, fungi, etc. species but that doesn?t always match up with a wild natural environment. [1] The most straightforward measure of biodiversity is simply species richness; that is just the number of species present in a certain area. [1] Such numbers capture some of the differences between places–the tropics, for example, have more biodiversity than temperate regions–but raw species count is not the only measure of diversity. [7] In addition to diversity among species, the concept of biodiversity includes the genetic diversity within species. [7] Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the variety of life either in a particular place or on the entire Earth, including its ecosystems, species, populations, and genes. [7] Biodiversity, also called biological diversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. [7]

Biodiversity encompasses the genetic variety within each species and the variety of ecosystems that species create. [7] Everything else the same, the introduction of one more species increases biodiversity but most people take exception if that one species is Homo sapiens. [1] Did you know that coral reefs support more species than any other marine environment and rival rainforests in their biodiversity? 2018 is the third International Year of the Reef–a platform to highlight the importance of coral reefs. [8] A second way to weight species biodiversity is to recognize the unique biodiversity of those environments that contain few species but unusual ones. [7] From just a few well-studied species, it is clear that genetic variability can be substantial and that it differs in extent between species. (The loss of biodiversity as a result of human activity and various methods aimed at preventing this loss are discussed in the article conservation.) [7] As a result of human activity, the process of biodiversity loss around the world is advancing with increasing speed. [9]

Concern about the effect of climate change on the reduction in biodiversity goes beyond merely protecting species threatened with extinction. [9] Areas differ in the biodiversity of species found only there. [7] If one were to create a large zoo or aquarium in the Sahara Desert, it would likely have more biodiversity (at least in terms of species richness) than the surrounding sand dunes, but it would also destroy a lot of desert. [1] Simply counting species must be, at best, an incomplete measure of biodiversity, for most species cannot be counted within a reasonable time. [7] Although examining counts of species is perhaps the most common method used to compare the biodiversity of various places, in practice biodiversity is weighted differently for different species, the reason being that some species are deemed more valuable or more interesting than others. [7] The timescale involved in increased biodiversity wouldn?t help species alive today, instead it would shape the future evolution of species. [1] The idea of biodiversity also encompasses the range of ecological communities that species form. [7]

Part of the idea of biodiversity when applied to the Americas in management of wilderness areas is also connected to how we view humans, specifically Native Americans. [1] Another study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America showed that increases in global temperature are usually followed with an increase in biodiversity. [1] Sometimes grazing livestock can also increase biodiversity in an area. [1] These patches of different microhabitats increase the biodiversity of the forest as a whole. [1] After the increase in biodiversity there is usually an accompanying extinction event but the increase still outpaces the extinction. [1] If we wanted merely to increase biodiversity, we could perhaps do it by introducing elephants, lions and other species as surrogates for extinct megafauna of North America. [1] Whatever the role of early Native Americans in extinctions in North America, biodiversity dropped with the extinction of megafauna. [1]

At the heart of using biodiversity measures is the idea that we as humans should be actively trying to create the best environment. [1] Biodiversity will always be greater in tropical rainforests and reef systems than in the desert, arctic or alpine environments. [1]

New surveys of more than 5,000 consumers in five countries indicate that the majority (79 per cent) feel that “companies have a moral obligation” to have a positive impact on people and biodiversity in their sourcing of natural ingredients, but only 37 per cent feel “confident that companies pay serious attention” to these issues. [10] Global climate change could potentially boost biodiversity on the earth. [1] There can be little doubt that biodiversity and climate change will affect the world’s poor first. [9]

Even if we can all agree on what biodiversity is in a certain area for our own goals, whether biodiversity is always the most admirable end is a legitimate question. [1] Even if we emphasize dense cities, biodiversity in urban areas is likely to decline. [11]

Even if cattle help biodiversity in the short term, they hurt landscapes in the long term, especially when ranch politics are involved. [1] If what we want is a more self-organized, wild landscape, encouraging grazing for the sake of biodiversity is deeply unsettling. [1]

I agree that biodiversity conservation issues are raised only intermittently in public debate. [9] Such “hot spots” of biodiversity have been described to assist governments and nongovernmental organizations in the development of conservation priorities. [7]

The United Nations named 2010 as the International Year of Biodiversity (IYB)–a yearlong celebration intended to raise public awareness about the importance of biodiversity and to reinforce conservation efforts. [7] Indonesia: biodiversity Learn about the rich biodiversity in the waters off Indonesia, as well as conservation efforts. [7]

The different varieties and types of animals and plants that live in the ocean is an example of biodiversity. [12] Other native animals can be a mixed blessing if we only consider biodiversity. [1]

Manu National Park, Peru: reptile and amphibian biodiversity A discussion of the high level of reptile and amphibian biodiversity around Manu National Park, southern Peru. [7] Especially when these approaches are applied globally, as with the ecoregions used by the World Wide Fund for Nature (World Wildlife Fund, WWF), they provide a useful guide to biodiversity patterns. [7] Old traditional varieties must be preserved – they have always been used regionally – in particular to preserve biodiversity. [9]

We agree with what is happening, but we are also convinced that biodiversity must be maintained as a fundamental factor. [9] I fully agree that we have to have the best possible indicators to establish the status of biodiversity. [9]

Using high quality compost will enable us to better help our soils and will also aid biodiversity. [9]

Illegal logging also has extremely negative consequences for indigenous peoples, for biodiversity and in terms of climate change. [9] Sure, we humans tend to wreck things for other species – but we also long for biodiversity. [11] Scientists have different measures for biodiversity, which yield different results. [1] The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Targets represent the world’s commitment to reduce biodiversity loss. [10]

Global biodiversity will diminish as a consequence of human activities – whether we have global warming or not. [9]

Functional diversity was conceived as an alternative classification to schemes using genetic diversity or physiological diversity to measure the ecological importance of species in an environment, as well as a way to understand how biodiversity affects specific ecosystem functions, where in this context, ‘biodiversity’ refers to the diversity of ecosystem functions present in a given system. [2] In the 1990’s, biodiversity became better understood as the diversity of species’ ecological functions within an ecosystem, rather than simply a great number of different species present. [2] Charles Darwin’s On The Origin of Species is one of the first texts to directly comment on the effect of biodiversity on ecosystem health by noting a positive correlation between plant density and ecosystem productivity. [2] When it comes to biodiversity, the importance of regrowth forests will most likely depend on their proximity to old-growth forests to facilitate species recruitment. [13] “Forest regeneration will benefit forest biodiversity both directly, by providing habitat for species adapted to early successional stages, and indirectly, by increasing connectivity and reducing fragmentation of forests,” he said. [13] Reconciling biodiversity and carbon stock conservation in an Afrotropical forest landscape. [13] “But actually, creating and regenerating regrowth forests will help biodiversity and carbon storage.” [13] The results add an important wrinkle to the debate around forest protection and biodiversity. [13] The results did demonstrate a positive correlation between biodiversity and above-ground carbon storage, but only for trees and leaf lichens. [13] Earlier studies have detected positive links between biodiversity and above-ground carbon storage. [13] The biodiversity of this organismal group demonstrated a negative relationship with above-ground carbon storage. [13]

Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. [14] Indonesia’s size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography support a high level of biodiversity. [14] Indonesia’s 80,000 kilometres (50,000 miles) of coastline are surrounded by tropical seas that contribute to the country’s high level of biodiversity. [14]

Unsurprisingly, biodiversity has a positive impact on the productivity of an ecosystem. [2] “The protection of biodiversity needs to be considered alongside climate change mitigation, rather than assumed to benefit automatically,” Sullivan told Mongabay in 2017. [13] Consistent with this conclusion, tests of theoretical models predict that the net effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functions grow stronger over time, over larger spacial scales, and with more heterogeneous natural resources. [2]

“Unless we move quickly to protect global biodiversity, we will soon lose most of the species composing life on Earth.” –E.O. Wilson. [15] State University of New York’s College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY ESF) has partnered with the Half-Earth Project to lead the Species Exploration and Biomimicry components of the Global Biodiversity Census initiative. [15]

Define and lead the process to engage staff, stakeholders and grantees to identify, evaluate and document best practices in environment, climate change adaptation and natural resource management with a focus on combatting wildlife trafficking, increasing coastal resilience and reducing deforestation, forest degradation and biodiversity loss in West Africa. [16] WA BiCC has three components: to combat wildlife trafficking, increase coastal resilience to climate change, and reduce deforestation, forest degradation, and biodiversity loss in West Africa. [16]

Tetra Tech International Development Services ( http://www.tetratech.com/intdev ) is currently accepting applications from qualified Knowledge Management and Learning (KML) Specialist candidates for the ongoing five-year USAID funded West Africa Biodiversity and Climate Change Project (WA BiCC). [16]

The foremost nature conservation organization, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), is already on the case, currently assessing how synthetic biology, gene drives, and genome editing technology could impact biodiversity preservation. [17] They find biodiversity conservation important for their personal well-being and that of future generations: more than 80% of people in France, Germany and Brazil said that biodiversity is important to their quality of life. [18] The association’s recent surveys of more than 5,000 consumers in five countries indicate that the majority (79%) feel that “companies have a moral obligation” to have a positive impact on people and biodiversity in their sourcing of natural ingredients. [18] The only brand that currently stands out among consumers on respect for people and biodiversity remains Natura Cosmetics in Brazil: 62% of respondents mentioned Natura. [18] ” This latest Biodiversity Barometer report is encouraging businesses to seize the opportunities offered by growing consumer awareness and contribute to a world in which people and biodiversity thrive ?,” said Dr Pa?ca Palmer. [18] “The Biodiversity Barometer shows we are heading in the right direction to reach the global target of making people aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably. [18]

Their dataset combines eight signatures of human presence — built environments, agriculture, pasturelands, population density, nighttime lights, roads, railways, and navigable waterways — to estimate the amount of human pressure on the landscape, and by inference a loss of biodiversity. [3] Protected areas — they?re the foundation of modern conservation efforts, the most common tool used by every nation to safeguard biodiversity against human influence. [3]

Experience supporting long-term learning and adaptive management on natural resources management, biodiversity or climate change topics. [16] There is, the non-profit association says, a “major gap? between what consumers want and what companies are doing to respect biodiversity. [18] It must be noted that consumers might not be aware of the actions being taken to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity taken by other companies. [18] Young consumers aged 16 to 24 who were able to define biodiversity correctly, grew 20% points, compared to 10% points growth in awareness across all those surveyed. [18]

According to UEBT, one positive finding from this year’s Biodiversity Barometer is that awareness and understanding of biodiversity is rising each year. [18] We serve as members on the recently formed Task Force on Synthetic Biology and Biodiversity that will deliver a comprehensive technology assessment and policy position to serve as the basis of future international discussions. [17] Join Grace Farms Foundation in celebrating the biodiversity of nature this Earth Day. [19]

” Growing awareness, along with a clear disparity between what consumers want from brands, and how few brands they can actually name that are “walking the talk,? shows an incredible opportunity for business to take concrete action to position their brands as leaders in sourcing with respect for biodiversity and people ?,” said Rik Kutsch Lojenga, UEBT’s Executive Director and a leading global expert on ethical sourcing. [18] We stand for biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods. [20] “We weren?t surprised to find two or three,” says Bob Murphy, senior curator of herpetology at the Royal Ontario Museum’s Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, and corresponding author on one of the papers [21]

Lauded as a sign of hope for biodiversity in an otherwise dark world, this expansion is tied to the Convention for Biological Diversity, an international treaty in which signatory countries committed to include at least 17 percent of their land in effectively managed and ecologically representative protected areas by 2020. [3]

Brazil announces the creation of three new protected areas in the Brazilian Amazon and Caatinga biomes to preserve the country’s rich biodiversity. [22] Interestingly, endemism is often concentrated to certain areas that have literally been labeled “areas of endemism”, “biodiversity hotspots”, or “highly endemisitc ecosystems”. [4] Biodiversity and ecosystem services are essential in supporting agriculture in multiples ways and at all levels. [23]

This section introduces other issues including biodiversity, climate change, animal and nature conservation, population, genetically modified food, sustainable development, and more. [24] “What we need to do in the next rounds of targets,” says lead author Martine Maron, a conservation policy scientist at the University of Queensland in Australia, “is to put numbers not just on biodiversity conservation targets, but also on all the other things we care about from nature.” [25]

ASC can help them providing a credible logo, to show to the marketplace they are doing the right thing in terms of sustainability, bio-security, without impacting biodiversity and taking good care of workers, van Daatselaar said. [6]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(25 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (21) Biodiversity is key, but not always the best measure of success • Earth.com

2. (16) biodiversity | Definition & Facts | Britannica.com

3. (10) Consumers still demand “biodiversity? efforts from brands

4. (10) biodiversity Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

5. (9) The diversity of biodiversity: Connecting shrews, ants and slime molds with carbon storage

6. (7) Functional ecology – Wikipedia

7. (4) Knowledge Management and Learning (KML) Specialist – Biodiversity and Climate Change Project – West Africa, June 2018 – NGO Jobs

8. (4) Intense Human Pressure Threatens One-third of Protected Areas Cool Green Science

9. (3) Indonesia – Wikipedia

10. (2) CBD Home

11. (2) How should humans arrange themselves to maximize biodiversity? | Anthropocene

12. (2) E.O. Wilson Biodiversity Foundation

13. (2) Catastrophic risk to ecosystems puts biotechnology fixes on the table

14. (2) What are endemic species? What are examples of this? – Quora

15. (2) Seafood Summit 2018: Shrimp farming growth will come from intensive systems, says ASC exec | Undercurrent News

16. (1) Biodiversity dictionary definition | biodiversity defined

17. (1) Earth Day | Celebrating Biodiversity | Grace Farms

18. (1) Home | Rainforest Alliance

19. (1) Chinese Giant Salamander is 5 Species–And They?re Threatened

20. (1) WWF conserves our planet, habitats, & species like the Panda & Tiger | WWF

21. (1) All activities | Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)

22. (1) Global Issues : social, political, economic and environmental issues that affect us all — Global Issues

23. (1) Here’s Why Expanding Protected Areas Isn’t Saving Nature – Scientific American

24. (1) Road Warrior Radio with Chris Hinkley 6.21.18 Hour 1 Republic Broadcasting Network

25. (1) NOAA’s National Ocean Service