Is Biofuel Renewable

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  • In 2010, average savings of biofuels used within EU was 60% (Hamelinck.C. et al. 2013 Renewable energy progress and biofuels sustainability, Report for the European Commission).(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • Biofuels are characterized by fuels that obtain their energy through the process of biological carbon fixation.(More...)

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Is Biofuel Renewable
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KEY TOPICS

In 2010, average savings of biofuels used within EU was 60% (Hamelinck.C. et al. 2013 Renewable energy progress and biofuels sustainability, Report for the European Commission). [1] The announcement would follow weeks of criticism of Pruitt's handling of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program from biofuels supporters who accuse him of trying to undermine the program to help the refining industry. [2] The postponement of a directive outlining the deal may mark the end of the latest effort to overhaul the American renewable fuel mandate with an eye on lowering costs for refiners forced to blend biofuels into gasoline, said the people, who asked not to be named to discuss internal deliberations. [3] Refiners’ concerns generally center around the cost of compliance credits known as renewable identification numbers, or RINs, which they use to prove they have satisfied annual biofuel quotas. [3] In Washington, Platts reports that the Environmental Protection Agency confirmed it is close to announcing renewable volume obligations for 2019 advanced biofuels and ethanol and 2020 requirements for biodiesel. [4] The Renewable Fuel Standard requires refiners to blend specific volumes of biofuels like corn-based ethanol into the fuel supply each year and prove compliance by acquiring RINs that can be earned or purchased. [5] Sens. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, and Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, broke news June 5 that President Donald Trump has rejected a deal on the Renewable Fuel Standard that would have implemented year-round E15 availability, but also allowed renewable identification numbers (RINs) attached to exported biofuel volumes to be used to meet RFS compliance obligations. [6]

The move is also at odds with the President's numerous pledges to find a "win-win" solution to both the cost of compliance for smaller refineries (which biofuel supporters and several economists state is largely fictional), and the fact that the Renewable Fuel Standard calls for the increasing use of biofuels in the domestic fuel supply. [7] Under a previously little-used authority, EPA had already taken steps to grant small refinery exemptions to approximately two dozen petroleum refiners, relinquishing them of their duty to either blend biofuels or buy compliance credits under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), a core component of the program. [7]

The generated 6- and 5-carbon sugars can form the basis of a sustainable green economy, as they are readily convertible via fermentation (or thermochemical processing) to a variety of platform chemicals for the manufacture of biofuels, plastics, resins, and other renewable products. [8] Given the critical nature of energy, we have made renewable energy R&D and education top priorities at the College with a focus on technology development in biofuels (ethanol, biodiesel, and green hydrocarbons) and biopower from cellulosic biomass and algae. [8] Only biofuels meeting certain sustainability criteria are included in the renewable energy goals. [9] In his thesis, David Harnesk studied the effects of the EU's biofuel regulation, specifically the Renewable Energy Directive from 2009, investigating how well the directive meets its goals of reducing the climate impact from the transport sector and promoting rural development. [9]

International advanced biofuel markets are at similar crossroads with large markets such as the European Union and international aviation tied up in tangled discussions about carbon credits and sustainability which delay transition to renewables in the marketplace. [10] Even the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has little impact since it has not been used by the government to push for more investment in advanced biofuels. [10] "EPA's retroactive waivers have cut more than a billion gallons from the renewable fuel obligations for 2016 and 2017, which has a devastating impact on advanced biofuels. [11]

The EPA is expected to make the announcement as part of the release on Friday of the agency's proposed annual biofuel blending mandates under the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), one source told Reuters. [12] " Refiners? concerns generally center on the cost of compliance credits known as renewable identification numbers, or RINs, which they use to prove they have satisfied annual biofuel quotas. [13]

Renewable biofuels - like biohydrogen, biomethane, biogas, ethanol and butenol - represent attractive energy sources to meet the growing global demand, thanks to sustainable and cost-efficient production approaches based on cellulosic biomass. [14] May 3, 2018 - Reducing carbon emissions in order to prevent climate change requires developing new technologies for sustainable and renewable biofuel production. [15]

Probably the most notable (or at least covered in the news the most) was their decision to remove biodiesel made from palm oil from its list of biofuels that can count towards the EU's renewables target from 2021. [16] Under the 13-year-old Renewable Fuel Standard, refiners are required to use biofuel, often corn-based ethanol. [17] Star Energy FS will be the first Iowa Renewable Fuels Association (IRFA) member to establish a Monarch Fueling Station that is not a biofuel plant. [18] On the transportation side, these include reviewing Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards; threatening to take away California's authority to set their own mileage and pollution controls, including CO2 (carbon dioxide) emission reduction standards; and quarreling with the petroleum and biofuels industries over implementation and enforcement of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). [16]

Refiners that are pushing for changes argue they pay too much for renewable identification numbers, or RINs, the tradable compliance credits used to prove they have satisfied annual biofuel quotas. [19] Refiners? concerns generally center around the cost of compliance credits known as renewable identification numbers, or RINs, they use to prove they have satisfied annual biofuel quotas. [17]

In addition to many benefits common to renewable energy, biomass is attractive because it is current renewable source of liquid transportation of biofuel. [20] As such, this book presents economically viable and sustainable approaches to improve existing biofuel technologies and appeals to anyone with an interest in biofuels as renewable energy options and their practical implementation. [14]

The agency finalized a total renewable fuel volume of 19.29 billion gallons, of which 4.29 BG is advanced biofuel, including 288 million gallons of cellulosic biofuel. [16]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

Biofuels are characterized by fuels that obtain their energy through the process of biological carbon fixation. [21] So-called "drop-in" biofuels can be defined as "liquid bio-hydrocarbons that are functionally equivalent to petroleum fuels and are fully compatible with existing petroleum infrastructure". [1] Currently, no policies (e.g., tax breaks, subsidies etc.) differentiate new, more fungible and infrastructure ready drop-in type biofuels from less infrastructure compatible oxygenated biofuels. [1]

The diversion of edible food biomass to the production of biofuels could theoretically result in competition with food and land uses for food crops. [1] The concern is that if these food crops are used for biofuel production that food prices could rise and shortages might be experienced in some countries. [1]

First-generation biofuels are made from the sugars and vegetable oils found in food crops using standard processing technologies. [1] Helsinki, Finland, 1 February 2012 - UPM is to invest in a biorefinery producing biofuels from crude tall oil in Lappeenranta, Finland. [1] Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. [22]

Emily Skor, chief executive officer of Growth Energy, a biofuel trade group, said it looks forward to “refocusing this conversation” toward farm income and filling-station prices. [3] In second-generation biofuels applications forest and agricultural residues, wood waste and energy crops can be used as feedstock to produce e.g. bio-oil for fuel oil applications. [1] Second-generation biofuel feedstocks include specifically grown inedible energy crops, cultivated inedible oils, agricultural and municipal wastes, waste oils, and algae. [1]

The term second-generation biofuels is used loosely to describe both the 'advanced' technology used to process feedstocks into biofuel, but also the use of non-food crops, biomass and wastes as feedstocks in'standard' biofuels processing technologies if suitable. [1]

Green waste such as forest residues or garden or park waste may be used to produce biofuel via different routes. [1] Biofuels are commonly used as part of mixtures with fossil fuel sources or as additives. [21] In 2013, 70% of the biofuels used in Sweden reduced emissions with 66% or higher. (Energimyndigheten 2014. [1] Lignocellulosic biofuels reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 60-90% when compared with fossil petroleum (Bjesson.P. et al. 2013. [1]

A tentative deal to revamp U.S. biofuel policy appeared to collapse Tuesday when the White House indefinitely delayed an expected announcement of the planned changes, according to three people familiar with the move. [3] One of the largest consumers of biofuels in the U.S. is the national army. [21]

In Washington state, WSU Tri-Cities associate professor Xiao Zhang is targeting the use of lignin -- a common material that makes the cell walls of plants rigid -- to create affordable biofuels and bioproducts. [4] "Thermochemical biofuel production in hydrothermal media: A review of sub- and supercritical water technologies". [1] This statistic represents the leading countries in biofuel production in 2017. [21] That means, Germany is among the global top three countries in biofuel production. [21]

The biofuel and food price debate involves wide-ranging views, and is a long-standing, controversial one in the literature. [1] The plan’s apparent demise was celebrated by biofuel producers. [3] "Measuring the regional availability of biomass for biofuels and the potential for microalgae". [1] Biofuels can also be generated through the consumption or conversion of biomass material. [21]

Examples include Biogas captured from biodegradable green waste, and gasification or hydrolysis to syngas for further processing to biofuels via catalytic processes. [1] According to the director Tom Adams since carbon is put back into the soil, this biofuel can actually be carbon negative not just carbon neutral. [1] Grassley told reporters Tuesday he thought Pruitt had “betrayed the president” with his agency’s handling of the biofuel mandate. [3]

Under favourable economic conditions and strong improvements in policy support, NNFCC projections suggest advanced biofuels could meet up to 4.3 per cent of the UK's transport fuel by 2020 and save 3.2 million tonnes of CO 2 each year, equivalent to taking nearly a million cars off the road. [1] Second-generation biofuels, also known as advanced biofuels, are fuels that can be manufactured from various types of non-food biomass. [1] There is considerable interest in developing advanced biofuels that can be readily integrated in the existing petroleum fuel infrastructure - i.e. "dropped-in" - particularly by sectors such as aviation, where there are no real alternatives to sustainably produced biofuels for low carbon emitting fuel sources. [1]

Dedicated policies to promote development and commercialization of these fuels will be needed before they become significant contributors to global biofuels production. [1] The United States was by far one of the largest producers of biofuel in the world in 2016, accounting for 43.5 percent of global biofuel production. [21] Global biofuel production has gradually increased from 9.2 million metric tons of oil equivalents in 2000 to 84.12 million metric tons of oil equivalents in 2017. [21]

Second-generation biofuel technologies have been developed to enable the use of non-food biofuel feedstocks because of concerns to food security caused by the use of food crops for the production of first-generation biofuels. [1] Second-generation biofuels are made from different feedstocks and therefore may require different technology to extract useful energy from them. [1] The problem that second-generation biofuel processes are addressing is to extract useful feedstocks from this woody or fibrous biomass, where the useful sugars are locked in by lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose. [1] Chemical and biological processes that are currently used in other applications are being adapted for second-generation biofuels. [1]

According to a recent report published by the IEA Bioenergy Task 39, entitled "The potential and challenges of drop-in biofuels", there are several ways to produce drop-in biofuels that are functionally equivalent to petroleum-derived transportation fuel blendstocks. [1] Due to the increased processing and resource requirements (e.g., hydrogen and catalysts) needed to make drop-in biofuels as compared to conventional biofuels, large scale production of cost-competitive drop-in biofuels is not expected to occur in the near to midterm. [1] Shell continues to explore multiple pathways to find a commercial solution for the production of advanced biofuels on an industrial scale, but the company will NOT pursue the project it has had under development to build a larger scale cellulosic ethanol facility in southern Manitoba. [1]

The Monthly Biodiesel Production Report provides data on operations of the U.S. biodiesel industry as part of EIA's response to section 1508 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 which directed EIA to publish information on renewable fuels including biodiesel. [22] Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 49 : 1271-1285. doi : 10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.084. [1] In Colorado, Gevo announced that it has entered into a long-term agreement to supply its renewable alcohol-to-jet fuel (ATJ) to Avfuel Corporation, effective July 1, 2018. [4] In Belgium, European renewable ethanol delivered an average of more than 70% greenhouse-gas savings compared to fossil fuels in 2017, according to new certified data from European ethanol producers. [4] The RFS, created in 2005, requires fuel companies to use increasing volumes of renewable fuels like ethanol with their petroleum products each year, but the EPA has used its authority to provide waivers to an unusually large number of small refineries releasing them of their obligation. [2] EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue were set to travel to a farm outside of Kansas City, Missouri, where they were expected to announce a proposal for 2019 renewable fuel requirements on Friday. [2]

Lawmakers are developing legislation to overhaul the Renewable Fuel Standard. [3] Bob Dinneen, president of Renewable Fuels Association, said the group was "happy the president continues to recognize the importance of our industry to America’s farmers and rural economies across the nation." [3] Prices of renewable fuel credits traded in a range from 29.5-33 cents as the rumors swirled, said traders. [2]

"Tremendous entrepreneurial activity to develop and commercialize drop-in biofuels from aquatic and terrestrial feedstocks has taken place over the past several years. [1] Therefore it is important to distinguish between second-generation feedstocks and second-generation biofuel processing technologies. [1] The following second-generation biofuels are under development, although most or all of these biofuels are synthesized from intermediary products such as syngas using methods that are identical in processes involving conventional feedstocks, first-generation and second-generation biofuels. [1]

Despite these efforts, drop-in biofuels represent only a small percentage (around 2%) of global biofuel markets. [1]

The latest alternative fuel news from our biodiesel, biofuel, and ethanol fuel news sources. [23] It is likely to add fuel to an already fiery dispute between Big Oil and Big Corn over the future of America’s biofuel policy by opening the door to similar challenges from other refiners. [5] The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has awarded tens of millions of dollars worth of biofuel blending credits for this year to refiners HollyFrontier and Sinclair Oil after they argued the agency wrongly denied them waivers from the nation’s biofuels law since 2014, according to two sources and public filings. [5]

Jun 21, 2018: More than 2,800 retail sites will offer E15 by 2021, generating approximately 350 million new ethanol gallons annually, according to a new report by Growth Energy on the success of E15 and the accomplishments of Prime the Pump, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping build the infrastructure and distribution of higher biofuel blends. [23] This innovative machinery was developed with Energy Department funding to help biofuels become more affordable. [10]

He argues that the production of biofuels is part of a larger change in land use, which for some time has shifted towards large-scale crop production. [9] In Malaysia and Indonesia, two countries that produce a large proportion of the palm oil exported to the EU, there has been a significant increase in biofuels production for European consumption. [9] The European Union and the United States should stop using biofuels as they are hampering food production, the UN's special rapporteur for the right to food Olivier De Schutter told AFP on Wednesday. [9] The European Parliament on Wednesday backed plans to cap the use of traditional biofuels to address concern over greenhouse gas emissions. [9] The minimum requirements concern greenhouse gas emissions, as well as land criteria for carbon storage capacity and biodiversity, and must be fulfilled in order for producers to be allowed to deliver to the EU's subsidised biofuels market. [9] Jun 20, 2018: BASF Enzymes LLC and Lallemand Biofuels & Distilled Spirits (LBDS) have partnered to help add value to ethanol producers. [23] The U.S. bioethanol industry depends largely on turning a certain sugar into the simple two-carbon alcohol, the biofuel ethanol. [10]

"EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt has had a fire sale on small refiner exemptions for anyone with a stamp and an envelope, making a mockery of the President's commitment to a 15-billion-gallon RFS for conventional biofuel. [11] Jun 21, 2018: In Washington state, WSU Tri-Cities associate professor Xiao Zhang is targeting the use of lignin -- a common material that makes the cell walls of plants rigid -- to create affordable biofuels and bioproducts. [23] Without higher RIN prices, economists predict that biofuel blending is unlikely to increase greatly, even if E15 is approved for year-round use. [7] Farm and biofuel organizations recently filed suit against the EPA's use of the hardship waiver in previous months. [7]

Now, the retroactive waivers add a fresh twist to the ongoing saga of the small refinery exemption and likely open the administration up to further legal challenges from both the oil refining and biofuel sectors. [7] Current UK and European policies on biofuels encourage unethical practices, says a report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics today following an 18-month inquiry. [9] The higher the price of a RIN, the more incentive there is to blend biofuels. [7] The EU's biofuel project diverts attention from the need for transformation that is crucial in order to create a more sustainable society, he suggests. [9] The study argues that EU biofuel regulation is neither environmentally sustainable nor socially beneficial in the long term. [9]

EU biofuel regulation does not guarantee reduced climate impact--nor does it address the core issue of substantially reducing transport emissions, according to a new doctoral thesis from Lund University in Sweden. [9] "On a smaller scale, biofuels can be a good alternative for public transport, but we cannot solve the climate issue by simply replacing fossil fuels with biofuels. [9]

Jun 22, 2018: The Advanced Biofuels Conference ran in conjunction with the 2018 Fuel Ethanol Conference last week in Omaha and several sessions were sponsored by Cellerate® process technology, enhanced by Syngenta Enogen corn. [23]

In order to bring more and more sustainably produced and affordable energy to homes, cars and businesses, we are focusing on the energy sources with the most potential to provide you with 1) advanced fuels from waste and residues, 2) renewable heat from the depths of the earth and 3) clean electricity from wind. [24] The directive introduces a regulatory framework to ensure that, by 2020, the share of energy from renewable sources will correspond to 10% of the transport sector's energy consumption. [9]

Jun 21, 2018: In Colorado, Gevo announced that it has entered into a long-term agreement to supply its renewable alcohol-to-jet fuel (ATJ) to Avfuel Corporation, effective July 1, 2018. [23] In an effort to make aviation more sustainable, USF has joined forces with other institutions and companies to form SPARC, the Southeastern Partnership for Advanced Renewables from Carinata. [8] "St1 can't change the world through our solutions, but we can take small steps in the direction where we move ourselves from fossil world into a renewable world." [24]

We are the leading trade association for America's ethanol industry, working to advance development, production use of ethanol as a beneficial renewable fuel. [25] In the U.S., the Renewable Fuel Standard has created a demand of 15 billion gallons/year of corn ethanol, an amount which covers about 10% of the U.S. market and provides renewable octane by replacing carcinogenic MTBE. U.S. and Brazilian sources have filled this demand. [10] “Administrator Pruitt needs to understand that his actions to continue to grant waivers, now retroactively, to oil refineries is undermining the Renewable Fuel Standard — a program that Administrator Pruitt told Congress he was committed to upholding,” she said in a statement. [5] Dave Loebsack (D-IA) and Cheri Bustos (D-IL) are demanding that EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt provide additional information regarding his agency's "failed implementation of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)." [23] The existing regulation for calculating the annual percentage of renewable fuels to be blended into transportation fuel does not provide a means to "true up" the annual standards for any retroactive small refinery exemptions, i.e., exemptions granted after the renewable volume obligations (RVOs) for that year have been finalized. [11] At its core, the current administration fails to grasp that RIN prices are a core component of the Renewable Fuel Standard. [7] The release of the Renewable Identification Numbers, or RINs, marks the first reported instance of the EPA issuing tradable credits from previous years into the present market. [5] Previous White House proposals, such as allowing exported gallons to garner Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) to make up for the growing shortfall in exempted gallons - 1.7 billion at last count - would require Congressional intervention and appear dead on arrival. [7]

In its Renewable Energy Directive, the European Union has set a 10% goal for the use of renewable energy in transport by 2020. [9] In the depths of the earth there lies enormous unused potential for sustainable energy and heat production - in fact, geothermal energy is one of the most cost-efficient ways to increase renewable energy in heating. [24] Clearly, our country needs policies and technologies that enhance energy conservation and promote renewable energy production from sustainable natural resources. [8] Renewable energy production is at the very core of the corporate strategy: our goal is to gradually replace fossil energy with renewable solutions. [24] In St1, we are convinced that those renewable energy production forms that are cost-efficient and enable large-scale production, will be the successful ones in the future. [24]

May 25, 2016: On May 10th, 2016 the USDA announced the award of 26 grants, totaling nearly $2 million, to provide help to rural small businesses and agricultural producers to find ways to conserve energy and develop renewable energy systems. [23] The small Pacific nation's plan to transition to 100 percent renewable energy by 2030 is no longer just an "intended" nationally determined contribution (INDC) -- it is now the country's official climate plan. [23] The funding notice for fiscal year 2017 provides guidance for applicants including to online resources at FarmEnergy.org and from the USDA. This notice includes grants and loan guarantees for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. [23] Jul 20, 2016: The United States, and indeed the world, would do well to reconsider the promise and the limitations of its infatuation with renewable energy. [23] Today it looks like the Renewable Energy Directive cannot actually guarantee reduced greenhouse gas emissions," says David Harnesk. [9]

Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world. [10] The future of the advanced biofuels industry is at a critical crossroads. [10] The excess RINs from EPA's waivers will continue to suppress demand for advanced biofuels for 2018 and 2019," said Brent Erickson, executive vice president of BIO. [11]

The RFS requires refiners to blend biofuels like ethanol into the fuel pool or buy compliance credits from those who do. [12] The passage of RenovaBio will set up a carbon credit market for biofuel producers to trade carbon dioxide emissions credits with fuel distributors. [26] Fuel distributors must either purchase credits or additional biofuels to meet annual emissions reductions targets. [26]

By 2020, all the member states of the European Union had to ensure that 10% of their transport fuel was biofuel. [27] On Wednesday, Reuters writers Jarrett Renshaw and Chris Prentice reported that, " U.S. President Donald Trump, in yielding to pressure from farming states and agreeing to suspend changes to U.S. biofuel policy i s now being criticized by another important constituency, the main union for oil refinery workers. [13] Bloomberg writers Jennifer A Dlouhy and Mario Parker reported on Thursday that, "A day after a tentative agreement to overhaul U.S. biofuel policy appeared to collapse amid farm-state concerns, EPA chief Scott Pruitt met to discuss the issue with the lead senator pushing for the changes: Ted Cruz. [13]

Reviews evidence on the environmental risks of growing lignocellulosic energy crops for biofuel production and policy ideas to address them. [28] Once it was thought that biofuels would drag us through the energy transition. [27]

EPA argued that its use of the cellulosic waiver was reasonable and reasonably used and applied; the D.C. Circuit has previously upheld its cellulosic biofuel projection methodology; and it properly assessed and set the BBD volumes for 2018. [26] The lengthy briefs reiterate the petitioners? arguments that EPA acted arbitrarily and capriciously in relying on incomplete and flawed information and methodology when setting the cellulosic biofuel requirements and other 2017 obligations, and that EPA violated 42 U.S.C. 7545(o)(2)(B)(ii) when it set the 2018 BBD volume based on factors that are not among those Congress instructed the Agency to consider, including the 2018 advanced-biofuel volume. [26] Last week, the EPA drew criticism when it said it could not reallocate volumes retroactively without an act of Congress, which at the time dashed hopes of the biofuel industry. [29]

NBB originally sought to change the credit to support the domestic biofuel industry, as some blenders who benefited from the credit were also importing foreign biodiesel. [26] This carbon credit market will go into effect in 2020, with the carbon credits expected to result in $341 billion in biofuel investments and 8.3 billion additional gallons of ethanol and biodiesel consumption by 2028. [26] Thousands of attendees and hundreds of exhibitors will be on hand to hear Skor outline the biofuel industry's efforts to increase U.S. ethanol consumption, create rural jobs, and protect farmers from hostile regulation. [30] NEW YORK, June 20 (Reuters) - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will propose reallocating biofuel blending obligations waived under its small refinery exemption program to other refiners, in an announcement that could come as early as Friday, according to two sources familiar with the agency's plans. [12] Pruitt is not expected to appear before the media, but local agricultural stakeholders may be able to question the regulator about the EPA's efforts to undercut U.S. biofuel consumption, a key source of demand for grain amid the five-year plunge in farm income. [30]

This is especially true for palm oil, which in Europe is used half as biofuel and is further found in food and cosmetics. [27] On Thursday the EU decided that from 2023 onward, the share of palm oil in biofuels should go down. [27] A large part of the palm oil comes from Indonesia and Malaysia, but also other biofuels are under discussion. [27]

Today's update includes some highlights from the report, which is available in its entirety here, "China- Biofuels Annual, 'Growing Interest for Ethanol Brightens Prospects.'" [13] Biofuel groups say the waivers have cut the ethanol mandate from 15 billion gallons to 13.5 billion gallons. [12]

On May 25, 2018, NBB dropped its nearly decade long pursuit to convert a $1-per-gallon tax credit for biofuel blenders to an equivalent credit for producers. [26] Those changes were fiercely opposed by Midwest biofuel producers. [13] Mr. Morton explained, "Indeed, Trump's decision not to sign off on the changes had biofuels producers and their Capitol Hill allies breathing a sigh of relief. [13] Andre Rocha, president of the National Sugarcane/Ethanol Forum, a group of 16 state sugar/ethanol producers associations, told Bloomberg Environment (subscription required) that the ten percent target "is not very ambitious, but is sufficient to encourage biofuel producers? to expand output." [26] "Refiners complain about the cost of complying with the biofuel mandate, while farm-state lawmakers say the program provides a crucial safety net for their rural constituents," the Bloomberg article said. [13] A recent GAIN (Global Agricultural Information Network) report by USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) took a closer look at important variables regarding biofuels and China. [13] Cruz stressed that a deal to overhaul the biofuel policy could be revived." [13] Assesses the environmental impacts of crop residue management to inform advanced biofuel policy in Europe. [28]

BETO states that the objectives of the webinar will address the challenges of the realization of sustainable routes to fuels and chemicals from renewable feedstocks, such as biomass, and that addressing these challenges "requires advanced catalysts with controlled active sites that promote desired transformations, while resisting deactivation, and that can be produced cost-effectively at relevant scales." [26] By 2030, European countries will have to use up to 7% of fuels based on agricultural waste or renewable electricity. [27]

MidAmerican Energy, a company of Berkshire Hathaway, is on track to become the first investor-owned utility in the United States whose electricity production from renewable source is equal to the electricity needs of its customers--if a major wind project gets the go ahead and is competed, Reuters reports, citing chief executive Adam Wright. [31] It could also result in indirect land-use change from the increased use of food crops to create renewable diesel and HEFA+, thereby undermining the climate benefits of AJF deployment. [28] On June 13, 2018, representatives of the Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group (BRAG ) and representatives of the Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO) met with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) staff to discuss the two groups? white paper, " Proposal for a Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Representation and Equivalency Determinations for Renewable and Sustainable Bio-based Chemicals." [26] The Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group (BRAG ) helps members develop and bring to market their innovative biobased chemical products through insightful policy and regulatory advocacy. [26] "This is the first time that the share of renewable energies has increased since the Paris' agreement," says Neil Makaroff, head of European policy at the Climate Action Network. [27]

Ramping up HEFA+ deployment in aviation would likely create competition for feedstocks between aviation and renewable diesel in the road sector. [28]

The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), an ethanol industry group that has worked for years to convince motorcyclists and other small engine owners that they can safely fuel up with E10, on Monday added a new weapon to its arsenal -- a custom-built, flexible fuel motorcycle that can run on blends as high as 85% ethanol. [32] "When he got to Sen. Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, he couldn?t help alluding to his rejection of a proposed overhaul of federal ethanol requirements known as the Renewable Fuel Standard. [13] U.S. renewable fuel credits tied to ethanol jumped by a nickel on Wednesday on the news, hitting 28 cents apiece, according to two traders. [12]

"Pruitt, the Environmental Protection Agency administrator, declined to comment on the meeting as he left the restaurant, but Cruz said the dinner included discussion about the Renewable Fuel Standard and had been planned well before Monday's reports that a White House-brokered accord was unraveling. [13] As recently as last week, the administrator sought to advance regulatory changes targeting the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) - changes the president rejected. [30] Perdue was quizzed by Senators about a variety of issues, including trade and the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). [13] Last week, Sen. Ted Cruz (R., Tex.), along with several of his GOP colleagues, met with President Trump and other executive branch officials regarding the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). [13]

This change would reduce Renewable Identification Number (RIN) prices, promote rural growth, and lower fuel costs for drivers. [30] This might become hard to implement because on Wednesday night, the European Parliament and representatives of the 28 Member States reached an agreement on a compromise revising the Renewable Energy Directive. [27] This raises the question: how will the renewable energy industry fare without these tax breaks? There are not a lot of industry insiders willing to answer that question. [31] The company, which serves 770,000 customers in Iowa, has been building wind power capacity for 15 years now and has not had to increase rates for customers yet thanks to federal tax breaks for renewable energy. [31]

It also voted that "biomass fuels consumed in transport, if produced from food or feed crops, shall be no more than the contribution from those to the gross final consumption of energy from renewable energy sources in 2017 in that Member. [16] Biomass could play in responding to the nation's energy demands assuming, the economic and advances in conversion technologies will make biomass fuels and products more economically viable? The renewable energy policies in the European Union have already led to a significant progress, energy mix should further change till 2020. [20]

RRB has commenced construction of the biorefinery, which will incorporate Velocys? technology, and produce low- carbon, renewable diesel and jet fuel. [16] "Using renewable natural gas to fuel Recology trucks allows us to capture renewable resources, support local businesses and realize climate impacts that address our region's growing need to prioritize resiliency," says Kevin Kelly, general manager for Recology in King County. [33] At its South Treatment Plant in Renton, King County, Wash., is reaping the benefits of purifying biogas into renewable natural gas (RNG) for use by commercial vehicles. [33] Policy & regulation are aligning with renewables cost declines to make projects more profitable and portfolios more sustainable. [34] "Especially for collection services that require heavy-duty trucks traveling roads throughout our communities on a daily basis, renewable natural gas presents a sustainable solution that both Recology and our customers can feel good about." [33]

Neste reaches 1B gallons renewable diesel sale, runs in fire trucks, ambulances and school vehicles In Texas, Neste U.S., Inc. (NEF.F, NESTE.HE, NTOIF, NTOIY) is celebrating its 1 billionth gallon of Neste MY Renewable Diesel sold in North America which has effectively helped reduce more than seven million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions in the Earth's atmosphere. [16] "By producing renewable natural gas at our treatment plant, we are reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and the region's reliance on fossil fuels." [33] That's one of the reasons that biofuels are often esters (such as biodiesel) or alcohols (such as ethanol),. [16] The White House-brokered compromise aimed to offer something to every major stakeholder in the contentious debate over the U.S. biofuel mandate, including refiners forced to use corn-based ethanol and farm-state lawmakers who want to guarantee demand for the product. [17] The Trump administration is slated to unveil biofuel policy changes, including efforts to tamp down costs for refiners while broadening the market for ethanol, according to people familiar with the action. [17] A day after a tentative agreement to overhaul U.S. biofuel policy appeared to collapse amid farm-state concerns, EPA chief Scott Pruitt met to discuss the issue with the lead senator pushing for the changes: Ted Cruz. [19] Ethanol advocates, including Iowa's Republican senators, Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst, have argued that the EPA is undercutting annual biofuel quotas by more liberally exempting refineries from the mandates in response to a federal court ruling last year. [17] Ethanol is the most widely produced and used biofuel, and all ethanol stocks are also biofuel stocks. [16] Pruitt faces intense criticism from biofuel advocates, including Grassley and Ernst, who say he has undermined Trump's ethanol campaign pledge. [19]

His field of expertise includes biofuel production, microbial fuel cell, membrane technology, and wastewater treatment. [14] His area of interest is synthesis of nanostructured materials and their applications as catalysts for development of electrode materials in energy storage, biosensors and biofuels production. [14] "While we first started by working with biofuels plants, it is my hope that more and more businesses affiliated with the industry like Star Energy FS will join the coalition and we can make an even bigger impact." [18] The industry is on the verge of breakthroughs that will allow the use of many other biofuel sources beyond corn and sugar. [35] Senator Ted Cruz, the Texas Republican who helped develop the deal, said administration officials also agreed to let refiners keep RINs tied to exported biofuel and use them for compliance with domestic blending quotas. [17] Advocates for a biofuel overhaul have argued to Trump that the data show farmers' fortunes aren't tied to RIN prices and a deal could be in their interest too. [19]

Problems: Critics say biofuels put too much demand on food sources and do little or nothing to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. [35] Her field of expertise includes biofuel production, microbial bioprocessing and enzyme technologies. [14] His field of expertise includes biofuel production, plant biology, and microbial technology. [14]

Let's parse through the wigwagging over the future of American biofuels supply and demand -- ethanol and otherwise. [16] Biofuels Digest This week Fiberight secured $70 million for a municipal solid waste center that should be in operation by this May. [16] This volume focuses on technological advances relevant to establishing biofuels as a viable alternative to fossil fuels by overcoming current limitations. [14] The high-tech facility will convert 180,000 tons of trash each year from more than 100 Maine towns into biofuel at a 144,000-square-foot steel frame facility that began construction last July. [16] The White House indefinitely delayed an announcement of the planned biofuel changes, a development praised by both of Iowa's Republican senators. [19] Cruz stressed that a deal to overhaul the biofuel policy could be revived. [19] Refiners complain about the cost of complying with the biofuel mandate, while farm-state lawmakers say the program provides a crucial safety net for their rural constituents. [19]

Biodiesel is the most widely produced and used advanced biofuel, and all biodiesel stocks are also biofuel stocks. [16]

Iowa is the nation's leader in renewable fuels production with 43 ethanol refineries capable of producing nearly 4.4 billion gallons annually - including approximately 55 million gallons of annual cellulosic ethanol production capacity - and 12 biodiesel facilities with the capacity to produce 400 million gallons annually. [18] As the Renewable Fuels Association explained: "That leaves a 15 BG requirement for conventional renewable fuels like corn ethanol, consistent with the levels envisioned by Congress in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act. [16] Pruitt, the Environmental Protection Agency administrator, declined to comment on the meeting as he left the restaurant, but Cruz said the dinner included discussion about the Renewable Fuel Standard and had been planned well before Monday's reports that a White House-brokered accord was unraveling. [19] In Washington, the Environmental Protection Agency released its final Renewable Fuel Standard renewable volume obligations for 2018. [16] The Renewable Fuel Standard is a federal program that requires transportation fuel sold in the United States to contain a minimum volume of renewable fuels. [16]

The Iowa Renewable Fuels Association represents the state's liquid renewable fuels industry and works to foster its growth. [18]

China Clean Energy Inc. (CCGY) FutureFuel Corp. (FF) Green Star Products, Inc. (GSPI) Greenshift Corporation (GERS) Methes Energies International (MEIL) Neste Oil (NEF.F) PetroSun, Inc. (PSUD) RDX Technologies, Inc. (RDX.V) Renewable Energy Group (REGI) If you know of any biodiesel stock that is not listed here. [16] Aemetis, Inc. (AMTX) Andersons Inc (ANDE) Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) Bluefire Renewables (BFRE) Cosan Ltd (CZZ) Dyadic International (DYAI) Green Plains Partners LP (GPP) Green Plains Renewable Energy (GPRE) MGP Ingredients (MGPI) Pacific Ethanol (PEIX) REX American Resources Corp. (REX) SunOpta (STKL) If you know of any ethanol stock that is not listed here and should be, please let us know by leaving a comment. [16] It's easy to lead in renewable energy policy when most of the opposition doesn't fully accept climate change. [34]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(35 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (34) Second-generation biofuels - Wikipedia

2. (17) Biofuels Archives - Alternative Energy Stocks

3. (15) EU biofuel regulation is not sustainable long-term

4. (13) President Trump Rejects Changes to Renewable Fuel Standard • Farm Policy News

5. (11) Biofuel News

6. (11) Biobased and Renewable Products Update « The Environmental Law Network (ELN) - Local Representation Nationwide

7. (8) Ted Cruz says biofuel policy overhaul could be revived | Farm Futures

8. (8) • Biofuel production in leading countries 2017 | Statistic

9. (8) EU wants more renewable energy but bans biofuels in cars - newmobility.news

10. (8) Biofuel Policy Revision on Verge of Collapse, Sources Say - Bloomberg

11. (8) RFS Roundup: Biofuel Credits Tumble to Five-Year Low amid EPA's Retroactive Refinery Waivers | Article | EESI

12. (7) Advanced BioFuels USA Georgia

13. (7) Sustainable Approaches for Biofuels Production Technologies - From Current Status to Practical Implementation | Neha Srivastava | Springer

14. (6) White House Is Said to Announce Compromise on Biofuel Changes - Governors Biofuels Coalition

15. (5) EPA to Propose Reallocating Waived Biofuels Volumes to Other Refiners | Successful Farming

16. (5) Renewable Energy - St1

17. (5) EPA grants retroactive biofuel waiver to refiners | The Gazette

18. (4) Ethanol Producer Magazine - The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production

19. (4) Star Energy FS Becomes First Iowa Retailer to Launch a Monarch Fueling Station Project

20. (4) EPA considers delaying Friday biofuel announcement: sources | Reuters

21. (4) Biofuels | International Council on Clean Transportation

22. (4) Growth Energy: Top Five Answers Scott Pruitt Owes Farmers & Biofuel Workers - Growth Energy

23. (4) King Countys Biofuel Facility a Boon for Regions Economy and Emissions Reductions - NGT News

24. (4) Biofuels Digest

25. (4) Biofuels & Bioproducts Development

26. (3) Buffett's MidAmerican Energy Boasts Major Renewable Push | OilPrice.com

27. (2) Biomass feed stocks for renewable energy generation | Global Events | USA| Europe | Middle East|Asia Pacific

28. (2) Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information Administration

29. (2) Biofuel, Biomass, and Bioenergy News & Articles | Greentech Media

30. (2) 5 Pillars of Renewable Energy

31. (1) Renewable Energy News -- ScienceDaily

32. (1) Renewable Fuels Association - Leading trade association for US ethanol

33. (1) Sources: EPA To Propose Reallocating Waived Biofuels Volumes To Other Refin | Rigzone

34. (1) Latest Biofuels News | OPIS

35. (1) Biodiesel Magazine - The Latest News and Data About Biodiesel Production

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