Is There a ‘PageRank Equivalent’ for Scientific Articles?

Is There a 'PageRank Equivalent' for Scientific Articles?
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  • Prerequisites: Ma 1b, CS 21, CS 38 or equivalent recommended and Ph 12b or Ph 2b recommended (or instructor’s permission), This course is an introduction to quantum cryptography: how to use quantum effects, such as quantum entanglement and uncertainty, to implement cryptographic tasks with levels of security that are impossible to achieve classically.(More…)
  • PHP is a programming languages which has a sole purpose to create back-end web applications while Python is a general purpose programming language that can be used for web development and other fields such as data science and scientific calculations so our comparison will be between PHP and Python equipped with a web framework.(More…)


  • On March 1, 2014, The Economist in an article titled “The Future of Wikipedia” cited a trend analysis concerning data published by Wikimedia stating that: “The number of editors for the English-language version has fallen by a third in seven years.” 142 The attrition rate for active editors in English Wikipedia was cited by The Economist as substantially in contrast to statistics for Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia).(More…)



Prerequisites: Ma 1b, CS 21, CS 38 or equivalent recommended and Ph 12b or Ph 2b recommended (or instructor’s permission), This course is an introduction to quantum cryptography: how to use quantum effects, such as quantum entanglement and uncertainty, to implement cryptographic tasks with levels of security that are impossible to achieve classically. [1] Prerequisites: Ma 2, Ma 3, Ma/CS 6a, CS 21, CS 38/138, and CMS/ACM/EE 116 or ACM/CMS 113 or equivalent. [1] Prerequisites: Ma 1 abc, Ma 2, Ma 3, ACM 11, ACM 95/100 ab or equivalent. [1] Prerequisites: Ma 1b, Ma 2, ACM 104 or equivalent (may be taken concurrently). [1] Prerequisites: Basic differential equations, linear algebra, probability and statistics: ACM 104, ACM/EE 106 ab, ACM/EE/IDS 116, ACM/CS/IDS 157 or equivalent. [1] Prerequisites: Ae/APh/CE/ME 101 abc or equivalent; ACM 100 abc or equivalent. [1] Prerequisite: Ma 5 or equivalent, or instructor’s permission. [1] Prerequisites: Familiarity with C equivalent to having taken the CS 11 C track. [1] Prerequisites: CMS/ACM/IDS 107, CMS/ACM 113, and CDS 131 (or equivalents). [1]

Topics include rate-code neural networks, their differential equations, and equivalent circuits; stochastic models and their energy functions; associative memory; supervised and unsupervised learning; development; spike-based computing; single-cell computation; error and noise tolerance. [1] Comparing the two New York-based titles, for example, there is stark contrast between the rainbow of colors in The Times ‘s distribution chart and the almost tritone equivalent produced for the Daily News. [2]

Stable laws, Markov chains, classification of states, ergodicity, von Neumann ergodic theorem, mixing rate, stationary/equilibrium distributions and convergence of Markov chains, Markov chain Monte Carlo and its applications to scientific computing, Metropolis Hastings algorithm, coupling from the past, martingale theory and discrete time martingales, rare events, law of large deviations, Chernoff bounds. [1] Introduction to parallel program design for numerically intensive scientific applications. [1] Parallel Algorithms for Scientific Applications. 9 units (3-0-6); second, third term. [1]

This course aims to offer the scientific foundations of analysis, design, development, and launching of innovative digital products and study elements of their success and failure. [1] The course will also emphasize good programming habits and choosing the appropriate language/software for a given scientific task. [1]

Collaboration networks and scientific impact among behavioral ecologists. [3] Since 1941, NORC has conducted groundbreaking studies, created and applied innovative methods and tools, and advanced principles of scientific integrity and collaboration. [2] Interdisciplinarity of scientific fields and its evolution based on graph of project collaboration and co-authoring. [3]

Topics include graphics input and output, the graphics pipeline, sampling and image manipulation, three-dimensional transformations and interactive modeling, basics of physically based modeling and animation, simple shading models and their hardware implementation, and some of the fundamental algorithms of scientific visualization. [1]

Patterns of collaboration in four scientific disciplines of the Turkish collaboration network. [3] Classifying scientific disciplines in Slovenia: A study of the evolution of collaboration structures. [3]

Truth to say below: the particular suggested change is merely a method to come up with a brand new field, person that extremely are not restricted, person who has no agreed upon scientific discipline associated with it again, one medical practitioners have not had plenty of time to noticeably procedure and imagine about. [4] Many of the data challenges in the biological sciences are distinct from other scientific disciplines because of the complexity involved. [1]

Together with the increasing scale of scientific collaboration, a few institutions that positively participate in interinstitutional scientific collaboration are important in collaboration networks. [3] Identifying important scholars via directed scientific collaboration networks. [3] In this paper, we identified the scientific institutions that possess the highest degree centrality as important institutions of an interinstitutional scientific collaboration network in materials science and examined their collaboration preferences utilizing several network measures. [3] Evolution of the social network of scientific collaborations. [3] Hierarchical organization of H. Eugene Stanley scientific collaboration community in weighted network representation. [3] How to become an important player in scientific collaboration networks? Journal of Informetrics, 9, 809-825. [3]

PHP is a programming languages which has a sole purpose to create back-end web applications while Python is a general purpose programming language that can be used for web development and other fields such as data science and scientific calculations so our comparison will be between PHP and Python equipped with a web framework. [5] Most random data generated with Python is not fully random in the scientific sense of the word. [5]

Time is going to tell whether it can fuel an equivalent revival in Pc sales. [6] All those heavy, old, vintage and imposing looking un amplified stage pianos were replaced by their electric equivalent as well as the latter was mainly designed and targeted for either school use or home use. [7]


On March 1, 2014, The Economist in an article titled “The Future of Wikipedia” cited a trend analysis concerning data published by Wikimedia stating that: “The number of editors for the English-language version has fallen by a third in seven years.” 142 The attrition rate for active editors in English Wikipedia was cited by The Economist as substantially in contrast to statistics for Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia). [8] The Wikipedia Version 1.0 Editorial Team has developed a table (shown below) that displays data of all rated articles by quality and importance, on the English Wikipedia. [8] Fifteen of these have over one million articles each ( English, Cebuano, Swedish, German, Dutch, French, Russian, Italian, Spanish, Waray-Waray, Polish, Vietnamese, Japanese, Chinese and Portuguese ), four more have over 500,000 articles ( Ukrainian, Persian, Catalan and Arabic ), 40 more have over 100,000 articles, and 78 more have over 10,000articles. 125 126 The largest, the English Wikipedia, has over 5.6 million articles. [8] Articles about small towns in the United States might only be available in English, even when they meet notability criteria of other language Wikipedia projects. [8] They are coordinated in part by Meta-Wiki, the Wikimedia Foundation’s wiki devoted to maintaining all of its projects (Wikipedia and others). 136 For instance, Meta-Wiki provides important statistics on all language editions of Wikipedia, 137 and it maintains a list of articles every Wikipedia should have. 138 The list concerns basic content by subject: biography, history, geography, society, culture, science, technology, and mathematics. [8] Wikipedians often have disputes regarding content, which may result in repeatedly making opposite changes to an article, known as edit warring. 100 101 Over time, Wikipedia has developed a semi-formal dispute resolution process to assist in such circumstances. [8] In the same interview, Wales also claimed the number of editors was “stable and sustainable”. 48 A 2013 article titled “The Decline of Wikipedia” in MIT’s Technology Review questioned this claim. [8] Its remedies include cautions and probations (used in 63% of cases) and banning editors from articles (43%), subject matters (23%), or Wikipedia (16%). [8] Dimitra Kessenides, writing for Bloomberg News Weekly, identified the ‘ filter-bubble ‘ problem as a recurrent and long-standing issue at Wikipedia. 204 As Kessenides states: “If the only way to get an article about the developing world published on Wikipedia was to know a former board member, it was hard to imagine how a random editor in Johannesburg or Bangalore would have any hope. [8] Therefore, the committee does not dictate the content of articles, although it sometimes condemns content changes when it deems the new content violates Wikipedia policies (for example, if the new content is considered biased ). [8] While publishers would have to host their articles on Facebook’s servers and post natively to the platform, they would supposedly reap rewards–in terms of scale, engagement, and revenue–from being able to serve mobile content that loaded at lightning speeds via Facebook’s app.” [2] Publishers can sell ads in their articles and keep the revenue, or they can choose to use Facebook’s Audience Network to monetize unsold inventory. [2]

The chart below shows the proportion of each publisher’s Facebook posts that were designed to live natively on Facebook (Instant Articles, videos, Live, etc.). [2] Things you can do is a) go and visit ones own Facebook or twitter website page in addition to in order to build that articles you wish p) retweet their very own text messages not to mention k) investigate your webblog content. [4] As outlined by Steve McCulloch, manager connected with page ranking on Cisco Programs, “The blog post for the future will deliver their content and articles found in content material, movie, Text, microblog plus podcast manner, for virtually any number of apparatus, anytime the reader needs, along with essentially it can be pre-corroborated not to mention candidly scored with a number of honest suppliers.” [4] Each article and each user of Wikipedia has an associated “Talk” page. [8] Editors in good standing in the community can run for one of many levels of volunteer stewardship: this begins with ” administrator “, 95 96 privileged users who can delete pages, prevent articles from being changed in case of vandalism or editorial disputes (setting protective measures on articles), and try to prevent certain persons from editing. [8] For CJR, Brown concluded: “Instant Articles has been criticized for underwhelming monetization, limited user data, and underwhelming options for subscription-based outlets.” [2] The study was limited to those articles that could be found in the Physician Data Query and excluded those written at the “start” class or “stub” class level. [8] The policy has sometimes proved controversial: in 2008, Wikipedia rejected an online petition against the inclusion of images of Muhammad in the English edition of its Muhammad article, citing this policy. [8] With 5,680,268 articles, notes 4 the English Wikipedia is the largest of the more than 290 Wikipedia encyclopedias. [8] The German Wikipedia maintains “stable versions” of articles, 69 which have passed certain reviews. [8] Economist Tyler Cowen wrote: “If I had to guess whether Wikipedia or the median refereed journal article on economics was more likely to be true, after a not so long think I would opt for Wikipedia.” [8] Originally, Wikipedia ran on UseModWiki written in Perl by Clifford Adams (Phase I), which initially required CamelCase for article hyperlinks; the present double bracket style was incorporated later. [8] ‘I can start an article that will consist of one paragraph, and then a real expert will come along and add three paragraphs and clean up my one paragraph,’ said Larry Sanger of Las Vegas, who founded Wikipedia with Mr. Wales. [8]

Articles depicting what some critics have called objectionable content (such as Feces, Cadaver, Human penis, Vulva, and Nudity ) contain graphic pictures and detailed information easily available to anyone with access to the internet, including children. [8] The site also includes sexual content such as images and videos of masturbation and ejaculation, illustrations of zoophilia, and photos from hardcore pornographic films in its articles. [8] Because of this clients count on the bureau figure out ways to go a humdrum news within intriguing articles and other content. [4] Wikipedia’s initial anarchy integrated democratic and hierarchical elements over time. 91 92 An article is not considered to be owned by its creator or any other editor and is not vetted by any recognized authority. 93 Wikipedia’s contributors avoid a tragedy of the commons by internalizing benefits. [8] I am digesting this article one piece at a time and ended up landing on [9] This “Biometric Parameters while Viewing Results” is total insanity I had no idea it could go that far, and in this case, probably too far ! I’ve read an article presenting over 200 “key” parameters, so I already knew a bunch, but this article taught me news one, like the TV programs thing, so thank you for sharing this precious information. [9] What’s been talked in the past submissions are what we should call “white hat” For more information on “white hat” strategies, refer to any of the articles above. [10] Less common types of vandalism, such as the deliberate addition of plausible but false information to an article, can be more difficult to detect. [8] He comments that some traditional sources of non-fiction suffer from systemic biases and novel results, in his opinion, are over-reported in journal articles and relevant information is omitted from news reports. [8] The Wikipedia’s open structure makes it a target for trolls and vandals who malevolently add incorrect information to articles, get other people tied up in endless discussions, and generally do everything to draw attention to themselves. [8] Translated articles represent only a small portion of articles in most editions, in part because those edition do not allow fully automated translation of articles. 139 Articles available in more than one language may offer ” interwiki links “, which link to the counterpart articles in other editions. [8] Amazing article, thank you for making an effort to write such a valuable post for the Google ranking signals. [9] Well great! informative post you wrote, happy with your article. [9] An empirical investigation of the influence of collaboration in Finance on article impact. [3] In this model, the system is not told what it’s looking for but rather simply instructed to group entities (an image, article, etc.) into groups by similar traits (the entities they contain, keywords, relationships, authors, etc.) [11] SAM Broadcaster Cloud is deserving of its very own article and is also a powerhouse, whether used alone or together with SAM Broadcaster to generate great-sounding automation that may be managed with precision. [10] Publishers have a choice when it comes to their articles–they can either post a link that directs the Facebook user to a post on their own website (networked), or upload the content of the article in Facebook’s proprietary format, known as an Instant Article, which is hosted and consumed on Facebook (native). [2] Another took aim at one of Facebook’s main product offerings, dismissively describing Instant Articles as “basically a way for publishers to get their content into Facebook in a very first-class way for Facebook.” [2] Its publisher products are not only for distribution and audience engagement (e.g., Instant Articles ), but also for production (e.g., Live ), and for multiple forms of monetization (e.g., the Audience Network, which allows publishers to insert ads from Facebook’s ad network into, for example, their Instant Articles as the platform acts as a sort of middleman between publishers and brands ). [2] Small publishers felt left out of early platform products like Instant Articles and Snapchat Discover, and, in many cases, still don?t have the resources to experiment or participate with new products like Facebook Watch, a section of the platform for video on demand shows that launched in August 2017. [2] Even as The Post embraced native platforms such as Instagram, Instagram Stories, and Snapchat Discover, it put its Apple News channel behind the post-iOS 10 paywall and scaled back its use of native Facebook products such as Live, Instant Articles, and videos. [2] Chart 20: The proportion of each publisher’s Facebook posts that remained native to the platform during each phase of data collection (e.g. native video, Instant Articles, Facebook Live, etc.) ( August 2016-March 2018). [2] For platforms or products that did not offer public APIs (e.g., LinkedIn, Facebook Instant Articles, Apple News, Snapchat, Instagram Stories), data was either scraped via websites or collected manually. [2] This was shortly followed by the introduction of Facebook Instant Articles, Apple News, Twitter Moments, and, in December, the announcement of Google’s Accelerated Mobile Pages –a product similar to Instant Articles which rapidly loads a publisher’s stories for mobile users reading on Google. [2] Unlike the Apple News paywall, or publishers opting in to new products like Facebook Instant Articles, this uptick in usage was not about exploring potential sources of revenue–as Instagram does not offer any kind of revenue share. [2] Abandonment of Instant Articles Chart 12: The proportion of Facebook links published as Instant Articles by three news outlets that have now abandoned the product (August 2016-March 2018). [2] He noted that it’s difficult to argue that Instant Articles is an altogether failing product when Facebook can still point to growth and huge usage numbers. [2] In September 2015, The Washington Post announced it would “send 100% of its stories to Facebook so that all Washington Post content can be formatted as Instant Articles, giving readers a lightning-fast user experience for reading, sharing and commenting within the Facebook iOS app.” [2] Facebook’s subscription tool, which is currently being tested with 13 publishers including The Washington Post and Los Angeles Times, will allow publishers using Instant Articles to put up a paywall after a user accesses a certain number. [2] At the Tow Center’s “Journalism + Silicon Valley” conference in November 2015, Facebook’s then-product manager for Instant Articles, Michael Reckhow, said, “We think of our readers as the customers we want to serve with great news–and then with publishers, we also treat them as customers that’s the language we use because I think that explains the role we play.” [2] Michael Reckhow, then-product manager for Instant Articles, introduced the product this way : “We designed Instant Articles to give publishers control over their stories, brand experience, and monetization opportunities. [2] As one social media editor at a conglomerate-owned publisher explained, “With Instant Articles, it’s a decision that needs to be not just within the newsroom, but within the company. [2] When Instant Articles launched, many high-profile publishers jumped at the opportunity to try it. [2] “Last June, the company boasted that it had “10,000 publishers around the world using Instant Articles, growing over 25 percent in the last six months alone.? [2] The tide had turned by August 2017 when, having abandoned Instant Articles, the proportion of Facebook-native posts fell to 22 percent–this native content being made up of 85 videos and eight Live videos. [2] Instant Articles, it was claimed, would solve the problem of sluggish mobile websites. [2] Chart 13: Use of Instant Articles by 72 early partner news outlets, as of January 17, 2018. [2] A little more than two years later, in early 2018, over half of Facebook’s launch partners for Instant Articles were not using the format. [2] Of the 2,308 links analyzed, 1,491 (around two-thirds) went to a publisher’s homepage, leaving 817 as Instant Articles. [2] Wikipedia has been criticized for exhibiting systemic bias, presenting a mixture of “truths, half truths, and some falsehoods”, 20 and being subject to manipulation and spin in controversial topics. 21 In 2017, Facebook announced that it would help readers detect fake news by suitable links to Wikipedia articles. [8] Unlike traditional encyclopedias, Wikipedia follows the procrastination principle notes 5 63 regarding the security of its content. 63 It started almost entirely open–anyone could create articles, and any Wikipedia article could be edited by any reader, even those who did not have a Wikipedia account. [8] “All Wikipedia articles and other encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral point of view, representing significant views fairly, proportionately and without bias.” [8] “Wikimedia rolls out WYSIWYG visual editor for logged-in users accessing Wikipedia articles in English”. [8] Frequent Wikipedia critic Andrew Orlowski commented, “Even when a Wikipedia entry is 100 per cent factually correct, and those facts have been carefully chosen, it all too often reads as if it has been translated from one language to another then into a third, passing an illiterate translator at each stage.” 185 A study of Wikipedia articles on cancer was conducted in 2010 by Yaacov Lawrence of the Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University. [8]

“Comparing featured article groups and revision patterns correlations in Wikipedia”. [8] “Evaluating quality control of Wikipedia’s featured articles”. [8]

These numbers refer only to the quantity of articles: it is possible for one topic to contain a large number of short articles and another to contain a small number of large ones. [8]

When publishing content, it’s advisable to post multiple short pieces on topics that are similar than to publish extremely long articles. [12] Responsibilities include, among others, identifying, uploading and managing informational content for the Art Basel website and app; liaising with Digital Platforms team to ensure that UI/UX updates for website and app are implemented; an drafting news articles, copy-editing and proof reading website content and articles. [13] Expatica produces high-quality guides and articles targeting expats at every stage of their move, making us the go-to source for expat content. [14] Don’t try and promote all of your current products on one post or possibly a single article. [12] Avoid hoping to get your entire product info right into a solitary post or article. [12] Will not have the mistake of trying to advertise each one of your products or services in a single article or post. [12] The article also said that, the total value of market demands of machine tool products in China in 2007 is about 200 billion RMB (about 28.3 billion USD), and China’s own industry can provide about 70%. [6] By the conclusion of this article you will have a clear comprehension of what is happening inside the heating chamber and also which product is perfect for your budget and needs. [7] In SEO style, you would like to use relevant keywords wherever and every time they really are a logical choice, whilst keeping your article flow intact. [12] Use the advice given in this article and use it to cement your understanding concerning how to be a successful Online marketer Video Seo Software. [12] What’s been talked in previous articles are what we call “white hat” For more information on “white hat” strategies, reference some of the articles above. [15] Check out the following article and you may find some information that proves helpful. [12] There exists good information in this article to acquire started. [12] As i have said initially from the article, spending time to guarantee yourself everything is established the simplest way possible will provide a massive difference within your business. [12] Provide the sort of articles and data that reputable organizations find trustworthy. [12] For more machine learning and data science articles, keep visiting this site. [5] Try adding forums towards the site, or enable comments on key topics and articles. [12] This article continues the series about design patterns in relation to the Python language. [5] Find out the tips and methods presented in this article, plus they will help you enhance your earnings by including internet marketing in your advertising plan. [12] The following article offers many new and exciting ways you can connect with your customers through Website marketing. [12] Consider article exchanges rather than just link exchanges. [12]

When adding SEO to the page during setup, having some short articles on your topic is better than an individual lengthy article. [12] Use a few short articles instead of longer ones to maintain your rank high. [12]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(15 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (34) Wikipedia – Wikipedia

2. (29) Friend and Foe: The Platform Press at the Heart of Journalism – Columbia Journalism Review

3. (17) Caltech Computing + Mathematical Sciences | Course Descriptions

4. (16) 2006dl Marketing On Facebooks Website | Facebook is used by people to socialize. There are quite a few options available to increase exposure

5. (11) Important institutions of interinstitutional scientific collaboration networks in materials science | SpringerLink

6. (4) admin Audience Traffic and Demographics Information

7. (4) Planet Python

8. (4) Five Years of Google Ranking Signals – SEO by the Sea

9. (2) K moto1 – Page 2 of 63 –

10. (2) Lingxianjki –

11. (2) BB-Blues –

12. (1) How Machine Learning in Search Works: Everything You Need to Know

13. (1) Art Jobs and Opportunities | The British Museum, Journal for Artistic Research (JAR), Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture (ARTS), TATE, Art Basel and more | Art Radar

14. (1) Reach Expats – Advertise to Expats | Expatica + Revenue Creative

15. (1) Khan Vibes –