In Which Weapons Technology Is Russia Better Than the USA?

In Which Weapons Technology Is Russia Better Than the USA?
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C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • For nuclear weapons, Russia comes third after China and the USA. (More...)
  • Russia launches Soyuz-21b with Glonass-M navigation satellite Moscow (Sputnik) Jun 19, 2018 Russia launched a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket from the Plesetsk space center on Sunday to orbit a Glonass-M satellite, the Russian Defense Ministry said.(More...)
  • He also cited the modernization of U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe and U.S. -led missile defense developments as other challenges to Russia's security.(More...)
  • Russia has always preferred to use night vision devices installed on weapons, such as NSPU series and 1PN93 night vision sight.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • Current Russian ICBMs are up to the task of delivering a retaliatory strike, but Russia is obviously concerned by the U.S. ABM defense program, and invests into modes of delivery that cannot be attacked by it.(More...)

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KEY TOPICS

For nuclear weapons, Russia comes third after China and the USA. [1] The U.S. and Russia have different military strategy, and thus prioritize different weapons. [1] Russia needs to be good in A2/AD weapons (generally SAMs like the Pantsir/Tor/Buk/S-300/S-400 complex) and armor (tanks, IFVs, APCs), with navy and air force playing a support role. [1] Of the 20,000 in Russia, few can be considered top-tier weapons, and only around 3,500 will be active at once. [2] This city since the time of Peter the Great has become a real smithy of weapons for the whole of Russia. [1]

Russia is an Eurasian land power, not protected from its adversaries by two oceans, and its strategy is based on area denial (not allowing its enemies to occupy or even strike Russian territory) and land-based counterattack. [1] To answer my question, Russian weapons manufacturers are in the process of entering 21st century in terms of machinery and production methods. [1]

Russia is ahead of just about every country in the world (except the USA) as a result of the cold war. [1]

China and Russia are surpassing the United States in acquiring a technology the Pentagon has tried and failed to develop for years: a maneuverable missile that could fly many times the speed of sound and strike anywhere in the world within an hour or two, senior military officials say. [3] The United States shouldn't play catch up to Russia or China in technological development, regardless of whether or not the two adversaries are surpassing the Pentagon in new weapons. [4] At the dawn of the nuclear age, the United States hoped to maintain a monopoly on its new weapon, but the secrets and the technology for making nuclear weapons soon spread. [5]

Iraqi deals with Russia are only likely to grow if the Kremlin continues to prove more willing than the United States to sell more advanced weapons without significant restrictions to whoever forms the next government in Baghdad. [6] As much as the United States has sought to promote the international liberal order, Russia has resisted its expansion, especially in areas that could touch on Russian interests. [7]

Today, the United States and Russia each deploy roughly 1,400 strategic warheads on several hundred bombers and missiles, and are modernizing their nuclear delivery systems. [5] Speaking before Congress, Griffin said that the gap between the United States and Russia and China was real and troubling. [3]

Flying faster than Mach 5 could be a handy way to travel, but for the leaders in this field -- China, Russia and the U.S. -- the emphasis has shifted to weapons. [8] China and Russia chose to focus much of their work on weapons that would be boosted to hypersonic speeds via conventional rockets and then glide to their targets. [8]

The nuclear-weapon states (NWS) are the five states--China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States--officially recognized as possessing nuclear weapons by the NPT. The treaty legitimizes these states? nuclear arsenals, but establishes they are not supposed to build and maintain such weapons in perpetuity. [5] Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine inherited nuclear weapons following the Soviet Union's 1991 collapse, but returned them to Russia and joined the NPT as non-nuclear-weapon states. [5]

The Russians also had the choice in the production of weapon systems during WW2: they were either able to carry out a mass production of lower quality or a lower production rate at a higher quality. [9] Russian aggression and the rise of China are among the biggest foreign policy concerns Americans face. [10] Russian President Vladimir Putin boasted that his country had developed a high-speed nuclear-tipped missile that could wend its way from the Russian Arctic, crossing the Atlantic, then rounding the southern tip of South America as it headed toward the United States. [3]

These steps reflect a deepening concern that China's strategy of fusing civil and military technological innovation could allow American technology, expertise and intellectual property shared with Chinese commercial entities to be transferred to China's military. [11] He also said he worried that if China and Russia do master the technology, it could proliferate into North Korea and Iran. [3] Trump's many pronouncements on Russia and Putin over the years leave no doubt that he is eager to turn the page on any number of hot-button issues, including Putin's annexation of Crimea, the wars in eastern Ukraine and Syria, the multiple rounds of sanctions, and Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. presidential elections. [7]

As a practical matter, the United States withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, which the Russians regarded as a cornerstone of strategic stability. [7] Mutual accusations of violations of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and the approaching expiration of the New START Treaty in 2021 underscore the precarious state of the entire bilateral arms control structure the United States and Russia have inherited from the Cold War era. [7] In the United States, Russia has emerged as both the "geopolitical enemy number one" and, in a manner somewhat reminiscent of the Red Scare of the 1940s and 1950s, not just a source of external threats to U.S. national security and interests abroad but also a threat to its domestic political order. [7] As we at The War Zone have noted many times in the past, Russia is eager to expand its influence in the Middle East and has been keen to exploit any potential rifts between the United States and its traditional regional partners. [6] Barack Obama's administration's attempt to "reset" the relationship with Russia in the aftermath of the 2008 Russian-Georgian war also paid little heed to the underlying causes of the conflict between Russia and the United States. [7] These, in turn, may find themselves increasingly at odds with the interests of the United States and further push the two countries apart, presenting more opportunities for Russia or Iran to fill the gap. [6]

His government has also bought advanced weapons, including light attack jets and armed drones, from China, the Czech Republic, and South Korea, in addition to acquiring more arms from the United States. [6] AEGIS Weapons System sale to Spain approved by State Department Washington (UPI) Jun 27, 2018 The United States may sell five AEGIS Weapons Systems to Spain, the State Department announced Tuesday. [12] Polish politicians have even played with the idea of inviting the United States to station nuclear weapons on Polish territory. [13]

The Carnegie Russia and Eurasia Program has, since the end of the Cold War, led the field of Eurasian security, including strategic nuclear weapons and nonproliferation, development, economic and social issues, governance, and the rule of law. [7] Russian president says Russia has made breakthrough in designing new weapons that are decades ahead of foreign designs. [14]

The US' weapons technology is so far advanced that North Korea hardly has any chance of competing with it on a technological level, observers reckon. [15]

The Russians will almost certainly be happy to try and present themselves as an alternative to the Americans beyond just military deals at the same time. [6] Amid tensions between Russia and the West, the Russian defense minister has warned that weapons deployed to Crimea are capable of fending off any attack. [16] Senior Army officials cite concerns that Russian weapons and troop build-ups present a particular threat to the U.S. and NATO in Europe, given Russia's aggressive force posture and arsenal of accurate short, medium and long-range ballistic missiles. [17]

Naturally, however, the preponderance of Russian weapons in the Indian military, as well as Moscow's offers of technology transfer and opportunities for joint production that bolster India's strategic autonomy, indicate this dependence will not diminish anytime soon. [18] Speaking at a meeting with top military officers in Crimea, Sergei Shoigu said "the high-tech weapons systems don't leave a single chance to a potential adversary who might dare to encroach on the Russian territory." [16] That’s all part of President Vladimir Putin’s plan to use the Russian weapons industry not only to earn billions of dollars but also to drive a wedge between the U.S. and some of its key allies. [19] The Army's new "Vision" for future war calls for a fast-moving emphasis on long-range precision fire to include missiles, hypersonic weapons, and extended-range artillery -- to counter Russian threats on the European continent, service officials explain. [17] The Russian arsenal includes shorter range weapons such as the mobile OTR-21 missile launch system, designated by NATO as the SS-21 Scarab C, which is able to hit ranges out to 185km, according to ACA. [17] Many Russian long-range ICBMs, are cited to be able to destroy targets as far away as 11,000km -- these weapons, the ACA specifies, include the RT-2PM2 Topol-M missile, called SS-27 by NATO. [17] Neighboring U.S.-allied states Kuwait, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates are also acquiring Russian weapons. [19]

During an historic visit by King Salman to Russia in October, Saudi Arabia agreed on other arms purchases, including antitank weapons and multiple-rocket launchers, and licensed Saudi production of Kalashnikov assault rifles. [19] Countries that more acutely feel the pressure emanating from Russia -- such as the Baltics and Scandinavia -- are beefing up their weapons arsenals and modernizing their air defenses, Darling said. [20]

Watch Russia vs Egypt: http://j.mp/2HYCjCh Download Russia vs Egypt: http://j.mp/2HYCjCh 5 U.S. Weapons of War Russia Should Fear. primarily envisioned using America's technological advantages to offset the numerically superior Russian. [21] In March, Russian President Vladimir Putin denied that a new Cold War was underway but said "listen to us now" when he unveiled new weapons -- including nuclear missile technology. [22]

Russia launches Soyuz-21b with Glonass-M navigation satellite Moscow (Sputnik) Jun 19, 2018 Russia launched a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket from the Plesetsk space center on Sunday to orbit a Glonass-M satellite, the Russian Defense Ministry said. [23] High-Tech firepower: Russia develops new space laser cannon Moscow (Sputnik) Jun 13, 2018 A company affiliated with the Russian space agency Roscosmos is reportedly moving to develop a powerful new laser capable of evaporating targets in orbit for the benefit of all mankind. [23] With Algeria, Belarus, Iran, and Vietnam also likely customers, Russia could generate $30 billion in sales over the next 12 to 15 years, according to the Moscow Defense Brief, a leading publisher of Russian military information. [19]

“It poses big challenges for the U.S., Taiwan—which it is obliged to protect—also for American allies and anybody who challenges Chinese territorial claims in the South China Seas,” says Alexander Gabuev, chairman of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program. [19] Beyond the Beltway Podcast: Talking to Americans About U.S. Foreign Policy, A Conversation with Julie Smith What are the concerns that preoccupy American citizens beyond the Washington, DC policy bubble? They range from U.S. relations with Russia and engagement in the Middle East, to. [24]

Wary that coercing India to eschew Russia could have the opposite effect -- thereby complicating efforts to balance out Beijing -- the United States is unlikely to take too hard a line on New Delhi's defense ties with Moscow. [18] India's unwillingness or inability to bend on its arms commitment to Russia could complicate its nascent defense cooperation with the United States in the short term. [18] Its relationships with China, Russia and the United States serve an array of occasionally conflicting strategic purposes in support of its ambitions as one of Asia's rising powers. [18]

He also cited the modernization of U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe and U.S. -led missile defense developments as other challenges to Russia's security. [16] Russia's INF Treaty violation, in fact, was specifically cited in recent months by Defense Secretary James Mattis as part of the rationale informing the current Pentagon push for new low-yield nuclear weapons. [17]

Russia has always preferred to use night vision devices installed on weapons, such as NSPU series and 1PN93 night vision sight. [25] ST PETERSBURG, Russia A Russian teenage activist said she was detained after staging a lone protest outside the soccer World Cup stadium in St Petersburg on Tuesday, lying down in a bloodied shirt in what she said was a bid to draw attention to the country's problems. [26] Russia's President Vladimir Putin (left) shakes hands with Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after a news conference in Cairo, Egypt, December 11, 2017. (Alexander Zemlianichenko/Reuters) An expert on Russian foreign policy explains the dangers of a Cairo-Moscow alliance. [27]

His first big foreign-policy speech of the election campaign--viewed from a reserved front-row seat by the Russian ambassador to the United States--was reportedly ghostwritten in considerable part by Richard Burt, a former American diplomat then under contract to a Russian gas company. (Burt has denied this attribution). [28] These air eyes have enabled the United States to track and investigate targets almost every hour of the day through advanced thermal imaging and night vision sensors on these UAVs. Russia also deployed UAVs in Syria, but it is uncertain how many UAVs are used to support the operations of the special forces. [25] Reported that the main innovation of the United States in this field is advanced imaging technology developed for infantry, from micro thermal imaging sights to night vision equipment improvements. [25]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

Current Russian ICBMs are up to the task of delivering a retaliatory strike, but Russia is obviously concerned by the U.S. ABM defense program, and invests into modes of delivery that cannot be attacked by it. [1] Burevestnik, Avangard and Poseidon are all deterrence weapons designed specifically to neutralize the threat of U.S. ABM defense - their only role is to provide a credible deterrent to US? nuclear first strike. [1] For many years, the U.S. industry has been developing and manufacturing weapons. [1]

List of countries by level of military equipment - Wikipedia will give you an idea, but only for specific weapon categories. [1] They have a strong navy to protect the approaches to North America, plus air force and stand-off strike weapons to destroy an enemy's capabilities before they are deployed. [1]

Russian naval and air capabilities are far, far inferior to what the U.S. field. [1] Russian T-90 tanks take position before firing in Kubinka Patriot Park outside Moscow on August 22, 2017, during the first day of the Army 2017 International Military-Technical Forum. [2]

Aware of the need for a more modern tank, Russia has developed the T-14 Armata. [2] On arms in the world, you can really compare only the U.S. and Russia. [1] It also shows in a way U.S. is lacking behind Russia also evidenced by the Sputnik. [1] Seriously, the U.S. is lightyears ahead of russia in EVERY way. [1]

The west say Russia, China steal IPR, are communist countries which is bad, have poor human rights, etc. But let me ask you if what you claim is right, then how come the people can live happily, can advance faster than the west. [1]

The most potent armored vehicle at the American military's disposal for almost 40 years has been the M1 Abrams tank, first introduced in 1980 and named for the Vietnam War-era General Creighton Abrams. [2] The United States conducted its first nuclear test explosion in July 1945 and dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. [5] China only spends slightly over one-third as much as the United States, accounting for thirteen percent of annual global military spending in 2017, compared to thirty-five percent by the United States according to SIPRI. [29] The prospect of losing this arms race has quietly made the development of the hypersonic missile a top priority at the Pentagon, the officials said, as the United States faces rising challenges from other superpowers. [3] "The United States is not yet doing all that we need to do to respond to hypersonic missile threats," he said in a recent speech. [3]

If American commercial AI innovation continues to rapidly outpace the Pentagon's far more sluggish approach to AI procurement and development, the two won?t complement each other as they should - leaving China a major opportunity to get the upper hand. [11]

Both Russia and China have rigorous development programs that "are observably ahead of where our current state of practice is," Griffin said. [3] According to a 2017 Pew survey, 39% of respondents across 38 countries consider U.S. influence and power a major threat to their countries, compared to 31% for both Russia and China. [10] The view that the U.S. is behind any country, whether China or Russia, is not unanimous, however. [8] Beijing still hasn?t formally articulated a coherent strategic framework or operational concepts but, like Russia, it continues to pursue a range of military-use AI technologies as part of a broader effort to exploit vulnerabilities in U.S. military assets. [11] Russia launched the fewest rockets for its space program in 2017 than any year since 1965, and many of its launches were for U.S. missions. [8]

Last fall, Russia said that it was creating an independent directory naming system, or DNS -- in essence the massive database that connects your browser to a web server across the world -- for use by Russia, Brazil, India, South Africa, and China -- the BRIC countries. [30] China is also an enthusiastic adopter of this doctrine and has arguably made greater strides in developing armed drones and advancing networking capabilities than Russia or various European countries. [29]

"Russia is investing in military high-tech development, and especially in domestically produced software and hardware. [30] In his presentation, Putin said Russia is testing the Sarmat, a 200-ton ballistic missile with multiple hypersonic warheads (the one that was shown targeting Florida); fielding the Kinzhal (Dagger) aircraft-delivered hypersonic missile, which began its "trial service" in December 2017, with a range of more than 2,000 kilometers and velocity of Mach 10; and has tested the Avangard, a "gliding-wing," maneuverable intercontinental missile that flies at Mach 20. [8]

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov recently said that Russia was pursuing an information security agreement with its BRIC counterparts for formally adoption at their July summit in Johannesburg. [30] A Russian air force MiG-31K carries a high-precision hypersonic missile over Moscow's Victory Day military parade in May. [3] Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. [9] There were, of course, much more Russian tanks, which ultimately helped win the war. [9] This corresponds to about 50% of the total Russian production of armored vehicles during the Second World War. [9]

As U.S. forces hunted Osama bin Laden after the 9/11 attacks, military officials decided that they needed a weapon that could strike quickly if, say, they received word on his whereabouts, or if intelligence showed that a rogue nation was about to launch a missile attack. [3]

Lt. Gen. Samuel Greaves, the Missile Defense Agency's director, told Congress this year that combating hypersonic weapons is a "top priority" that starts with creating better sensors to detect the fast-moving missiles. [3] In April, the Defense Department awarded Lockheed Martin a $928 million contract to develop and test the Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon. [8] The hypersonic conventional strike weapon would overwhelm enemy defenses, strike time-critical targets. [31]

Because of the secretive nature with which most governments treat information about their nuclear arsenals, most of the figures below are best estimates of each nuclear-weapon state's nuclear holdings, including both strategic warheads and lower-yield devices referred to as tactical weapons. [5] This in contrast to fielding a larger, and cheaper, number of platforms which was typical in the past such as World War II. This paradigm favors "networked warfare', in which various weapons systems exchange sensor data. [29] Therefore, the Pentagon prefers to develop comprehensive intelligence and communication capabilities to direct a few weapons systems with a high degree of precision. [29] The estimated annual production of fissile material is enough for 6-7 weapons. [5] The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the institution charged with verifying that states are not illicitly building nuclear weapons, concluded in 2003 that Iran had undertaken covert nuclear activities to establish the capacity to indigenously produce fissile material. [5] Israel has not publicly conducted a nuclear test, does not admit or deny having nuclear weapons, and states that it will not be the first to introduce nuclear weapons in the Middle East. [5] Pakistan has lowered the threshold for nuclear weapons use by developing tactical nuclear weapons capabilities to counter perceived Indian conventional military threats. [5] Iraq had an active nuclear weapons program prior to the 1991 Persian Gulf War, but was forced to verifiably dismantle it under the supervision of UN inspectors. [5] Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan also shelved nuclear weapons programs. [5] Prior to the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, Iran pursued an uranium-enrichment program and other projects that provided it with the capability to produce bomb-grade fissile material and develop nuclear weapons, if it chose to do so. [5] Estimated as of January 2018 to have approximately 10-20 warheads and the fissile material for 30-60 nuclear weapons. [5]

It would make sense for the U.S. to look to the technology advances of the private space launch companies and their potential military capabilities, says Jess Sponable, former DARPA program manager for the hypersonic XS-1. [8] Because rocket technology is more advanced relative to the state of scramjet development, probably the easiest gains in hypersonics will initially come with boost-glide concepts, Sponable says. [8] "We need a new way of looking at development of technology," Joseph said. [4]

"From what I know, we?re not falling behind at all," says Philip Coyle, who was in charge of national security and international affairs in the Obama White House's Office of Science and Technology Policy in 2010 and 2011, and was an assistant secretary of defense in the Clinton administration. [8] "It's not only about how much money, it's how you?re spending it, and coordinating it nationally into a more coherent formulation," says Mark Lewis, director of science and technology policy at the Institute for Defense Analyses in Washington, D.C. [8]

It's part of China's ambitious quest to become a "science and technology superpower" - but also a new front in an increasingly worrisome arms race. [11]

The Russian military has determined that big data will be a "significant part in its ongoing modernization drive, with various digital technologies and approaches getting incorporated and used by the Russian forces," says Bendett. [30] Russian nuclear missiles and bombers can already blast and radioactively contaminate U.S. cities coastal or otherwise, destroy U.S. naval bases and fortified submarine pens, and attack deployed U.S. aircraft carriers. [32] The potential agenda should comprise new issues, including the risk that new cyber capabilities pose to strategic command and control and long-standing Russian concerns about U.S. missile defense deployments and conventional strategic systems. [7] Today, U.S. ICBMs, strategic bombers, and submarines in port are much more vulnerable to a Russian surprise nuclear attack than during the Cold War. [32] U.S. and Russian official delegations met in September 2017 for strategic stability talks. [7] Russian SSBNs need not be at risk from Poseidon because their intercontinental-range missiles enable them to strike the U.S. from port or from their heavily defended bastion areas near port, in the Barents Sea and Sea of Okhotsk. [32] The attitudes from both states in regard to these tests are both telling and alarming: The Russian Ministry of Defence released a promo video of the missile tests showing a Russian submarine firing off the four missiles from a submerged position in the White Sea. [13]

Recent nuclear missile tests by India and Russia show that nuclear-armed states are blatantly flaunting their nuclear power, posturing as tough and responsible "protectors" while in reality they put the world at large at risk. [13] Perhaps equally troubling, the international community is failing to loudly condemn India and Russia for these nuclear missile tests. [13]

George W. Bush's administration had hoped to transform the relationship in the wake of 9/11 and redefine the strategic nuclear relationship with Russia by moving away from the concept of mutually assured destruction (MAD) and the legacy of what it believed were obsolete, binding arms control agreements inherited from the Cold War. [7] On 22 May, Russia test-fired four long-range ballistic missiles capable of carrying 24 nuclear warheads. [13]

U.S. SSBNs armed with intermediate-range missiles must be in mid-ocean to reach their targets in Russia. [32] Such concepts are conspicuously missing from current U.S. policy toward Russia. [7] Sanctions, which have become the central tool of U.S. policy toward Russia, represent an even more complicated challenge. [7]

Perhaps Russia needs to crow about something: it's not clear how many missiles its air defenses shot down (Russia claims many while the Pentagon claims none), and other than downing one F-16, Syria's Russian-made air-defense missiles have proven ineffective against repeated Israeli air strikes. [33] If Russia, which fields an impressive array of tactical missiles, needs to learn from the Tomahawk, then Moscow has problems (and Tomahawks have been used for decades--it's hard to believe that Russia has never gotten its hands on one until now). [33]

Although Russia later abrogated the military assistance pact, China has maintained it. [15] With "modernization" as its principal theme, this policy, just as its predecessors, was premised on the idea of encouraging domestic change in Russia that would ultimately lead to changes in its foreign policy and acceptance of the U.S.-led international liberal order. [7]

Russian officials have promised that examining two unexploded Tomahawks, salvaged by the Syrians and turned over to Moscow, would enable Russia would develop new jamming equipment. [33] The issue is not that Russian daredevils are performing acts of hooliganism in the air or that NATO pilots in international airspace are unaware that they are coming too close to Russian borders or assets. [7]

A similar effort is urgently needed to manage U.S. and Russian military activities in the airspace and at sea in the Baltic and Black Sea regions. [7] Since the end of the Cold War, every U.S. and Russian president has similarly attempted to develop a cooperative bilateral and personal relationship. [7]

South Korea, on the other hand, is equipped with state-of-the-art military gear, thanks largely to weapons deliveries from the U.S. and Germany. [15] BAE contracted for laser-guided APKWS rocket systems Washington (UPI) Jun 28, 2018 The U.S. Navy has awarded BAE Systems with a $224.3 million contract for improved Advanced Precision Kill Weapon Systems II, which turn unguided Hydra 70 rockets into precision, laser-guided munitions. [12]

A look at the country's strategic weapons, including long-range missiles and nuclear warheads, makes it clear immediately. [15] A new nuclear arms race has begun and it does not revolve around the number of weapons, but on increasing their deadliness. [13]

"Modern warfare and modern weapon systems can't be compared like that," Bales stressed, because today we don't need tanks in equal number to destroy enemy tanks, but can also use drones, helicopters and other aircraft to do that task. [15] On 7 July 2017, 122 states voted to adopt the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), a landmark agreement prohibiting the development, possession, and use of nuclear weapons. [13] In his first speech at the United Nations, Trump called North Korea a "rogue state" and said Washington "will have no choice than to totally destroy North Korea" if Pyongyang failed to stop its nuclear weapons program. [15] By joining and promoting the treaty, states can create the same moral stigma around nuclear weapons as currently exists around chemical and biological arms. [13] He also said Pyongyang would agree to stop its nuclear weapons and missile tests if the U.S. agreed to hold talks with the North. [15] North Korea's "rocket man" and America's "dotard" first threatened to fire nuclear weapons at each other. [15] Kim said in his 2018 New Year's address that the North had completed its nuclear weapons program and that a "nuclear button" was on his desk at all times. [15] From Moscow to New Delhi to Washington DC and Pyongyang, nuclear-armed leaders are using nuclear weapons to signal strength and resolve. [13] The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) is a coalition of non-governmental organizations in one hundred countries promoting adherence to and implementation of the United Nations nuclear weapon ban treaty. [13]

In contrast to the Cold War arms race, when the Soviet Union and United States produced tens of thousands of nuclear warheads to match each other's "overkill capacity", the new nuclear arms race centres on the qualitative refinement of nuclear capabilities. [13] North Korean state media claimed the ICBM was capable of carrying a "large, heavy nuclear warhead" to any part of the United States. [15] The United States is already spending huge money on "modernizing" its nuclear force, including the B-61 nuclear bombs it stations in Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey. [13] The United States, North Korea and a host of other nations appear to be carefully preparing for what would be a historic meeting between a sitting U.S. president, Donald Trump, and the leader of the reclusive East Asian nation, Kim Jong Un. [15] Trump appeared to threaten swift military action against Pyongyang when he told reporters: "North Korea best not make any more threats to the United States. [15] Testing an ICBM marked a major military achievement for Pyongyang and a serious escalation of tensions with the United States and its allies in the region, particularly South Korea and Japan. [15]

"Even with obsolete technology, a devastating attack on South Korea can be carried out with the large number of tanks, artillery and armored personnel carriers." [15] New Land Mobile Technology Driving The Need For Modern Satcom Capabilities McLean VA (SPX) Jun 14, 2018 Industrial revolutions leave no sector or industry untouched, and the fourth industrial revolution is no different. [12]

This is a direct result of Russia's ongoing military modernization efforts and troop deployments and NATO's efforts to reestablish the credibility of Article 5 commitments for frontline member countries in the wake of the Ukraine crisis. [7]

After years of downsizing their forces, European nations are investing in defense to better protect their airspace and coastlines as Russia flexes its military muscles to the east and U.S. President Donald Trump demands greater contributions to collective defense from the west. [20] Last year, the U.S. Congress passed CAATSA to discourage third countries from engaging in significant defense transactions with Russia. [18]

As for Saudi Arabia, the increasingly warm ties it’s enjoyed with Russia, particularly over coordination in the oil markets, have also provoked alarm in the U.S. President Trump’s nominee for assistant secretary of state for near eastern affairs, David Schenker, said during his Senate confirmation hearing on June 14 that he would “tell Saudi Arabia not to do it” when asked about the kingdom’s talks to buy the S-400. [19] BOTTOM LINE - Russia could earn $30 billion from sales of its S-400 missile system over the next 12 to 15 years--and undermine traditional U.S. alliances. [19] Although losing Turkey as a customer would be a hit to F-35 manufacturer Lockheed Martin Corp., there are concerns that Russia will gain valuable intelligence—insights into U.S. air defense and aerial capabilities—if the country remains in the program. [19]

Russia to Create Rocket Production Holding on Basis of Roscosmos Moscow (Sputnik) May 25, 2018 Russia may create a new rocket production holding on the basis of the Roscosmos state corporation, space industry sources have told Sputnik. [23] Because of India's overdependence on arms imports, its efforts to cultivate greater domestic arms production while diversifying its suppliers will likely weaken the defense component of its relationship with Russia over the long term. [18] Scientists predict a new superhard material with unique properties Moscow, Russia (SPX) Jun 19, 2018 Chemists from Russia and China have predicted a new superhard material that can be used in drilling, machine building and other fields. [23] Breath of Life: Russia Working on System to Turn Cosmonauts' Breath Into Water Moscow (Sputnik) May 25, 2018 The new system works by extracting carbon dioxide from the air inside a space station or spacecraft and processing it into methane and water. [23] The Future of U.S.-Russia Relations The next president will inherit a relationship with Russia fraught with more tension than at any point since the Cold War. [24] Russia has a history of producing strong air-defense systems, dating to the Cold War, when it needed to counter NATO’s air forces. [19]

"Russia has continued to be very anti-NATO, very anti-Western, and that has created a sense of threat that had been absent for 20 years," he said. [20]

The Arms Control Association's (ACA) "Worldwide Inventory of Ballistic Missiles" cites several currently operational short, medium and long-range Russian missiles which could factor into the threat equation outlined by U.S. leaders. [17] The Russian violations of the INF Treaty, using medium-range ballistic missiles, continues to inform the U.S. European force posture. [17] What about Electronic Warfare, I asked? Detecting, triangulating, and jamming enemy radio transmissions has long been a Russian strength and is increasingly a Chinese one, while the U.S. disbanded many of its EW forces after the Cold War. [34] India has so far rebuffed U.S. efforts to scale back its reliance on Russian arms. [18] Because New Delhi had already begun to reduce its Russian arms purchases in favor of U.S. weaponry -- even before the introduction of CAATSA -- it resents any attempt by Washington to accelerate the process. [18] The Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in China's Qingdao, which will run June 9 and 10, could offer India a chance to exhibit the strength of its bonds with Moscow at a time when Washington is brandishing the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) to force New Delhi to scale back its reliance on Russian arms. [18] Because of India's deep reliance on Russian arms and unwillingness to allow others to dictate its relationships, it will probably continue to purchase arms from Moscow, albeit at a slower rate. [18]

The Russian use of combined arms, drones, precision fires, and electronic warfare in Ukraine has naturally received much attention at the Pentagon. [17]

Now the U.S. faces a growing threat from the sale of Russian advanced weaponry to its strategic rivals and erstwhile allies. [19] “The S-400 has both commercial and geopolitical dimensions,” says Vladimir Frolov, a former Russian diplomat who’s now a foreign policy analyst in Moscow. [19]

The State Department recently approved the potential sale of several major missile defense systems to Warsaw, including Raytheon's Patriot system for $4.75 billion, and Northrop Grumman's integrated air and missile defense battle command system, or IBCS. Poland has also recently procured offensive weapons, including Lockheed Martin's AGM-158B joint air-to-surface standoff missile extended range, and high mobility artillery rocket system, or HIMARS. [20] The senior Army weapons developer said the service intends to engineer an integrated series of assets to address the priorities outlined by Esper; these include the now-in-development Long Range Precision Fires missile, Army hypersonic weapons programs and newly configured long-range artillery able to double the 30-km range of existing 155m rounds. [17] LRPF is part of an effort to engineer a sleek, high-speed, first-of-its-kind long-range ground launched attack missile able to pinpoint and destroy enemy bunkers, helicopter staging areas, troop concentrations, air defenses, and other fixed-location targets from as much as three times the range of existing weapons, service officials said. [17] This is part 4 of a 5-part series covering the current global weapons market by region: Europe, Middle East, Asia-Pacific, Africa and Latin America leading up to National Defense Magazine's coverage of the Eurosatory defense and security exhibition in Paris, June 11-15, 2018. [20] If Washington slows the sale of weapons systems such as the the Predator drone to New Delhi, the latter could retaliate by dragging its heels on the signing of defense pacts. [18]

Pakistan, a country that used to rely heavily on the United States for arms, pivoted toward China after Washington repeatedly cut defense aid, resulting in a loss of U.S. influence over Islamabad. [18] WASHINGTON: China is besting the United States in key military technologies like hypersonic missiles and electronic warfare, Gen. Paul Selva, vice-chairman of the Joint Chiefs said today. [34]

Should the U.S. Start a Trade War with China over Tech? Just as China pursues asymmetric strategies in the military domain, using cheaper missiles and mines to offset expensive American carriers and bases, so too is it pursuing asy. [24] Surveillance: A Story of Fading Tax Stimulus with Zentner Robert D. Kaplan, Author of "The Return of Marco Polo's World" & Center for a New American Security Senior Fellow, says a trade war is merely an aspect of a world at amoral ge. [24] Jenn sits down with returning guest Alex Ward and special guest Loren DeJonge Schulman, a defense expert at the Center for a New American Security, to talk about why the. [24] Extending American Power Foreword by Robert Kagan and James P. Rubin Over the past year, the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) brought together an extraordinary group of scholars, practitione. [24]

European countries with larger defense spending accounts may be willing to buy American for transport aircraft, as Germany did recently when it requested an FMS sale of Lockheed's C-130J and KC-130J aircraft for $1.4 billion. [20] Some European countries are also facing pressure from the United States to rebuild their military capabilities. [20] The United States, for its part, is only too happy to cooperate with another Asian country that can help it balance against China. [18] India is courting ties with the United States in an effort to counter the rise of China amid an intensifying Sino-Indian rivalry -- a trend we highlight in our 2018 Annual Forecast. [18]

On May 27, New Delhi completed the pricing for a deal to purchase multiple units of Russia's S-400 Triumf air defense missile system as part of a wider effort to enhance its defenses along its borders with China and Pakistan. [18]

It is not merely the range of these missiles which could, potentially, pose a threat to forward-positioned or stationary U.S. and NATO assets in Europe -- it is the advent of newer long-range sensors, guidance and targeting technology enabling a much higher level of precision and an ability to track moving targets. [17] A highly regarded news source for defense professionals in government and industry, National Defense offers insight and analysis on defense programs, policy, business, science and technology. [20] National Defense provides authoritative, non-partisan coverage of business and technology trends in defense and homeland security. [20] The first agreement is the Communications, Compatibility and Security Agreement (Comcasa), which involves the sharing of encrypted technology and secure communications between the two countries' militaries. [18]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(34 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (17) Why is Russia so far ahead of us with weapons? - Quora

2. (17) Can the Trump-Putin Summit Restore Guardrails to the U.S.-Russian Relationship? - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

3. (16) India Walks the Tightrope Between the U.S. and Russia

4. (14) Trump-Kim summit -- which country has the strongest military in the region? | Asia| An in-depth look at news from across the continent | DW | 08.06.2018

5. (14) Nuclear Weapons: Who Has What at a Glance | Arms Control Association

6. (12) India and Russia are testing nuclear missiles: Where is the global outcry? | ICAN

7. (11) Army to focus on long-range hypersonic weapons to fight Russia - We Are The Mighty

8. (11) Russia Wants to Sell Its Missiles to U.S. Allies - Bloomberg

9. (10) Pentagon fears U.S. losing hypersonic weapons race with Russia and China | Articles | omaha.com

10. (10) Hypersonic weapons race | Aerospace America

11. (9) Russia Trump Driving European Arms Purchases

12. (6) Center for a New American Security

13. (5) Russian News From RussoDaily.Com

14. (5) Iraqi Armored Brigade Ditches U.S. M1 Abrams For Russian T-90 Tanks - The Drive

15. (4) China and the US are racing to develop AI weapons

16. (4) U.S. vs. Russia: Who Has the Best Tanks?

17. (4) Superpower Military Showdown: China vs. America (On Land, Sea and in the Air) | The National Interest

18. (4) Russia, Too, Is Building a Giant War Cloud - Defense One

19. (4) Is Russias Ultimate Weapon A Robot Submarine? - Fortunas Corner

20. (4) Russian vs German tanks in WW II strengths, losses, production

21. (3) Military Space News, Nuclear Weapons, Missile Defense

22. (3) Russia defense chief: Weapons in Crimea can repel any attack | The Sacramento Bee

23. (3) China and Russia for special forces to upgrade hardware Chinese UAV is better than Russian Army | jqknews

24. (3) Russia Claims It Recovered Tomahawk Missiles From US Strikes In Syria

25. (2) Countries around the world view the U.S. as a bigger threat than Russia, China - Axios

26. (2) US Must Hustle On Hypersonics, EW, AI: VCJCS Selva Work « Breaking Defense - Defense industry news, analysis and commentary

27. (2) In Tech, US Must Be Where Russia, China Are Not: Air Force Scientist | Military.com

28. (1) Russia News - Top stories from Al Jazeera

29. (1) Edit Photo | 24 Hour Project

30. (1) NATO focuses on speed in the Baltics amid worries over Russia

31. (1) Russia

32. (1) Russia-Egypt Alliance Could Be Danger to U.S., World Security | National Review

33. (1) What Synder's The Road to Unfreedom Teaches About Russia - The Atlantic

34. (1) Military News - Latest Military Technology and Advancements

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