Auto Manufacturing Industry

Auto Manufacturing Industry
Auto Manufacturing Industry Image link: https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1072527
C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • Companies in the Car and Automobile Manufacturing industry manufacture cars and automobile chassis.(More...)
  • This past December, Ford announced that it will invest $900 million into their Flat Rock, Mich., assembly plant to produce autonomous vehicles, creating 850 new jobs -- a crucial step into the future of auto manufacturing.(More...)
  • India?s " Automotive Mission Plan 2026," a joint vision of the country?s government and car makers, aims for the auto industry to become one of the world?s top three, contribute 12 percent of India?s GDP, make up 40 percent of India?s manufacturing sector, and generate 65 million jobs by 2026.(More...)
  • The U.S. auto parts manufacturing industry consists of about 4,300 companies with combined annual revenue of about $265 billion.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • In terms of revenue, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Daimler topped the list of major automobile makers in 2016, while the automotive supplier industry was dominated by Bosch, Continental, Denso and Magna.(More...)
  • Once you have perused the yearbook pages, you can keep up to date on what is happening in the industry by bookmarking the motorized vehicle section on the SME Media website, advancedmanufacturing.org, or by visiting sme.org/sme-drives-talent and downloading our recent report: "Driving Talent: Developing Next-Gen Talent for the U.S. Automotive Sector."(More...)
  • Companies in this industry manufacture automobile parts, including transmission and power train components, engines and engine parts, body parts and trim, electronics, braking systems, and steering and suspension components.(More...)

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS

Companies in the Car and Automobile Manufacturing industry manufacture cars and automobile chassis. [1] The Car & Automobile Manufacturing industry market report contains strategic analysis of the key drivers influencing the industry. [1] Having endured the tumultuous previous period and now improving in the aftermath, the Car and Automobile Manufacturing industry is in the mature stage of its life cycle. [1]

This past December, Ford announced that it will invest $900 million into their Flat Rock, Mich., assembly plant to produce autonomous vehicles, creating 850 new jobs -- a crucial step into the future of auto manufacturing. [2] Among these manufacturers, Ford distinguishes itself in its commitment to keeping the future of auto manufacturing in America. [2]

Frankfurt am Main, March 14, 2018 -- Increased consumer car demand due to improving global economic prospects and a lowering of the rating agency's sales growth requirements for the sector have changed the outlook on the global auto manufacturing industry over the next 12 to 18 months to stable from negative, says Moody's Investors Service in a report published today. [3] While Africa isn?t known as a prime location for the auto industry, it has been manufacturing cars, light trucks and commercial vehicles since the 1920s, Hightower says. [4] Post-war socialist Czechoslovakia restored its own auto manufacturing that was the second (after Poland) in the Soviet block outside the USSR, producing 250 thousand per year vehicles of all types, including Skoda cars and trolleybuses, Tatra trucks and trams, Karosa buses. [5] Argentina has a long history of auto manufacturing, almost entirely focused on the manufacture of foreign designed vehicles. [5]

India?s " Automotive Mission Plan 2026," a joint vision of the country?s government and car makers, aims for the auto industry to become one of the world?s top three, contribute 12 percent of India?s GDP, make up 40 percent of India?s manufacturing sector, and generate 65 million jobs by 2026. [6] Not long ago, India?s underwhelming manufacturing industry was symbolized by its best-known car: the Ambassador. [6] Buy Motoring Africa to learn more about the opportunities available in Africa?s emerging car manufacturing industry and whether you might want to get involved. [7]

"Stabilising our outlook reflects the largely good profits and strong cash flow the global auto manufacturing sector has been able to generate, and our expectation that improved business conditions will boost global light vehicle sales," says Falk Frey, Senior Vice President at Moody's. [3] With international auto companies responsible for more than three quarters of U.S. auto manufacturing job growth from 2010 to 2015, an examination of foreign imports as a threat to national security may just backfire. [8] Yet, while much of the focus has been on the needs of the major automakers, policymakers need to also take notice of the needs of the U.S. auto supply chain, which form the background of U.S. auto manufacturing and arguably of the nation?s advanced manufacturing base. [9]

The U.S. auto parts manufacturing industry consists of about 4,300 companies with combined annual revenue of about $265 billion. [10] The message for prospective employers across all sectors is that the closure of the auto manufacturing industry has released a wealth of skills, competencies and attributes which could be of great value to their organisation and it remains for them to take up the opportunity. [11]

The Australian auto manufacturing era ends after more than 90 years on Oct. 20, 2017, when General Motors Co.' s last Holden sedan rolls off the production line. [12] Economic expansion in emerging markets worldwide is expected to drive healthy growth in the auto manufacturing sector over the next several years, which should bolster demand for auto parts. [10]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

In terms of revenue, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Daimler topped the list of major automobile makers in 2016, while the automotive supplier industry was dominated by Bosch, Continental, Denso and Magna. [13] Although the automobile originated in Europe in the late 19th century, the United States completely dominated the world industry for the first half of the 20th century through the invention of mass production techniques. [14] Many of the Japanese-owned American plants were built in response to limitations imposed on exports of cars to the United States by Japan?s Ministry of International Trade and Industry. [14] For all of the belligerents the conversion of automotive facilities was an afterthought, improvised after the beginning of hostilities, and the American industry, involved only for a short time, never fully utilized its capacity. [14] The European industry was moving in the same directions as the American industry, toward a mass market for motor vehicles, but it made slower progress for a variety of reasons: lower living standards with less purchasing power, smaller national markets, and more restrictions in tax and tariff policies. [14] Commercial vehicles (i.e., delivery trucks and large transport trucks, often called semis), though important to the industry, are secondary. [14] The manufacturing of light trucks (e.g. vans, pickups and SUVs), heavy trucks and motorcycles is excluded from this industry. [1] In 2017, the Kogod Made in America Auto Index awarded the Ford F-150 truck, produced in two of Ford?s five U.S. manufacturing facilities, second place as the most American-made car. [2] Japan?s Toyota Motor Corporation formed a joint venture with GM called New United Motor Manufacturing Incorporated, which built small cars for both Toyota and GM. Toyota also opened two plants of its own in the United States--one for cars and small vans and the other for pickup trucks and sport utility vehicles--and a car-making facility in Canada. [14] Another Japanese automaker, Honda Motor Company, followed with a car manufacturing operation adjacent to its motorcycle plant; it later added a second car facility in the United States and a car plant in Canada. [14]

Increasing competition from imported cars and from new manufacturing operations established by European and Japanese firms continued to reduce the share of the American market controlled by the four domestic manufacturers through the remainder of the 20th century. [14] General Motors Corporation (GM), which ultimately became the world?s largest automotive firm and the largest privately owned manufacturing enterprise in the world, was founded in 1908 by William C. Durant, a carriage manufacturer of Flint, Michigan. [14] Automotive plants could readily be converted into facilities for manufacturing military equipment, including tanks and aircraft. [14] The first vehicle manufacturing plant dates to the mid-1950s, and by 1970 localized production was widespread in the country. [14]

In the late 1990s Britain?s Rolls-Royce Motor Cars, then owned by Vickers PLC, became the subject of a bidding war in which Germany?s Volkswagen emerged as the owner of the company?s Bentley brand and all of its manufacturing facilities; BMW emerged as the owner of the Rolls-Royce brand with respect to cars, effective at the end of 2002. [14] The period from 1919 to 1939 also brought significant growth in automobile manufacturing in Europe, though on a considerably smaller scale than in the United States. [14]

By the early 1980s the automotive industry in the United States was concentrated in four major firms--GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC--and one important manufacturer of commercial vehicles, International Harvester Company. [14] Declining prices of oil and crude oil have helped bolster demand for industry products such as sedans, and compact cars, although not as much as it has aided purchases of trucks. [1] Although the company had been founded by the German government, in the 1960s the government divested itself of 60 percent of its interest by selling stock to the public, an unusual case of denationalization in an era when nationalization of industry was far more common. [14]

Automotive industry, all those companies and activities involved in the manufacture of motor vehicles, including most components, such as engines and bodies, but excluding tires, batteries, and fuel. [14] The German automotive industry, which built the military vehicles needed for blitzkrieg, was not fully converted to military production until 1943. [14] The British government built " shadow factories" adjacent to their automotive plants, equipped to go into military production (principally aircraft) when war came, with managerial and technical personnel drawn from the automotive industry. [14] The American automotive industry represented such a concentration of productive capacity and skill that, once its resources had been harnessed to war production, its contribution was tremendous. [14] Although the appearance of mass production in the automotive industry coincided with the emergence of large-scale business organization, the two had originated independently. [14]

In a span of 20 years beginning in the 1970s, South Korea?s automotive industry rose from a small government-controlled parochial industry to a significant place in the world market. [14] During World War I the productive capacity of the automotive industry first demonstrated its military value. [14]

Ford and dozens of other auto manufacturers are exhibiting the latest in automotive technology at the Washington Auto Show in D.C. until Feb. 4. [2] These companies as well as Mitsubishi, Isuzu, Fuji, and Suzuki later opened manufacturing plants in major markets outside Japan to ease trade tensions and increase their competitiveness as the value of Japan?s currency soared. [14] In 1980 Japan, which had had little automotive manufacturing before the war, became the leading producer, with the European Economic Community (EEC) ranking second. [14]

Leyland and the British Motor Corporation united in 1968 as the British Leyland Motor Corporation (later British Leyland Ltd. and, after 1978, BL Ltd. ); this move, sanctioned by the government, was intended to forestall possible American domination of the British automobile industry. [14] At the end of World War II the American automobile industry had intact facilities, somewhat enlarged by construction for military needs. There was also a great demand for automobiles. [14] Some of them are originated from defense industry, such as Chang'an Motors, Changhe, and Hafei Motor ; some were developed from old state-owned companies, such as BYD Auto, Brilliance China Auto, Chery Automobile, and Changfeng Automobile. [15] Mexican auto exports jump in August, output up slightly Mexico produced 369,543 light vehicles in August, an increase of 0.4 percent compared with the same month last year, according to new industry statistics. [16] Finland depends on imports of cars and other vehicles, it does however have its own (yet small) auto industry which includes the production of Valmet Automotive cars, Sisu trucks and buses/coaches of various producers. [5] It has Soviet origins, evident in the subsequent practice of cloning foreign specimens, though in one recent automobile joint-venture, North Korea developed a wide-range automotive industry with production of all types of vehicles (an urban and off-road mini, luxury, SUV cars, a small, midi, heavy and super-heavy cargo, haulage, construction and off-road trucks, a mini buses, a usual and articulated buses, trolleybuses and trams). [5] In coming months and years, you will also start hearing more about Chinese and even Indian car manufacturers, further encroachment on what was once an industry that was the exclusive province of the United States, particularly the Detroit area. [17]

The foundations of the industry was laid with the establishment of Otosan assembly factory in 1959 and the mass production of the domestic car Anadol in 1961. [5] The passenger car industry was a minor part of vehicle production during the first three decades of China?s socialist economy. [15] In the more than two dozens years since, the Egyptian automotive assembly business has grown from just three plants relying on mostly imported components, to 16 businesses with 26 assembly lines, manufacturing now near 100,000 units annually of passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, trucks, and buses, as well as 300 factories that produce most automotive components (IDA's Vision for the Automotive Industry Report). [5] GM Uzbekistan, a joint venture, with manufacturing operations in Asaka features three vehicle assembly lines and one stamping operations plant with a growing local supply base supplemented by commodities and automotive parts largely from Asia Pacific region (e.g., steel coil from Russia, advanced technology parts from South Korea, etc.). [5] TRU business is ranging from product design and development, automotive parts manufacturing, industrial equipment manufacturing, car assembly lines and financial business. [5]

Besides DAF Trucks and VDL buses, present Dutch auto production consists primarily of contract manufacturing for BMW and Mini by VDL Nedcar (formerly producing DAF, Volvo, smart and Mitsubishi 66 ), plus a few small sports car companies: Spyker Cars and Donkervoort. [5] On Friday, after 17 years with the company at its Adelaide auto plant, he and hundreds of other employees bid it farewell, as the factory officially closed, putting an end to car manufacturing in Australia. [18]

The Largest automotive companies in India are Maruti Suzuki, Hyundai Motor India, Mahindra & Mahindra and Tata Motors (In 2008, it launched Tata Nano, the cheapest car in the world at $1,500). 25 Foreign auto companies with plants in India include, General Motors, Ford, Hyundai, Honda, Suzuki, Nissan Motors, Toyota, Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda, BMW, Renault, Mitsubishi, Jaguar Land Rover, Fiat and Mercedes Benz. [5] Auto plants in Australia have slowly been closing over the last several decades, with Ford, Toyota and now Holden, a General Motors subsidiary, shutting their manufacturing operations over roughly the last year. [18]

Swedish automobile manufacturing is widely known in European and U.S. markets due to advanced and safe cars including Saab and Volvo brands, although their production (150-200 thousand per year) is not among the largest in Europe and the world. [5] China is presently capable of manufacturing a complete line of automobile products and large automotive enterprises. [15] He has also served in key leadership positions at Ford and BMW. Hightower currently leads Motoring Vehicles, LLC, a private capital investments and operations and growth advisory firm focused on automotive and manufacturing businesses around the world. [4] Now Romanian automobile manufacturing produces near 350 thousand vehicles per year and includes Dacia, Grivi?a, Igero, Roman and Ford (the former Daewoo and Oltcit manufacturing facility). [5]

The company was the second-largest Chinese vehicle maker in 2017, by production volume, manufacturing over 4.1 million vehicles that year. 29 Its own brands are Dongfeng, Venucia and Dongfen Fengshen. [15] The following year, Germany?s Volkswagen signed a 25-year contract to make passenger cars in Shanghai, and France?s Peugeot agreed to another passenger car project to make vehicles in the prosperous southern city of Guangzhou. 25 These early joint ventures did not allow the Chinese to borrow much foreign technology, as knock-down kit assembly made up the majority of manufacturing activities; 27 tooling may not have been allowed to slip past borders. [15] Master truck manufacturing, Al Haaj motors and FAW joint venture for producing Chinese cars, trucks and dumpers. [5]

Although I was unable to find any official statement about the recent Toyota news, in previous tweets Trump has scolded the Japanese for not building cars in the United States -- 75% of those sold in the United States are manufactured here -- and threatened Toyota with hefty duties if it chose to add Corolla manufacturing for U.S.-bound vehicles in Mexico rather than north of the Rio Grande. [17] They were the sixth biggest manufacturer in 2017, manufacturing over 2 million vehicles in 2017. [15]

Implementing smart manufacturing and Industry 4.0 is critical to any automotive manufacturer today. [19] The Argentinian industry is regulated by the Asociaci De Fabricantes de Automotores (Adefa), 83 created in 1960, which includes makers of automobiles, light vehicles, trucks and buses. [5] The Brazilian industry is regulated by the Associao Nacional dos Fabricantes de Ve'culos Automotores (Anfavea), created in 1956, which includes makers of automobiles, light vehicles, trucks and buses, and agriculture machines with factories in Brazil. [5]

Automotive production is a significant industry in post-Soviet Russia, directly employing around 600,000 people or 1% of the country's total work force. [5] It was not until 1985 that automotive giant, General Motors (GM), set up its first assembly plant in Egypt, revolutionising the industry. [5] After building its first car in the late '80s, the Nyayo Car, Kenya has a shot at the industry with Mobius Motors, which was founded in 2009. [5] The small size of the domestic car industry made it almost impossible to compete against foreign automakers. [18] The Irish industry in Ireland has a varied history and despite the small size of the island, a punitive tax on imported cars encouraged a wide range of companies to assemble their cars locally including Fiat, Ford and Renault. [5] The industry began with hundreds of manufacturers, but by the end of the 1920s it became dominated by three large companies - General Motors, Ford and Chrysler. [5] Credit General Motors Holden, via Associated Press There has been a car industry in Australia for almost as long as there have been cars. [18] Speculation has been rife in the industry, even leading the Harvard Business Review to publish a piece titled, " What An Apple Car Should Be." [20]

The Chinese Automotive Industry Plan, announced on the main Web site of China's central government, said China aims to create capacity to produce 500,000 new energy vehicles, such as battery electric cars and plug-in hybrid vehicles. [15] The automotive industry in China has been the largest in the world measured by automobile unit production since 2008. 3 4 5 Since 2009, annual production of automobiles in China exceeds that of the European Union or that of the United States and Japan combined. [15]

Major domestic firms include the China First Automobile Group Corp. (FAW), Dongfeng Motor Corp. (DMC) and Shanghai Automotive Industry (Group) Corp. (SAIC). [15]

Truck industry also has a ration in the market Renault Trucks, a subsidiary of the Volvo Group and the Algerian group BSF Souakri signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the creation of a vehicle assembly plant in Algeria, which will be based in Meftah, Blida. [5] Due to the global financial crisis in 2009 the industry produced 600 thousands vehicles only, down from 1.5 million in 2008 after post-Soviet restoration. [5] North Korea did not join the OICA, meaning that information about its motor vehicle industry is very limited and poor. [5] New Zealand no longer has a vehicle assembly industry for passenger cars. [5] Political uncertainties are hovering over the industry effort, but suppliers across the industry say they're determined to keep up their push to greener vehicles. [16]

The automobile industry has been an active and growing field in Pakistan for a long time, however not as much established to figure in the prominent list of the top automotive industries, having a stable annual production of between 100,000-170,000 vehicles. [5] A new factory having an auto assembly capability of nearly 400,000 vehicles annually was opened by Renault in February 2012 in Tangier. 16 It will mainly produce cars for the European market. [5] Having some small auto production in socialist Yugoslavia, Slovenia became one of the new East European car making countries and now produces near 200,000 per year, mainly for export. [5] With annual output near 6 million now, Germany is absolute leader of auto production in Europe since the 1960s, and in World was the third during the 1970s - middle of the 2000s and fourth now (concedes to China, United States and Japan only). [5] After the Great Depression and World War II, these companies continued to prosper and the U.S. produced near 3/4 of all automobiles in the world at 1950. 20 21 However, after record of production near 15 millions in some 1970s years, at the beginning and middle of that decade, a combination of high oil prices, increased competition from foreign auto manufacturers, and increasing government regulation severely affected the companies. [5] Auto manufacturers in the Slovakia currently include 3 OEM automobile production plants: Volkswagen's in Bratislava, PSA Peugeot Citro"n's in Trnava and Kia Motors ' ?ilina Plant. [5] The project is in partnership with the Chinese Jianghuaa Automobile Corporation JAC Motors and Emin Auto. [5] Emin Auto, an Algerian-Turkish society, including representatives of several Chinese vehicle brands, should sign the project to build an assembly line of commercial vehicles in Ain Temouchent Thursday, January 7, 2016. [5] Thailand is more rapidly grown in the 2000s, largest in South-Asia and 14th in the World auto producent with annual output nearly 1.5 million (that is more than in such old and new auto makers as Belgium, United Kingdom, Italy, Czech Republic, Turkey) of vehicles developed and issued by foreign (Japanese, South Korean, etc.) assist. [5] At the end of the century Belgium became one of the largest European auto makers with an annual output up to 1.2 million from assembly plants of foreign brands. [5] Now the Czech Republic is one of the most significant European (5th) and World's (15th) auto maker, having annual output near 1.4 million and largest export to Western and Eastern Europe, other CIS and European countries and even to United States. [5]

Canada is currently the 11th largest auto producer in the World with 2.1 million annual output, down from 7th place with 3 million peak a few years ago. [5]

The auto sector presently contributes 16% to the manufacturing sector which is predicted to increase even further. [5] Spain is in eighth place in car manufacturing countries, but 2008 and 2009 showed a decrease in car production. [5] Whether it?s bringing content into cars through infotainment systems, finding better ways to increase safety, reducing fuel consumption or achieving record-breaking speeds, the automotive industry is manufacturing a host of exciting new solutions. [20] The Serbian Government wants to establish Serbia as a new manufacturing location for the automotive industry in Europe and is strongly supporting all the international producers and suppliers in order to open their plants in Serbia. [5] Recently fast growing with European and then Japanese and South Korean help, the automotive industry in Turkey plays an important role in the manufacturing sector of the Turkish economy. [5]

Many other global automobile giants such as PSA Peugeot Citro"n, Volvo, Kia are setting up their plants and Lexus, Infiniti are also in the process of setting up their manufacturing plants in this country. [5] Post-socialist Hungary significantly decreased the manufacturing of buses but found a large assembly capacities of foreign brands (such as Mercedes, Suzuki, Audi and Opel) with annual production of more than 400 thousands cars. [5] As investments on the continent have been limited, most efforts have focused on assembly of imported vehicle parts rather than the full design and manufacturing. [4] The Netherlands imports most of its vehicles, having little own manufacturing of less than 200,000 per year. [5]

Trump, it appears, is on board for more foreign manufacturing in the United States, at the expense of manufacturing by U.S. companies. [17] Until now, any foreign firm manufacturing products in China were severely limited by the Chinese government. [21] Consider, for example, Tesla?s announcement during the same month that it is setting up a manufacturing facility in Shanghai, officially becoming the first foreign automaker to build a wholly owned factory in the city, thanks to a special deal the company inked with the Shanghai municipal government. [21]

A Toyota employee checks motors in the shipping department of the Toyota Motor Manufacturing plant in Huntsville, Alabama. [17] The average length of service among those at the plant was about 20 years, according to the Australian Manufacturing Workers Union, and the average age of those affected by the closure was about 38. [18]

At the same time Hungary produced small number of heavy trucks ( Ra ) and had strong specialization in Soviet block in manufacturing of buses ( Ikarus ), that made it one of the largest bus producers and exporters (including outside Soviet block and Europe). [5] The Ganz Works, also a long lived Hungarian company, has been manufacturing engines, wagons specialized for electric railway equipment. [5] Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (????????????), also known as SAIC (??) and SAIC-GM (????), is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Shanghai operating in joint venture with U.S. owned General Motors. [15]

High consumer prices and production inefficiencies characterized the Canadian auto industry prior to the signing of the 1965 Automotive Products Trade Agreement with the United States. [5] As fossil fuel-powered vehicles that you buy or lease from a car dealership face the growing risk of going the way of the horse and buggy, China is positioning itself both politically and structurally as the premier destination for the auto industry version 2.0. [21] In the 1980s-1990s U.S. auto power was overtaken by rapidly growing Japanese auto industry but in the 21st century both of them are balanced and now are the second largest in the World (after China) with annual production of 8-10 millions. 20 In the ensuing years, the companies periodically bounced back, but by 2008 the industry was in turmoil. [5] During the 1990s, the political problems and economic sanctions imposed on Serbia, inherited by the Yugoslavian auto industry mainly, halted the drop of production of Zastava cars to just 10-20,000 per year. [5] Socialist Bulgaria has small auto industry including nearly 20 thousand units of self-developed Chavdar trucks and buses as well as the assembly of Soviet Moskvitch cars. [5] China's automobile industry had mainly Soviet origins (plants and licensed auto design were founded in the 1950s, with the help of the USSR) and had small volumes for the first 30years of the republic, not exceeding 100-200thousands per year. [15]

Yugoslavia was 2nd (after Poland) European socialist auto maker outside Soviet Union and achieved at high point near 300 thousands annual production, 250 thousands amongst that was Zastava cars. [5] Their flagship brand Geely Auto became the top Chinese car brand in 2017. [15]

The factory has an auto assembly capability of 50,000 vehicles annually. [5] John Krafcik and Waymo: Krafcik has a career that spans auto brands including Ford Motor Company and Hyundai. [20] Landwind, a new joint venture between Changan Auto and Jiangling Motors, launched the Landwind X7 SUV in 2014. [15]

Key features of the Auto Pact were the 1:1 production to sales ratio and Canadian Value Added requirements. [5] Bulgaria's production strongly depended on auto imports from the Soviet block earlier and currently depends on other European and Asian countries. [5] Since that time, due to East-European and Asian competitors on European market, auto exports from Spain have slowed and annual production decreased to 2.4 million, although Spain beat France and became the second auto power in Europe (after Germany) but 9th in the world. [5] At the end of the 20th century, France was the second largest European (slightly lagging behind Germany) and world's fourth largest auto maker, having an annual production of 3.5-4 million. [5]

In post-Soviet times, UzDaewooAuto, SamAuto, GM Uzbekistan new auto producing plants were built with South Korean and American help. [5] It?s also a huge risk for the U.S. because the trade agreements, trade policies, incentives, and public-private sector partnerships it forms today will play a critical role in determining the auto industry?s winners and losers tomorrow. [21] In China, their passenger car brands include Geely Auto, Volvo Cars, and Lynk & Co. [15] Brilliance Auto, is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer based in Shenyang. [15]

In the IoT and Digital Transformation: A Tale of Four Industries whitepaper published by IDC, it was found that at least one-third of every industry's top 20 companies will fail to reach digital benchmarks and that 33 percent of all industry leaders will struggle against their already-digitally-enabled competitors in the next few years. [19] As the Volvo example illustrates, the industry is on the cusp of a major disruption that will involve equal parts technological innovation, new business models, and changing regulation. [21] Russia has inherited a main part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union with near 1.8 million annual production of all types of automobiles in RSFSR. [5] South Africa is traditionally the leader in Africa of the automotive industry and now produces more than half a million annually of all types of automobiles. [5]

The South Korean automobile industry is today the sixth largest in the World in terms of production volume (concedes to China, United States, Japan, Germany and India only) and the sixth largest in terms of export volume, achieved more than 4.6 million vehicles produced in 2011. [5] The Automotive industry in Kenya is primarily involved in the assembly, retail and distribution of motor vehicles. [5] Croatia is a fairly new player in the automotive industry and its primary focus has been on the development of luxury grade electric automobiles and supercars. [5] Ukraine was one of two only Soviet republics having production of all types of automobiles and was second by volume in the automotive industry of the Soviet Union with more than 200,000 annual production. [5]

Changes to protection of the local industry eventually led to the closure of the assembly plants since they could not compete with foreign counterparts. [5] The American automobile industry began in the 1890s and rapidly evolved into the largest automotive producer in the World through the use of mass-production. [5] The main industry group for the Chinese automotive industry is the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (????????). [15] Hightower has worked in the global automotive industry for more than 25 years as an engineering and business executive. [4] The automotive industry in Croatia employs about 10,000 people in over 130 companies and generates profit of about US$600 million. [5] The automotive industry in Italy began with the construction of the first FIAT plant (Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino) in 1899 by Giovanni Agnelli. [5] Driven by the demands of World War I, Canada's automotive industry had grown, by 1923, into the second-largest in the world, although it was still made up of relatively inefficient plants producing many models behind a high tariff wall. [5]

While each major auto manufacturer has their own system, Harmon-backed Navdy is making waves with its heads-up display, which can be used with any car, and is gaining attention in the auto industry for taking older models into the next-generation of mobility. [20] The Philippines has a small auto industry with more than 60,000 Japanese and South Korean vehicles produced annually. [5] Its mainly export-oriented auto industry shrunk by half in recent years (to 500 thousand units) due to strong competition with imports from near and far Eastern producers. [5] Anderson, Greg, Designated Drivers: How China Plans to Dominate the Global Auto Industry, book talk at the USC U.S.-China Institute, 2012. [15] Get 24/7 access to in-depth, authoritative coverage of the auto industry from a global team of reporters and editors covering the news that's vital to your business. [16] In the 1990s Italian auto industry became again 3rd in Europe and 5th in World with annual output more than 2 million. [5] Friday?s closure in Elizabeth, a suburb of Adelaide, left many questioning why the government did not step in and save the country?s once-vibrant auto industry, when auto manufacturers in the United States and elsewhere received big bailouts to stay afloat. [18]

Magna International is Canada's biggest domestic firm in the sector, and is the world's third-largest auto parts firm, producing entire vehicles at its Magna Steyr plant in Austria. [5] Currently most companies have downsized or have paralyzed operations due to the difficulty in obtaining foreign currency to import necessary auto parts. [5] That?s how every foreign auto manufacturer operates in China today. [21] Three years later, the company acquired Chrysler's European division, the former Rootes and Simca auto manufacturers. [5] BYD Auto, is an auto manufacturer founded by BYD Company who are known for their batteries and electric buses around the world. [15] Auto manufacturers in the Czech Republic include original Czech brands ?koda, Tatra and assembly plants of Hyundai and joint-venture Peugeot, Citroen and Toyota. [5]

The Mexican automotive industry mostly consists of foreign assembly plants. [5] Belarus had third by volume part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union with near 40,000 annual production. [5] The automotive industry in Ecuador is small, with an annual production 20-40 thousand units. [5]

China's automobile industry had Soviet origins mainly (plants and licensed autodesign were founded in the 1950s with USSR help) and was small in volume for decades, not exceeding 200,000 annually. [5]

Automotive manufacturing in Colombia had achieved an output of more than 100,000 vehicles per year in 2005, but their output in the past few years has been reduced by about 30,000 vehicles per year. [5] FAW Group Corporation (??????, abbreviated to ??) is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun. [15]

Once you have perused the yearbook pages, you can keep up to date on what is happening in the industry by bookmarking the motorized vehicle section on the SME Media website, advancedmanufacturing.org, or by visiting sme.org/sme-drives-talent and downloading our recent report: "Driving Talent: Developing Next-Gen Talent for the U.S. Automotive Sector." [22] As a woman in the automotive corporate and sales industry with over 35 years of experience (proven track record/awards and accolades), I cant even break into management. [23] Letters like Laura's at the top, and being told the only way to get ahead in the Automotive and motorsports industry are part of the reasons I started. [23] Wow that first email by Lauren out of Georgia is enough to scare any woman away from automotive retail! Something tells me she landed on her feet running and another industry is benefiting from her smarts and hard work, unfortunately as hard as some of things she said were to hear many of these situations are common and not just in automotive although it may be the most guilty. [23] Overall, the Bajio region reported a 2.3% economic increase from 2015 to 2016 that was attributed to the automotive and auto parts industry. [24] To retain leadership in the auto sector, competency-based initiatives developed by industry in partnership with SME can help individual companies address employee recruitment and training needs. [22] As a showcase for the industry, India?s Auto Expo took off internationally in 2008, receiving accreditation from the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d?Automobiles, a Paris-based trade group. [6]

Against this backdrop of patchy industrialization, the relative success of India?s car industry reveals how a once-closed sector gradually--and without receiving much attention--became the world?s sixth-largest automobile manufacturer. [6] Moody's has lowered its growth requirement for a stable outlook to 1%-3% sales growth from 2%-5% because automakers have been able to generate good profits and cash flows even when the industry fell short of our previous growth target. [3]

In China, auto sales will grow 2% in 2018 and 2.5% in 2019 despite the expiration of a tax cut on small-engine passenger vehicles that could cool auto sales gains this year. [3] "Auto manufacturers in developed markets make 200k plus vehicles per plant, per year. [7] By the early 2000s, supplying to global car manufacturers for their local as well as global supply chains had helped India emerge as a high-quality global source for auto components. (Think radiator caps and the like.) [6]

Export.gov stated how "the most commonly imported goods in the auto sector are components for Tier 2 suppliers that include but are not limited to plastic injection parts, stamped parts, accessories for bodies, engines and their parts, devices for audio and video, seats, etc. In the tier supplier base, companies prefer products that comply with ISO or TS certifications." [24]

The local governments are supportive of the automotive industry?s investment and welcome manufacturing companies with partnerships for training programs and infrastructure maintenance. [24] Moody's report, "Automotive manufacturing -- Global, Outlook update: Changing outlook to stable amid improving business environment," is available on www.moodys.com. [3]

Additive manufacturing (AM) is paving the way for new car designs, lower costs and shorter production times. [25] If automobiles, and by extension manufacturing more broadly, take off in India, the country may be able to generate many of the jobs required to employ the 12 million new entrants to the labor market each year. [6] In 1970, Michigan had 3.25 million workers age 16 and older, and 1,168,540 were employed in manufacturing -- including 453,779 in the manufacturing of motor vehicles and other transportation equipment, according to the 1970 Census. [26] The book?s first segment also examines the economics and market structure creating opportunities not only for manufacturing vehicle sub-assemblies, but also for building vehicles from Semi-Knockdown Kits and Complete-Knockdown Kits. [7]

Because the Bajio takes up parts of several states, there is always room for companies to set-up a manufacturing location or continue developing existing sites. [24] With "factories of the future" on the rise and manufacturing processes growing smarter, there are new demands and opportunities facing those who are and will be part of the U.S. manufacturing workforce. [22] Next is a series of three maps showing the percent of workers employed in manufacturing in 1970, 2000 and 2012-16, based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau. [26] To put this in perspective, manufacturing accounts for 29 percent of economic output in China and South Korea, and 27 percent in Thailand, according to World Bank data. [6]

As a main source of production, Queretaro?s manufacturing sector had the highest GDP in the country, contributing 28.6% of the total outcome. [24] The use of 3D manufacturing means auto manufacturers can test a variety of prototypes before production. [25]

Motoring Africa is a thorough look at the automotive industry on the African continent, but it also has a value as a primer for understanding the global automotive industry and sustainable manufacturing concepts. [7] The same year, McKinsey Global Institute issued a set of recommendations that included "Manufacturing for India, in India" in its top five "opportunities for growth and transformation." [6] Manufacturing in India still faces problems, including poor infrastructure, red tape, disconnectedness from global supply chains, and restrictive labor laws that have stymied the growth of business and limited economic dynamism. [6] While the country?s world-class information-technology sector put it on virtually every global boardroom?s agenda, Indian manufacturing trails that of East Asian powerhouses such as South Korea and Taiwan, or even much smaller economies like Vietnam or Bangladesh. [6] Below is a closer look at Michigan's manufacturing sector and how it compares to other sectors in the state. [26] In 2016, the Census Bureau estimates the state had 4.6 million workers -- about the same as 2000 -- but manufacturing employment was down to about 844,000, a 19% decline from 2000. [26]

Honda, Mercedes, Ford, Mazda, GM, Nissan, Chrysler, and Volkswagen all have a presence there, which brought light to auto-part manufacturing operations that support these companies. [24]

Many companies in Queretaro?s automotive industry are auto parts manufacturers that supply the larger OEMs around the Bajio region. [24] Tesla is experiencing growing pains, but has willingly invited more criticism than other young companies because the automaker is brazen enough to pronounce ambitious goals and, most boldly, insist that its vision of the future of the automotive industry is the definitive one. [27]

In 2017, the international automotive industry produced 73.5 million passenger cars, an increase of around 2.4%, compared with the previous year. [22] European Commission, European Sector Skills Council: Automotive Industry (2016): p. 36, 46. [23]

It was not until the mid-1990s, after liberalization, that India opened the automobile industry to major investment by foreign manufacturers. [6]

India had not yet emerged as a global auto hub in the way that Thailand and South Korea had become, and lagged far behind China. [6] This higher than national average is the result of a cluster of auto manufacturers that work together to support automotive producers within an export-oriented market. [24] The city holds more than 16 production facilities for Tier 1, 2, and 3 auto part supplier companies and has been one of the main reasons for the region?s success. [24]

Automakers such as Geely, Chery Automobile Co.  and BYD started talking a decade ago about cracking the U.S. auto market with an array of low-cost passenger vehicles. [28] The auto supply sector remains an important source of innovation in the U.S. Today the industry accounts for 40 percent of robot use, is a top user of new lightweight materials, and leads U.S. implementation of advanced operations methods, such as continuous improvement and just-in time-production (techniques that only recently have been diffused to other industries). [9] The automotive sector is the most enthusiastic industry about smart factories - it is making larger investments and setting higher targets for its digital manufacturing operations than any other sector. [29] On the verge of an automotive revolution, the CRE industry is working to meet the evolving needs of OEMs and parts suppliers in the middle of a short supply real estate market. [8] Several materials have long been used to create some common and unexpected automobile parts, but a few new substances are gaining ground in the industry. [30]

With key decisions remaining to be made, the administration?s actionsif not carefully crafted to secure support from both the industry and the state of California--could very well unravel a good portion of the auto sector?s gains. [9] Beijing has been keeping a tight grip on foreign ownership in the car industry to protect local players, albeit with growing calls from business groups to loosen the requirements. [31] The industry is set for more upheaval as China unravels a two-decade policy that capped foreign ownership of carmaking ventures at 50 percent. [28]

In this fashion, the motor vehicle industry--including the 200,000 employed in assembling cars and trucks--directly accounts for 13 percent of all U.S. manufacturing employment. [9] International car makers, Honda and Hyundai, chose sites in Alabama, spending close to $2 billion each to build their respective vehicle and engine manufacturing facilities. [32] Today, the depth of manufacturing (i.e., the amount of work done at a car as opposed to the parts bought from somewhere else) is below 50 percent. [33]

That's why it's not a bad idea for a state that is not commonly thought of as an automotive heavyweight to drop everything and make a play for every promising manufacturing opportunity that comes along. [34] Google has even made prototype driverless cars using components from several suppliers, with contract manufacturing performed by Roush. [33] Overall, then, it is safe to say that at least one-quarter of U.S. manufacturing employment is strongly tied to the automotive industry. [9] The creeping global influence of China’s industry isn’t limited to getting their wheels on U.S. and European roads. [28] If anyone can tell what business model will unfold in the auto industry, they are delusional, says Joe Vitale, global automotive sector leader for Deloitte. [33] In the auto industry, the quality control process starts long before the first cars ever roll off the assembly line. [30]

In November, Tesla?s chief executive Elon Musk said the U.S. auto market was three years away from making cars on the mainland. [31] General Motors, Ford and Volkswagen, are among the foreign auto markers which are only allowed to manufacture their vehicles in China through partnerships with local carmakers at present. [31] China said on Tuesday it will scrap foreign ownership limits on local auto firms by 2022, boosting companies such as Tesla which may wish to have a wholly-owned subsidiary in the world?s largest auto market. [31]

At a time when new automobile technologies hold remarkable promise, we need to decide whether the United States will aggressively compete to lead innovation in auto technologies that in turn will spill over into other industries, or whether we are willing to cede that innovation through shortsighted regulatory backsliding. [9] More technology and automation means auto makers require fewer workers (with relatively low labor costs), but their workforce needs are increasingly tech-focused--a trend that?s going to accelerate with the rise of driverless cars and trucks. [8] Since 2008, auto suppliers have increased their employment by more than 50 percent, in part due to investments in new technologies like those that helped automakers meet steadily increasing fuel efficiency standards. [9] Auto suppliers in particular have done well, increasing employment more than 50 percent since 2008. [9] The failure of GM and Chrysler during the Great Recession would have decimated U.S. auto suppliers and in turn the U.S. auto sector. [9] By contrast, the extraordinary rescue of GM and Chrysler in 2009 stabilized U.S. auto suppliers, while subsequent actions to enact a single set of fuel economy regulations with a long-term horizon helped provide the clarity needed to promote investment and innovation amongst suppliers. [9]

By the end of 2022, automotive manufacturers expect that 24% of their plants will be smart factories and 49% of auto makers have already invested more than $250 million in smart factories. [29] According to data from auto intelligence firm Jato Dyamics, China sold a total of 227,000 electric vehicles covering January to September in 2017, with a growth rate of 126 per cent. [31] “NEVs can help China to become a global leader in the auto industry,” Hu said. [28] The timetable of wider market access for foreign auto markers came after President Xi Jinping told the Boao Forum last week that China would cut import tariffs and relax foreign ownership restrictions. [31] It will still be some time before a wholly-owned foreign auto manufacturer is set up in China regardless of the implementation time frame by the government, according to Peter Chen, a Shanghai-based engineer with U.S. component maker TRW. [31] The U.S. auto supply chain, after all, employs some 1.5 million people: four times as many people as do U.S. auto manufacturers. [9]

As I noted there, analytics plays a part in many parts of the automotive industry lifecycle, all the way from ordering the components through to the insurance of the vehicles that ultimately come off the production line. [35] Including workers employed at parts suppliers other than in the first and second tiers, suppliers of raw materials, and makers of general-purpose equipment used in the auto industry, this figure would easily double. [9] China’s knack for speedy adaptation has put the country in a position to lead the auto industry in new technologies, Toyota Motor Corp. ’s China Chief Executive Officer Kazuhiro Kobayashi said. [28] Following the rescue of GM and Chrysler, which stabilized the entire domestic auto industry, these new standards were one component of a coherent strategy to facilitate investment in the auto sector, encourage innovation to improve American competitiveness, and ensure a clear and consistent regulatory framework that balanced costs and benefits consistent with environmental and economic objectives. [9]

In comparison, 62% of companies within the industrial manufacturing sector have done so." [35]

Companies in this industry manufacture automobile parts, including transmission and power train components, engines and engine parts, body parts and trim, electronics, braking systems, and steering and suspension components. [10] The nation has already begun mourning the demise of a home-grown industry in an increasing crowded and changing global car market. [12] For many manufacturers, completely transforming into what the industry could look like in five or 10 years is unrealistic. [36] New industry entrants including tech firms and consumer electronics companies also present challenges to established suppliers. [10] High wages and a relatively small population of 24 million people living far from large export markets denied the Australian industry economies of scale. [12]

As the automotive industry adapts to a future that includes electric drivetrains, autonomous technology, connectivity, and mobility options outside traditional car ownership, suppliers must evolve to meet these new challenges. [10]

In the mature U.S. auto market with its broad spectrum of product offerings, the average price of a new car or truck in 2016 was approximately $34,000. [37] After three straight years of strong sales, the U.S. auto market enters 2018 with a sense of trepidation. [38] Consumers aren't going to like this, but eventually, the federal government will have to step in, so it's in the auto industry's best interest to get ahead of the curve, and 2018 -- with sales continuing to be strong and profits rolling in -- is the year to take the hit. [38] Since the financial crisis, easy credit has certainly boosted U.S. auto sales. [38]

Demand for auto parts is driven by new car sales, which are strongly affected by interest rates, and by the replacement market. [10]

"There are 30,000 parts and pieces on each of our vehicles," says Kevin Quinn, the automaker?s director of additive design and manufacturing. [39] The Obama administration helped launch the National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute back in 2012, a $70 million consortium of businesses and universities dedicated to coming up with new ways to use additive manufacturing to boost American business. [39] Major companies include American Axle & Manufacturing, BorgWarner, Dana, Lear, and Tenneco (all based in in the US), along with Adient (Ireland), Robert Bosch and ZF Friedrichshafen (Germany); Aptiv (UK), DENSO and Aisin Seiki (Japan); Faurecia (France); and Magna International (Canada). [10]

Consider just how dramatic the changes could be: The Transport Intelligence study mentioned above said that, in the very near future, automotive supply chains and production lines will start to look more like the high-tech sector than how the automotive industry has operated in the past. [36]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(39 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (79) Automotive industry by country - Wikipedia

2. (26) automotive industry | History, Developments, & Facts | Britannica.com

3. (19) Automotive industry in China - Wikipedia

4. (13) Why undermining fuel efficiency standards would harm the US auto industry

5. (12) India's Quest to Become a Manufacturing Powerhouse - The Atlantic

6. (9) What Drives the Automotive Industry in Queretaro and the Bajio?

7. (7) Automobile Parts Manufacturing Industry Profile from First Research

8. (7) China lays out plan for opening auto industry, clearing the way for Tesla?s wholly owned plant | South China Morning Post

9. (6) Australia Mourns the End of Its Car Manufacturing Industry - The New York Times

10. (6) Is The U.S. At Risk Of Losing Its Auto Industry To China?

11. (5) Car & Automobile Manufacturing in the US. Industry Market Research Reports, Trends, Statistics, Data, Forecasts

12. (5) China?s Carmakers Want to Dominate World?s Next Era of Driving - Bloomberg

13. (5) Research: Announcement: Moody's stabilizes outlook on global auto manufacturing sector as economic recovery fuels demand - Moody's

14. (4) Insult To Injury: Foreign Manufacturers Now Making More Cars In U.S. Than U.S. Companies

15. (4) Ford Gears up for the Future of Auto Manufacturing in America | Alliance for American Manufacturing

16. (4) Top 10 Influencers in Auto Manufacturing | Flex

17. (4) Auto Industry Growing ; Offers New Demands, Opportunities - Advanced Manufacturing

18. (4) Women in the Automotive Industry | Catalyst

19. (4) Michigan remains No. 1 in auto manufacturing, and more fast facts | MLive.com

20. (4) Could Africa Be The Next Auto Manufacturing Hub?

21. (4) Motoring Africa Examines Business Opportunities in an Emerging Auto Manufacturing Industry - Small Business Trends

22. (3) Australian car-making to end soon with GM plant closing - Chicago Tribune

23. (3) Manufacturing News -- Automotive News

24. (3) Could iPhone-style contract manufacturing come to the car industry? | Ars Technica

25. (3) Predictions about the US auto market in 2018 - Business Insider

26. (3) Automotive - Area Development

27. (2) IoT In Auto Manufacturing: A Critical Investment

28. (2) 3D Printing Is Revving Up Auto Manufacturing

29. (2) Automotive Smart Factories | Research Report

30. (2) Auto Manufacturing | HowStuffWorks

31. (2) Can Machine Learning Transform the Auto Industry?

32. (2) ERP Advances Essential as Automotive Sector Faces Disruption

33. (2) GM's Use of 3-D Printing Predicts Cheaper, Better Cars | WIRED

34. (1) Why the end of auto manufacturing won't be as apocalyptic as previous mass layoffs

35. (1) Statistics & Facts on the Global Automotive Industry | Statista

36. (1) Moving parts: How the automotive industry is transforming | Supply Chain Dive

37. (1) Automotive Amazing Alabama

38. (1) Illinois is right to incentivize auto manufacturing

39. (1) What cars are made in Africa? Nissan, VW, Ford are part of automaker revolution there -- Quartz Africa

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