Journal Of Molecular Cell Biology

C O N T E N T S:


  • Mr. Darwin will be portrayed by professor Kenneth Noll of UConn s Department of Molecular and Cell Biology.(More…)
  • Molecular biology is a study of the interactions of the various systems within a cell, including the interrelationships of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis and how those interactions are regulated.(More…)


  • In the current issue of Molecular Cell, Szoradi et al. (2018) present compelling data demonstrating how the newly identified SHRED pathway in yeast selectively shifts the E3 ligase Ubr1 specificity from N-end rule substrates to misfolded proteins in cells under proteostatic stress.(More…)


Journal Of Molecular Cell Biology
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description: CII’s Dr. Shizuka Uchida and his team make the cover image of the …


Mr. Darwin will be portrayed by professor Kenneth Noll of UConn s Department of Molecular and Cell Biology. [1] Tom Hill (postdoc Unckless lab) gave a talk entitled “Antiviral genes are not fast evolving in D. innubila ” at the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution Satellite Meeting: Molecular Evolution and the Cell in Deer Valley, Utah on May 11 th. [2]

Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters is an international journal dedicated to the dissemination of fundamental knowledge in all areas of cellular and molecular biology, cancer cell biology, and certain aspects of biochemistry, biophysics and biotechnology. [3] Recent work in the lab has also revealed a spindle assembly checkpoint-independent mechanism for detecting errors during oocyte meiosis, in the absence of end-on kinetochore attachments ( Davis-Roca et al. Journal of Cell Biology, 2017 ). [4]

He also serves as an Ad hoc reviewer for more than 50 peer-reviewed journals including American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology and Scientific Reports. [5] Integrative biology or Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies cells – their physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division, death and cell function. [6] American Society for Cell Biology featured CLP faculty member Sadie Wignall as their May cell biologist of the month. [4]

Molecular biology is a study of the interactions of the various systems within a cell, including the interrelationships of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis and how those interactions are regulated. [7] The similarities and differences between cell types are particularly relevant to molecular biology. [7]

The next larger scale, cell biology, studies the structural and physiological properties of cells, including their internal behavior, interactions with other cells, and with their environment. [7]


In the current issue of Molecular Cell, Szoradi et al. (2018) present compelling data demonstrating how the newly identified SHRED pathway in yeast selectively shifts the E3 ligase Ubr1 specificity from N-end rule substrates to misfolded proteins in cells under proteostatic stress. [8] In this issue of Molecular Cell, Webster et al. (2018) and Yi et al. (2018) dissect the mechanisms underlying cytoplasmic mRNA deadenylation by the Ccr4-Not (CNOT) complex. [8]

Jones et al. demonstrate that CDK1 promotes adhesion complex formation and increases cell adhesion area from G1 to S phase. [9] The identified circuit utilizes histone modifications and includes the transcription elongation complex PAF1C. The replication checkpoint orchestrates this response in replication-stressed cells. [8] Vikalp Vishwakarma (postdoc, Dixon lab) gave a talk entitled “The RNA-binding protein Tristetraprolin controls intestinal cell differentiation and bacterial symbiosis through the Notch signaling pathway” at the Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2018 American Gastroenterological Association Annual Meeting in Washington, DC on June 5. [2] Christian Ray (assistant professor) gave an invited talk entitled, “Quantifying Cellular Individuality” at the Allen Institute for Cell Science in Seattle, WA on May 14. [2]

We work closely with postdoctoral fellows, graduate students, and undergraduates to investigate fundamental biological problems on all levels from molecules to cells to organisms. [2] These results indicate that Munc13-4 plays a central role in exosome release in cancer cells. [9] Munc13-4 regulates Ca 2+ -dependent exosome release Messenger et al. show that exosome secretion in cancer cells is Ca 2+ -stimulated and dependent on Ca 2+ -bound Munc13-4. [9] Buffering dosage imbalance of early- and late-replicating genes is important for dividing eukaryotic cells. [8] Frank et al. demonstrate that p190A and its paralog p190B mediate contact inhibition of epithelial cell proliferation by repressing YAP-mediated gene transcription. [9]

Voichek et al. identified the molecular mechanism inhibiting transcription from replicated genes during DNA replication. [8] Aubrie will use the model organism nematode worm to investigate the molecular mechanisms of axon pathfinding during nervous system development. [2]

Peter joined the Biochemistry Department (now Molecular Biosciences) in 1985 after very productive doctoral work in the laboratory of Dr. David Apirion at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and postdoctoral work with Dr. John Abelson at UC San Diego. [2] Recently, the Molecular Biosciences department gathered together to celebrate scientific career of Peter Gegenheimer (associate professor) and his more than thirty years as a faculty colleague at KU. Peter was presented with painting of RNAse P – a molecule Peter worked on extensively – decorated with comments from his friends and colleagues. [2]

Kristi Neufeld (professor) and Eileen Hotze (lecturer) were recognized as “Favorite Professors” by the Biology Class of 2018 at the University of Kansas Undergraduate Biology Recognition Ceremony on May 12. [2]

Among his many scientific contributions, his 2000 paper published in the journal RNA especially stands out in providing the first direct confirmation that the chloroplast RNAse P enzyme is a protein enzyme rather than an all RNA enzyme. [2]

Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on Journal of Cell Science. [10] They address central scientific questions with both molecular and biochemical approaches, high- and super-resolution microscopy of living cells, and plenty of fun. [11] Evolutionary physiology is the study of origins and evolution of function, the centre focus is how organism works and typically integrates levels of organization spanning molecules, organelles, cells, tissues and organs to whole organisms. [6] Its focus is in how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system. [6]

Macrophage cell fusion and multinucleation are fundamental, yet poorly understood, processes in the formation of multinucleated giant cells (MGC) that underlie various complex diseases. [10] June 20, 2018 – A study has revealed a new cell type that resides in the body’s fat depots where it can actively suppress fat cell formation. [12]

Our work focuses on the specialized divisions of female reproductive cells, which use different mechanisms from mitotically dividing cells, but we find that often some of the same principles are employed. [4] My lab studies how spindles form and how chromosomes segregate during cell division, focusing on the specialized divisions of female reproductive cells (oocytes). [4] The lab utilizes the optically transparent and genetically tractable Caenorhabditis elegans oocyte as a model to uncover how a cell can divide in the absence of microtubule organizing centrosomes. [4] I am currently a graduate student in Bob Goldstein’s lab at UNC-Chapel Hill, studying primordial germ cell specification in the emerging model organism, Hypsibius exemplaris (aka “water bears”). [4]

This new poster and article from Ross E. Sager and Jung-Youn Lee summarises how plasmodesmata are dynamic and multifaceted nanochannels that bridge neighbouring plant cells. [10] The second in our series of cell dynamics meetings now turns to organelles. [10]

Here we report the generation of a LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 alpha (LMX1A) knock-in GFP reporter human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line that marks the early dopaminergic progenitors during neural differentiation to find reliable membrane protein markers for isolation of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. [13] Purified GFP positive cells in vitro exhibited expression of mRNA and proteins that characterized and matched the midbrain dopaminergic identity. [13] Further quantitative proteomics analysis of enriched LMX1A+ cells identified several membrane-associated proteins including polysialylated embryonic form of neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) and contactin 2 (CNTN2), enabling prospective isolation of LMX1A+ progenitor cells. [13]

Cell division is complex with many opportunities for errors to occur. [11]

In conducting and sharing these interviews, Jenny and I hope that other trainees and cell biologists can glean useful (or at least interesting!) insights into “how cell biologists work. [4]

This site is maintained by Molecular & Cellular Biology, an interdisciplinary Graduate Program in the Life Sciences in the College of Natural Sciences. [11] Molecular ecology is a branch of biology that uses techniques and knowledge from several specific fields, all relating to genetics, to study ecology and how genetics and species development are influenced by ecological factors. [6]

Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters was founded in 1996 and transferred to BioMed Central in 2016. [3]

Patricia (Pat) Wadsworth, Professor and Associate Chair of Biology, who will become the Director of IDGP in June 2018, has been awarded the 2018 CNS Outstanding Service/Engagement Award. [11] Gerry Downes, Associate Professor of Biology, was awarded the CNS 2018 Outstanding Faculty Award for Diversity and Inclusion. [11]

In high school, I had an awesome AP Biology class, taught by a dynamic and inspiring teacher. [4] Aquatic biology is one who deals with biology and ecology of organisms living in freshwater systems such as streams and lakes to estuarine, coastal and open ocean ecosystems. [6] Aquatic biology includes biological oceanography, limnology and marine biology. [6] Evolutionary biology has made a significant impact that includes biological anthropology, and evolutionary psychology. [6]

It is an interdisciplinary field that includes biology, geography, and Earth science. [6] Zoology is a branch of biology that deals with animal kingdom, with their functional roles in fields such as evolution, physiology, behavior, and population and community ecology. [6]

Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences is an internationally acclaimed open access peer-reviewed journal that encourages interdisciplinary debate on the plant, animal, human and microbial sciences in relation with other pure and applied sciences like physics, chemistry, statistics, informatics, and numerical sciences. [6] OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members. [6]

Molecular ecologists study the development of and genetic relationships between species and how environmental factors can influence them. [6]

This is done on both the microscopic and molecular levels, for unicellular organisms such as bacteria, as well as the specialized cells of multicellular organisms such as humans. [7] Since the timescales of cell wall expansion and growth (cell shape changes) are much longer than the timescales of the molecular reactions involved in cell polarization, we simulate molecular polarization models in a fixed geometry. [14] Goryachev AB, Leda M. Many roads to symmetry breaking: molecular mechanisms and theoretical models of yeast cell polarity. [14]

The localization (or polarization) of proteins on the membrane during the mating of budding yeast ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae ) is an important model system for understanding simple pattern formation within cells. [14] The key to this model of polarization is that it is mechanistic and relies on stochasticity to faithfully replicate biological data from mating yeast cells. [14] In this paper, we investigate the effect of cell geometry during mating projection growth on recently developed models of polarization in yeast mating. [14] In this paper we set out to elucidate the effect that the geometry of the cell can have on the dynamics of certain models of polarization. [14] In an attempt to isolate the effect of geometry on Cdc42 polarization in the absence of actin cables and vesicle transport, the cells were grown in ? -factor for varying times to achieve different lengths of projection growth and then LAT-A was added to disrupt actin cable formation, leaving the cells solely with Cdc42 reaction-diffusion dynamics for polarization. [14] We predict that this instability of the shorter projection cells is due to an interaction between the geometry and the dynamics of the Cdc42 polarization network. [14] While overall this is a qualitative result, it does suggest an interesting interaction between the dynamics of Cdc42 polarization and the shape of the cell in both simulations and experiment. [14] It is difficult to completely isolate the effect of geometry on polarization, as many processes are disrupted in the absence of actin cables, but we think that looking at three different shapes of cells under similar circumstances provides evidence for an effect of geometry on the dynamics of polarization. [14] We show here that there is a complex interplay between the dynamics of polarization and the shape of the cell. [14]

Notably, a model of protein localization and cell division in E. coli showed that the geometry of the cell can induce pattern formation even in networks with no dynamic instability. [14] This, presumably, leaves the cells with only the Cdc42 polarization pathway for polarization in a tip-shaped geometry, analogous to the models. [14] It could be simply due to the fact that even cells that were categorized as spherical in the experiment were not perfectly spherical as in the model, but in fact ellipsoid which, based on our previous results, could have some effect on the stability of polarization. [14] We also raise the question of what mechanisms the cell uses to overcome the apparent destabilizing effect of cell geometry on the location of the polarization cap in vivo, and provide some plausible answers. [14] Citation: Trogdon M, Drawert B, Gomez C, Banavar SP, Yi T-M, Camp O, et al. (2018) The effect of cell geometry on polarization in budding yeast. [14] There is an interaction between the length scales of polarization and the features of the geometry of the cell that has been under-appreciated and may lead to novel biological insights. [14] Our results show that there is an important and noticeable interaction between cell geometry and the models we have considered here. [14] Despite these potential issues, the experimental results observed for the three classes of cells are consistent with the model simulations. [14] We also compare predictions from our computational results to experiments that observe cells with projections of varying lengths, and track the stability of the polarization cap. [14] These results also raise some interesting questions about how the cell regulates polarization processes to achieve certain functions. [14] Polarization is an essential part of many biological processes in a wide variety of cell types. [14] Pruyne D, Bretscher A. Polarization of cell growth in yeast. [14] During the mating process, haploid yeast cells respond to a gradient of mating pheromone via a cascade of intracellular protein reactions, culminating in a localization of key proteins on the membrane that facilitate actin cable formation and vesicle transport. [14] When growing a mating projection, the cell establishes a spatial localization of proteins on the membrane, ultimately leading to actin cable formation and vesicle transport. [14] Specifically, we look at four shapes chosen to roughly approximate the different shapes a yeast cell can take during the formation of a mating projection. [14] To observe the three different shapes of interest, we allowed cla4 ? cells marked with Ste20-GFP (a reporter for active Cdc42) to grow in ? -factor for varying amounts of time and form different length projections ( Materials and methods ). [14] A: cla4 ? cells were exposed to ? -factor for varying amounts of time to observe a series of shapes of projections: spherical (n 26 cells), short projection (n 31 cells) and long projection (n 34 cells). [14] We observed cells of each shape: spherical, short projection and long projection. [14] The differences in the percentage of stable polarizations in the short projection cells versus the spherical (p < 0.05) and long projection (p < 0.001) cells were statistically significant by the chi-square test. [14] The spherical and long projection cells here show that the polarization cap stays in the same spatial location throughout the experiment while the short projection cell re-polarizes in a different location. [14] Next, cells were categorized as either spherical, short projection or long projection and fluorescent Ste20 (a reporter for active Cdc42) was monitored in time. [14] Here is a time-lapse of GFP tagged Ste20 (a reporter for active Cdc42) for a cell with a long projection after the addition of LAT-A. This cell corresponds with the results shown in Fig 7B. [14]

This is an interesting result because it raises the question of how the cell overcomes this effect in vivo. [14] Based on our simulation and experimental results, one of the first questions that comes to mind is: how does the cell overcome this effect in vivo ? The first natural thought might be that it is the actin cable network and vesicle transport that is providing the necessary reinforcement. [14] Because the actin cables have a physical extent, they can be constrained by the geometry of the cell, providing a possible mechanism to overcome geometry effects. [14] It might be reasonable to ask if the cell uses geometry effects to its advantage in any way. [14] This shows that in addition to cell geometry, whether the cell fixes density or number of molecules also affects polarization. [14] Most models of polarization in cells contain both membrane bound and cytoplasmic species, with reactions taking place on the membrane. [14] If the polarization cap was in the same location after 30 minutes with no actin cables (due to the LAT-A) then the cell was characterized as stable, otherwise it was unstable. [14] Cells were then characterized as either stable or unstable by comparing the spatial location of the polarization cap immediately after the application of LAT-A and 30 minutes after. [14]

Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation and extinction of species. [7] “Embryonic stem cell differentiation: emergence of a new era in biology and medicine”. [7] Developmental biology studies the process by which organisms grow and develop. Developmental biology, originated from embryology, studies the genetic control of cell growth, cellular differentiation, and “cellular morphogenesis,” which is the process that progressively gives rise to tissues, organs, and anatomy. [7]

Genes encode the information needed by cells for the synthesis of proteins, which in turn play a central role in influencing the final phenotype of the organism. [7] Cells transcribe a DNA gene into an RNA version of the gene, and a ribosome then translates the RNA into a sequence of amino acids known as a protein. [7] We are interested in understanding how these protein signaling networks interact with cell mechanics to yield morphogenetic change, such as the growth of the mating projection. [14] The ability of cells to spontaneously break symmetry and form patterns via networks of protein reactions is a well-studied, yet not fully understood, phenomenon. [14]

In 1838, Schleiden and Schwann began promoting the now universal ideas that (1) the basic unit of organisms is the cell and (2) that individual cells have all the characteristics of life, although they opposed the idea that (3) all cells come from the division of other cells. [7] Cell theory states that the cell is the fundamental unit of life, that all living things are composed of one or more cells, and that all cells arise from other cells through cell division. [7] Cells contain hereditary information ( DNA ), which is passed from cell to cell during cell division. [7]

Understanding the structure and function of cells is fundamental to all of the biological sciences. [7] Chemical reactions that are responsible for its structure and function are tuned to extract energy from substances that act as its food and transform them to help form new cells and sustain them. [7] The phenomenon of energy flow occurs in cells in processes that are part of the function known as metabolism. [7] The cell is also considered to be the basic unit in many pathological processes. [7]

These mutant cells can grow abnormally long projections, as Cla4 plays a vital role in septin formation. [14] To test this hypothesis, we propose the following two Specific Aims to determine: 1) the changes in mitochondrial fuel utilization in lung endothelial cells exposed to hyperoxia; 2) roles of glycolysis vs. PPP in hyperoxia-induced lung endothelial cell dysfunction. [5]

In multicellular organisms, every cell in the organism’s body derives ultimately from a single cell in a fertilized egg. [7] Some cla4 ? cells possess elongated projections, whereas others adopt a more typical morphology. [14] Modern alternative classification systems generally begin with the three-domain system : Archaea (originally Archaebacteria); Bacteria (originally Eubacteria) and Eukaryota (including protists, fungi, plants, and animals ) These domains reflect whether the cells have nuclei or not, as well as differences in the chemical composition of key biomolecules such as ribosomes. [7] Stochasticity is critical particularly when the copy number of a key chemical species is very small, as is often the case within single cells. [14]

When the coupling of mechanics and biochemistry in this system is considered, the physical domain of the numerical simulations necessarily becomes time-dependent as the cell changes shape over time. [14] B: DIC and Fluorescent images of GFP tagged Ste20 right after the application of LAT-A (t 0min) and 30 min after for a representative cell of each shape. [14] Meyers J, Craig J, Odde D. Potential for Control of Signaling Pathways via Cell Size and Shape. [14]

Thanks to the work of Robert Remak and Rudolf Virchow, however, by the 1860s most biologists accepted all three tenets of what came to be known as cell theory. [7] A previous work has looked into the possibility of the cell using changes in density to sense cell size or trigger cell cycle transitions. [14] Once the mating projection was formed, the cells were treated with latrunculin A (LAT-A) to depolymerize actin cables. [14] What is learned about the physiology of yeast cells can also apply to human cells. [7] Schmoller KM, Turner JJ, Kvomi M, Skotheim JM. Dilution of the cell cycle inhibitor Whi5 controls budding yeast cell size. [14]

This further raises the question of how cells overcome this effect in vivo, which we will explore below. [14] Hyperoxic exposure reduces mitochondrial respiration in lung cells, but its effect on mitochondrial utilization of fuels (i.e., glucose, fatty acid, and glutamine) particularly in endothelial cells remains unknown. [5]

It should be noted that the experimental results for the spherical cells are not as stable as the simulation and there are multiple possibilities for why this is the case. [14] The trend of spherical cells and long projection cells being more stable than shorter projection cells is in line with our theoretical prediction. [14] Time-lapse of of GFP-tagged Ste20 in a cell with a long projection. [14]

One particularly useful model system is the mating of yeast cells, where a localization of proteins on the membrane leads to actin cable formation, vesicle traffic, changes in material properties of the cell wall and ultimately to the growth of a mating projection. [14] We simulate 3D spatial stochastic models of polarization in tip-shaped geometries obtained from simulations of the mechanics of the yeast cell wall. [14] There is again a critical interaction between cell shape and the dynamics of a model of polarization, this time with the addition of actin dynamics. [14] Giese W, Eigel M, Westerheide S, Engwer C, Klipp E. Influence of cell shape, inhomogeneities and diffusion barriers in cell polarization models. [14] Cell shape and elongation were shown to be critical for polarization in cell chemotaxis and the speed of response to chemical gradients. [14]

Another study revealed that an interaction between cell shape and biochemical regulatory loops with negative regulators can help explain information flow in neurons. [14]

To do this, we extracted shapes from a model that combines cell wall mechanics and assembly to determine the shape of the cell during projection growth. [14] The vesicles carry, among other proteins, cell wall modifying enzymes that change the material properties of the cell wall, leading to projection growth. [14]

Banavar SP, Gomez C, Trogdon M, Petzold LR, Yi TM, Camp O. Mechanical feedback coordinates cell wall expansion and assembly in yeast mating morphogenesis. [14] Goryachev AB, Pokhilko AV. Dynamics of Cdc42 network embodies a Turing-type mechanism of yeast cell polarity. [14]

Stochastic dynamics at the intracellular signaling level has become a standard modeling paradigm in many areas of biology. [14] The Human Genome Project was the first step in a globalized effort to incorporate accumulated knowledge of biology into a functional, molecular definition of the human body and the bodies of other organisms. [7] From the 1950s to present times, biology has been vastly extended in the molecular domain. [7]

These include the comparisons of DNA sequences, a product of molecular biology (more particularly genomics ), and comparisons of fossils or other records of ancient organisms, a product of paleontology. [7] Molecular biology is the study of biology at the molecular level. [7]

The term population biology is often used interchangeably with population ecology, although population biology is more frequently used in the case of diseases, viruses, and microbes, while the term population ecology is more commonly applied to the study of plants and animals. [7] The term biology is derived from the Greek word ????, bios, ” life ” and the suffix -?????, -logia, “study of.” [7] Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution. [7] The science that concerns itself with these objects we will indicate by the name biology or the doctrine of life. [7] Although it was the subject of controversy (which continues to this day), Darwin’s theory quickly spread through the scientific community and soon became a central axiom of the rapidly developing science of biology. [7]

Our results suggest not only that there is a qualitative and important effect on certain models of polarization, but also that these interactions can lead to valuable insights into the relevant biology that might have been overlooked otherwise. [14] The polarization of proteins during the mating of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a well-studied, yet not fully understood, example of pattern formation in biology. [14] The theme of “structure to function” is central to biology. [7] One of the major unresolved problems in biology is the primary adaptive function of sex, and particularly its key processes in eukaryotes of meiosis and homologous recombination. [7]

A central organizing concept in biology is that life changes and develops through evolution, and that all life-forms known have a common origin. [7] Biolinguistics – the study of the biology and evolution of language. [7] Quantum biology – the study of quantum mechanics to biological objects and problems. [7]

Evolutionary biology is partly based on paleontology, which uses the fossil record to answer questions about the mode and tempo of evolution, and partly on the developments in areas such as population genetics. [7] “Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution”. [7]

Model organisms for developmental biology include the round worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, the zebrafish Danio rerio, the mouse Mus musculus, and the weed Arabidopsis thaliana. (A model organism is a species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in that organism provide insight into the workings of other organisms.) [7] In the 1980s, developmental biology re-entered evolutionary biology after its initial exclusion from the modern synthesis through the study of evolutionary developmental biology. [7]

In this process, molecules of chemical substances that constitute food play two roles; first, they contain energy that can be transformed and reused in that organism’s biological, chemical reactions ; second, food can be transformed into new molecular structures (biomolecules) that are of use to that organism. [7] A focus on new kinds of model organisms such as viruses and bacteria, along with the discovery of the double helical structure of DNA in 1953, marked the transition to the era of molecular genetics. [7]

Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. 96 (3): 506-21. doi : 10.1002/jcb.20519. [7]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(14 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (69) The effect of cell geometry on polarization in budding yeast

2. (41) Biology – Wikipedia

3. (12) Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences – Open Access Journals

4. (9) Welcome | Department of Molecular Biosciences

5. (8) American Society for Cell Biology features Sadie Wignall | Chemistry of Life Processes Institute

6. (5) News & Announcements | Molecular and Cellular Biology Graduate Program at UMass Amherst

7. (5) Molecular Cell –

8. (4) Pseudostratified epithelia – cell biology, diversity and roles in organ formation at a glance | Journal of Cell Science

9. (4) JCB | The Journal of Cell Biology

10. (3) Discovery of Novel Cell Surface Markers for Purification of Embryonic Dopamine progenitors for Transplantation in Parkinson’s Disease Animal Models

11. (3) Hongwei Yao, PhD – Ocean State Research Institute

12. (2) Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters | Home

13. (1) Home | Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

14. (1) Molecular Biology News — ScienceDaily