How Scientists Want to Grow Seafood in a Lab

How Scientists Want to Grow Seafood in a Lab
Image Courtesy:
link: http://wtop.com/food-restaurant/2015/06/what-you-need-to-know-about-farm-raised-vs-wild-caught-fish/
author: WTOP.com

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS

  • In November 2009, scientists from the Netherlands announced they had managed to grow meat in the laboratory using the cells from a live pig.(More...)
  • Mike Selden ( @mikeseldenFF ) is co-founder and CEO of Finless Foods, a food startup that uses cutting-edge cellular-agriculture technologies to grow marine-animal cells, creating fish and seafood products enjoyed around the world.(More...)
  • And, as it turns out, the cold never bothered most diners, anyway!(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL

  • Scientists have already identified possible growth media for turkey, fish, sheep and pig muscle cells.(More...)

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS

In November 2009, scientists from the Netherlands announced they had managed to grow meat in the laboratory using the cells from a live pig. [1] Culture medium: Proliferating cells need a food source to grow and develop. The growth medium should be a well-balanced mixture of ingredients and growth factors. [1] The usual approach is to create a sponge-like matrix in which the cells can grow and perfuse it with the growth medium. [1]

Stem cells proliferate the quickest, but have not yet begun development towards a specific kind of cell, which creates the challenge of splitting the cells and directing them to grow a certain way. [1]

Mike Selden ( @mikeseldenFF ) is co-founder and CEO of Finless Foods, a food startup that uses cutting-edge cellular-agriculture technologies to grow marine-animal cells, creating fish and seafood products enjoyed around the world. [2] In either case, a significant technical challenge with respect to the use of animal cell culture technology to develop foods intended to resemble conventional meat, poultry and seafood products involves the development of the growth medium used to multiply the cells and ensure that they differentiate into the correct cell types. [3]

Wild Type, another firm which is producing seafood, meat and poultry via cell culturing, also said that scaling the processes to support larger production volumes has been a significant R&D focus ? for them. [4]

It also boosts its income by offering scientific services to other scientists and to the private sector through in-house programs such as its Industrial Collaboration Laboratory and Center for Seafood Solutions, among others. [5] Scientists want to limit the environmental impacts of livestock feed crop cultivation. [6]

If you want to book me to speak, for a lecture, talk, or panel on fish farm environmental damage, contact me on this blog by leaving a message on a post. [7] Some consumers may want the old "kill-it-and-grill-it" animals and fish, and some may want the purported benefits of lab-grown meat, including fewer associations with foodborne or chronic diseases, animal cruelty, greenhouse gas emissions, and water and land use. [8]

For that matter, do consumers who read the label "Beyond Meat" really think it's meat? Doubtful, though things will get more interesting when laboratory-grown meat and seafood hit the shelves. [8] One such area is the development of products that are intended to resemble conventional meat, poultry and seafood. [3] Add on the fact those Agriculture people are also responsible for licensing the shore-based fish processors, as well as marketing British Columbia seafood products, and there is just a bit of a conflict o f interest within the provincial government itself. [7] The FDA manages the potential risks associated with the processing, manufacture and packaging of many foods, including most seafood products. [3] Which food type is more environmentally costly to produce - livestock, farmed seafood, or wild-caught fish? The answer is, it depends. [6]

According to Selden, the clean seafood company has "dramatically" lowered cost and obtained "precious cellular material" that will allow it to push forth into rapid-scale commercialization within the next few years. [9] They are working toward a sci-fi, soon-here world where everyone has access to healthy, delectable seafood, without the environmental devastation or the health hazards of traditional fishing and aquatic farming. [2]

The company also moved into a new facility in Emeryville, California, that will provide them with the technology they need to grow. [9] Dr. Deborah Bronk said during a recent interview that she thinks Bigelow Lab's current staff of about 100 people, roughly half of whom have PhD degrees, could grow by about 30 to 40 percent over the next several years. [5] Roughly one-third of the planet's arable land is used to grow livestock feed crops. [6]

Addressing the challenges of growing population. Do we have enough resources to feed 10 billion people by 2050? Raising animals for food and other products requires to grow crops for their feed. [10] As seafood consumption outpaces the growth of other food sectors and continues to grow worldwide, farmed seafood -- also called aquaculture -- has increased rapidly to meet consumer demand. [11]

Clean meat companies grow muscle cells and fat cells inside a bioreactor eliminating animals to a huge extent from this equation. [10] We no longer have easy access to acres of lands to grow crops neither do we have enough water to sustain livestock farming to meet the rising demand for meat and other animal-based products, sustainably and ethically. [10]

Lab-grown meat offers an efficient alternative way of dealing with problem as it utilizes lesser space and doesn?t need fertile lands to grow grains for animals also. [10] The university provides the fish, and the family farm uses the fish nutrients to grow basil in a 10,000-square-foot greenhouse it built on the Cheyney campus. [12] As the demand for farmed fish continues to grow, so does the demand for experts to work in aquaculture. [13] The private farm grows basil in floating trays using nutrients from the university's fish, which are kept in a separate tank. [12]

Redfish can grow up to 18 to 20 inches long and live 50 years or more. [14] A tilapia can grow from juvenile to market weight in nine to 15 months, while a mahi-mahi -- a fast grower not produced much in Pennsylvania -- can go from egg to 2 or 3 pounds in less than a year. [12]

It's all to help a young agricultural sector grow and mature. [12]

The goal: to help crack down on illegal fishing and make seafood more sustainable. [15] "In our seafood science class, we talk a lot about the allied industries that may never touch the food, but they are the support staff. [13] In 2017, Finless food produced their first clean-fish and the company is working on bringing sustainable seafood to our tables. [10]

Students here get the opportunity to study marine ecology, seafood science, biology, chemistry, physics, marine design, coastal navigation/piloting and more. [13] "Students come from seven school districts for two-hour blocks," says Liz Kranyik, the ag biology and seafood science teacher, and FFA advisor, at Aqua. [13]

Certainly, any fish production Cheyney graduates can do will reduce the United States? huge trade deficit in seafood and shift some of the burden off the world's fisheries, where catches of many species are flat, declining or restricted. [12] Buy farmed fish: Shop the seafood aisle in the supermarket and look for farmed tilapia, oysters, shrimp and other seafood. [13] Seafood is a great source of DHA and EPA. I like to eat wild salmon often, but I still supplement with fish oil. [16]

The product is then noodled, blanched, vacuum sealed and sold along with other seafood at the school's seafood market, Angie's at Aqua, which is open to the public each week. [13] I had the honor of having some great Boston seafood when they were in town for the ACSM meeting years ago. [17]

Some people want to to know which fish oil that I personally take. [16] If you want to make a sport scientist's day, send a workout or a competition video showing how you used their expertise to help an athlete. [17]

And, as it turns out, the cold never bothered most diners, anyway! In studies conducted by both the Drexel University Food Lab and Oregon State University's Food Innovation Center, it was found that many diners preferred recipes with seafood that was cooked directly from frozen over fresh-from-the-grocery-store samples. [18] URGENT FDA Food Laboratory needed for seafood testing for anchovies including water activity, pH, water phase salt, histamine, and salmonella. [19]

Did you know you don't have to defrost most seafood before cooking? It can be prepared and cooked from frozen, which can be a big timesaver and help overcome the safety barrier some fear in cooking fish. [18] The amount of seafood we lose each year could help feed millions around the world. [18] British Columbia seafood industry 2013 year in review. 2013. [20]

Unfortunately in their journey across the supply chain, around 35% of harvested fish and seafood is either lost or wasted -- with other studies putting that number closer to 50%. [18] The label is found on fresh and packaged wild seafood from sustainably-managed fisheries certified by the global leader in independent seafood certification, which ensures fish are only caught at levels that that allow populations and surrounding ecosystems to remain healthy and productive for future generations. [18] The fish has to be handled carefully when caught and when filleted, but for customers in a restaurant or at the seafood counter of their local grocery, lionfish is no more of a threat than salmon or flounder or cod. [21]

By cutting down on seafood waste, we can make better use of what we harvest, increase the availability of nutritious seafood for people around the world, and take some of the burden off our fisheries. [18] Frozen seafood can also be bought in bulk and stored at home, and is often individually pre-portioned, so you can cook what you need and save the rest for later. [18] To help better envision the long seafood journey, WWF worked with Condition One and Google to bring it to life using 360° video and virtual reality (VR). [18]

It also represents a loss of biodiversity in our oceans and a waste of all the resources used to grow, transport and refrigerate that fish along the way (feed, fuel, and energy). [18] The thing is, those fish don't really need to feed on wild fish to grow, and we need to explore more sustainable options. [22]

In comments announcing the meeting, FDA noted, "Cell culture technologies that have been increasingly used to produce cells and tissues for human therapeutic use are now being used by the food sector to create innovative products that resemble conventional meat, poultry, and seafood. [23] Some cultures value the whale for food, others for its contributions to the surrounding ecosystems--such as supporting healthy seafood populations. [24]

The University of Alabama's interest in teaching marine biology eventually led to the construction of a modern laboratory on Dauphin Island as part of the Department of Conservation, Seafood Division. [25] In order for conservation measures to be implemented, values--intrinsic and extrinsic--are assigned to the goods and services that the marine environment provides--such as seafood and how the ocean functions as a carbon sink. [24]

Every year eight million tons of plastic end up in the ocean; impacts range from trash-covered ecosystems jeopardizing ocean health and tourism to plastic-filled fish threatening the health and safety of our seafood. [26] It's a seafood grill offering up whole fish to share, but the joy lies with the starters and sides: the peppery brown shrimp croquettes, the whipped cod's roe, the salad of grilled baby gem, prawns and anchovies or the trout tartare with bloody mary jelly. [27] It's one of those dishes that reminds you why you made the effort to come and eat this close to the sea, where the seafood is just that little bit brighter and friskier. [27] Cattle production often takes the most heat (pun intended) for contributing to climate change, but farmed seafood, sometimes called aquaculture, has a significant impact on the environment, too. [22]

For years, I have said I want to do "applied conservation science". [24]

POSSIBLY USEFUL

Scientists have already identified possible growth media for turkey, fish, sheep and pig muscle cells. [1] Scientists from Maastricht University in the Netherlands, led by professor Mark Post, had taken stem cells from a cow and grown them into strips of muscle which they then combined to make a burger. [1] "Growing meat in the lab: Scientists initiate action plan to advance cultured meat". [1] One skeptic is Margaret Mellon of the Union of Concerned Scientists, who speculates that the energy and fossil fuel requirements of large-scale cultured meat production may be more environmentally destructive than producing food off the land. [1]

In 2013, Mark Post, professor at Maastricht University was the first to showcase a proof-of-concept for in-vitro lab grown meat by creating the first lab-grown burger patty. [1] "Feel like chicken tonight? New'supermeat' can be grown in the lab without an animal in sight". [1] "Would you eat lab grown chicken? SuperMeat sure hopes so". [1]

"Cultivating feed protein in labs instead of using croplands might be able to mitigate some environmental and climatic impacts of feed production," Bodirsky said. [6] That's why scientists at the California Academy of Sciences and the Monterey Bay Aquarium invented a device to safely transport fish, which was described in a paper published Monday in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science. [28] A portable decompression chamber helps scientists protect fish from injury when they are brought to the ocean's surface. [28] Divers collect fish with a portable decompression chamber developed to help scientists study species from the ocean's mesophotic zone. [28] Some scientists poke holes into fish swim bladders with needles to solve the problem. [28] "Our findings clearly highlight that the switch to microbial protein alone will not be enough for sustainably transforming our agriculture," said PIK scientist Alexander Popp. "For our environment and the climate as well as our own health, it might actually be another considerable option to reduce or even skip the livestock ingredient in the food supply chain. [6]

Robert Hueter, senior scientist at Mote, led a medical evaluation of Leyley before he inserted two tiny satellite tags just beneath the skin on her back that would later transmit data on the manta's movements, according to Mote Marine Laboratory. [15] Home to eight Nobel Prize winners, the private, not-for-profit Laboratory employs 1,100 people including 600 scientists, students and technicians. [29] It's time to give praise to the people involved with sports performance who don't always get the love they deserve--the scientists. [17] He is a defender of pure sport science and doesn?t let voodoo or cargo cult science interfere with quality coaching education, and he's one of the most candid scientists available. [17] It appears to be a lair used by professional scientists, but these tools and others are available to scientists in training - students of the Bridgeport Regional Aquaculture Center, or Aqua, for short, in Bridgeport, Conn. [13] Some scientists work on product development and help companies improve products. [17] Andrea Marshall, co-founder and principal scientist at the Marine Megafauna Foundation, which works with the Georgia Aquarium and other facilities that keep captive mantas, said she does not think manta rays - highly nomadic, intelligent and social animals - can thrive in captivity. [15] His goal is to understand how they use the nursery and where they go after they leave, which could give scientists insight into where else to look for other nursery habitats around the world. [15] The Meetings & Courses Program hosts more than 12,000 scientists from around the world each year on its campuses in Long Island and in Suzhou, China. [29] In captivity, scientists take blood samples and perform DNA tests to learn more about manta ray biology and explore the potential for captive breeding. [15]

Sport scientists are growing more important and are now working with professional teams, not only universities. [17] I included Brad because he demonstrates leadership by showing how true coaching therapy can be scientific and practical; many coaches and sport scientists experience a disconnect between the pure science and the coaching science. [17] Sometimes sport scientists update book chapters, and they often update entire texts, leading the curriculum of future exercise and sport science students. [17] Several sport scientists are working on field tests and other useful evaluation methods, but Carmelo did this in the early 1980s, an impressive feat when not much technology was available. [17] This is a tribute to all the sport scientists who are helping us improve and spotlights ten important people who've had an impact on me. [17] More people are reading SimpliFaster than ever, and each week we bring you compelling content from coaches, sport scientists, and physiotherapists who are devoted to building better athletes. [17] Many coaches go on to PhD work and elect to have sport scientist mentors. [17]

Fish cakes that were grown in a lab, Source: Finless Foods With the technology advancements, companies are eliminating the use of animal serum and other animal ingredients to make their products vegan-friendly yet full of flavour. [10] Clean meat is grown in the lab as opposed to the meat produced in brutal animal factories that poses harm to our health as well as our environment. [10] Source: Memphis Meats For long enough, I have been fascinated with the idea of growing stuff in the lab whether it's milk, egg whites, leather or meat. [10] Companies growing meat in the labs do not require to give doses of hormones, antibiotics or chemicals to keep their meat safe from surrounding conditions. [10]

Lab Test Analyzer a software tool that will analyze your labs and tell you what the optimal values are for each marker as well as provide you with actionable tips and personalized health and lifestyle recommendations to help you get there. [16] The chemistry labs have instruments often only offered in college." [13] "One of my classes went out on the boat once a week to do hands-on lab work on the water," adds Cassidy Fawcett, who graduated from Aqua last May and also served as a Bridgeport Aquaculture FFA chapter president. [13]

The mission of the Soil Testing Lab is to provide accurate analytical services in a timely manner. [30] Chris Bentley, the seawater lab manager at the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences contributing his industry knowledge and commercialization experience to this collaboration. [31] The lab is still refining the production of the live feed, a species of copepod (what shrimp eat)--that can be raised on an inert diet. (Yes, the live feed has to be fed as well.) [31] Our lab works closely with County Extension Agents to provide outreach to all Mississippi landowners concerned with improving soil productivity. [30]

"So, I think we have to treat it like an apocalypse, but even as a scientist I think it's going to work itself out, and become some kind of balance of nature." [21] As he decants a small tub of water containing two blood shrimps into a tank he says, "Several universities and scientists have been able to bring these shrimp species through the different life growth stages, but they have never really been bred on a commercial scale." [31] They have a team of molecular scientists and marine biologists there, and benthic ecologists and visiting zoologists and doctoral candidates and postdocs and technicians and reef experts. [21] Walk this way to the tent of Steve Gittings, chief scientist for NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary System. [21] While I have known that I wanted to study the oceans on some level my whole life, and I have known for about a decade that I wanted to be a scientist, I realized in college that I wanted to learn how science could be a tool for effective conservation of the marine ecosystems that fascinate me. [24] Each guest scientist will also explain what type of data they use, why they enjoy science, and share some advice for young future scientists. [32] Every scientist you know has had grants rejected, papers revised, ideas spurned, etc. We all start somewhere! The key is persistence! Take the criticisms you will receive (and again, you will receive criticism at some point or another, so don?t despair!), and just use it to make your work better and more solid. [32] The scientific jargon can be a huge barrier to students and young scientists, but is so important when it comes time to share your own work with others. [32] These skills can promote safer work environments (for the scientist and for the object of study) and cheaper work processes. [24] The GEMM Lab is always active - running field projects, leading outreach events, giving seminars, hosting conferences, analyzing data, mentoring young scientists, oh the list goes on! (Yes, I am a proud lab PI). [24] In 1986 I accepted positions as Senior Scientist at the Dauphin Island Sea Lab (DISL) and Associate (and later Full) Professor at the University of South Alabama (USA). [25]

In the case of GMOs (like with vaccines and climate change), several publicly funded scientists and organizations like the National Academy of Sciences have conducted in-depth reviews of the topic before coming to the conclusion that they are safe. [33] Meet the Scientist Time Scavengers meta name"description" content"The goal of this page is to introduce you to how diverse science is by exploring what individual scientists do! We hope that you will learn how many different avenues you can take to explore the natural world around us. [32] Other similar blogs include Fossil Guy's paleontologist interviews, The Female Scientist portraits, and Rock-Head Sciences. [32]

Help us share the wonders of the ocean, educate more people, and provide tools to assist scientists and conservationists around the world. [34] As a scientist, you have the power to communicate important scientific findings to people with different academic backgrounds and to people that hold different societal positions. [32] I had weather and seas that scientists dream about--and for 10 days! To contrast my luck, you can read Florence's blog about her cruise. [24] This can help scientists decide what areas on Mars would be the best landing places for future rovers and manned missions and what kinds of scientific instruments or other equipment would be useful there. [32]

Title: Lab Technician 2 Location: Redmond, WA Duration: Long-Term Contract… Experience testing and debugging assemblies. [35] Our lab in New York has a range of interesting projects currently underway: we study everything from decadal trends in sea turtle diets to how frequently herring gulls visit urban habitats for food around New York City. [24] Oregon managers have not yet decided whether to proceed with a sea otter reintroduction, but our lab is working to provide them with reliable and accurate science, so they may form their own opinions and arrive at their own decision. [24] The differences between fieldwork and what I?ll refer to as "everything else" AKA data analysis, proposal writing, manuscript writing, literature reviewing, lab work, and classwork, are the unbroken smile, the vaguely tanned skin, the hours of laughter, the sea spray, and the magical moments that reassure me that I?ve chosen the correct career path. [24] Summary Working under the supervision of the Lab Manager, the lab technician will work at the cleanroom facilities across campus… your customers coming back for more. [35] Staffing Services, LLC is hiring experienced Cath Lab Technician (Cath Lab Tech) to join our growing team of healthcare professionals… professionals. [35] The Marine Ecology Lab under Dr. Ken Heck employs a team approach to problem solving, emphasizing field experimentation as the primary means of attacking ecological problems. [25] The Marine Science Program at the University of Alabama was the first tenant at the current Dauphin Island Sea Lab facility, as part of the Marine Environmental Sciences Consortium. [25] The Dauphin Island Sea Lab (DISL) has been a practicing member of American Academy of Underwater Science since 1992 and currently provides scientific diver training and oversite for all participating schools within the Marine Environmental Sciences Consortium (MESC). [25]

The Dauphin Island Sea Lab (DISL) initiated the Fisheries Oceanography of Coastal Alabama (FOCAL) program in November 2006 with the support of the Marine Resources Division (MRD) of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR). [25]

The BayMobile is DISL's science classroom on wheels, whose mission is to visit underserved schools in the state of Alabama which do not have the opportunity or the means to visit the Dauphin Island Sea Lab on a field trip. [25] The foundation provides funds to sustain the activities of the Sea Lab and promotes awareness of the Sea Lab and its environmental issues. [25] Join the Friends of the Sea Lab and you will receive the opportunity to the visit the Estuarium year round for just your yearly membership fee. [25]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(35 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (12) 10 Sport Scientists Strength Coaches Need to Know

2. (11) Cultured meat - Wikipedia

3. (10) Geospatial Ecology of Marine Megafauna Laboratory -

4. (9) Meating the needs of future - Helixworks Technologies - Medium

5. (9) A, B, Seas: FFA members plunge into aquaculture FFA New Horizons

6. (9) From ocean to plate | Stories | WWF

7. (9) Dr. Kenneth L. Heck, Jr. | Dauphin Island Sea Lab

8. (7) Meet the Scientist Time Scavengers

9. (5) Cheyney Professor Sees Future for Fish Farming | Farming | lancasterfarming.com

10. (5) Scientists Track Elusive Giant Manta Rays as Poaching Threats -- Oceans Deeply

11. (5) Lab-grown livestock feed may ease climatic effects of feed production

12. (4) The Lionfish Have Invaded, But a Ragtag Army of Divers and Chefs Are Fighting Back | Science | Smithsonian

13. (4) This Device Helps Fish Make It Out of the Twilight Zone Alive - The New York Times

14. (3) Top 27 Science-Based Health Benefits of Fish Oil (DHA and EPA) - Selfhacked

15. (3) Lab-grown meat: A culture change? | meat, meat culture, technology | Michigan Farm News

16. (3) Ornamental Shrimp:Dentist of the deep now commercially bred - Virginia Sea Grant

17. (3) Lab Technician Jobs in Seattle, WA | Glassdoor

18. (2) Growing Meat in a Test Tube to Feed Humanity, Combat Climate Change and Explore Outer Space with Mike Selden of Finless Foods - FBA Allstars

19. (2) How Sustainable Farming Might Just Save the World | Sciencing

20. (2) Thomas Carr Seafood: 'It demands to be liked? - restaurant review | Life and style | The Guardian

21. (2) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory - Advancing the frontiers of biology through education and research - Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

22. (2) Soil Testing | Mississippi State University Extension Service

23. (2) Maine lab that researches the ocean's tiniest organisms eyes growth under new president Midcoast Bangor Daily News BDN Maine

24. (2) Fish Farm News And Science

25. (2) Commentary: When it comes to food, what's in a name? - Chicago Tribune

26. (2) Lab-Grown Fish Company Finless Foods Raises $3.5M Seed Funding to Bring Clean Biotech Tuna to Market

27. (1) Key ocean fish can prevail with changes to farmed fish, livestock diets | College of the Environment

28. (1) Acadian Redfish | NOAA Fisheries

29. (1) Recent Laboratory Requests, Testing, Analysis, Assays, Scientific Experiments, Research, Product Development, Inspection, Certification

30. (1) Comparing catch efficiency of five models of pot for use in a Newfoundland and Labrador cod fishery

31. (1) Meeting to discuss "fake" meat planned | Top Headlines | wlj.net

32. (1) The Ocean Plastic Pollution Problem: Solvable with Science, Innovation, and Education | Ocean Leadership

33. (1) GMO in the know: Q&A on hot topics - Alliance for Science

34. (1) The Future - MarineBio.org

35. (1) Clean fish: Finless Foods reports success in slashing production costs for lab-grown products

s2Member®
Skip to toolbar